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Scottish Antiquary 


Northern Notes ^ Queries 


The Rev. A. W. CORNELIUS HALLEN, m.a. 

F.S.A. Scot., Conc. Scot. Hist. Soc. F. Hoot. S, 

VOL. Vi, 



Printed by T. and A. CONSTABLE, Printers to Her Majesty 
at the University Press 










* The Scottish Antiquary ' is issued ia Quarterly Parts, 

IS. each; Annual Subscription, 4s. 


Edinburgh, G. P. Johnston, George Street. 

Richard Cameron, South St. David Street. 

Elliot Stock, Paternoster Row, E.G. 

J. Rae Smith, Union Street. 

G. Petrie, Nethergate. 

Hugh Hopkins, Renfield Street. 


Glasgow, . 

All Letters and S^iscr^^iM (^joptes to be sent to the Editor^ 
The Rev. ^. ,\y.»CgkisrfeLtus Hallen, Parsonage^ Alloa, 

» • 

• • 

t • 

« •« 


Seal of Dundee, 

Arms of Berwick County Council, 

A Primitive Candlestick, 

Brass of Regent Murray, 
A Doctor's Chamber, 

Old Bronze Vessel, * 
Brass of John Beton, 
Sailor's Costume, . 
Seal of the Bishop of Ross, 

Tombstone in Ulm Cathedral, 
Garter Medal, 

Brass of Alexander Cockhurn, 
Engraved Title-page, 
Arms of Belfast, 













. 185 


191, 192 

The Scottish Antiquary 


Northern Notes and Queries 





357. Heraldry, 

358. Heraldic Exhibition, ... 7 

359. Registers of Old St. Paul's, Edin- 

burgh, 8 

360. Oldest Seal of the Burgh of Dundee, 2a 

361. List of Rebels, 1745-6, . . .25 

362. Notes on Attainted Jacobites, . 27 

363. Arms of Berwick County Council, . 30 

364. Ross Family, 31 

365. Shoolbred 40 

366. Drumalbyn 41 

367. Stewart Family, . . .41 

368. A Primitive Candlestick, . 42 

369. Sir Charles Bailly, . .42 

370. Scots in Sweden 43 

371. RoseMSS., . . . .43 











Pulpit at Bo'ness, • . 45 

Bethune Family, . '45 
George Bethune of Kingusk, 45 

Dunbar Family, . .46 

Rutherford Family. . 46 

Linlithgow, . . .46 

Hannan Family, . - 46 

Stewart of Auldhame, . . 46 

Early Scottish Weavers, . . 46 


CXXL Scot of Scotstarvet, . 
CLin. Latch, 

. 46 
• 47 

Notices of Books, 

. 48 

Note. — The Editor does not hold himself responsible for the opinions 

or statements of Contributors, 

All Communications to be sent to the Editor of * The Scottish Antiquary' 

The Parsonage, Alloa. 

357. Heraldry. — It is impossible to study History intelligently without 
recognising the importance of Genealogy, and the utility of Heraldry, not 
only to illustrate Genealogy, but to assist in individualising historical 
characters. In Europe, for the last ten centuries, wars and revolutions 
have set up and have cast down thrones and dynasties, and in these events 
Genealogy has played a prominent part. If we take Great Britain alone, 
the rival claims to the Scottish throne, the wars of the Roses in England, 
the Union of the two Crowns under James vl and i., the Act of Settle- 
ment which led to the Jacobite risings, cannot be clearly understood by 
one who cannot follow the lines of descent of a genealogical table ; and 
further, the more Genealogy is studied, the better will the composition of 
a nation be understood and its characteristics accounted for. National 


2 The Scottish Antiqtiary ; 

character changes by reason of the infusion of alien blood which introduces 
new qualities.^ That this is the case is proved from the effects of cross- 
breeding in our domestic animals. Why does a farmer or a sportsman 
pay 500 or 1000 guineas for a bull or a horse with a duly recorded 
pedigree when he might purchase a good looking serviceable beast for 
less than as many shillings? He has learnt by experience that the 
qualities of the parents are transmitted to the offspring, and a carefully 
constructed and trustworthy pedigree is a guarantee that he obtains 
what he desires. The Americans, a people not wanting in cuteness, 
regard the pedigrees of their families as important as those of their 
cattle. In America, most towns of any considerable size possess 
genealogical societies, hundreds, or perhaps more correctly thousands, 
of pedigrees have been printed, not of the wealthier families only, but of 
those engaged in trade also. The sole object cannot be vanity : one great 
desire possesses them, to find an ancestor in England or in Scotland, and 
so prove their claim to be our cousins. They know the source of their 
energy and shrewdness because they are wise enough not to despise or 
neglect Genealogy. Even England can compare favourably with Scotland. 
During the i6th and 17 th centuries official pedigrees were enrolled by the 
Kings of Arms of the College of Arms. Amongst these, which number 
about 2000, many middle-class families are to be found. Some hundreds 
of these pedigrees have been printed, while the whole collection in 
manuscript is kept at the College of Arms, where it can be examined. 
During the last two hundred years no official visitations for enrolling 
pedigrees have been made, but a vast number have been lodged with and 
certified by the College as correct. During this period also the history 
of nearly every English county has been written parish by parish, so 
thoroughly, that the genealogies of what are called county families may 
be said to be made up to date,^ and during the last thirty years many 
provincial periodicals, ever increasing in number, have continued the work 
and supplied omissions. As yet, however, the English middle class or 
trading families have not to any very great extent followed the example of 
their American cousins, but still something is being done. When we come 
to consider Scotland, we are met with the remarkable fact that a people 
who pride themselves on * lang pedigrees ' trust chiefly to unwritten and 
hazy traditions, very many of which are manifestly *old wives' fables.' 
Douglas, the only compiler of a complete National Peerage, was most 
painstaking, but he had to face many difficulties, and in some cases stupid 
obstacles. He attempted a Baronage or account of the principal untitled 
families, but it was left unfinished. Of late years, valuable histories have 
been compiled of some of the great Scottish families, but even from these 
not much is to be learned of families founded by younger sons. The Lyon 

^ The value of genealogy is admitted by such passages as the following {Scotsman, 
June I, 1891) : — * Browning's genealogy cannot be traced back with certainty beyond his 
grandfather. Both his father and grandfather were clerks in the Bank of £ngland, the 
former being a man of more than ordinary mental gifts and capacities, and a famous book- 
lover. He probably derived the poetic temperament, his highly nervous organisation, 
and his bodily infirmities — not great, yet greater than they seemed — from his mother. 
She was, according to Carlyle, " the true type of a Scottish gen tie- woman," her mother 
being a Scotswoman, her father a Hamburg German settled in Dundee. The blending 
of the robust Anglo-Saxon with the Scoto-German stock produced the Robert Browning 
of poetry.* 

2 At a recent sale at Sotheby's, London, forty-one different English County Histories 
sold for a total of £iQ^l, or an average of ;f 24, los, 



or, Northern Notes and Queries. • 3 

Office is remarkably ill-equipped in the matter of pedigrees ; indeed it has 
only of late years done any profitable work. The late Lyon King, Dr. 
Burnett, and the Lyon Depute, Mr. Stodart, put fresh life into it, and the 
Heraldic Exhibition shows that the present Lyon, Mr. Paul, and his 
colleagues, are enthusiastic in the cause. * 

These remarks on Genealogy are necessary as an introduction to the con- 
sideration of Heraldry. Genealogy may exist without Heraldry, but Heraldry 
separated from Genealogy has no meaning, nay, cannot be said to possess an 
existence. Heraldry is the system which allocates to certain individuals the 
right to use certain marks or badges called Armorial Bearings. These are 
to families what distinctive uniforms are to regiments or tartans to clans, 
and in their earlier employment were as publicly used and recognised. 
The soldier armed cap-a-pie could only be known by the device painted 
on his shield or the crest placed on his helmet These were granted by his 
sovereign as captain-general of the army. Their possession was recorded 
in England by the Earl Marshal and his subordinates, the kings and 
heralds composing the College of Arms :^n Scotland by the Lord Lyon, 
King of Arms. Armorial bearings thus officially granted descend to all 
the male descendants of the grantee, in case of younger sons and their 
descendants some trifling change is usually made so as to leave the heir 
of line in possession of the arms as originally granted. Ih the case of 
female succession (there being no son), the daughter or daughters, until 
marriage, bear the arms, without a crest, not on a shield but on a lozenge 
supposed to represent the distaff. At marriage her arms are placed on a 
small shield in the centre of the husband's, her children bear them on the 
second and third quarters of the shield, the father's being borne on the 
first and fourth. A man who marries a woman who has a brother or 
brothers places her arms by his own on his shield (which is called impal- 
ing), but the issue of the marriage use the father's arms only. 

Before dwelling on the artistic use that may be made of heraldic 
designs, a very few words may be said on the technical terms used. No 
more need be attempted in this paper, because those to whom the subject 
affords no pleasure would only be further wearied, and those who wish to 
know more can study it for themselves in the Encyc, Brit or in Heraldic 
Manuals, a list of which is given at the end. 

I. The Shield, — ^The most important part of the blazon, as the complete 
Armorial Bearings are termed, is the shield. In early examples it was in 
shape similar to that used in warfare, in later times fanciful forms were 
adopted. It is not necessary to describe here the names given to the 
different portions of the shield's surface. 

The colour of the shield before devices are added, is termed * the field.' 
The colours are heraldically described as metals, colours, and furs. 
The 2 metals are — 

Gold, styled or, represented in engravings by dots. 

Silver, „ argent, „ a plain white surface. 

The 4 colours in general use are — 

Red, styled gules, represented in engravings by vertical lines. 

Blue, „ azure, ,, horizontal lines. 

Black, „ sable, „ vertical and hori- 

zontal cross-lines. 

Green, „ vert, „ diagonal lines. . 

There are three other colours hardly ever used in British armoury. 

4 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

The only fur that need be mentioned here is ermine, represented by 
small upright arrow-heads between three dots to represent the black tails 
of ermines. 

On the shield devices were drawn, this rule being laid down, metal 
could not be placed on metal, nor, except very rarely, colour on colour. 
The earliest devices were simple rectilineal figures termed ordinaries, these 
were, the bend dexter and sinister, the chevron, the chief, the cross, the 
fess, the pale, the quarter, and the saltire. Next come charges or figures 
of animals, flowers, heavenly bodies, weapons, etc. ; these were used singly 
or in groups. And lastly, charges and ordinaries were combined, the laws 
as to tinctures being still observed. 

The lowest stage, or rather the degradation, of the science was reached 
last century, when representations of sieges and sea-fights were granted as 
arms or augmentations. 

T/u Crest — Next in importance to the shield is the crest, or device 
placed over a wreath or coronet, often erroneously called a ducal coronet, 
on the helmet or above the shield, and useful in the battlefield as a 
conspicuous badge. 

The MottOy usually placed on a scroll below the shield, originally 
was the warcry. 

The Supporters, — Noblemen, Knights of the Bath, some Baronets and 
Commoners, have the right to use supporters, representations of real or 
fabulous creatures, holding up the shield. These originated in the 
practice of knights previous to a tournament placing men, usually disguised 
in some fanciful way, to hold up their shield before their tents. 

The Helmet, — Usually, but not always, placed above ,the shield, and 
bearing the crest The rank of the owner is indicated by the position and 
fashion of the helmet. . 

The Mantle or Lambrequin is a fanciful representation of the linen 
covering of the helmet slashed by the swords of the enemy. 

And now, it may be asked, can nothing be gained by a knowledge of 
Heraldry, can no use be found for it in this nineteenth century ? It may 
be well to quote the words of Mr. Woodward of Montrose, whose know- 
ledge of the subject is probably unsurpassed by any living Armourist : — 

* Not the least important of the many beneficial results of the general 
revival of archaeological studies is to be found in the recognition of the 
value of Heraldry as a handmaid to History. The ridiculous manner 
in which the science was handled in most of the old heraldic treatises, 
through which it became associated with all manner of absurdities in natural 
history, and with legendary stories manifestly devoid of historic truth, 
tended to obscure its true value, and exposed it to the ridicule and con- 
tempt alike of the cultured man of letters, who styled it "a foolish 
business," and of the superficial observer. 

* The " science of fools " is only one of many contemptuous epithets 
ignorantly applied to what has been happily termed " crystallised history." 
But the increased attention paid to historical studies, and the renaissance 
of a general appreciation of the beautiful in Art, have combined to restore 
the science to a position which, but for the ignorance of its professed 
teachers in this country, it would never have lost. Its importance and 
extreme utility, not merely to the professed archaeologist, but to the man 
of taste and the collector of articles de vertu of every kind, have, 

or, Northern Notes and Queries. 5 

especially during the last quarter of a century, met increasingly with 
proper recognition. Nowadays the collector of pictures, tapestries, glass, 
china, coins, or seals — whatever be his hobby — down to ex libris^ and 
even postage-stamps, finds in the armorial bearings so frequently displayed 
on them contemporary evidence of the highest value with regard to the 
date, the country, or the ownership of the articles he amasses. As a 
natural result the last thirty years have been prolific in manuals, and 
treatises of varying importance, dealing with British Heraldry ; and the 
excellent work of such writers as Lower, Planchd, Seton, and especially 
Boutell, have done much to awaken an intelligent interest in a most in- 
teresting study.' ^ 

Culture consists in furnishing the mind with a variety of knowledge. 
The knight of old was skilled in the use of sword and battle-axe, and in 
the stratagems of the chase he could also tune the lute to which he sang 
the praises of his mistress. The gentleman and lady of this age must in 
like manner prove their right to the title by the possession of a mind, 
gentle, because cultivated in various ways and planted with some of the 
flowers that brighten life. It is easy to laugh at what is not understood, 
any fool can do that \ those who possess sense will be ready rather to learn, 
though they may not care to study deeply, many subjects that are brought 
before them. 

People who use long words they do not understand make themselves 
ridiculous, and so do those who use technical terms rashly ; and this fault 
is frequently committed by those who speak of * crests ' and * arms ' without 
knowledge, as if they meant the same thing. Those who have studied this 
paper need not misapply such terms while examining the treasures exhibited 
in Edinburgh ; but a little further pursuit of knowledge will show how 
Heraldry can be applied to brighten the often dry study of History, how 
kings and warriors may be individualised by their achievements enshrined 
in their coats of arms. That Heraldry was understood by educated people 
in the seventeenth century is shown by the common use of heraldic 
terms by the writers of the time. During the eighteenth century old 
English literature, customs, and architecture were regarded as rude and 
barbarous, and Heraldry was deposed in good company. For some years 
past a revival has been going on in which Sir Walter Scott was one of the 
first movers. Mediaeval architecture is now the fashion for House as well as 
Church. Shakespeare and his contemporaries are valued as they should 
be, but the power to understand many things they tell us has been much 
weakened by the past neglect of many old words and the disappearance of 
old customs. It is absolutely necessary that a knowledge of Heraldry should 
be restored, otherwise words and phrases now revived and adornments 
now substituted for pseudo-classical monstrosities will appeal to deaf ears 
and blind eyes. Fairly educated men and women can no longer afford to 
sneer at Heraldry as absurd ; they must prepare themselves to give some 
rational reply to the children who ask them the meaning of objects in 
common life. 

A knowledge of Heraldry is absolutely necessary to the decorator of 
the present day ; the use of heraldic ornamentation for w^H, roof, and 
window is becoming general. In Scotland we have been long in learning 

1 The Genealogist, Oct. i386. 

6 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

the use of colour in decoration ; there has been a great antipathy to it. We 
live under a canopy more frequently grey than azure ; we (the men at least) 
clothe ourselves in sad-coloured garments ; we inhabit drab houses with 
slate roofs. That we should not use brick when stone is cheaper is in- 
telligible, but red tiles for roofs can be procured as cheaply as slates, and 
are as durable ; as yet, however, they are not aristocratic, and therefore not 
fashionable ; but we might paint our doors and our window-frames with 
something brighter than sad green or mendacious dingy oak graining, and 
at least on our public buildings our architects might supply the means for 
colour adornment. Inside our public buildings the field of operation is 
wide, but yet it is, alas ! untouched. County and Burgh Chambers, Town 
Halls, and Public Reading Rooms offer peculiar facilities to the decorator, 
who would find heraldic devices not only effective but appropriate. The 
arms of men of fame, of worth, of letters, would be object-lessons. And as 
to colour, some forty years ago, when I was engaged on some decora- 
tive work, a friend, the well-known English architect Butterfield, 
advised me to study Heraldry, because the rules of Blazonry secured a 
correct combination of colours, while the fortuitous juxtaposition of 
different coats of arms was sure to produce an artistic effect. That this is 
the case will be acknowledged by every one capable of judging who has 
seen the panel roof of a large hall, or the cornice round the walls adorned 
with painted shields of arms ; and when applied to windows, those who 
only know the Parliament House, Edinburgh, must admit the beauty of the 
effect produced. The house decorator, then, should study Heraldry. He 
may be assured that a movement is going on which the Exhibition in 
Edinburgh will do much to quicken ; but the house decorator will not be 
employed in painting shields till those who have built for themselves 
houses become more cultivated, and learn to rely more on their own taste 
than on the opinion of the professional decorator or upholsterer ; in short, 
until they are fit to become independent, and value the freedom of pleasing 
themselves. What a joy it would be to build a house here in sad-coloured 
Scotland and carry out unfettered ideas of comfort and beauty ! People 
would of course at first look and laugh, then look and like, and lastly look 
and love. Such a house would be like a rose-tree in a garden of cabbages, 
like a girl bright in dress and brighter still in beauty in an assemblage of 
Quakers. And let ladies recognise the fact that they will find Heraldry a 
most interesting study in itself, and that it will provide them with designs 
for those many dainty articles they are ever busy manufacturing for the 
adornments of their houses or for gifts to friends. Heraldic banner screens 
may be made most effective and appropriate ; in fact Heraldry lends itself 
readily to all sorts of embroidery. Those who paint would find real 
pleasure in illuminating a manuscript copy of some favourite poem. Take, 
for instance, the pathetic * Flowers of the Forest,' a stanza written in the 
centre of each page and surrounded by such a border as old illuminators 
loved, with shields of arms of those of Scotland's sons who fell at Flodden — 
such a work would give delight in the doing, and when finished will be a 

•Books useful to Students of Heraldry. 


1. Nesbit's System of Heraldry ^ 1722. 

2. G\i\\\\vo!^ Display of Heraldry, 1724- 

or^ Northern Notes and Queries. 

3. Seton's Law and Practice of Heraldry in Scotland, 

4. Scottish Arms^ by R. R. Stodart. 

5. Elvin's Dictionary of Heraldry. 

6. Bouteirs Heraldry. 

7. Clarke's Heraldry, 

A. W. Cornelius Hallen. 

358. Heraldic Exhibition. — The arrangements for the Heraldic 
Exhibition, which is to be held at Edinburgh in connection with the 
visit of the Royal Archaeological Institute, are proceeding favourably. 
The Committee have got many offers of rare and valuable objects, and 
the Exhibition is sure to prove an interesting one. An influential 
London Committee has been affording valuable aid, and the authori- 
ties at South Kensington have been good enough to promise some of 
their treasures. The Marquis of Bute is sending the *Murthly' Book 
of Hours, a magnificent ms. of the 13th century, with which is bound 
up several full-page illuminations, one of which contains what is sup- 
posed to be one of the earliest representations of coat armour. Mr. and 
Mrs. Hamilton Ogilvy send a splendid Scottish armorial, most brilliantly 
and artistically executed with full-length figures of the Kings of Scotland : 
this work does not seem to have been known to any recent writer on the 
science. Mr. Vicars of Dublin, an enthusiastic collector, is placing his 
stores of heraldic items most freely at the disposal of the Committee: 
among them may be mentioned what is probably a unique collec- 
tion of 52 portraits of Heralds. Many early grants of arms, English, 
Scottish, and Irish, are promised, together with some notable family trees, 
in particular the celebrated Glenurquhy tree, painted by Jameson, from 
Taymouth Castle. There will be a small but choice collection of heraldic 
stained-glass, and a large and representative gathering of seals, generally, 
of course, in the shape of impressions appended to documents. Severad 
thousand ex libris plates have been put at the disposal of the Committee, 
but it has been found impossible to do more than select a few of these to 
illustrate various periods and styles. There will also be displayed some fine 
specimens of heraldic china and glass. The Exhibition will probably be 
opened on the ist of July, and will remain open till the end of August : it is 
to be held in the Scottish National Portrait Gallery, a Government build- 
ing under constant police supervision, so that exhibitors need have no 
fear for the safety of their exhibits. After due consideration the Com- 
mittee have come to the conclusion that the Exhibition should, so far as 
they are concerned, be opened free to the public. This, of course, com- 
pels them to rely entirely on the generosity of persons interested in the 
subject for subscriptions to defray the expense of the undertaking. While 
exercising the utmost economy, they have not yet got a sufficient amount 
of funds to enable them to carry out the plan as they would like : arid 
they should be much obliged by any contributions being sent to the Hon. 
Treasurer, Mr. A. W. Inglis, Royal Institution, Edinburgh. The Com- 
mittee hope to issue a catalogue at the beginning of the Exhibition, and, 
if the funds admit, to produce an edition of it, illustrated with photographs, 
later on, but this must entirely depend on the state of the finances. 

J. B. P. 

8 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

359. Registers of Old St. Paul's, Edinburgh, a.d. 1736- 1747 
(continued from vol. y,page 152). — 

1736. Sep. 6. Att Leith, baptized a son of Jo. Pew, Brewer, named 

William. Wm. Henderson, Mr. & Mrs. Deuchar, witnesses. 

„ Sep. 30. Baptized a son of Alexr. Keith, junr.. Under Clk. of 
Sessions, & Johanna Swinton, named Alexander. Alexr. Keith, 
Senr., Alexr. Orem, Senr. & Junr., & Miss Swinton, Mr. Duff oif 
Crombie, Hamilton of Bangour, Dor. Rutherford, &c, witnesses. 

„ Nov. 14, f. I. p. ves. Baptized a daur. of Walter Boswsdl, Saidlar 
named Margaret. Deacon Boswall, Mr. Orrock, Mrs Greig, 
&c., pnt. 

„ Dec 16. Baptized (in John Hempseed's house, Cowgate), a daur. 
of Hugh Smith, Writer, named Margaret .... 

„ Dec. 16. Baptised (ho. 6J v.) in Morocco's Land, Canongate, a 
daur. of Alex. Finlay, Taylor, named Eupheme. Deacon 
Callender, Alex. Mackenzie, James Craig, &c., witnesses. 

„ Dec. 18, f 7. h. 6 J V. Baptized (in the Advocates' Closs) a daur. 
of William Wilson, Writer in Edinr., & Lillias Haldane, daur. 
of Lanrick, named Lillias. Mrs. Margt. Haldane, Mrs. . . . Wilson, 
Spors, Mr. Henderson & Mr. Murray, &c., pnt. Sdy. Liturgy. 

„ Dec 24, Xmas Eve, f 6. h. 6J. v. Baptized (in my own house), 
a son of Wm. Goodwin, Curryer, & Jean Shields, named 
Alexander. Oath. Harris, Anne CampbeU, &c., witnesses. 
A^ Sal. 

1737. Jan. 12, f. 4. h. 3 J v. Baptized a son of Wm. Stephen, Taylor (at 

his house opposite to the Cross), named Andrew. Thomas Shaw 

& his wife, &c., pnt. 
„ Jan. 18. By allowance of the Rd. Messrs. Law & Forbes, Minrs. of 

Leith, baptized a son of James Sutherland, Mert, yr., named 

Alexander. Mr. Daes & Mr. Gibson, Mrs. Murray & 3 Daurs., 

„ Jan. 31, f. 2. h. 5. v. Baptized a son of Mr. David Graeme, 

Advocate, & . . . Murray, daur. of Abercairnie, named James. 

Lady Balgowan, Sir Wm. Nairn of Dunsinnan, & David 

Graeme, Orchill, Spors., Messrs. Wm. Graeme, Adam Mercer & 

yr. wives. Lady Murray, & Dor. Dundas, &c., pnt. Pr. Litur. 
„ May 19. Baptized (in Mrs. Thomson's) a son of Rot. Taylor, 

Shoemaker, & Janet Thomson, named James. Lady Pitcairly 

& her Daur., Andrew Thomson, Messrs. Menzies & Taylor, pnt. 
„ June 3, f. 6. h. 4. v. Baptized a daur. of James Hay, Writter to the 

Signet, named Anne — sine Lit. Alex. Keith, Junr., Albert 

Monro, ffoarester of Commiston, &c.. Lady Kilmundy, Misses 

Turner & Leith, witnesses. 
„ June 23. Baptized a daur. of Richard Walker, Drawer in Mr. 

Jollie's, & . . . Denune, named Christian. Mrs. Denune, Mrs. 

Monro, John Bell, &c., witnesses. 
„ June 28, f. 2. h. 6. v. Baptized a daur. of Alex. Orme, Writer, named 

Anne. Alex. Keith of Ravelston, Senr. & Junr., Adam Mercer, 

Rot. Rose, Mr. Dav. Couper, all Writers, Mrs. Keith, Junr. & 

her sister, Miss Couper, &c., witnesses. 
„ July 8, f 6. h. 7. V. Baptized (in absence of Mr. Hunter) a son 

of Gilbert Crichton, Stabler, in the head of the Cowgate, named 

or, Northern Notes and Queries. 9 

Alexander. Cath. Cleghorn & Eliz. Ewes, Witnesses, Mr. Alexr. 
Lockhart, Advocate, intended Godffayr. . 
1737. July 24, f. I. h. 7. V. Baptized in St, Ninian's Raw, a daur. of John 
Smith, Staymaker, from Kirkwall, named Agnes. John Traill of 
Wodwick, &c., pnt — about 8 or 10. 

„ Aug. 1 1, f. 5. h. '6. V. Baptized a daur. of William M^Dougall, 
Mert, named Margaret. My Lady Murray, Mrs Hunter, Miss 
Calder, Miss Scott, Robert & John Douglasses, & Francis Scott, 
witnesses. This in absence, but by Desire of Mr. David Rae. 

„ Septr. 4, f. I. h. 5. V. Baptized a son of Alexr. Eraser, Shoemaker, 
named William. 

„ Septr. 25, f. I. h. 4. V. Baptized a daur. . . . Halyday & Barbara 
Drummond, named Barbara. Mr. Guthrie, Miss Stirling, Mrs. 
Hales, &c., pnt. N,B, — I was designed God'ffayr. 

„ Oct. 26, f. 4. h. 6. V. Mr. Blair's Son William was Christen'd (two 
hours after his Birth) by Mr. Hunter. David Beatt, Margt. 
Maitland, & S. Spors. 

„ Nov. 27. Baptized (in the Canongate) a son of David Brown (sert. 
to Saughton), named John — Tho. Miln, Geo. 

„ Dec. 28, f. 4. h. 5. V. Baptized a son of Alexr. Keith, Under Clk. 
of Session, and Johanna Swinton, named Alexander (the former 
son of that name being dead). Alex. Keith, Senr., Mr. Orem, Dor. 
Rutherford, Mr. Watt, James Hay, Mrs. Orem, Miss Swinton, 
&c., &c., present. 
N,B, — Mrs. Keith (after three month of grief for the Death of her 
former children, and toyl by the sickness of her husband) came 
to the altar of God on Xtmas Day, and brought forth her son 
on St. John's Day, Aof a tw O^m, 
A^ Sal. 

1738. Feb. 4, f. 7. h. 7. V. Baptized a daur. of Alexr. Findlay, Taylor, 
named Euphem. Deacon Callendar, &c, &c., present. 

„ Feb. 5, f. I. h. 4 J ves. Baptized (per Liturg.) a posthumous 
Daur. of Mr. Henry Guild, Writer, named Henriette. The 
Honble. Mr. James Graham of Airth, Mrs. Mary Hunter, 
and Mrs. Jean Spence, Spors. Coram mult test. 

„ Feb. 5, h. 5J ves. Baptized a daur. of Hugh Smith, Writer, named 
Catherine. James Craig, Writer, &c., &c., pnt. 

„ Apr. I, f. 7. cir. merid. Easter Even. Baptized twins, a son and 
a daur. of Dav. Graeme, Orchill, & Euph. Nairn, named 
John & Agnes. Spors. for the son, John Nairn of Greenyards, 
Adam Mercer, & Mrs. Mercer, and for the daur.. Lady Pit- 
cairns, Mrs. Jane Graeme, & Mr. David Graeme, Advocate. Per 

„ Apr. Baptized a daur. of the Rd. Mr. James Mackenzie, named 
Elizabeth. Mrs. Grizel Urquhart, Mr. Al. M*Leod, my CoUegue, 
his wife, & Mr. Char. Rose, witnesses. Per Lit. 

„ Apr. 29, f. 7. h. 3. V. Baptized a son of Wm. & Janet Livingstoune's, 
named Frances — the ffayr. a Souldier in Holland. The moyr. 
(Spor.) in great want, wt. 5 children. 
. ,, May 26, f. 6. h. 4. v. Baptized a son of Hugh Robertson, sert. to 
,[. Mr. Alexr. Keith of Ravelstohe, named John^6 witnesses. 

U June 8, f. 5. h. 6. v. In absence of the Rd. Messrs. Blair & Hunter, 

lo The Scottish Antiquary : 

baptized (in the Advocates' Ciose) a son of David Mackenzie, 

Mert., & . . • Hay, daur. of Ambath, named Geoige. Messrs. 

William Hay, . . . Rose . . ., witnesses. 
1 738' J'ii^e II, f. I. h. 6. V. Baptized a son of . . . Stroke, Taylor in St 

Mary Wynd, named Alexander. John More, Bookbinder, and his 

wife, Mr. Addieson, Writer, etc., witnesses. 
„ June 16. Baptized a dam*, of George Bean & Janet Harper, named 

„ July I, f. 7. h. 6. V. Baptized a son of William Wilson, Writer, 

named George (pr. Liturg.). George Murray, Surgeon, Mr. 

Henderson, Mrs. Margaret Haldane, &c., witnesses. 
„ July 23, f. I. h. 5. V. Baptized a son of George Smith, Shoemaker, 

Precentor in C.C., named Thomas. Mr. Tho. Ruddiman, &c., 

&C., witnesses. 
,, Sep. 2, f. 7. h. 5. V. Baptized (in Gossford's Gloss) a son of Andrew 

Ewing (Sert to Henry Bethune of Balfour) named Archibald. 

Geo. Falconar, son to Lord Halkerston, Robt. Menzies, Writer, 

Alexr. Reid, Goldsmith, Margt. Shiells, Anne Hay, &c., witnesses. 
„ Sep. 22, f. 6. h. II. m. Baptized a daughter of Ranald M'Donell, a 

Centinell in the Gity Gaurd, and Jean Dnimmond, named Anne. 

James Couper & Margt. M'Donell, witnesses. 
„ Sept. 22, h. 6. V. In the Old Assembly Gloss, baptized a son of 

Mr. James Hay, Writer to the Signet, & Ann ffarqrson, named 

Adam. Eliz. Leith, Helen Turner, Adam Hay, S. Geo. Ord, 

Albert Monro, Mr. & Mrs. Kerr, Alexr. Keith, Junr., & his wife, 

Forrester of Gomiston, &c., witnesses. Sine Lib. 
„ Oct. 14. In Halkerston's Wynd, baptized a son of Ja. Whithead, 

Wright, & Eliz. Warden, named John. Pr. off. Brev., the child 

being bom in the 5th or 6th month. 
„ Oct. 14, f. 7. h. 5. V. In Forresters Wynd, Mr. Black baptized (pr. 

Liturg.) a son of Caimfields named James; I was Spor. Tho. 

Gordon, Al. Symmers, & Ja. Grant, &c., witnesses. 
„ Oct. 20. Baptized a son of Stephen Wetherspoon (Sert. to Clerking- 

ton) named James. Jo. Stevenson & Mrs. Thomson. 
„ Oct. 30. Baptized a daur. of David Lynn, Shoemaker Potteraw, 

named Frances. Mr. Henderson, &c., pnt 
„ Nov. 19, f. I. h. 4. V. Baptized a son of John Paxton & . . . Adam, 

daur. of Mr. Wm. Adam, named Archibald. Arch. Stewart, 

John Gordon, &c., witnesses. 
A** Sal. 
1739. Jan. 24, f. 4. h. 6. v. Baptized a son of Robert Balfour of Balbimie 

& Ann Ramsay, named John. Sir John Ramsay of Whitehill, 

John Lumisden & Lady, Mr. David Dnimmond, Dor. Lermont, 

Senr., Mr. James Graeme, Writer, & his daur., & Mrs. . . . 

Balfour, pnt. 
N,B, — Yt. I had first converse wt Mr. Balfour, to know qther. it was 

wt. his good likeing yt.I was employed, oyrwayes. I would proceed 

no farther. He told me that it was his own motion, & yt. the 

reason I had not been called to christen his former child was 

one apprehension yt the Clergy of our Comn were strictly tyed 

down to the use of Liturgies, Ceremonies, &a To this I replyed, 

that for what was essential to the Sacrat {e,g. Water, the 

or. Northern Notes and Queries, 1 1 

Invocatn. of the holy Trinity, to ane authorized administrator) 
being parts of the Institution, 'twas not in my power to dispence 
with them, nor would he desire it. But for what was merely 
Ceremony, (e,g. Books, Sign of the Cross, taking the Child into 
the arms of the Priest) however ancient & decent & Symbolical, 
yet these we had a Discretionary power to omitt, when they 
were like to offend the weak, &c. &c. 
1739. Feb. 3, f. 7. h. 6. v. In James's Court, baptized a son of Archi- 
bald Stewart, Mert. of Edinr., named Archibald. Lord & Lady 
Minto, Mrs. Rutherford, Mr. & Mrs. Gordon, Mr. & Mrs. Haly- 
burton, present. 
N,B, — This child is said to have been born in the eight month. 

Feb. 14, in the Canongate, h. 6. v. Baptized a daur. of John 
Paxton, Coachman to the Countess of Eglington, named 

Apr. 20, Good friday, h. 2. v. Baptized a daur. of John Hemp- 
seed, Officer to the Bank, named Margaret-Threipland. Mrs. 
Janet Threipland, Misses Eliz., Margt. & . . . Falconers, & 
Hugh Smith, Writer, Spors. 

Apr. 29, f. I. h. 4. V. Baptized a daur. of Robert Barclay, Taylor, 
named Christan, Rachel Thomson, Mrs. Thomson, Mr. 
Montgomery, Mr. and Mrs. Morison, &c., witnesses. 

June 7, f. 5. h. 7. V. Baptized a daur. of John Gadderar (Sert. to 
the Duke of Gordon), & . . . Ranken, his wife, named Jean. 

June 22, f. 6. h. 6. v. In Forresters Wynd, baptized twin sons of 
Alexr. Keith, Under Clk. of Session, & Johanna Swinton, named 
the ist John, & the 2d Thomas. Mr. Keith of Ravelston, 
Messrs. James Hay, & Alexr. Orme, & yr. wives, Dor. 
Rutherford, Mr. Watts, & Mr. St. Clair, &c., pnt. 

June 28, f. 5. h. 7. V. Baptized in Stenlaws Closs, a daur. of David 
Nevay (Sert. to Dor. Clerk), & Jean Pearson, named Margaret, 
Miss Peggie Clerk, Mr. Pearson, Silk Dyer, &c., Spors. 

July 22, f. I. h 5. V. In Marlins Wynd, baptized a daur. of Mr. 
David Graeme, Advocate, named Christian. Lady Bettie Mont 
gomery, Mrs. Reggie Graeme, & Adam Mercer, Spors., pr. Lit. 

July 29, f. I. h. 5. v. At Leith, baptized a son of John Houison, 
Taylor, named David — Coram multis testib. 

Augt. 5, f. I. h. 4. v. In Peebles Wynd, baptized a son of John 
Nicol, Wright, & Mary Adam, named William. Geo. Lamb, 
Geo. Gordon, &c. &c., witnesses. 

Augt. 26, f. I. h. 6. V. In Lord Roystons Closs, Lawn Mercat, 
baptized a son of John Shaw, Writer, & Christian Murray, 
named William. Jean & Mary Murrays, Rot. Biggar, Alexr. 
Jno. Mackintosh, Mrs. Murray, &c., pnt. 

Sept. 9, f. I. h. 4. V. In Stein Law's Closs, baptized a daur. of 
Mathew Webster (Sert. to. Col. Cathcart), named Chartees. 
Mrs. Emilia Mackenzie, Mrs. Jan. Scott, &c., pnt. 

Octr. 5, f. 6. h. 6. V. In Peeble's Wynd, baptized a son of Colin 
Haigs, Wright, & Sallee, named Colin. This in abscence of Mr. 
Al. M'Kenziej Minr. 

Octr. 23, circa merid. . Baptized a daur. of David Gramme •of 
Orchill, & Euph. Nairn, named Margaret — pr. Lit. Dor. Robert 
Lewis, Janet Graeme, Margt Nairn, & Margt. Graeme, Spors* 

1 2 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

1739. Nov. I, £ 5. h. 6. V. In Pearson's Gloss, baptized a daur. of Robt 

Taylor, Shoemaker, named Catherine. Mrs. Thomson & her 

family, Mrs. Taylor & her family, pnt 
„ Nov. 4, f. I. h. 5. V. At the Watergate, baptized a daur. of 

William Clerk, Ship M., named Mary; the Moyr. Spor; Mr. 

Purvees, &c. &c, pnt 
Nov. 8, f. 5. h. 6. V. At Portsbuighy baptized a daur. of David 

Leslie, & Elspet Cowan (in Chapperhill near Logie, Almond), 

named Jean. 
„ Nov. II, f. I. h. 6. v. In Writers Court, baptized a daur. of 

Mich Elphinston, Storekeeper of Edinr. Castle, named 

Lillias. Mrs. Douglas, her son & daur., Mrs. Home, &c., pnt 

[Niearfy half a page is left blank here. — Ed.] 

A D. O. M. P. F. & SSto. 
Anno Salutis 1740. 

1740. Jan. 20, f. I. h. 4. V. In the Anchor Closs, baptized a daur. of 

Hugh Smith, Writer, named Jean. 
„ Mar. 25, h. 6. v. Baptized a daur. of Hugh Robertson (Sert to 

Mr. Keith, Ravelston), named Elizabeth. 
„ Apr. 13, f. I. h. 5. V. In Roxburgh's Closs, baptized a son of 

George Bean Drawer, in Mrs. Clerks, named Alexander! 
„ Apr. 20, £ I. h. 7. V. In Forresters Wynd, baptized (pr. Lit.) a son 

of WiUiam Wilson, Writer, named William. Mr. Henderson & 

his wife George Murray, Surgeon, Mrs. Anne Haldane, &c., pnt. 
,, June. 15 Baptized a son of John Paxton, Book-keeper to Mr. 

Stewart, named John. John Gordon & his grandson, Mrs. 

Stewart, &c, Mr. Tho. Drumond, pnt 
„ July. 6, f. I. h. 4. V. Baptized a son of Geo. Boswall, Sadler, 

named David. Walter Boswell, Sadler, Doctor White, Miss 

Robertson, & Mrs. Greig, &c., pnt 
„ July. h. 5. V. At Keiths Barley OfSce, baptized a daur. of Kenneth 

Boggie, Sert. to . . . named Isabel Jo. Anderson, Sert to Peter 

Blair, Skinner, James Caddel, &c., pnt. 
„ July. 13, f. I. h. 4. V. Baptized a son of Robert Barclay, Taylor, 

named William — ^pr. Lgian. Mr. Wallace, Mr. Morison & his 

wife, Mrs. Thomson, &c., pnt 
„ July. 26, f. 7. At midnight. Wt out the West Port, baptized a son 

(near expiring) of John Craig, Shoemaker. 
„ Augt. 3, f. I. h. 6. V. In Dicksons Closs, baptized a daur. of 

William McDonald, Porter, named Jean. James Samuel, Alexr. 

Campbell, &c., witnesses. 
„ Augt. 24, f. I. h. 4. V. In the Cowgate, baptized a son of Alexander 

Campbell, Workman, named Dougall. Wm. M'Donald, Duncan 

Smith, &c., witnesses. 
. ,^ Oct. 2, At Leith, f. 5. h. 4. v. I witnessed the baptism of Capt, 

David Littlejohns son, named Alexander. 
Oct 5, f. I. h. 4. V. In the Flesh Mercat Closs, Canongate^ baptized 

a son of Cha. Elder, Sert. to Congalton, named Charles. Alexr. 

Elder, Ja. Smith, & Margt. Elder, pnt 


or^ Northern Notes and Queries. 13 

1740. Novr. 2, f. I. h. 4. V. In Biackfryar Wynd, baptized a son of 

Matthew Webster, Sert to Col. Cathcart, named James. 
„ Novr. 18, In Bulls Gloss, baptized a son of Stephen Wetherspoon, 

named Erskine. 
„ Novr. 24, f. 2. h. 3. V. In Martins Wynd, baptized a daur. of Mr 

David Graeme, Advocate, named Anne. Mrs. Margt. & Eliz. 

Graemes, & the Bd., Mr. Thomas Drummond, Spors, Lady 

Balgowan, Mrs. P.Grseme, & Ad. Mercer, pnt. 
„ Deer. 27, f. 7, F. St Jo. Mr. Tho. Ruddman & I walkd to 

Braids Brigs where I baptized a daur. of Peter Hardie, Smith, 

& Ann Scott named Jacobina. Capt. . • . Douglas & his two 

Daurs. &c., pnt. 
Ao Sal. 

1741. Febry. i. f. i. h. 4. v. In Forresters Wynd, baptized a sonof Alexr 

Keith, Under Clerk of Session, named John. Messrs Ja. Hay, 
Al. Orme, Walt St Clair, &c., pnt 

„ Feby. 12, f. 5. h. 4. Baptized a son of Ronald McDonald, Soldier 
in the City Guard, named Daniel. 

„ March. 24, f. 3. h. loma. m. In my house, baptized a son of 
Andrew Yorston, Soldier, & Janet Brown, named Adam. This is 
the 25 child of his ffayr. who is aged 71, some of 'em bom in 
Spain, & some in Flanders. 

,, Apr. 17, f. 6. cir. Merid. Opposite to the Canongate Church, 
baptized a son of Patrick Dodds, Wright, named Francis. James 
& John Aitkens, Jean M*Lean, &c. &c., witnesses. 

„ Apr. 17, h. 5. v. wo N.S. Opposite to the Cross of Edr., baptized 
a son of Mr. Cumming, Examiner in the Excise Office, named 
George Drummond. Provost Drummond, David Spence, Mr. 
Edgar & his Lady, &c. &c., present. 

„ May 10, f. I. h. 4. v. In Alexr. Mercers house, in Mary Kings 
Closs, baptized a son of Walter Orrock, Shoemaker, & Eliz. 
Mercer, named Alexander. Dor. White, Dougal Gedd, &c., pnt. 

„ June 28, f. I. h. 6. v. In Conns Close baptized a daur. of Archi- 
bald Napier, Pentherer, & Margt. Eraser, named Margt. Hugh 
Robertson, Jean Scott, & Margt. Clerk, &c., witnesses. 

„ Augt 22, f. 7. h. 4. V. At Summer Hall, baptized a daur. of Mr. 
James Hay, Writer to the Signet, & An. Fargson, named Mary. 
Mr. Ord, Mr. & Mrs. Keith, Mr. Tytler & his daur., Mr. Lindsay, 
& his wife, Mrs. Kerr, &c., witnesses. 

„ Augt. 23, f. I. h. 7. V. Baptized a son of Robt Barclay, Taylor, 
named Thomas. Mr. Morison, Mr. Thomson, &c, spors. 

„ Septr. 4, f. 6. h. 5. v. Baptized a son of William Wilson, Writer, 
named James. Geo. Murray, Mr. Carmichael, Miss Haldane, 
&c., spors. 

„ Octr. 7, f. 4. h. 5. V. In James's Court, baptized a son of Archd. 
Stewart, Wine Mert, named Archibald Baillie Coults. Messrs. 
Jo. Gordon, Jo. Halyburton, & Martin Eccles, & their wives, 
Lady Allanbank, &c., witnesses. 

„ Deer. 26, f. 7. h. 4. v. In Martins Wynd, at my desire, Mr. Drum- 
mond baptized a daur. of Mr. David Graeme, Advocate, named 
Mary. Lady Dowager of Nairn, Mrs. Margt. Graeme (for Lady 
Mary Drummond), & the Lady of Logie Almond, spors.. Lady 

14 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

•Maxwell, pnt. N.B. — Mrs. Graeme was abroad & COccated the 
day before. 

1 741. Deer. 30, £ 4. h. 5. v. In the Canongate, baptized a son of Sir 

Alexr. Macdonald of Slate, & Lady Maigt. Montgomerie, 
named James — bom 26th. The Countesses of Seaforth, 
Southesk, & Wigton, Lady Frances Montgomery, Mrs. Lock- 
hart of Camwath, Mrs. Al. Lockhart, Mrs. Mary Lockhart, Mrs. 
Munro, Mrs. Kennedy, Miss McDonald, Lords Wigton & St. 
Clair, Capt. Wm. Lockhart, & Prof. Munro,. pnt. — S. Lit 

1 742. Jan. ly £ 6. h. 5. .v. In Gavin Lochs Land, baptized a daur. of 

Rot Taylor, Shoemaker, named Jean. Mrs. Thomson & her 
2 daurs., James Taylor & 3 sisters, pnt. 

„ Jan. 24, f. I. hi 5. V. In Liberton's Wynd, baptized a daur. of 
Kenneth Mackenzie (now serving at London), and Mary Fraser, 
named Mary. Alexander Stewart, spor. 

,, Jan. 29, f. 6. h. 4. v. Below Smith's Land, baptized a son of Hugh 
Stewart, Sert to the E. of Selkirk, & Isabel Clerk, once my 
serts., named James aft. the King. Jo. & Rot. Stewarts, pnt 
N,B, — The parents declared their marriage was regularly pro- 
ceeded, on the 31st of March last, being Easter Tuesday. 

„ March, i, f. 2. h. 3. v. At the head of Todricks Wynd, baptized a 
daur. of Wm. Stephen, Taylor, named Jean. 

,, March, 21, f. i. h. 4. v. In Peeble's Wynd, baptized a son of John 
Nicol, Wright, named Archibald. George Gordon, Rot Miln, 
&c., witnesses. 

„ March, 23, f. 3. h. 4. v. In the Canongate, baptized a son of Alexr. 
Findlay, Taylor (now at London), named Alexander. Decon 
James Callendar (grandfather) Spor. 

„ Mar. 23, h. 5. v. In the Castlehill, baptised a son of John Paxton, 
Book-keeper to Mr. Stewart, named William. Mr. Jo. Gordon, 
Mr. Jo. fforrest, & their wives, Mrs. Stewart & her son, 
Mar. 28, f. I. h. 4. v. In Roxburgh's Closs, baptized a son of 
George Bean, my old Sert., named John. Mr. Walker, &c., pnt. 
Apr. 4, f. I. h. 5. V. In the Cowgate, baptized (for Mr. Addison) 
a son of . . . Thomson, Silk-weaver, lately deceased, nam'd 
James. Mr. Henderson, Alexr. Addison, &c., pnt — ^pr. Lit 
Ap-. 9, f. 6. h. 6. V. At Laurieston, baptized a daur. of Mr. 
Cummings, in the Excise office, named Rebecca. Mrs. Edgar, 
Mrs. Anderson, & Mr. Edgar, Advocate, Spors. — pr. Lit 

„ May 30, f. I. h. 4. v. At Grayfryars Gate, baptized a daur. of John 
Rait, W^orkman, named Isabel. 

,, July 2, f. 6. h. 2|. V. In my own house, baptized a son of Thomas 
M*Lellan, Soldier in Edr. Castle, named Japhet. Geo. Tulop, & 
Richd. Robinson, Soldiers, & Eliz. Simpson, Spors. 

,, July 4, f. I. h. 7. V. In the O. Baxter's Closs, baptized a son of 
Malice, Sert. to Judge Graham, named James. Walter Davidson, 
&c. &c., pnt 

„ Augt 3, f. 3. h. 3. V. Opposite to the Com Market, E. side, Edr., 
at the desire of Mr. Forbes, Leith (pr. Murdo Smith), 
baptized a son of William Knox, Sert. to Lord Maxwell, & 



j» ' 

or. Northern Notes and Querus. 1 5 

, Eliz, Dallas, named Alexander, Rot. Maxwell, Stabler, Wm. 
M*pharson, Murdo Smith, &c., pnt. 
1742. Aiigt. 4, f. 4. h. 5. V. In Fowlis's Gloss, in Mr. Raes absence, I 
baptized a son of James Gumming, Mert., named William. 
Wm. Gumming, Pitullie, John Douglas, Lady. Douglas, Mr. 
Gha. Erskines Lady, Mrs. Erskine & her daur,, Margt. 
Gumming & her niece, &c., pnt. 

„ Octor. 17, f. I. h. 4. V. Baptized a daur. of A. Fitchet, Dancing- 
Mr., & Helen Miln of Garmouth, named Susannah. Alexr. 
Grant, • . • Thaine, &c. &c., pnt. — pr. Liam. 

„ Octor. 19, f. 3. h. lima. \. Mat. Mr. Ruddiman, Jo. Gillan, & I 
walked to Braids Briggs, where I baptized a daur, of Pat. 
Hardie, Smith, & Ann Scott, named Alice. Alice Ruddiman, 
.Mrs. MacGulloch, &c., pnt. 

„ Octor. 21, f. 5. 8. 6. V. In Nydries Wynd, baptized a son of 
William Simpson, Sert. to Drummair, & Alice Smith, named 
William. David M*Laggan, Mathew M*Bain, & Martha Light- 
body, &c., pnt. 

„ Novr. 7, f. I, h. 4. V. In ... . Gloss, Luckenbooths, baptized a 
son. of Robert Barclay, Taylor, named Robert. Mr. Wood, 
Surgeon, Mr. Morison & his wife, Mrs. Thomson, &c., pnt. 

,, Novr. 10, f. 4. h. 4. V. Opposite to the Gross, baptized a daur. of 
Alexr. Keith, Under Clk. of Session, & Johan Swinton, named 
Jean. The Laird of Swinton, Bruxie, Dor. Rutherford, Messrs. 
Ja. Hay, & Alexr. Orme, wt. zre. wives, Mrs. Gockburn, Mrs. 
Peg. Swinton, &c. &c., pnt, 

„ Dec. 24, f. 6. h. 2. V. In Mary Kings Gloss, baptized a daur. of 
John Goodwillie, Writer, named Isabella. Jo. Gilmore, Writer, 
Mrs. Preston & her daur., & Mrs. Gorstorphin, pnt. 

„ Dec. 25, h. 6. v. In the Meal Mercat, baptized a son of John 
Haliburton of Murrays Law, Mert., & Mary Gordon, named 
Thomas. Mr. & Mrs. Gordon, Mrs. Barbara Halyburton, &c., 
A*> Sal. 

1743. Jary., 15, f. 7. h. 6. v. In Patersones Gourt, baptized a son of 
Ebenezer Oliphant, Goldsmith, & . . . Belchies, named James, 
Laurence Oliphant, yor. of Gask, Martin Lindsay, Dougal Ged, 
Dor. Whyte, Tho. Belchies, &c., pnt. 

„ Febry. 14, f. 2. h. 4. v. In Wetherspoons Gloss, Grass Mercat, 
baptized a daur. of Archd. Bruce, Taylor, & Eliz. Stewart, from 
Goupar in Angus, named Janet. Jo. Elder, Gilb. Rotson., 
Ann Smith, Mary Paterson, pnt. 
Mar. 27, f. I. h. 4. v. Baptized a son of Geo. Boswall, Saidler, 

named George. Mr. Anderson, Jo. Melvin, Mrs. Boswall, &c. 
Apr. 17, f. I. h. 6. v. In' Gants Gloss, baptized a son of William 
Hay, Sert. to Mr. Gha. St Glair, Advocate, & Ann Short, named 
John. James Farquharson, Sert. to Mr. Pringle, Ann Jackson, 
&c., pnt. 

„ May 4, f. 4. h. 4. v. At Summerhall, S.E. of Hope Park, baptized a 
son of Mr. James Hay, Writer to the Signet, & Anne Farqrson, 
named George. Mr. Ord, Mr. and Mrs. Keith, Mr. Tytler, his 
son and daur., Gommiston, Albert Munro, Mrs. Kerr, Helen 



1 6 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Turner, &c., pnt. N.B, This child was bom on Sunday, 24th 
Apr., but his baptism was so long deferr'd on acct. of the 
Epidemical Cold, and fever qch had prevail'd in Mr. Hay's 
1743. June I, f. 4. h. 3. V. In Libbertons Wynd, baptized a son of 
Gilbert Gow, Drawer in Mr. Walker's, & Margt. Collie, named 
David. James Reoch, Jno. Fife, &c., pnt. 

„ June 5, f. I. h. 5. V. At Drumsheugh, baptized a daur. of Mr. 
Archd. Stewart, Member of Parliat for Edinr., named Grizell. 
Sir John Stewart of Allanbank, proxey foB his broyr.. Provost 
Coutts, Lord Minto and his son, Mr. Hary Barclay, Mr. Forrest, 
Mr. Halyburton, Mr. Eccles, and their wives, &c., pnt 

„ June 5, h. 6 J. In the College Wynd, baptized a daur. of Andrew 
Wilson, Lint Dresser), & Eliz. Leslie, named Margaret. James 
Wouldhave, John Nicol, Margt. Jackson, &c., pnt. 

., June 8, f. 4. h. 4. v. Bailies Closs, Cowgate, baptized a son 
Randolph M'Donnel, of the City Gaurd, & . . • Drummond, 
named Alexander. Thos. Gow, Malster, Chris. Drummond, &c., 

., Augt. 8, At the desire of Mr. Blair, I baptized, in Writers Court, a 
son of John Seton, Mert., & Elizabeth Berry, named James. 
James Seton, late Bailie of Edinr., John Houston, Writer. &c. 
&c., pnt. 
Augt. 10, f. 4. 5J. ves. At the head of th* Old Assembly Closs, 
baptized a son of Walter Orrock, Shoemaker, & Elizabeth 
Mercer, named David. Mr. and Mrs. Mercer, &c., pnt. 

,, Augt. 10, h. 6 J. In Fowler's Closs, baptized, for Mr. Blair, a son of 
Martin Eccles, Surgeon, named William. Miss . . . Elliot, Dor. 
Rot. Lowis & Mr. Craigie, Spors. — pr. LiSm ; Mr. Archd. Stewart 
and his Lady, Pitcarr, Mr. Kid, Bailie Allan, &c. &c., pnt. 

., Septr. 15, f. 5. h. 5. V. In Brownes Closs, baptized a son of John 
More, Bookbinder, & Margt. Patiillo, named John. Wm. 
Gordon, Bookseller, &c., pnt. 
Septr. 26, f. 2. h. 3. V. In our Chappel in Carrubbers Closs, I read 
vespers, pro re nata, and administered baptism (according to the 
Form for those of riper years) to the Co. of Eglinton's negro 
servant, having before endeavoured to prepare him for it He was 
named Alexander Archibald Caesar. James Eraser, Clk., Joseph 
Rotson., my nephew, and Keith Thriepland, ray wife (as proxies 
for the Earl of Eglinton, Mr. Archibald, and Lady Helen 
Montgomerys), being his chosen witnesses. Miss Babie Smith, 
Mrs. Warders Scholars, Margt. Hunter, the Indies of March, 
and some vyr. young people, pnt 

,, Octor. 3. f. 2. h. 6. V. In Curries Closs, Castlehill, Edr., baptized 
a daur. of Mr. Jo Cummings, in the Excise Office, named 
Anne. Mrs. Preston, Dor. Rutherford, Mr. Ramsay, Mr. 
Sinclair, & Mr. Preston, pnt. 

,, Novor. 2. f. 4. h. 4. V. In Forrester's Wynd, baptized a daur. of 
William Wilson, Writer, named Caecilia. Mrs. Anne Haldane, 
Mrs. Wilson, & Mr. Wilson, Spors. — pr. Liturg ; Mr. Rot. 
Henderson & his wife, Geo. Murray & his daur., Caecilia, & 
Mrs. Murray, pnt. 

or^ Northern Notes and Qi^eries. 1 7 

17 «3. Novor. 20, f. I. h. 4. v. In the Cowgate, baptized a son of Alexr. 
M*Glashan, Taylor, & Kath. Forbes, named John. Wm. Ingles, 
Jo. M'Carter, & Mary Smith, witnesses. N.B, — Yt. Novn 8th, 
while I was at Adiston, my CoUegue, Mr. Mackenzie, baptized a 
son of George Bayne, Clerk to . . . Wright, Fflax Mert. in the 
Cowgate, named I-ogan. 

„ Novor. 26, f. 7. h. 4J. V. After the burial of good Lady Rankeilor- 
Hope, I baptized (at the bottom of Milnes Square) a son of 
John Scott, Chairman, & Eliz. Neilson, named William. Wm. 
Scott, Thos. Murray, Gouldiers in the City Guard, &c., pnt. 

„ Decer. 11, f. i. h. 6. v. near Weirs Land, Canongate, baptized a 
son of David Reid, Shoemaker, & Lillias Hay, named William. 
Wm. Reid, Wm. Darling, & Mrs. Lindsay, &c., pnt. 

„ Decer. 13, f. 3. h. 4. v. in the Worlds End Closs, at the desire of 
Mr. Rae (confined by sore eyes), I baptized a son of Mr. John 
Murray of Broughton, named David. My Lady Murray, Mrs. 
Ferguson, Mr. Thos. Hay, Wm. M'Dougal, & their Ladyes, Mr. 
Cha. Murray of Stanhope, Capt. Pat. Murray, Jo. Douglas, 
&c., pnt. 

„ Decer. 16, f. 6. h. 6. v. in St. Marys Wynd, at the desire of Mr. 
Rae, baptized a daur. of James Scott of Dunkeld, Writer, named 
Margaret. Deacon Chassells & his wife (being the grand- 
parents), John Hay, Wigmaker, & his wife, Mrs. MTherson, & 
Wm. Scott, pnts. 

„ Decer. 29, f. 5. h. 3. v. In the Middle Common Closs, Canongate, 
baptized a son of William Henderson, Sert. to Kavers Kerr, & 
Chris. Gibson, named John. Jo. Gibson, Al. Kinloch, Edr., 
Eliz. Gibson, pnt. 
A« Sal. 

1744. Janry. 29, f. i. h. 5. v. In the Canongate, baptized a son (born 
the 15th h. 7 J. v.) of Kenneth, Marquiss of Seafort, & Mary 
Stewart of Garlies, niece of the E. Marischal of Scotland, named 
Kenneth. — Sin. Lit. Lord Garlies, Spor. ; Duke of Perth, 
Earls of Wigton & Aboyn, Lord St. Clair, Ld. Royston & 
his son. Baron Clerk, Frazerdale,.Mr. Alexr. Lockhart, Mr. Jo. 
Mackenzie, Dor. Stenison, Mr. Chisolm, &c., & .almost as many 
Ladies — the Countesses of Morray & Wigton, Lady Frances 
Mackenzie, Ly. St. Clair, Mrs. Kath. Stewart, Ly. Garlies, Mrs. 
Lockhart, Mrs. Mary Lockhart, Mrs. Jean M*Kenzie, Miss 
Paterson, &c. &c., pnt. 

„ Feb. 5, f. I. h. 7. V. At the foot of Cants Closs, baptized a son of 
Mathew M'Baine, Butler to the E. of Wigton, and Martha Light- 
body, named James. Alexr. Foreman, Helen Morison, &c., pnt. 

„ Feb. 28, f. 3. h. 5. v. In the Pleasance, baptized a son of John 
Stewart, Taylor, & Eliz. Bruce, named John. Henry Neilson, & 
Wm. Doby, Weavers, and Kath. Gray, &c., pnt. 

„ Apr. I, f. I. h. 4. V. In Gossfords Closs, baptized a son of Andrew 
Ewen, Innkeeper, named John ; & visited his wife Janet 
Straiton, dying. 

„ Apr. 15, f. I. h. 4. v. In Writters Court, baptized a son of William 
Mossman, Painter, & Jean Butter, Milliner, named Thoma<?. 
John Blair of Balthaigck, Jo. Fullarton of Dudwick, Mr. 

VOL. VI. — NO. XXI, B 



1 8 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Watson, Writer, Mrs. Jo. Blair, Mrs. Jaa Blair, & Mrs. Mary 

Butter, pnt — ^pr. Li&m. 
1744. June 3, f. I. h. 4. V. In Waristons Closs, baptized a daur. of . . . 

Weir, Sugar Mert., and . . . Gordon, named Anne. Richd. 

Walker & his wife, Mrs. Watson, Mr. Dollas, &c, pnt. 
Septer. 16, £ i. h. 4. v. At the foot of Mary Kings Closs, baptized 

a daur. of John Goodwillie, Writer, named Henrietta. — pr. Lit. 
Septer. 27, f. 5. cir. merid. At Ravelston, baptized a daur. of Mr. 

Alexr. Keith & Johan Swinton, named Agnes. Miss Annie 

Rutherford, Peggie Swinton, Mrs. St. Clair, Dor. Rutherford, 

Messrs. Jo. Sinclair, Hary Guthrie, Jo. Hog, Alexr. & David 

Orme, & old Mr. Keith, pnt. 
„ Septer. 30, f. i. h. 4. v. In the High School Wynd, baptized a son 

of Hugh Stewart & Isabel Clerk, my old Serts., named Neil, 

Joseph Robertson, Jo. Hempseed, his wife & son, &c., pnt 
„ Octor. 9, f. 3. h. 4- V. Baptized a daur. of Walter Orrock, Deacon 

of the Shoemakers, named Helen. Mrs. Mercer, Mr. Dougal 

Ged, & their wives, &c. &c., pnt. 
„ Novr. 4, £ I. h. 4. V. In the middle Baxters Closs, baptized a 

daur. of Geo. Livingstone, Sert. to Mr. M'farlane, Vintner, & 

Chris. Davidson, named Beatrix. George Bean, &c &c., pnt 
„ Novr. 26. In Grays Closs, baptized a son of Evan Mackenzie, 

Soldier in the City Gaurd, & Mary M'Donell, whom I had 

marryed 6th Dec last 
„ Novr. 26, h. 5. V. In Marlins Wynd, Mr. Dd. baptized a son of 

Mr. David Graeme, Advocate, named James. Lady Moncrief, 

Godmother; Mr. Brice & I. Spdrs for Abercaimy & Newton. 
1 745- Jany. 13, £ i. h. 5. v. Opposite to the Luckenbooths, baptized a 

son of John Halyburton, of Murray's Law, Mercht, named 

John Gordon. Mr. & Mrs. Gordon, Jo. Halyburton of Newmains, 

Bailie Mansfield and his wife, &c. &c., pnt 
„ Jany. 18, £ 6. h. 3. v. While my Col. read prs. for me, I baptized 

(in the Pleasants) a dying child of Cha. Guthrie, Staymaker 

(lately deceased), & . . . . Fraser his wife, farr gone in a Dropsie. 
• Bisset, Spor. 
Jany. 24, £ 5. h. 3. v. In Carrubbers Closs, baptized a daur. (a 

weakly child) of Liet James Bruce, of the Royal Regt., and Mrs. 

Ja. Gibson, daur. of Sir Edward Gibson, named Barbara. My 

Lady Gibson, Mrs. Isob. Maitland, David Bruce, Writer, & Liet. 

Ja. Montgomery, Sp5rs. Mr. Scrimzeor of Birkhill, Advocate, & 

his Lady, pnt. 
„ Apr. 2, £ 3. h. 2. V. At the Cowgate head, baptized a daur. of 

James Riddoch, Shoemaker, named Katherine. 
„ Apr. II, £ 5. h. 4. V. In Tothericks Wynd, baptized a daur. of 

Francis Shand, Sert. to Sir Ja. Stewart of Goodtrees, & Helen 

M*Colmic, named Frances ; the moyr. Spor., &c. 
„ Apr. 21, £ I. h. 9|. V. About the middle of the Potterrow, near the 

Seceding Meeting-house, baptized a daughter of Daniel Wilson, 

Wright, & Mary Adam, named Janet. Tho. Oliphant, Dyer, 

Janet Adam, Margt Black, &c., pnt N,B, — A certificate of 

their marriage was produced. 

« • • 


oVy Northern Notes and Queries. 1 9 

1745- June 16, f. I. h. 4. V. In the Govt Gloss, baptized a son of Gilbert 

Gow, Vintner, named Gilbert. Mr. Seton & his son, Richd. 

Walker & his, Ja. Stewart, Ja. Reoch, &c. &c. &c», pnt. 
June 30, f. I. h. 4 J. V. In Morison's Gloss, Mr. Robertson being 

in England for his health, I baptized a daur. of Ronald 

McDonald, Vintner, named Elizabeth (pr. Liam) Grizel Stewart. 

Isobel Hutchinson, Spors. 
July 7, f. I. h. 4. V. In Writer's Gourt, baptized a son, William 

Mosman, Painter, named David. John Blair Balthayock, John 

FuUarton, Dudwich, Gha. Butter, Mert, Mrs. Butter, Miss 

Mosman, &c., Spors. — (pr. Lilm). 
July 12, f. 6. h. 4. V. In Gloss, baptized a daun of John 

More, Bookbinder, named Isabel 
Sept. 10, f. 3. h. V. In Peebles Wynd, baptized (pr. Lit.) a daur. 

of Jo. Gummings, GoUr. of Excise, now at Montrose, named 

Margaret. Mrs. Anderson (the grandmoyr.), Margt. Anderson, 

& Dor. Wilson, Spors. 
Sept. 19, Baptized a son of Gulbertson, Porter in Ganongate, 

named James. 
Sept. 23, f. 2. h. 3. V. Baptized a son of Roger M'Donell, Sert. 

to the Earl of Nithsdale, & Ann Gregory, named Gharles, 

after the Prince of Wales, then at Holyrood-house. 
Sept 25, f. 4. h. 6. V. In Smith's Land, baptized a daughter of 

Walter Orrock, Shoemaker, named Isabel. Miss Dundas, 

Dougal Ged & his mfe, Mr. & Mrs. Mercer, &c, pnt. 
Oct. 7, f. 2. cir. merid. At Whitehill, baptized a daur. of Robert 

Balfour Ramsay, named Elizabeth. Mrs. Rosina Ramsay, Eliz. 

Balfour, Mary Drumond, Miss Graham, Messrs. Galderwood, 

Ja, Graham, and Preston of Gorton, &c., pnt. 

Oct. II, f. 6. h. 4. V. At Leith Milns, baptized a son of Wm. Weir, 

Mert. in Edinr., & Eliz. Gordon, named Gharles-William. Mr. 

Thos. Tulloh, Mrs. Walker, Miss Dunbar, &c., pnt. 
Oct. 13, f. I. h. 4. V. In the Ganongate head, baptized a daur. of 

William Heriot, Gunsmith, named Janet Misses Janie & 

Jeanie Stephens, Jo. Wilson, &c., pnt 
Oct. 29, f. 3. h. 5. V. In Halkerston's Wynd, baptized a daughter of 

Paul Husband, Gonfectioner, named Lillias. David Gow, 

Writer, B. Rot. Lindsay & his wife, &c., pnt 
Novr. 17, f. I. h. 4. V. In the Back Stairs, baptized a son of John 

Urquhart & Margt. Harper, named John ; the moyr. Spor. 
Der. 19, f. 5. h. 5. v. In Lady Pitcairlies house in the Lawn Mercat, 

baptized a daur. of Gapt Rot. Taylor & Jean Thomson, named 

Barbara ; the moyr. Spor. Dor. Taylor, & his broyrs. & sisters, 

Mrs. Thomson, &c., pnt 
„ Der. 27, F. St Jo. Evan. f. 6. cir. merid. In my closet, baptized 

a daur. of John Stewart, taylor, named Elizabeths 
A^ Sal. 
1746. Jary. 3, f. 6. h. 10 ma. mat. In my room, baptized a daughter of 

Stephen Wetherspoon, groom to , named Agnes. Hugh 

Wilson, Helen Maxwell, &c., witnesses. 
„ Jary. 14, f. 3. h. 8. v. Baptized a daur. of William Miller, Ghairman, 
& Beatrix Glink, named Rebecca. Rebecca M'Leod, Martha 
Ritchie, &c., witnesses. 




20 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

1 746. Febry . 4, f. 3. h. 3. v. Near the Cross of Edtnr.y baptized a daur. of 
Charles Esplin, Limner, & Patricia Preston, named Charlotte 
— (pr. Lit). Mrs. Duncan, Mr. Gouan, & his wife, &c. 
&c., pnt 

„ Febry. 18, f. 3. h. 8. v. Baptized a son of Mathew M*Bane & 
Martha Lightbody (serts. to Pitcurr), named Daniel Allan 
Cameron, &c., pnu 

„ Mar. I, f. 7. circa merid. At Ravelstown, baptized a son of Alexr. 
Keith, under Clk. of Session, named Robert Do. Rutherford, 
Messrs. Ja. Hay, Hary Guthrie^ William & J. Swintons, Mrs. 
Peggie Swinton, &c., pnt 

., Apr. 24, f. 5. h. 6. V. At the Meal Market, baptized twins, a son 
& a daughter of Ebenezer Oliphant, Jeweller, named John & 
Emelia. Meissrs. John, Thomas, &c. &c., Belchies, Dr. White, 
&C., pnt 

„ June 29, f. I. h. 5. V. Near to Pillrigg, baptized a daur. of Deacon 
Robert Barclay, Taylor, named Mary Robertson. Mr. Hugh 
Crawford & his lady, Stuart Carmichael, & Mrs. Pe^ie Stewart, 
&c., pnt. 
July 6, f. I. h. 4. V. Dor. Drummond baptized a daur. of Mr. David 

Grseme, Advocate, named Charlotte. 
July 10,. f. 5. h. 6. V. In Worlds End Closs, baptized a daur. of 

David Laing, Butler to my Lady St. Clair, named Margaret 
July 15, f. 3. cir. merid. At Hatton, read prs. and baptized (sdy. 
LiSm) a daur. of Hugh & Elizabeth Seton, of Touch, named 
Barbara. Mrs. Smith, Lady Barrowfield, & Mr. Sellar, proxy for 
Mr. Chas. Smith, Spors. 

„ Augt. 10, f. I. h. 8. mat In my closet, baptized a daur. of James 
Storie, Waterman, named Rachel 

„ Augt. II, h. 4. V. In Fifes Closs, baptized (in absence of Mr. Rae) 
a son of John Mackintosh, Brushmaker, named Alexander. 
Dor. Clark & bis son, cc Mary Weir, pnt 

„ Sept. 6, h. 6. V. In Roxburgh's Closs, baptized a daur. of Robert 
Wilson (Sert of Coll. Jn. Stewart, now at London), named 
Isabel. Dan. McLean, Chairman, & Jas. NicoU, &c., witnesses. 

„ Sept 25, f. 5. at noon. In Kinlochs Closs, baptized a daur. of 
Hary Guthrie, Writer, & Rachel Miln, named Anne. Peter 
Henderson & . . . . Hutchinson, Mr. Miln, &c., pnt 

„ Sept 25, h. 7 J. V. In Upper Baxter's Closs, baptized a son of J 

M ofB &M F nam'd John- 
Charles. C ... R .... & Mrs. E . . . n, pnt. 

„ Octor. 3, f. 6. h. 6. v. In the Flesh Mercat Closs, Canongate, bap- 
tized a son of John Goodwillie, Wter., named John. Isob. 
Lumisden, Eliz. Barclay, &c., Spors. 

„ Novr. 15, f. 7. h. II. m. At the Neyr. Bow, baptized a son of George 
Duncan, named John. 

„ Novr. 21, f 6. h. 3. V. In the West Bow, baptized a son of Alexr. 
Nicolson, Plumber, named Robert Sir Richard Murray, my 
Lady Murray, & daurs,, pnt — (pr. Liatm). 

,, Der. 7, f. I. h. 6. V. In Closs, baptized a daur. of . . . Living- 
ston, Sert to Mr. Walker, named Christian. Richard & Chris. 
Walkers, &c., pnt 



oTy Northern Notes and Queries. 2 1 

A*> Sal. 

1747. Jary. 12, f. 2. h. 5. v. In Bess-Wynd, baptized a son of Walter 

Orrock, Shoemaker in Edinr., now Mert. in Levin, named John. 

Mr. & Mrs. Ramsay of Leith, Mr. & Mrs. Mercer, Dougal Ged, 

Mr. Bailie of Beinson, &c., pnt. 
„ Febry. 8, f. i. h. 9. m. In my house at Mattins, baptized a Negro 

Servant of Hugh Seton of Touch, named Charles, after having 

kept him about 8 weeks in my house in order to instruct and 

prepare him for it. James Fraser & Ka. Threipland, my wife, 

were his chosen witnesses. Ly. Balgowan, Mrs. Leslie, Clem. 

Smith, Mrs. Butler, &c., pnt. ; qd. f. f. q. sit. Deij precor. 
„ Mar. 13, f. 6. h. 7. v. In my closet, baptized Charles, a son of John 

Neish, now prisoner in Perth, sometime a Sert. to the Pr. C. & 

of Margt Glen. Duncan Neish, Spor. 
Mar. 20, f. 6. h. 7. v. In Todericks Wynd, baptized a daughter of 

James Wood, Taylor, named Beatrix. 
Apr. 8, f. 4. h. 6. V. In the Luckenbooths, baptized a son of Andrew 

Wilson (Lint dresser), named Walter. James Woodhaue, Jo. 

Niccol, &c., pnt. 
„ Apr. 9, f. 5. h. 6. V. In Smiths Land, baptized a daur. of Thomas 

Duff, Sert. to Sir Rot. Menzies, named Mary. John M'Grigor, 

Alexr. Leith, Ann Campbell, &c., pnt. 
„ May 27, f. 4. h. 5. V. In Forresters Wynd, baptized a son of William 

Wilsone, Writer, & Lillias Haldane, named Charles. Mrs. Murray, 

Mr. Rot. Henderson, Mrs. Ann Haldane, &c, Spors. — (pr. LiSLm). 
„ May 30, f. 7. at noon. At Ravelstone, baptized a daur. of Alexander 

Keith, under Clk. of Session, & Johanna Swinton, named 

Margaret. Dor. Jo. Rutherford, & his Lady, Alexr. & David 

Orme, pnt. 
„ June 28, f. I. h. 7. V. Parliat. Closs, at the top of the Presidents 

Stairs, baptized a son of John Crawford, sometime Mert., after- 
wards Tidesroan, & Late a Sculker, named Charles-Edward- 

Charteris. Jo. M*Niven, Neil M^Duff, & Caecilia Scott, 

„ June 29, f. 2. h. 8. v. In the Pleasants, baptized a daur. of John 

Davidsone, sometime Mert. in Canongate, late a sculker, 

named Char. Charlotte \sic\ Jo. Watson, Jo. Kearie, Hel. 

Burns, pnt. 
„ July 6, f. 2. h. 3. V. In Borthwicks Closs, baptized a daur. of George 

Bayne (Clk. to Jo. Wright), named Charlotte. Miss Isob. 

Mackenzie, daur. of Dochairn, Frances Ware, & Mary Lockart, 

„ Augt. 8, f. 7. h. 3. V. In the High School Wynd, baptized a daur. 

of Hugh Stewart & Isabel Clerk, some time my Servants, named 

Katherine. Lady Katherine Charters & Mrs. Harper, God- 

moyrs. Jo. Hempseed & his wife, &c., pnt. 
„ Augt. 9, f. I. h. 5. V. In Writer's Court, baptized a son of Mr. James 

Hay, Writer, & , . . . Moodie, named Charles. Alexr. Keith, 

Clk., And. Hay, Montblairie, & Mrs. M. Lermont, Lady Ard- 

backie, Ly. Nicolson, &c., pnt. 
„ Sept. 9, f. 4. h. 6. V. In Blackfryar Wynd, baptized a daur. of ... . 

Mackaindlay, Chairman, named Barbara. 

22 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

1747. Octor. 3, f. 7. h. 6. V. In Marlins Wynd, baptized a son of Mr. 

David Graeme, Advocate, named John. Mrs. Eliz. Graeme, Jo. 

Rattray, & David Carmichael, Spors., &c. &c. 
„ Octor. 5, f. 2. h. 2. v. In Tweedales Gloss, baptized a daughter of 

John Borthwick, Taylor, & Marjory Wood, named Janet. Geo. 

Bayne, James Harper, Charles Hepburn, Jo. Pringle & his wife, 

„ Octor. 7, f. I. h. 5. v. In Black Fryars Wynd, baptized a daur. of 

James Reoch, Writer & Pror., named Agnes. Geo. Lauder, 

Surgeon, &c., pnt. 
„ Octor. 27, f. 3. h. 6. V. In the Parliat. Gloss (for Mr. Pat Gordon), 

baptized a daughter of John Hope, Mert., named Stuart Mary. 

Mrs. (al) Monro, Miss Peggy Hope, & Rankeelor, Spors. — (pr. 

„ Nov. 19, f. 5. h. 6. V. In the Canongate, baptized (pr. Lit) a daur. 

of Alexr. Nicolson, Plumber, named Jean, Sir Richd. Murray, 

my Lady Murray, & 2 Daurs. pnt. 
„ Decer. 25, Xtmas Day, f. 6. h. 6. v. In the Old Assembly Gloss, 

baptized a daur. of Peter Gameron, Sert. to Mrs. Walker, named 

Gharlotte. Mrs. Walker's children, Mr. Grant, Gil. Gone & his 

wife, &c., pnt. 

(To be continued^ 

360. Oldest Seal of the Burgh of Dundee. — ^The following in- 
teresting note appeared in the Dundee Advertiser of 30th April 1890. By 
the courtesy of the Editor, we are not only permitted to reprint it for our 
readers, but to make use oif the engraving illustrating the seal. £d. 

* Burgh Seal of Dundee in 1492. 

* Whilst Sir AVilliam Fraser, Deputy-Keeper of the Records of Scotland, 
was examining the documents at Melville House preparatory to completing 
his work on The Melvilles^ Earls of Melville^ and the Leslies^ Earls of 
Leveny he came across a parchment bearing the Seal of the Burgh of 
Dundee, and dated i6th April 1492. Having communicated with us 
regarding this Seal, he found that it was much older than what was sup- 
posed to be the oldest Dundee Seal of the Burgh preserved amongst the 
Town's Charters, and he obtained permission from Mr. Melville-Cartwright, 
which was readily granted, to send the document and seal here that we 
might have the latter reproduced in these columns. It is of special 
interest as showing that the symbolical " pot and lilies " was adopted as the 
emblem of Dundee at a much earlier date than is usually supposed. 

*The first reference to a so-called Seal of the Burgh of Dundee is found 
in Rymer's Foedera^ vol. iii. page 371, where it is stated that the docu- 
ment appointing proctors for the ransom of David n. in 1357 had such a 
seal appended. Mr. Joseph Bain, in his Calendar of Documents relating 
to Scotland^ describes this seal, which is now in the Chapter-House, 
Westminster, but questions whether it was the Burgh Seal. His descrip- 
tion is as follows : — A Saint vested with a tall, pointed mitre and seated, 
pastoral staff in left hand, giving benediction with right ; figure kneeling at 
each side; background diapered with lozenges; Signum . , . entis de 
Dvnde. Reverse — The Virgin crowned, seated with the Holy Child ; angel 
at each side, with outstretched wings, swinging censer ; similar background. 
. . . ITXUM commune vill. . . . N. AvE Maria. Like Mr. Bain, we have 
grave doubts as to this being the Burgh Seal of Dundee. It seems more 


or. Northern Notes and Queries. 23 

likely to be the seal of the Rector of St. Clement's Church — which stood 
on the site of the present Town House — than the common seal used by 
the Magistrates. In Mr. Hay's valuable book of "Writs, Charters, and 
Documents connected with Dundee" there is a lithograph of a seal 
appended to a document dated aist March 1555, which is described as 
the oldest seal of the burgh preserved in the charter-room. An examina- 
tion of this picture will show that the seal is identical with the one de- 
scribed above ; and as the document relates to the Chaplainry of St 
Salvador, this makes it very probable that it is not a bui^hal but an 
ecclesiastical seal. 

'The document to which the seal here engraved is attached is a 
Notarial Instrument dated i6th April 1492, and is in excellent preserva- 

tion. It is written partly in Latin and partly in Scots, and has several 
peculiarities of phraseology. It narrates that in presence of Thomas Seres 
and Robert Wedderburn, Bailies of the Burgh of Dundee, in the Tolbooth 
there, Dorothy Tulloch, wife of Walter Wood of Bonnytonn, appeared, and 
produced a contract dated at Dundee, i6th April 1492, by which her 
husband and herself renounce and quit-claim in favour of David Ogilvy of 
Inchmartin, all the said Dorothy's rights as heir to the late Alexander 
Ogilvy, her mother's brother, and her mother [grandmother]. Christian 
Glen, over the lands of Inchmartin, Duntrune, Balmuto, and Dron, in the 
shires of Perth, Fife, and Forfar ; which contract the said Dorothy, in the 
absence of her husband, approves and confirms by her oath made before 
the Bailies, concluding with these words :— " Sa help me God, and myn 
awin hand, and be this crois and alhaly crois and all at God made on 

24 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

sex dayis and sewin nycht, and be my parte of paradise.'* In the notary's 
testification it is declared that the "Common Seal of the Burgh of 
Dundee " is appended. The document itself is interesting as showing the 
origin of the old Forfarshire family of the Woods of Bonnytown, but we 
wish to direct notice at present exclusively to the seal. It shows incon- 
testably that the pot with lilies — the emblem of the Virgin — was used as 
the burgh device 400 years ago. As to the wyverns that are represented 
as supporters, it will be noticed that the wings of these animals are de- 
flexed, not displayed — thus settling an old heraldic controversy. When 
Sir Charles Erskine of Cambo, Lyon King of Aims, issued his certificate 
as to the arms of Dundee on 30th July 1673, he declared that the "pot 
2^nd growing lilies " had been, and were to be, " the true and unrepealable 
signes-armoriall of the Burgh-Roy all." There is here not any mention of 
the Virgin and Child or the Mitred Bishop ever having been the arms of 
Dundee. Everything suggests that this which we have engraved is the 
oldest existing seal of the Burgh of Dundee.* 

The following appeared in the issue of 2nd May : — 

* On Thursday last we described a seal of the burgh of Dundee show- 
ing the pot and lilies as the heraldic device used in 1492, and we referred 
to a seal of 1357, the fragments of which are now in the Chapter-House, 
Westminster, which has been regarded with doubt as to whether it was 
the Common Seal of the burgh. Our article has directed the attention of 
Mr. William Hay, Town Clerk of Dundee, specially to this subject, and he 
has submitted for our inspection the principal impressions of the Burgh 
Seals of Dundee which are preserved in the Town's Charter-room. The 
oldest of these is appended to a charter dated 21st March 1555, and, as 
we suggested, is identical in every particular with the seal of 1357. As it 
is in excellent preservation, there is no difficulty in making out the figures 
of St. Clement with his anchor on the obverse, and the Virgin and Child 
on the reverse, whilst the inscription is perfect, and entirely agrees with 
the suggestions we made to supply the missing portions of the legend on 
the 1357 seal. This was unquestionably the Great Seal of the Burgh, to 
be used on special occasions, and the legend describes it as Sigillum 
Commune Vilije de Dvnde. Mr. Hay's opinion is that after the Re- 
formation this form of the Seal was definitely abandoned, as savouring of 
Popery, and it is very probable that it never was used subsequent to 1555. 
The fact that James Halyburtoun, the Provost of that time, was a pro- 
minent leader amongst the Reformers, makes this theory almost a 
certainty. To the same document is appended the round seal of the 
Bishop of Brechin, who was superior of the Chaplainry of St. Salvator in 
Dundee, to which the charter refers. 

* Previous to this time the minor seal of the burgh had borne the device 
of the pot and lilies, as shown by our reproduction of the seal of 1492 
which Sir William Eraser submitted to us ; and there is proof that later 
documents bore this device exclusively. One of the parchments shown to 
us by Mr. Hay is a Transumpt made on 24th July 1592 of a charter dated 
14th June 1562, the seal attached bearing the pot and lilies, with the 
wyverns as supporters. In the notarial testing-clause it is described as 
" the privy seal of the burgh." Another of the documents in Mr. Hay's 
charge is a Transumpt dated 2d December 1629 of the important charter 
of 17th November 1594, by which the Earl of Craufurd conferred upon 
the Hospital the lands and houses belonging to the Minorite Friars in 

or^ Northern Notes and Queries, 2 5 

Dundee. The seal has the pot and lilies and usual supporters, and is 
described by the Provost and Bailies as " our seal." The heraldic bearings 
of the burgh were definitely settled by Sir Charles Erskine of Cambo, 
Lord Lyon King of Arms, in 1673; and we have thus examples of the 
Burgh Seal of Dundee from 1357 till the present time.* 

361. List OF Rebels, 1745-6. — There is a list of Rebels in the British 
Museum (Add. MSS. No. 19,796). Some additional information may be 
obtained therefrom. Lists were published last year in the Nairn 
Telegraph, the Banffshire Journal, and the Aberdeen Free Press, containing 
the names of northern rebels, obtained, I understand, from the Record Office, 
but they do not differ materially from the list subsequently published by 
Lord Rosebery. The Editor of some of these lists arranged them by parishes, 
which is a decided improvement on the plan adopted in the list published 
by the Scottish History Society. A tendency has been apparent of late to 
magnify the Rebellion of 1745. With much greater propriety could such 
a process be applied to the Rebellion of 17 15. Tested in various ways 
the Lists usually published seem for some northern districts at least 
singularly complete. When names of persons concerned in the Rebellion 
are referred to in Kirk Session records they are generally also met with in 
the Lists. Out of fifteen names mentioned in The Church of Speytnouth, 
p. 59, all are identified in the lists except perhaps two, but these names 
may perhaps be objected to for a fair test. 

George Geddes, servant, is stated in Deskford Kirk Session Minutes to 
have been engaged in the Rebellion. His name does not occur in the 
Lists. Alexander Gordon, schoolmaster, Cairney, is stated in the records 
of the Presbytery of Strathbogie to have been in the Rebellion. His name 
also does not appear in the usual Lists. The sentiment and romance 
that have circled around the Jacobite risings have aided much in mis- 
representing the actual state of matters. Kirk Session records generally 
furnish us with a very faithful reflex of the prevalent sentiments of the time, 
and it may not be without value to quote a few brief extracts therefrom. 
All evidence goes to show that the '45 was regarded, in general, as a con- 
siderable nuisance. A few Kirk Sessions are ominously silent when they 
might have been expected to speak, but the general feeling will be shown 
from the following : — 

Presbytery of Fordyce. 1 745. — ' The Synod have appointed presbyteries 
to correspond with one another during these publick disturbances 
occasioned by a horrid rebellion, fomented and carried on by the 
abbettors of the Young Pretender.' 

Presbytery of Fordyce, 1746, January 15. — *The post road from 
Fordyce has for some time been infested by the rebels.* 

Kirk Session of Fordyce. 1747. — *John Richardson recommended by 
the Kirk Session to the Earl of Findlater for a place in the Customs on 
account of his good behaviour during the late wicked and unnatural 

Kirk Session of Fordyce. 1746, April 20. — 'Thanksgiving intimate 
by order of the Synod for the prospect of deliverance from the oppression 
by the rebels.* 

Kirk Session of Fordyce. 1746, May 25. — 'Proclamation read this 
day from the Duke of Cumberland, and a letter from the Lord Justice 
Clerk, relating to the discovery of the rebels. The minister took advice of 

26 Tfie Scottish Antiquary ; 

the Elders and warned them to be upon their guard. They also gave 
an account of the several rebels that had gone out of this parish.' 

Kirk Session of Deskford, 1746, April 23. — 'Thanksgiving for the 
glorious victory over the rebels at Culloden, i6th inst, where numbers of 
the rebel army were slain and a complete victory obtained.' Text : — 
Bless the Lord, O my soul, and forget not all his benefits. 

Kirk Session of Ruthven, 1 746. — * Mr. Grant, Schoolmaster, recom- 
mended by the Presbytery to the Committee for an augmentation of his 
salary, he having suffered considerably by the rebels in their passing and 
repassing by his house.' 

Kirk Session of Ruthven. 1746, March 30. — *The bedle craved of 
the Session the favour to lend him a crown, being straitened by reason 
of the pretender's son*s soldiers threatening to poind him for his excise, as 
others in the bounds are, which was granted.' 

Kirk Session of Cullen. 1 746, April 23. — * A day of thanksgiving ap- 
pointed by the Synod for the goodness of the season and the prospect of 
the present rebellion being soon extinguished.' 

Kirk Session of Cullen. 1746, June 26. — * A day of thanksgiving ap- 
pointed by the King for our late happy deHverance.' 

Kirk Session of Bellie. 1746, March 2. — 'The Session, considering 
that the times were such that all justice was silent, resolved to refer till 
they should see if God in his providence would put an end to the 

Kirk Session of Bellie, 1746, March 16. — *This day the minister 
intimate the Duke of Cumberland's proclamation, dated at Montrose, re- 
quiring such of the Rebels as bore no office and were only private men to 
lay down their arms and return to their own homes, for which (great 
numbers of the Rebels being in Church), that afternoon, many outrages 
were committed about his house, and upon Tuesday he himself was made 
prisoner by them ] and we had no sermon from this day untill the Duke's 
army came past, 12 th April 1746.' 

Presbytery of Strathbogie. 1745, December 25. — 'Present Mr. Tough 
from Aberlour, correspondent according to the appointment of the Synod, 
that neighbouring presbyteries should correspond with one another for prayer 
and converse in these times of trouble and danger.' 1746, January 15. — 
* The Presbytery delayed going through their minutes on account of the dis- 
turbances of the times.' 1746, March 26. — 'The Presbytery consider that 
by reason of the confusion of the times they could not do anything with 
the delinquents.' 1746, April 30. — 'Mr. Ramsay represented that 
Alexander Gordon, who had been admitted Schoolmaster at Cairny, had 
left that place and joined in the rebellion, and craved that the school 
might be declared vacant.' 

Kirk Session of Essil, 1746, February 22. — ' Mr. Crichtone of Auchin- 
goul, who assumed the title of Vicount Frendraught, came to Germach. 
The rebells of his Regiment were very unruly, and showed little regard to 
his authority.' March 2. — ' Several rebells were in church, heard King 
George prayed for and made no disturbance.' March 18. — 'Lord John 
Drummond came to the Manse, and it became the rebel's headquarters 
at Spey. About a week after the Duke of Perth came, and the house 
was frequented by Lord Ogilvie, Sir William Gordon Park, Sir James 
Kinloch, Avachie, Cowbardie, Major Hales, Mr. Fletcher of Benschie, 
and sometimes others, as Lord Elcho, Lord Strathallan, Lord Balmerinoch, 


or^ Northern Notes and Queries, 2 7 

Earle of Kilmarnock, Secretary Murray, Mr. Sullivan, and many others. 
Though this was very expensive to the minister, they used him very civilly, 
and gave him no disturbance in point of principle, but there was no 
publick worship during their stay.' 

Kirk Session of EssiL 1 746, April 1 3. — * After the Duke of Cumberland 
with his army marched away, preached on Psalm xviii. 46: — The Lord 
liveth ; and blessed be my Rock; and the God of my salvation be exalted.* 

Kirk Session of EssiL 1746, June 26. — *This day being appointed by 
the General Assembly for thanksgiving for the defeat of the late Rebellion ; 
and our deliverance from Popery and arbitrary power, the text before and 
after noon was Psalm 126, 3: — The Lord hath done great things for us, 
whereof we are glad.' 

Kirk Session of Dundurcas, 1 746, April 1 2. — * To our joy the Highland 
rabble on the approach of the Duke and King's army fled in great confusion 
away.' *The sixteen of Aprile the Duke of Cumberlain gave a totall 
defeat to the Highland rabble at Moor of Culloden. There the Enghsh 
army crown'd with victory and triumph.' April 27. — 'Cumberland's 
converts begin now to crowd the meeting.' May 4. — * After sermon the 
session with pleasure and thankfulness to God met without danger.' 
June 26. — * Public Thanksgiving.' The little sympathy the rebellion had 
in this district may be seen from the depositions of some forty or fifty 
witnesses as recorded in * The Plundering of Cullen House.' 

W. Cramond. 

362. Some Notes ON THE ATTAINTED Jacobites, 1746. — ^The follow- 
ing notes on some of the gentlemen attainted in the Exchequer List of 
1746 may perhaps be found interesting, and may excite some other readers 
of the Scottish Antiquary to come forward with information concerning 
the less-known heroes of the '45. 

Of the more celebrated leaders, such as Lochiel, etc., I have only given 
the names of books where notices of them may be found. 

Francis Steuart. 

John Berwick, gentleman. Lieutenant in the Manchester Regiment. 
Executed at Kennington Common, 30th July 1746. 

Andrew Blood, gentleman farmer. Officer in the Manchester 
Squadron. Executed at Kennington Common, 30th July 1746. 

James Bradshaw, merchant, Manchester, Captain first in the Man- 
chester Regiment, and afterwards in the Life Guards under Lord Elcho. 
Executed at Kennington Common, 28th November 1746. 

James Brand, gentleman watchmaker. Executed at Carlisle, i8th 
October 1746. 

Francis Buchanan of Arnpryor, late of Callander, called * chief of the 
family of Buchanan.' Executed at Carlisle, 18th October 1746. See 
Chambers's Rebellion, His two brothers, Patrick and Thomas, were also 
found guilty, but were not executed. 

Dr. Archibald Cameron. )^ See History of the Camerons, by 

Donald Cameron, yr. of Lochiel. j Alexander Mackenzie. 

Ludovic Cameron, of Torcastle, younger son of Sir Ewen Cameron of 
Lochiel, Colonel. He fled, after Culloden, to France, where he obtained 
a gratification of looq livres. He married a cousin of his own, named 

28 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Thomas Chadwick, gentleman. ) <. phamherQ'*: 

Thomas Coppoch, clerk. \ ^% ^"amDers s 

James Dawson, student at St John's, Cambridge, j -«^^^^'^'^^- 

Thomas Theodorus Deacon, gentleman, son of Dr. Thomas Deacon, 
founder of the 'True British Catholic Church,' Officer in the Manchester 
Regiment Executed at Kennington Common, 30th July 1746. His 
brother Charles was also tried but acquitted ; another brother joined 
the Jacobite Army. 

William Fidler, clerk in the Auditor's Office in the Exchequer of 
Scotland, Officer in Cask's troop of the Perthshire Regiment He escaped, 
after Culloden, to France, where he received a pension of 350 livres, but 
he writes in 1759 to Oliphant of Cask asking for help. 

George Fletcher, gentleman, linendraper near Salford Bridge, Captain 
in the Manchester Regiment. Executed at Kennington Common, 30th 
July 1746. 

Charles Gordon of Tarperso. Executed at Carlisle, isth November 

John Gordon, elder of Glenbucket, bom about 1672. After Culloden 
he escaped to Norway and thence to France, where he had a pension of 
1200 livres. He had formerly engaged in the rising of 17 15. Died in 
June 1750. 

James Graham, yx, of Aiith, eldest son of James Graham of Airth, 
Colonel in the Prince's army. After Culloden he escaped to France, and 
died there in the Scots College of Paris. 

George Hamilton of Redhouse, Captain. He was captured at Clifton, 
and executed at York, ist November 1746. 

John Hamilton, Esq., Governor of Carlisle. Executed at Kenning- 
ton Common, 28th November 1746. 

John Hay, portioner of Restalrig, W.S., second son of Alexander Hay 
of Huntingdon, married Anne, daughter and heiress of James Elphinstone 
of Restalrig, he joined the Jacobite party and became treasurer to Prince 
Charles. In 1746 he escaped to the Continent, but ultimately revisited 
Scotland. He died 6th December 1784. 

William Home, nephew to Home of Bassinrig. Executed at York, 28th 
October 1746. 

Alexander and Charles Kinloch, brothers of Sir James of that Ilk, both 
were found guilty but were not executed. They died unniarried. 

Sir James Kinloch of Kinloch, 3rd Bart., joined the army of Prince 
Charles. He was captured after Culloden, tried and condemned to be 
executed, but managed to escape to France, where he remained until a 
pardon was granted. His estates were forfeited but bought back for the 
family by Janet Duff, his wife, sister to the Earl of Fife. He had one son. 

Patrick Lindsay, farmer, Tweeddale, son of John Lindsay of Worme- 
stone, Captain in the Jacobite Highland army. Proclaimed Prince Charles, 
1745, at St. Andrews, captured at Dundee and executed at Brampton, 21st 
October 1746. He married first. Miss Mann; second, Agnes Robertson. 

George Lockhart, yr. of Carnwath, eldest son of George Lockhart of 
Carnwath. He was specially excepted from all the Acts of Amnesty. After 
Culloden he escaped abroad, where he died without issue, 2d February 1761. 

Andrew Lumsden. See Dennistoun's Life of Sir R, Strange, 

Robert Lyon, * clerk' or Episcopal minister at Perth. Executed at 
Penryth, 28th October 1746. 

oKy Northern Notes and Queries 29 

Alexander MacDonald of Keppoch, son of Coll MacDonald of 
Keppoch, educated at Glasgow. Joined Prince Charles at Glenfinnan, 
killed at CuUoden, i6th April 1746. He had married Isabel, daughter of 
Robert Stewart of Appin. 

Donald MacDonald of Clanranald. See Mackenzie's History of the 

Donald MacDonald of Lochgarry,son of John MacDonald of Lochgarry, 
a devoted Jacobite. After CuUoden he fled to France, and his wife, Isabella 
Gordon, barely escaped from the burning of Lochgarry, in the garb of a 
clansman. He died at Paris shortly after hearing of his son petitioning 
for pardon. 

Donald MacDonald, gentleman, grandson of Archibald MacDonald of 
Keppoch. Executed at Kennington Common, 26th August 1746. 

Donald MacDonald of Kinlochmoydart, son of Ranald of Kinloch- 
moydart, married Isabel, daughter of Robert Stewart of Appin. Executed 
at Carlisle, i8th October 1746. 

Donald MacDonald of Teirnadreish. He commanded the Keppoch 
regiment for a time and took Fort William, i6th August 1745. Captured 
after CuUoden, he was executed at Carlisle, i8th October 1746. 

Alexander M*Gilivrae of Drumaglash, appointed by Lady Macintosh 
of Moy Colonel of the regiment she raised for Prince Charles. He and 
all his officers except three fell at CuUoden, i6th April 1746. 

John M'Kinnon of M*Kinnon. See Anderson's Scottish Nation^ etc. 

Lachlan M*Lachlan of Castle Lachlan, 15th chief of the clan Lachlan. 
Killed at CuUoden, i6th April 1746; married Mary, daughter of Robert 
Stewart of Appin. 

Alexander M*Leod of Muiravonside, son of Mr. John M*Leod, advocate. 
He was despatched on a mission to Skye to enlist M*Leod of MTeod 
on the Jacobite side, but was unsuccessful. After CuUoden he 
led a wandering life through the Highlands, but received a pardon nth 
July 1778. He married, 1710, a daughter of W. Montgomery of Macbeth 
Hill, without issue. He died 30th December 1784. 

Ewen MTherson of Cluny. See Stewart's Sketches of the Highlanders ^ 
and Mackenzie's History of the Clan Chattan, etc. 

Lawrence Mercer of Lethinely, Officer in Lanerick's troop of the 
Perthshire Regiment. Died in prison before 15th November 1746. 

Hon. Robert Nairn, or Mercer, of Aldie, second son of the attainted Lord 
Nairn; married, i6th August 1720, Jean, daughter and heiress of Sir 
Lawrence Mercer of Aldie. He was an officer in the Jacobite army, and 
was killed at CuUoden, i6th AprU 1746. 

David Morgan, Esq., Barrister-at-law, of a good Monmouthshire 
family. Executed at Kennington Common, 30th July 1746. 

Richard Morrison, wigmaker, valet to Prince Charles, made prisoner 
after CuUoden, and condemned to be hanged. He escaped to France, and 
appears afterwards to have been taken into the service of the Chevalier de 
Saint George as valet. 

Sir David Murray of Stanhope, 4th Bart, eldest son of Sir David Murray. 
He was sentenced to death at York, but was pardoned on the condition 
that he left Scotland for life. His estates were sold. He retired to 
France, where he had a pension of 1000 livres, and died in exile. 

Walter Ogilvie, gentleman, Lieutenant in Lord Lewis Gordon's Regi- 
ment. Executed at Kennington Common, 2 2d August 1746. 


The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Laurence Oliphant of Gask. ) See Kingston Oliphant's Jcuobite 

Laurence Oliphant, yr., of Gask. f Lairds of Gask, 
Sir Archibald Primrose (Foulis) of Dunipace, Bart. ; marriedj first, 
Mary, daughter of John, Earl of Wigton, no issue; second, 1724, Mary, 
daughter of Archibald, Earl of Rosebery. He joined Prince Charles, for 
which he was executed at Carlisle, 15th November 1746. His only son 
died unmarried. A pension of ;£^2oo was granted to his daughters. 
Charles Stewart of ArdshieL See Stewart's Stewarts of Appin, 
Francis Townley, of the Burnley family. Colonel of the Manchester 
Regiment. He was an officer in the French service (since 1728) and had 
been present at the siege of Philipsburgh. Executed at Kennington 
Common, 30th July 1 746. 

Sir John Wedderburn, Baronet, bom 1704, married Jean, daughter of 
John FuUarton of Fullarton ; joined the Jacobites, and became receiver of 
excise duties and cess for the counties of Perth and Angus, and a volunteer 
in Ogilvy's Regiment. Executed at Kennington Common, 28th November 
1 746. His son, John Wedderburn of Ballindean, was also a cornet in the 
same regiment, and was present at Culloden. 

Andrew Wood, gentleman. Captain in Roy Stewart's Regiment, bom 
about 1724. Executed at Kennington Common, 28th November 1746. 

363. Arms of Berwick County Council. — Excerpt of Letters Patent 

from the Lyon King of Arms in favour of the Council of the County of 
Berwick, dated the loth of October 1890 : — 


or^ Northern Notes and Queries. 3 1 

* Whereas the Council of the County of Berwick have by Petition of 
date the Nineteenth day of September ultimo Prayed that We would 
Grant Our Licence and Authority to them and to their successors in 
office to bear and use on a Seal or otherwise for official purposes con- 
nected with the said County such Ensigns Armorial as might be found 
suitable and according to the Laws. of Arms: Know ye therefore that 
we have devised, and do by these presents Assign, Ratify, and Confirm 
to the said Council of the County of Berwick and to their Successors in 
office, and to the said County of Berwick the following Ensigns Armorial 
as depicted upon the margin hereof, and matriculated of even date with 
these presents in Our Public . Register of all Arms and Bearings in 
Scotland, vizt.. Argent, on a Mount Vert, a Bear Sable collared and 
chained Or, standing in front of a Tree proper. 

' Matriculated the Tenth day of October 1890. 

* (Signed) J. W. Mitchell. 

* Lyon Clerk.' 

364. Ross Family (continued from voL v./. 161). — 


2/^hJuly 1297. 

Royal Letters No. 3252. 

(Calendar of Scottish Documents 11., No. 920 Record Office, London.) 

Printed in Stevenson's Historical Documents^ vol ii. 

Magnifico principi ac Domino suo pro cunctis Metuendo et Reverendo 
Domino Edwardo Dei gratia Regi Anglie lUustri Domino Hybernie et 
Duci Aquitanie. Hen. . . . permissione Divina Ecclesie Abdonensis 
Minister humilis. Johannes Cumyn Comes de Buchan et comestabularius 
Scocie et Gastenatus filius Comitis de Mar^ salutem. ... - [obsjequii 
Reverencie et honoris. Cum in Moravia et aliis terris quibusdara giacen- 
tibus per Andream fulium {sic) Domini Andree de Moravia et alios quos- 
dam pacis. . . . tumultus jam dudum surrexisset non modicus. Domina- 
cioni vestre patefacimus per presentem quod nos pacem vestram fervide 
volentes dictum tumultum cassare et inde. . . . frenare dictas partes 
cum sufficienti potencia vestra et nostra ultra montes Scocie adivimus et 
ipsas ubique visitavimus et Malefactores quesivimus in Modis ipsis. . . . 
quod Dominus Andreas de Rath vobis cum festinacione clarius declarabit 
et cum venimus ad villam de Inernys. Misimus pro nobilissima comitissa 
de Ros quod. . . . veniret et suum consilium, posse et auxilium nobis 
adhiberet circa pacis custodiam et Regalem Justiciam ordinando et in 
posterum observando et pro bona sua. . . . tinuaret. ut a vobis Militis 
suis exigentibus gratiam et quetes reportaret in futurum. Que nostras 
supplicaciones benignissime admittens et commodum [vestrum consuljens 
et honorem accessit ad nos et curam suam cum nostra apposuit diligentis- 
simam ad omnia ritissime ordinant. Et quia in omnibus- temporibus. . . . 
diligens fuit et benevola que vestre excellencie sedem possumus innotescere 

* Gratney, son of the Earl of Mar, had been thanked by Edward, nth June 1297, 
for quelling disturbances in the Sheriffdom of Aberdeen. He was required to hasten to 
the assistance of William Fitzwarren, Constable of Urquhart Castle, and in the present 
letter gives an account of his expedition. [^Genealogist^ vol. iv. p. 187.) 

32 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

nobis humiliter supplicavit ut statum suum curam et diligenciam labores 
peritus. . . . ques vobis declarare curavemus et testimonium veritati per- 
hibere. Ac nos justis suis supplicacionibus inclinati in fide et fidelitate 
quibus vobis [respojndere possumus vel ab aliis suis vicinis maioribus, 
Mediis, et minoribus attrahere seu inquirere ipsam fidelissimam in omni- 
bus commendamus quod probat. . . , [ejxhibitio (i) cum sit dileccionis 
et affeccionis probacio (2) verissima. Et quia ad dictarum parcium 
borealium Rossie scilicet. Ergadie et insularum custodiam. . . . [Co]- 
mite Rossen. . . . itas (3) earundem utilem proclamat necessarium et 
dilectum dignetur vestra discretio residenda circa ipsum et pateme vestre 
custo[diam] et securitatem vestram. . . . et honorem aliquid ordinare 
quod vobis ex nunc in expedicionem poterit redundare. Sciturus quod 
si domi stetisset tumultus. . . . nullatenus surrexisse[t]. . . . apud Inernys 
die Mercurii in vigilia Sancti Jacobi Apostoli. Anno Domini M®. CC^ 
Nonagesimo septem. 

[There is another letter from the same three persons on the following 
day, 25 July 1297, in Norman French; but it does not mention the 
countess. — See Stevenson's Historical Documents^ Scotland, 11. ; Baine's 
Catalogue^ 11. 921.] 

(i.) exhibitis Stevenson, 

(2.) prefessio Stevenson, 

(3.) cias Stevenson, 

2^thjnly 1297. 

Royal Letters No. 3258. 

(Calendar of Scottish Documents, No. 922 Record Office, London.) 

Calendared by Mr, Bain ; but not printed. 

Excellentissimo Domino suo pro cunctjs Metuendo. diligendo. et 
Reverendo. Domino Edwardo Dei gratia Regi Anglie Illustri Domino 
Hib . . . sui de Hurchard salutem. Reverenciam. obsequium. et 
honorem. Dominacioni vestre patefacio per presentem quod cum literas 
vestras circa lanam et coream . . . Mandatum specialiter. Quidam 
malevoli quod me moti ex hoc accesserunt ad Andream de Moravia apud 
castrum de la Awath in Ross et All . . . scripsit itaque magnificus 
Dominus Reginaldus le Chen,^ ut die Dominica proxima post festam 
assencionis Dominice apud Inernys accendentem simul cum eo et aliis 
yestra nego . . . redeuntem versus Hurcharde tractatu diei finito. Memo- 
ratus Andreas et dictus AUexander Pilchys cum suis fautoribus contra- 
verunt et ceperunt. et cum eo ce[perunt] . . . Loveth xviij equos de 
quibus X. erant sufficientes ad quolibet opus bonum. Die Lune in Cerstino 
idem Andreas cum suo exercitu, et dictus AUexander Pilchys . . . suum 
misit ad me. quod illud malum sic inceptum de woluntate sua nullatenus 
emanavit. Etsi mihi videtur quod castrum defendere non posse ... ad 
opus vestrum contra quoscumque sicut vitam suam propriam. Tunc 
gentes referens Comitisse dixi quod credidi me et castrum satis defendere 
.et peciit Id . . . non intromittens nisi in mains periclum emineret, et 
sic recessit dictus armigerus relictus Andreas de Moravia cum suo exercitu 

^ In 1290 a father and son bearing this name were alive. A third Ranald le Chen, 
grandson of the first, became a great man in Sutherlandshire. One of his daughters- 
married Nicolas, brother of William, Earl of Sutherland, and ancestor of Duffus. 

or J Northern Notes and Queries. 33 

et burgensibus de Inernys ex parte . . . prospexi de castro et vidi exer-. 
citum Slii Comitis de Ros. quern Comitissa misit in Mey et castri vestri 
subsidium quod intellexit quod me defendere . . . ab aliquibus aliis cir- 
cumiacentibus in periculum posse eminere. et videns quod pro malo 
venisset dixi quod parvis non. Tunc quidam fatui (?) hoc Risum ad . . . 
arcedo (?) quod Andreas de Moravia et ejus potenciam attemptasset circa 
obsessum amovendo si posset. Audiens tunc Matteus quod recessit sic 
ex tunc 1 . . . t et obsessum de castro de Hurchard amoveret \ omnino 
et multa bona opera fecit et vidit quod castrum providencia fuerat desti- 
tutum misit . . . posse quod nullum d . . . ustinui. Andreas vero de 
Moravia ex tunc potenciam coUigens et congregans magnum exercitum 
congregavit et custoditus pac . . . festinanter be ... is et tunc de 
nocte interfecit Willelmum Puer, et Riccardum filium meum confidens de 
potencia sua et cedens totum regnum . . . de interfeccione Domini 
Ala . . . Johannis fratris sui . . . m cum suo exercitu ad castrum de la 
Awath et de Balkeny et . . . silvas ad . . . inde postulat eminere s . . . 
vestrum honorem . . . tas eorundem salvavit et in silvis fuerant inventi 
. . . ut dicta Comitissa nobilissima . . . quod . . . Dominum sancte (?) 
ecclesie (?)... omnis si placet considerare dignemini statum Comitisse et 
per . . . Sciturus in fide et fidelitate quibus vobis teneor pariter et 
homagio vobis facio capta de Domino suo securitate ydonea restituendo 
. . . quem filius Comitis de Ros salvavit et supplicat quod Majestati sue 
rogitare (?) dignemini. Datus apud Ineniys viij. Kal. Augusti Anno . . . 

Parliamentary Petition No. 9146 without date, probably soon after 
August 1297. Record Office, London. 

Sereniffimo Principi ac Domino fuo Reverentiffimo Domino Edwardo 
Dei gracia Illuftri Regi Anglie, Domino Ibernye, Duci Aquitanye, fua 
humilif et devota Eufemia Comitiffa de fal[utem in] falutif auctore 

et fe ad fua precepta et mandata promptam et paratam ac in omnibuf 
obedientem. Reverentiffime Dominacipni veftre in cu fpef mea 

pendit et allevacio anguftianim mearum omni qua polTum fupplico devo- 
cione et affectione quatinuf Willelmo de Culy e Regno veftro 

oriundo et fpeciali meo fuper hiif que vobif ex parte mea fideni 

adhibe (?) fi placet dignemini indubitatam et ea ad gratum productur 
effectum . . . Preterea (?) que quicquid dictuf W. clericuf (?) meuf ex 

parte mea vobif monftraverit abfqve aliqua difiimul^cione pro poffe 
. . . quebo. Valeat excellencia veftra femper in D[omino]. 

Note, — This parchment having been carefully examined * dif W. ctecuf 
meuf,' is now the reading instead of * dnf W. filiuf meuf \ yet cfecuf is not 
at all distinct, and a hole follows Witto de Culy, or Ouly, where his 
style would have been given ; we can only say most probably Clericus. 
The Countess's title is also lost by a hole, the top of a letter, possibly R, 
being left. The word must be a short one, and the only Scotch Earldom 
which would fit is Ross; over the gap there is an indication of the contrac- 
tion. {Signed) Joseph Bain. 


The Lady Foulis of 1576 was Katherine, daughter of Alex. Ross (16) 
of Balnagown, and 2nd wife of Robert More Munro, Laird of Foulis, by 
whom she had, with other children, a son George ; by his first wife her 

VOL, VJ. — NO. XXI, C 

34 1^^^ Scottish Antiquary ; 

husband had two sons, Robert and Hector. She was a widow, and her 
eldest stepson was dead when she and Hector were tried separately, he 
being the pursuer against his stepmother, although he was to appear at 
the bar as a criminal. She was accused of conspiring to get rid of her 
eldest stepson, so that her brother, George Ross, might marry Robert 
Monro's wife, and as a necessary step she attempted to poison George's 
wife. She was assisted by her brother, but he was never prosecuted. 
She engaged various witches, who came to Canorth and made images in 
butter of the young Laird of Foulis, and of the Lady of Balnagown ; they 
shot at them eight times with an elf-arrow without hitting them. On 
another day they set up images of clay^ and shot at them twelve times, 
always missing. Lady Foulis and her brother then decided on trying 
poison, which she sent by her nurse, who having tasted it died. At last, 
through a cook, she administered poison to Margery Campbell, her sister- 
in-law, which did not kill her, but brought on an incurable illness. These 
doings were shortly after judicially investigated, when Christian Ross and 
Thomas M*Kean (witch and warlock) were convicted and burnt — Nov. 
1577. Lady Foulis fled to Caithness, but in a few months was taken 
back by her husband. 

In 1589, he having died, his son and successor, Robert, purchased a 
commission for the trial of witches and sorcerors, aiming at his step- 
mother; he died in the same year, how, it does not appear, leaving 
the succession to his brother Hector, who now became the nominal 
prosecutor of his stepmother. The jury who tried her, being composed of 
the dependants of the Foulis family, acquitted her. 

The accusation against Hector was, that in August 1588 he had 
communed with three notorious witches for the recovery of his eldest 
brother, but they assured him that he had been too late in sending for 
them. Hector, falling ill in June 1589, sent for a notorious witch, who 
told him that he would not recover unless the principal man of his blood 
suffered for him. Therefore his half-brother George was chosen, and 
various plans were tried to effect his death. Hector recovered, but 
George fell ill, and died in July 1590, when his mother commenced 
a prosecution against Hector, now the Laird. He was acquitted, the 
jury being composed of his own retainers. 

Katherine, daughter of George Ross of Balnagown, who afterwards 
married Sir William Sinclair of Mey, was much mixed up in the charges 
against Lady Foulis. — Abbreviated from Chambers's Domestic Annals of 
Scotland^ vol. i. p. 203. 

The following notices about this extraordinary trial are printed in vol. 
iv. of the Register of the Privy Council of Scotland : — 

1589. — Complaint of Katherine Ross, relict of Robert Munro of 
Foulis, Margaret Sutherland, spouse of Hector Munro, pdrtioner of 
Kilterne ; Bessie Innes, spouse of Neil Munro in Swardich ; Margaret 
Ros, spouse of John Keith McDonald Roy in Coull, and Margaret 
Mowatt, as follows : — Mr. Hector Munro, now of Foulis . . . seeks to 
possess himself in any way of the lands of Foulis, and to dispossess her 
thairfra, tried to have her killed by her tenants, and then finding he 
could not succeed by direct or indirect means, upon wrong information 
purchased a commission for trying them for witchcraft. They pray the 
commission may be discharged, as they *be of veritie they ar honnest 
women . . . spotted at na tyme with ony sic un£;odlie practi^eis/ 


or^ Northern Notes and Queries. 35 

Then follows a caution in 10,000 merks by Lauchlan M*Intoshe and 
Mr. Hector Munro of Foulis as principals and their surety that on, 28th 
Oct. next they will prosecute to the utmost Katherine Ross . . . and 
that Mr. Hector is to pay her daily 40s. for her expenses until she be 

Edi?il)urgh, 5th Nov. — Caution in ;^2ooo by John Campbell of 
Calder for Mr. H. Munro, that he will not harm Katherine Ross, Lady 
Foulis, her tenants or servants. 


Bailie Robert Ross (II2), son of Alexander Ross of Easterfearn (lOS), 
had by his wife, Jannet, daughter of Alexander Ross of Little Tarrell (vi.)> 
a daughter Janet, married to John M'Kenzie, described in a bond of pro- 
vision from his father for ;^iooo, dated 29th April 17 13, as * shipmaster 
in Cromarty, third son of Mr. Bernard M^Kenzie of Sandilands.' (Sasine 
on it 17th November 1736.) On 13th June 17 10, he being then styled 
* shipmaster,' disponed of * three aikers of land in the field called Goose- 
dales,' . . . near the town of Cromarty, to William Ross, merchant in Tain. 
(Sasine 8th January 1725.) In the Cromarty Registers the baptisms of 
their children are not entered, the only notice about his family being 
— 1723, June 4th, John M'Kenzie, couper in Cromartie, and Margaret 
Ross, servant-maid to John M*Kenzie, shipmaster in Cromartie, gave up 
their names. George M*Kenzie (the shipmaster's elder brother) is 

Under Clan Vorichy, in Dr. George Mackenzie's MS. History, written 
circa 1720,^ it appears that the family of Sandilands was descended from 
Murdoch Riach M*Kenzie, a natural son of Kenneth, fourth baron of 
Kintail. He was slain in an incursion he made into Caithness. There 
are many people descended from him both in Sutherland and Ross, called 
by the Highlanders Clan Vorichy. 

I. Among these descendants was Colonel Daniel M*Kenzie, who 
served for some time under Colin, Earl of Seaforth, and afterwards in 
Muscovy and Flanders, where he became Colonel of a Regiment of Foot. 
He is said to have married a relative of the House of Nassau. ^ In his 
old age he revisited Scotland, and, as a gift to Earl Colin, brought with 
him * the golden bed,' so called from * the golden trappings and embroi- 
deries of gold and quiltings that were put on a sea-green velvet belonging 
to it.' Earl Colin dying before his arrival, he gave the bed to Earl George. 
A few years ago, on the visit of the Prince and Princess of Wales to 
Brahan, the golden bed was in the state room. 

Colonel Daniel returned to Flanders, where he died, leaving six sons. 
Of five of them nothing is known. One son, Captain Bernard, accom- 
panied him to Scotland, and, taking service under Earl George, was Major 
at the battle of Auldearn, where he fell 9th May 1645. He married Mrs. 
Ramsay, a Dutch woman of Scottish parentage, by whom he had, 

2. Daniel. (See below,) 

3, George, M.D., Inverness, who d. s.p, 1678, having married 

Janet Robertson in Inverness. 

* From a copy in the possession of Sir James D. M*Kenzie, Bart. 
2 Dr. M'Kenzie styles her — - * daughter of Jan Wolford, Count of ^rediod, Governor 
gf Budloch in Flanders. ' 


36 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

4. William, merchant in Donegal, murdered there 1643. 

2. Daniel M*Kenzie married Nance Dunbar of Avoch, by whom he 

5. Bernard. (See below,) 

I.] Elizabeth, married Alexander Ross, merchant. 
2." Jean, married Donald Williamson in Cromarty. P. 
3.] Magdalen. 

5. Bernard M*Kenzie was sent to the College of Aberdeen by Kenneth, 
Earl of Seaforth, and was by him presented to the school of Fortrose. At 
the age of twenty-one he was ordained by the Bishop of Ross, and became 
episcopal minister of Cromarty; he was deprived 25th April 1690, then 
intruded at Tranent and Kelso, and was ordered to remove in 1695. Dr. 
M'Kenzie states that he obtained from King William a yearly pension of 
£^^0 to collect the rents of the bishoprick of Ross, in his application 
setting forth his descent from the House of Nassau, and that the pension 
was continued to him by Queen Anne. After a careful search in the 
Record Office, London, no trace has been found either of his application 
or of his pension. Hugh Miller {Scenes and Legends of the North of Scot- 
land) states that he was *a quiet, timid sort of man, with little 'force of 
character, but, what served his turn equally well, a good deal of cunning.' 
He purchased the estate of Sandilands, and dying there 30th July 1713, 
was buried at Fortrose. He married Jean, daughter of Alexander Clunes 
of Dunskeath, by whom he had, 

6. Alexander. (See below). 

7. George, *in Cromarty' married Margaret, daughter to 

Alexander Ross of Little Tarrell (vi.) {Cromarty R^sters^ 
20th November 17 14), and died s,p, 

8. John. (See/^y/.) 

I.] Lilias, married John Forrester of Culnauld. Sasine 17 14. 
2! Christian, married Andrew Bayne in Cromarty. 
3.] Anna, baptized 23d November 1683 {Cromarty Registers). 

6. Alexander M*Kenzie, M.D., of Sandilands and Kinnoch, an estate 
which he purchased (Sasine loth July 17 10). Born in 1678, he studied at 
Aberdeen, and was for some time surgeon-major in the Duke of Argyle's 
regiment in Flanders, who sent him to study at Leyden. He finally 
settled at Fortrose. He died 26th September 1722, having married, 
contract dated at Fortrose, 14th May 1707, Anne, daughter of Alexander 
M'Kenzie of Belmaduthy, by whom he had 

9. Bernard. (See below.) 

[i.] Katherine, eldest daughter, and spouse to Alexander 

Baillie, Writer, Inverness. (Sasine 17th November 1736.) 

[2.] Anna. 

9. Bernard M'Kenzie, * only son and heir of deceased Dr. Alexander.' 

(Sasine 22d June 1732.) 'Of Kinnoch.' (Sasine 17th November 1736.) 

He married Margaret, daughter of David Ross of Kindeace (43), and had 

10. , a son, who died s.p. 

[i.] Isabella, who married Smith of the Fortrose Academy, 

and had a son Colonel William Smith, E.I.C.S., who 

died in India — March 1836. 

8. To return to John M*Kenzie, third son of Mr. Bernard. Dr. M*Kenzie 

states that * he is at sea for his further improvement.' Born probably 

about 1 68 1. At his death he left his widow, Janet Ross, in poor circum- 


[1.1 J( 

[2.] IW 

or^ Nortker7t Notes and Queries. 37 

stances. In 1745 she was living in Eilliter Lane, London, with seven 
children, who were all living in 1759, one of them a son, aged then about 
twenty-four, who was anxious to serve in the army. 
Of the daughters, 

[ean, probably the eldest. (See below.) 
Margaret, * daughter of deceased John M*Kenzie, ship- 
master, Cromarty,' inherited property from her uncle, 
George M*Kenzie of Moorfields. (Sasine 3d August 

[3.] Justina,^ born circa 1734, married Henry Davidson, 

first of TuUoch, an estate he purchased in 1762 for 
;^i 0,200, at a judicial sale, from the old family of Bayne 
of TuUoch, his relatives through his mother, Jean Bayne. 
Being anxious to save it from passing to strangers, he 
not only paid a long price, but afterwards behaved most 
generously to the old family, as is proved by the pro- 
visions made in his Will for various members. His Will 
was proved in London, 27th June 1781, by his brother 
and successor, Duncan Davidson, and his relative Charles 
Graham. He died 7th January 1781, s.p,, and was buried 
in the Parish Church of Kingston-on-Thames, where the 
Davidson Monument in the Vicar's Chapel forms one of 
the chief ornaments of the Church. The will of Justina 
Davidson was proved in London by her husband's nephew, 
Henry Davidson, and her sister Delicia M*Neil, to whom 
she left the residue of her property, and desired to be 
buried by the side of her husband at Kingston. Dying 
1 6th November 1804, her wish was not fulfilled, for she 
was laid in the Conti tomb at Hampstead. 

[4.] Delicia, born circa 1739, married M*Neil ; she was 

his widow in September 1780, and dying 30th April 1806, 
was also buried in the Conti tomb. She had an only 
child, Jannet, who married, as second wife, her relative, 
Andrew Reid of Lionsdown, co. Herts. She with two of 
her sons, Hugh and Robert, was buried in the Conti tomb. 

[5.] , married M*Kenzie, by whom she had 

two daughters. 

[i.] Jean, married in Edinburgh, sth August 1778 
{Scots Mag.)^ John Fraser of Achnagaim. 
Her grand-daughter, Dora Loraine Fraser, 
married the above Robert Reid, and was also 
buried at Hampstead. 
[2.] Delicia died unmarried. 
The above-named Jean M*Kenzie, daughter of the shipmaster, married 

' Robert, son of James White, who went to Tripoli, 7th May 1751, 

with the Hon. Augustus Keppel, in H.M.S. Lyme, as British Agent and 
Consul-General, being the bearer of a present from. George 11. to the 
Bashaw. He died there 29th November 1763, the affairs of the Consulate 

^ There is a tradition that the shipmaster had been enamoured in Italy of a lady 
called Justina. This name can be traced from Justina M*Kenzie to many families in 
Scotland and England. It is a common name at Venice, for the battle of Lepanto was 
fought on Sunday, 7th October 1571, St. Justina's Day. 

38 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

being left to the care of his widow (Archives qj the Consulate), Ad- 
ministration of his effects was granted to his widow 30th December 1766, 
he being described as late of the parish of St. James, Westminster. He 

Robert, who for a short time was Vice-Consul and Chancellor 

at Tripoli. He died before 1769. 
Jannetta. (See below,) 
Jannetta White, only daughter, born circa 1737, having obtained a papal 
dispensation, was married at the Roman Catholic Church at Tripoli, 26th 
April 1756, to Cosimo Michelangelo Conti, Count of- the Holy Roman 
Empire, Consul-General at Tripoli, and afterwards at Genoa, for the 
Grand Duke of Tuscany. He was inscribed in the *Libro d'Oro' of 
Leghorn, preserved in the Archives at Florence. Dying at the Baths of 
San Giuliano in Tuscany, 26th March 1788, he was buried at Gello, but 
no trace of his grave remains. The Countess became a Roman Catholic, 
and dying in Florence i8th May 1800 (Register of the Church of St, 
Lorenzo), was buried at the pretty country church of Santa Maria a Novoli, 
but no stone marks her resting-place. On ist January 1770, a bore-brieve 
was issued from the Lyon Office, signed by Thomas Brodie, Leo Dept. 
setting forth the honourable descent of Countess Conti, both on 
her father's and mother's side : a most mendacious document with a 
certain admixture of truth, on the father's side claiming descent from 
White of Bannachie (now White-Melville), on the mother's from the 
Earls of Seaforth. The Countess did not obtain the Arms of White of 
Bannachie, but the following : — ^Arg. a martlet between three quatrefoils 
sa, ; on the upper part of the shield on a band purple three wheat sheaves 
or. Crest, a spread-eagle. This bore-brieve, duly attested, exists in the 
Archives at Florence, and in a splendidly emblazoned parchment, belong- 
ing to a descendant, the water bougets of Ross of Balniel are given 
instead of the lions of the Earls of Ross. Count Conti left, 

1. Giovanni Giuseppe Pasquale. (See below,) 
Jannetta. (See post.) 
EHsabetta Carolina. (See post.) 

3.] Maria Caterina Filippa, born at Genoa, nth March 
1767, died unmarried 9th August 1799. 
I. Giovanni, a General, who was created Marchese di Trevignano, 
was born at Genoa, 2d March 1770. He died in Florence, 21st March 
1828, and was buried in the Church of Santa Maria Maggiore, having 
married, 13th August 1804, Orsola, daughter of the Marchese Pompeo 
Bourbon del Monte ; she died 2d November 1843, ^^^ was buried in the 
cloister of San Lqrenzo at Florence, leaving, 

2. Cosimo Maurizio, created Prince of Trevignano by Pope 

Gregory xvi. Born at Pisa, 6th March 1809, died at 
Albano, s.p,, 2d July 1855; buried there in the Church 
of the Cappuccini. Having married Adelaide, daughter 
of Prince Tommaso Corsini, she died 4th February 
[i.] Maria Anna Teresa, born at Pisa, 4th May 18x2, died 
25th November 1855, having married, 22nd April 1830, 
Giovanni Ginori, who died 6th August 1858, leaving, 

3. Gino. (See below.) 

[i.] Emilia, maxried Major Ignazio Oppenauer. 


oVy Northern Notes and Queries. 39 

3. Gino Ginori-Conti, Prince of Trevignano on the death of his uncle, 
born at Florence, 5th February 1836, married, 19th November 1862, 
Paolina, daughter of Count Luigi Fabbri, and has, 

4. Piero, born 3rd June 1865. 

5. Ugo, born 29th May 1872. 

[i.] Maria Luisa, married July 1890, Giovanni Battista Ridolfi. 
To return to Jannetta Conti, eldest daughter of Count Cosimo, bom 
at Tripoli, 9th February 1759. Brought up by her grandmother, Jean 
M'Kenzie, she died at Hampstead, i8th July 1780, and was buried near 
the parish church. On a massive tomb, erected to her memory, are cut 
on separate shielcls the Arms of Conti and White, surmounted by a 
Count's coronet ; on the right of the shields is an inscription setting forth 
her descent, on the left her virtues and accomplishments. 

Some years ago, during a storm, a large tree fell upon the tomb, and 
the heavy slabs being thrown to the ground, the vault with the coffins was 
left exposed; so it remained for some time, until the churchwardens 
covered it over. A builder, feeling sure that some day the owners would 
be found, collected the stones, and placed them in the crypt of the parish 
church. The tomb has lately been replaced. 

Elisabetta Carolina Conti, second daughter of Count Cosimo, born at 
Tripoli 27th August 1760, and dying at Florence in the Palazzo Buonar- 
roti, 1 2th August 1827, was buried in the cloister of Santa Croce.^ She 

married — ^ 1782, Filippo, eldest son of Leonardo Buonarroti, and 

had, with two daughters, who died unmarried, 

I. Leonardo Cosimo, bom at Bastia in Corsica, nth Novem- 
ber 1790, and died s,p, 12th February 1858, having 
married, 14th February 1846, Rosina Vendramin, a 
Venetian, widow of Thomas Grant; she died i6th June 
1856. Leonardo Cosimo was the last of the direct 
collateral line of Michelangelo Buonarroti, and left by 
Will the Palazzo and all its contents to the Munici- 
pality of Florence. They were both buried at their 
Villa at Settignano, and after a time the tomb of 
Michelangelo in Santa Croce was opened to receive 
Leonardo Cosimo and his wife.^ In the Registers of 

^ Inscription on the tomb : — 

Qui h. sepolta e in Dio riposa 
Da continui gravissimi affanni 
Elisa^tta Buonarroti 
Nata Contessa Conti 
Che pei figli ai quali fu padre e madre 
£ pel vacillante decoro della famiglia 
Fece e pati piii che altra mai. 
Visse anni LXXVII mori il xii Agosto mdcccxxxii. 

O madre rarissima e sfortunata 
Ricevi in questo marmo bagnato di pianto 
L'uitimo doloroso addio 
Del figlio inconsolabile 

Cosimo Buonarroti 
Che tanto riamata tu amasti. 

* Rosina was daughter of Giovanni Vendramin of Venice, and of Lucia Diaz Faria, 
a Portuguese, and was born in London 22nd August 18 14. She was a good linguist, 
musician, and artist. Touching by chance a spring in the wainscot of one of the rooms 
in the Buonarroti Palace, she discovered the entrance to a closet, in which were several 
of the great sculptor's models, and among them that of 'David.' 

46 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

the Duomo is preserved an account of the opening of 
• the tomb. It is stated that the only bodies, of the 

Buonarroti family which could be identified were 
those of the Senator Filippo and of his father Leon- 
ardo, who died in 1684. All the other coffins had 
crumbled away. 

[i.] Faustina Buonarroti, born 17th September 1785, married, 
as second wife, Domenico Sturbini of Pescia; she died 
4th February i860, and was buried at San Miniato. 
P. She wrote a volume of poemsi, published by Le 
Mohnier, 1857 ; one of the best is in memory of her 
grandmother, Jannetta White. 

[2.] Antonia Buonarroti, born 5th April 1787, married 
1803, Count Giovanni del Testa of Pisa. P. 

The career of Filippo Buonarroti was most extraordinary. Born nth 
November 1761, created Knight of the Order of San Stefano, in 1778 he 
was appointed page to the Grand Duke Peter Leopold. He became 
imbued with republican doctrines, and, plotting against the government, 
was denounced by his father. His life was spared ; he was exiled, and went 
to Corsica, where he founded a newspaper VAmico delta Libert^ Itatiana, 
In 1792 he abandoned his wife and five children, leaving them in penury, 
and went to Paris, where he played a leading part in the * Terror,' and 
took to himself another wife under the Tree of Liberty. His family 
removed to Pisa, and lived there with the Countess Conti. After the 
massacres of 1793 he was commissary of the republic in Corsica, then at 
Lyons, but from both places he was expelled by the population for his 
cruelties. When Robespierre fell, he was agent with the army in Italy, 
was arrested and imprisoned, but the amnesty granted by the Directory 
set him free. In Paris he became president of the Society of the 
Pantheon, and in 1796 conspired with Babeuf against the Directory, 
Condemned to death, his sentence was commuted to imprisonment for 
life at Cherbourg, where he was when Bonaparte became First Consul, by 
whom he was banished to the Isle of Oldron. At length he was pardoned 
on condition of his leaving France. He settled in Switzerland, and was 
concerned in all the plots against Napoleon and the Bourbons. In his 
old age, when no longer to be feared, Louis -Philippe allowed him to 
return to Paris, where he ended his days in a hospital in 1839. 

(Life of Michelangelo Buonarroti^ by Aurelio Gotti, 1875. History of 
Babeuf 5 Conspiracy ^ by Buonarroti, translated by Bronterre, 1836.) 

365. Shoolbred. — This Scottish name is of rare occurrence, and any 
suggestions as to its etymology would be interesting. In the county of Fife, 
where alone it is met with in old documents, it is both a place name and 
a family name. The only reference to it as a place name that I have met 
with is in the * Inquis. Retorn. Co. Fife ' — 

(193) Maii 3, 1608. 

Magister Walterus Mawer, hc^res Walteri Mawer de Mawerstoun, 
pairis^ in villa et terris de Kilquhiss wester, quorum terra?, vulgo vocatae 
lie Schulbraidis de Kilquhiss, sunt partes in senecallater de Fyiff. E. 8 1. 

iv. 173. 

(1067) Sep. 20 1669. 

Jacobus Ltndsay, hceres Jacobus Lindsay de Kilwhish, patris, in 

or, Northern Notes and Queries, 4 1 

villa et terra de Wester Kilwhish, quorum pendiculum et portio terrse 
vulgo nuncupata lie Showbraids de Kilwhish existit pars et portio, infra 
dominum de Fiff. — E. 8 Vfeudifarme, xxix. 287. 

In the same work I find. Co. Fife — 
1 66 1. Dec. 12. Thomas Schoolbraids, portioner of Auchtermuchty, 

heir to his grandfather, Thomas Schoolbraids. 

1663. June II. Walter Schoolbraidis, portioner *de Hill de Auchter- 

muchtie,' heir to his uncle, Robert Schoolbraid. 

1664. June 23. Margaret Scholbreads, heir to her father, Allan Schol- 

breads, portioner of Auchtermuchty. 
1664. June 23. Alexander Guidell, heir of his mother, Ephania Schol- 
1685. July 16. Elizabeth Shoolbraid, heir to her father, Thomas Shool- 

braid, portioner of Auchtermuchty. 

' From the middle of the 17 th century to the present time the family 
can be traced. But information as to its earlier history will be acceptable. 

A. W. C. H. 

366. Drumalbyn. — A farm and burn not far south of Lanark bear 
this name. The local pronunciation seems to be Drumahbin. The 
occurrence of this word in the middle of the Lowlands may be worthy of 
note. W. M. C. 

367. Stewart (see vol. v. pp. i, 77). — As a continuation to the 
remarks of * 2 ' the following notes on the Pedigree of Stewart of Ladywell 
may be given — 

I. James Stewart, ist of Ladywell (2nd son of James Stewart in Fin- 
castle by his wife Margaret Garwood, and brother of James Stewart of 
Fincastle), was Commissary of Dunkeld. He had issue — 

1. Thomas, who succeeded. 

2. John, who seems to have succeeded his brother. 

3. Sir Gilbert Stewart of Poliak, knight. Commissary of Dunkeld, and 

Sheriff of Perth, left at least one son — 

Charles Stewart of Rotmell, also Commissary of Dunkeld, 

married and had issue — 

(i) Patrick Stewart, served heir to his father, 30th June 

(2) Charles, called in Duncan Stewart's History a 

* seaman.' 

(3) Helen, married (i) Alexander Stewart of Fondeyuet, 

(2) Charles Stewart of Inchgarth. 

(4) Amelia, baptized at Dunkeld, nth October 1687. 

4. William, to whom Sir Gilbert of Poliak is served heir, 1650. 

5. Dorothy, married John Stewart of Bonskield. 

6. Jean, first wife of Neill Stewart of Fors. 

7. Isobell, married (i) John Stewart of Fungorth, (2) 5th Feb. 1670, 
John Blair of Ardblair. 

8. daughter, married John Stewart of Killichassie. 

IL Thomas Stewart of Ladywell (omitted by Duncan Stewart) suc- 
ceeded his father. His brother. Sir Gilbert, is retoured heir to him in 1650. 

III. John Stewart of Ladywell, seems to have succeeded his brother ; 
he was Commissary of Dunkeld, and was beheaded at Edinburgh in 1641. 

42 Tke Scottish Antiquary ; 

He married Isobell Mitchell, who remarried Alexander Neightooe ' some- 
tyme in Balegain ; ' issue a son, Thomas. 

IV, Thomas Stewart of Ladywell, only son of the preceding, died 
before 1693. He seems to have been twice married; by the first wife he had 

I. John, his successor. 
He married (see Malcolm's House of Drummond), secondly, Jean, daughter 
of David Drummond of Invermay, widow of Mr. William Oliphant, and had 
a daughter, 

2. Amelie. 

V. John Stewart of Ladywell, Commissaty of Dunkeld, succeeded his 
father, to whom he is served heir 14th July 1693- He married Helen, 
daughter of Wilham Lindsay of Kilspindie by Margaret, daughter of Mr, 
William Bethun, brother to David Bethun of Creich (she is served heir- 
portioner to her maternal grandfather in i6gg). They left no issue. 

A. F. S. 

368. A Primitive Candlestick. — 

The subscriber has got in his posses- 
sion an interesting memento of the 
'good old times.' While ransacking 
his house, a farmer (living near Doune) 
found amongst the rafters a curious and 
ingenious holder for a candle or dip. 
It is made exactly on the principle of a 
ship's top-mast. It consists of two 
^ standards or pillars of wood, and is 

fitted with a cap. This cap works like 
a swivel, and allows the top standard, 
which is furnished with eight rests, to 
slide up or down, thus enabling the 
light to be lowered or heightened at 
pleasure. When raised to its full ex- 
tent it measures 34 inches, and when 
lowered az inches. 

The age of this candlestick can 
only be conjectural, but to judge from 
its time-worn appearance two hundred 
years will be near the mark. 

- W. B. Bruce. 

369. Sir Charles Bailly. — Cor- 
nelius van Grestei, in his HUforia sacra 
et pro/ana ArchUpUcopatus Mechiimensis 
(vol. ii. p. 83) in his description of La 
Hulpe, a village a few miles south- 
east of Brussels, writes : — 

In hac Parochiale visitur sepulchrale 

' - _ ZS^ ^^^^' ^ ~ ~J ?^^ ~ monumentum Carolide Bailly, qaon&axa 

'—=rjL. - ~ -"T^ .^ -T— -■ SecretariiJ/a«'«5/«art«,RegtnEeScoti8e 

, ._ ^ cujus est hasc Inscriptio. 

Cy gift Sr. Charles Bailly en son vlvant de la Ckambre se \ erilaire de 
la Reyne d'Escosse deeapitie m Angleterre pour la \ foy Catholique, depuis 

or. Northern Notes and Qtieries. 43 

Commissaire de vivres du camp de \ sa majestk qui trespassa a rage de 84 
ans^ le 2*j Decembre \ 1624. | . 

Et JDamoisdle Democrite Swerts, sa femme que trespassa a Pa \ge de 
92 ansy le 3 Jour de Mars 1633, tesquels ont ktk par \ manage 50 ans par 
ensembles, priez Dieu pour leurs ames \ 

Respice finem 
Bailfyy Labiin, Perotte, Rollin, 
Swerts^ Appleterre, Dongodt^ Fervys, 

370. Scots in Sweden (vol. v. p. 75). — The second volume of the 
Miscellany printed by the Spottiswoode Society contains (page 383) * A 
list of the Scottish officers under Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden.' 

371. Rose MSS. — Inventory of mss. collected by Mr. W. Rose, but now 
amissing (continued from vol, v.,/. 177). 

90. Note of all the Templars and Temple lands in Aberdeenshire. 

91. Particular notes from the record of the family of Innes — of 
Balvenie, Orton, Denool, Coxton, Drainy, Blackhills, Edingeath, etc. 

92. MS. of the Wemyss family connected with Macduff, in two parts. 

93. Copy Charter of erection of the barony of Glendouachy, Auch- 
medden, etc., to John, Earl of Buchan, with a Charter of erection of the 
town of Down (now burgh Macduff) into a free burgh with certain 
priviledges, dated 1528. 

94. Principal Commission, Charles, Prince of Wales, Regent, to Sir 
Wm. Gordon of Park to be Lieut. Col. in a regiment of horse commanded 
by Lord Pitsligo, dated at Holyrood House i8th October 1745, super- 
scribed and his seal appended. 

95. A copperplate Charter of Malcolm, King of Scotland, a.d. 1060, 
to Ronald, Earl of Caithness, of that Earldom, for defending the King from 
Macbeth, in Latin. 

96. Receipt signed by Mr. Robt. Gordon, brother of John Gordon, of 
Pitberg, to George, Earl of Marischal, for a principal bounding evident of 
the lands of Fachill, mortified to the Abbacy of Deir, made by Wm. 
Gumming, Earl of Buchan, and to be transumed in order to settle the 
adjacent lands of Logic, and obliging himself to deliver the same ; the seal 
of the Earl is declared to be appended. Receipt dated 5th June 161 1. 

97. Charter and donation by Marjory, Countess of Athole, Lady 
Strathalva, of the lands of Alva, to the Abbacy of Coupar, with a confirma- 
tion by Thomas, Earl of Marr, and Lord of Alva, and of a gift given by 
David of Strathbogie, 1 3 14; very curious. 

98. Copy, King David Bruce to Wm. Abernethie of Salton of the 
barony of Rothiemay, dated at Elgin 1346, upon the forfeiture of David de 

99. Copy Charter in favours of the town of CuUenf, mentioning King 
Robert Bruce's Charter to that town. 

100. A curious letter from Lord Lovat to Duncan Forbes of Culloden, 
President of the Court of Session, 20th December 1745, concerning his 
concern in that Rebellion. 

1 01. A bundle of curious and valuable retours of very ancient date of 

44 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

the Hays, etc., being retours of the lands of Westfield, Fochaber, 
Aultohash, Moynes, etc., with the seals of the jury. 

1 02. A parcel of church procedure, form of worship, covenant and 
miracles, 1634, and an inventory concerning the estate of Gallashields and 
Dunbar, 1650. 

103. A parcel of very old papers relating to the Dunbars, Calders, Hays, 
Sinclair, Sutherland, Chisholms, Gumming, Crauford, Innes, etc., 1367. 

104. Curious old papers, with seals appended, relative to Earl Huntly's 
house in Elgin, which of old pertained to the Earl of Murray, called the 
Little Earl, lying near the Little Close, and afterwards pertaining to the 
said Earl Huntly, retoured 1636. 

105. Papers anent the Temple Lands of Longbride and inquest there- 
anent in favours of the Dumbrecks, 1509. 

106. Papers relating to the Canons of the Cathedral Kirk of Murray, 
and particularly of the Pans of Elgin. 

107. Papers regarding the Leslies of Leslie, 1426, and Temple Lands 
of Leslie, with seals added thereto, and valuation of teinds of Kinnethmont. 

108. Papers relating to Gellie in Fordyce, who were merchants in 
Poland, 1653. 

109. A Charter granted by John Spence and the rest of the members 
of the monastery of Maisondieu, 1552. 

no. Charter of the lands of Little ToUan or ToUanrule, 1560. 

111. MS. concerning Thanes in Scotland. 

112. Old Charters of the Lord of the Isles and of Aberchirder, 1426 
and 1438. 

113. King David's Charter to Hugo de Ross and Leslie. Item, King 
Robert Bruce's Charter of the lands _ofCarnousie to Alex. Meldrum, and 
Sibilla, daughter of Simon the Thane of Aberchirder, with seal appended, 
1326. Item, Charter by King David of Scots, anno 1347, dated at Elgin, 
with seal appended, of Rothiemay upon the forfeiture of Cummyn of 
Strathbogie ; very curious. 

114. Papers about Mortlick and stipend. 

115. Charter of confirmation, with great seal appended, of the lands 
of Aberchirder of grants 1426 and 1438. Item, the decree-arbitral of the 
marches of Yochrie, 1493. Item, copy thereanent Charter, with a seal in 
perfect preservation, of Barmuckity, 1459, in favours of Alex. Dunbar. 
Item, Charter of James v., with seal entire. 

116. Walter Leslie of Kininvies, Charter to Robert Leslie, son of 
Walter, from the Earl and Countess of Athol, with their seals appended, 


117. Curious rentals of the parish of Aberchirder, agreement and 

sales of the lands of Auchentoul and Cromby, inventories of the rights and 
decrees disjoining Carnousie from Marnoch to Forglen, and the special 
account of the stipends and vicarage of each. 

118. History of the Earldom of Mar. 

1 1 9. A parcel relative to Sinclairs of Caithness and the old settlements 
in Queen Mary's time. 

120. History of Dunkinty, Kilmallemock and old extent. 

121. Memorial and case relative to the peerage of Ross, old almanacs 
and newspapers of Edinburgh and Aberdeen, 1678 and 1688. 

122. Contract with Innes and Innermarkie and their clan in 1587 
wherein Edingeath cannot write. 


OTy Northern Notes and Queries. 45 

123. Original Charter of Innes by the Earl of Hiintly to Innes and 
Janet Gordon his daughter of the lands of Forest of Boyne, with seal 
appended, 1469. 

124. Some papers of the Barony of Duffus, copy of disposition of 
Ardgay, 1747, with Lord Duffus's sasine of Ardgay, 1653. 

125. Abbot and Convent of Aberbrothick — Charter subscribed by all 
the Convent, 1525, to Sal ton of Bogfachell in Tarves. Assedation by 
them to Salton, 1527, of the teinds of Aberchirder and Inverboyndie and 

126. MS. report of John Sim, W.S. ; his report of the Earldom of Mar 
and progress from edrly dates, from Lord Erskine's copy. 

127. Memorial of secret information given to King James vii. in ms. 
which contains some historical tracts yet unknown to the world. 

128. A MS. book of great size and much writing, containing a history 
of the General Assembly of the Kirk of Scotland, with curious trials, 
anecdotes and procedure of censure and disputation of the errors of 
churches in the reigns of Queen Mary and James VI. It contains also a 
MS. of curious accounts of historical events in Scotland and of the See 
and ancient Bishops of St. Andrews. 

129. Inventory of great length of the papers and grants made by the 
Abbot of Kinloss of the lands of Struthers, Winderlaw Newton, etc., from 
1559, to Dunbars of Newton, Hempriggs, Asleisk, Wester Alves, etc. 

W. Cramond. 



CLXVI. Pulpit at Bo'ness. — Can any of your readers give informa- 
tion regarding an ancient carved wooden pulpit which exists, or 
did exist, in the parish church of Bo'ness, Linlithgowshire ? It 
dates from about the middle of the seventeenth century — a 
period when many beautiful pulpits were constructed in Holland, 
from whence it is alleged to have been brought by merchants 
who then traded with that country. Are the names of any of 
these persons known, or are there records which may contain 
reference to the matter ? W. Bennet. 

CLXVII. Bethune Family. — I should be much obliged if any of your 
readers could tell me if the Bethunes of Pitkie, Langermerston, 
Melgund, or Balfarge still exist, and where, also which of the 
different branches of the family descend from the Cardinal ? 

I should be glad to correspond directly with any one cognisant 
of and interested in the family. Alfred A. Baker. 

12 Old Square, Lincoln's Inn, London. 

CLXVIII. George Bethtlj^^ of Kingusk — Physician in Cupar-Fife, 
died 1774, sold Kingusk to Sir Robert Anstruther of Balcaskie, 
Bart. I should be glad to know who his wife was (she survived 

46 The Scottish Antiquary : 

him), and what family they had. He was, I believe, second son 
of John Bethune of Blebo. Alfred A. Baker. 

CLXIX. Dunbar Family. — To what family of Dunbar did the Right 
Rev. William Dunbar belong, who was first Bishop of Moray, 
and died Bishop of Aberdeen ? He lived in Peterhead. Where 
did he die ? and where interred ? * Sigma.' 

CLXX. Rutherford Family. — The late Mr. James Maidment, the 

well-known advocate and antiquary, had in his possession 

printed papers relating to most of the name of Rutherford in 

the south of Scotland during the earlier part of last century. 

Will any contributor be good enough to inform me in whose 

possession these papers now are, or where they are to be found ? 

James R. Brown. 
Arthur Lodge, Dalkeith Road, Edinburgh. 

CLXXI. Linlithgow. — ^The name by which this town is known in the 
Highlands is Gleann-eidhean ; pronunciation of the second term 
dh is silent. The name signifies Glen Ivy. Is there anything 
about Linlithgow to make the name appropriate ? J. C. 

CLXXII. Hannan Family. — Is this not very common surname of 
foreign origin ? It is said that there was a family or families of 
the name in or about North Berwick in the end of the last 
century. Any information would be of interest. 


CLXXI 1 1. Stewart of Auldhame. — Can any readers of the Scottish 
Antiquary give any information about George Stewart (or Stuart) 
of Oldham or Auldhame, who was living in April 1677? His 
property is in different places designated by these two varying 
methods of spelling. 

A. F. S. 

CLXXIV. Early Scottish Weavers. — * On the descent thither {i,e, to 
Leith from Edinburgh) is a , small village, very prosperous, in- 
habited by weavers of wool — which gives its name to the best 
cloths in Scotland.' — Major, c, 152 1. What was the name of the 
village — Picardy ? What is the name of the cloth ? When did 
Picardy weavers first come there — before 1521 ? 

T. G. L, 


CXXI. * Margaret, fifth daughter of Sir John Scot of Scotstarvet, married 
first to John Trotter of Charterhall, secondly to John Murray 
of Philiphaugh, and had issue • . .' [This and marriages of 
Scot's other daughters] * are documented from the writs of the 
family.' — Douglas* Barona^e^ p. 223, 




or^ Northern Notes and Queries. 47 

George [not John ut supra] Trotter of Chesterhall got a 
charter, i June 1662, * Georgio Trotter de Charterhall, et 
Margaretae Scot ejus sponsae.' 

He died without male issue. — Baronage, p. 206. 

Sir John Murray of Phihphaugh married, secondly, Margaret, 
daughter of Sir John Scot of Scotstarvet, widow of John {sic) 
Trotter of Charterhall, by whom he had only one daughter, 
Jean, who died young. 

Sir John died 1676, and was succeeded by his eldest son 
[by first wife]. — Baronage, p. 104. 

(6915) June 23, 1688. 

Domina Margareta Scott, Domina Philiphauch, hseres talliae 
et provisionis Jeannse Murray, filise. xl. 2 1 6. Inquis, Gener. 

Nov. 8, 1677. 
Jacobus Murray de Philiphauch, hceres masculus Joannis 

Murray de Philiphaugh patris xxxiii. 293, Inquis, 

Special, Selkirk. — Ed. 

CLIII. Latch. — There are two places in the parish of Ceres, Fifeshire, 
called East and West Latch. The name is Gaelic, the correct 
spelling of which is Lathach ; in pronunciation th is silent, and 
the word signifies a mire, 

Lykerstanes. — The earliest notice that we have of these is in 
the Register of the Priory of St, Andrews, in the perambulation of 
the boundaries of the lands of Kirkness, Kinross-shire, a.d. 1054. 
They are there described as, * unum aceruum lapidem qui dicitur 
in vulgarly lykirstyne.' There is a park on that estate still known 
as the Lykerstane Park. 

There were two Lickerstanes, pillar-shaped, in the parish of 
Abdie, about three feet high, at a junction of roads near the 
churchyard. They were removed in the early part of this 
century, though no obstruction. There were also Licker- 
stanes in the following parishes in Fife. At Falkland, if I 
mistake not, there is one which is yet to be seen built into a 
wall, which, in ignorance of its origin and use, is ignominiously 
known as the Liquorstane, There is a notice of Lickerstanes in 
the parish of Pittenweem (see Fife Retours, No. 508); also in 
the parish of Kettle (see old Statistical Account) \ and in the 
parishes of Scoonie and Login, Fifeshire, as I have learned from 
residents, but whether the stones are extant or not I am not able 
to state. That there were Lickerstanes in .the parish of Dun- 
fermline is testified by the fact that there is a farm in it known 
as Leckerstone, In the parish of Abernethy, Perthshire, they are 
still extant on the side of the road leading towards the river 
Earn, not far from the churchyard. They are very inconspicu- 
ous ; but those interested in relics of the past in Abernethy 
have been warned to see to their preservation. And in a parish 
so rich in antiquities as Abernethy (and of which they are 
deservedly proud) there is every reason to believe that they 


48 The Scottish Antiquary. 

will be protected. Were the Retours and other published records 
examined, there can be little doubt that there were Lickerstanes 
in very many parishes in Scotland. The name is pure Anglo- 
Saxon. Lie signifies a corpse, and there can be no doubt that 
on these stones the corpse was laid, and there the funeral 
service began and continued all the way to the churchyard. 
They are the equivalents of the Lichgates so common in England, 
where the minister meets the funeral procession and begins the 
burial service. Alex. Laing, F.S.A. Scot. 


Some Old Families^ by H. B. M*Call. Privately printed for presentation. 
Everything about this book is satisfactory: the thought that led to its 
production — the seeking for rest, not in inactivity, but in change of work, 
and in this way acquiring and recording genealogical facts that would else 
have been lost. Mr. M*Call has written an account of eleven Scottish 
families, and his work shows that he is a genealogist who understands the 
value of honest work. The matter he has collected is so varied and interest- 
ing, that we intend on a future occasion to return to the consideration of 
it. The illustrations are numerous and artistic, and the thick quarto volume 
will be highly prized by the fortunate possessors. Copies will be found in 
the Advocates' Library, and the Libraries of Edinburgh University, the 
Royal Society, and the Society of Antiquaries, and the British Museum. 
Only 100 copies have been printed. 

Monumental Brasses^ by E. M. Beloe, junr.. King's Lynn. A series of 
twenty-five photo-lithographs. Our readers may be aware that monumental 
brasses were largely employed in England from the fourteenth to the seven- 
teenth century, and that many hundreds have escaped the zeal of the fanatic 
iconoclast, the greed of the eighteenth-century church repairer, and the 
vandalism of the nineteenth-century church restorer (?). Before the Reforma- 
tion some fine examples existed in Scotland, as slabs with matrices at St. 
Andrews, Dunblane, Glasgow, Cambuskenneth, and elsewhere bear witness. 
Some modern brasses, however, show that the qualities of this sort of monu- 
ment are appreciated. We advise all in any way interested to procure Mr. 
Beloe's work at once, as only a few copies have been printed, and the 
price (los. 3d.) is exceedingly moderate. He has selected his specimens 
from Norfolk, a county very rich in handsome brasses. In some cases, 
where brasses have been lost or destroyed, he has given photo-litho- 
graphs of copies taken many years ago by the late Craven Ord, Esq., 
and now preserved in the British Museum. The presence of these adds 
considerably to the value of the collection. All the plates are beautifully 
executed, and the work is sure to increase in value. The work is advertised 
on the third page of the cover of this number. 

Replies to Queries are earnestly requested, — Ep, 


The Scottish Antiquary 


Northern Notes and Queries 






372. Erskine of Dun, 

373. Biirgh Seal of Dundee, . 

374. Primitive Candlestick, . 

375. Arabic Numerals, . 

376. Notes on Attainted Jacobites, 

377. The Brass to the Regent Murray, 

378. Sculptured Monuments of Scotland, 56 

379. Goods belonging to John, Earl of 

Mar, 60 

380. The Use of Armorial Bearings, . 61 

381. Erskines of Balgownie and Shiel- 

field, 62 

382. A Doctor*s Chamber, 1500, . . 66 

383. Fountainbridge 67 

384. Will of John Mitchell, 1581, . . 67 

385. Registers of Old St. Paul's, Edin- 

burgh, 69 


386. Ross Family, . . . 

. 81 

387. The Historian Wodrow, 

. 86 

388. Knight of the Kirk, 

. 90 

389. Name Givers, 

. 90 

390. Engh'sh Workmen in Glasgow, 

. 91 


CLXXV. Douglas Family, 

• 93 

CLXXVI. Old Bronze Vessel, . 

• 93 

CLXXVII. Campbells of Cawdor, 

• 93 


CXV. Cunninghar, 

• 93 

CXXIII. Houstouns of Fortrose, . 

• 94 

CLVIII. Old Trade-mark, . 

. 96 

CLIX. A Broken Cross. . 

. 96 

CLXII. Scottish Surnames, 

. 96 

Note. — The Editor does not hold himself responsible for the opinions 

or statements of Contributors. 

All Communications to be sent to the Editor of^ The Scottish Antiquary,^ 

The Parsonage, Alloa. 

372. Erskine of Dun {vol. \v.pp. 116, 183). — Three accounts of the 
family of Erskine of Dun have lately been written — {a) by ' 2 ' in the Scottish 
Antiquary {vide supra) ; {b) by Mr. A. H. Millar in his Castles and Mansions 
of Scotland', and {c) by Mr. E. E. Scott in his account of the Halcro and 
Erskine Families. These will be referred to below as a.^ b., c. All of 
these writers have confessed their inability to give an exact pedigree of the 
family for the period between 1592-1660. I propose, however, to do this, 
and in order to construct it in a satisfactory manner, shall make use of 
official documents and papers referred to in the fifth report of the 
Historical MSS. Commission. 

{Contimied on page ^2.) 

VOL. VI. — NO. xxii. D 




Sir Thomas Erskine = Janet Barclay, 

of Erskine. 


Sir Robert Erskine, 
ancestor of the present Earl of Mar. 

eventually heiress of the Earl of Mar. 

i. John = 

ii. Alexander = 
alive 1 45 1. 


n. natus. 

o. obiit. 

o.s.^. obiit sine prole. 

o.s.p.s. obiit sine prole 

o.s.p.s.m. obiit sine prole 

superstite masculo. 
np. married. 

iii. John = Marjory Graham 

0, 1504. j3. 

(of Fintry), 0, 1508. 

iv. John 

fell at Flodden, 15 13. 

= Katherine Monypenny, 
o, 1531. 


fell at Flodden, 15 13. 

V. Sir John = Margaret Ruthven. Sir Thomas = Ann Ogilvy. 

fell at Flodden, 15 13. 

of Brechin. 

I. w, 2. w. I 

=Elizabeth Lindsay, = Barbara de Beirle, William. Erskines 

o, 1538. 

o* 1572. €. 

of Pittodrie. 


vi. John 
n. 1508,0. 1589. 8. 

I '■ I I 

John, vii. Robert = Catherine Graham Margaret = Patrick Maule. 

o,v,p.s.p, 1563. o. 1590. ^. I (of Morphie). 1;. 

viii. John = Agnes 

0, 1591. 

Ogilvy. e. 

Thomas = Margaret 


Samuel Grissel 
e. Forrester. 



ix. John = Margaret 

0. 1592. K. 


David = Jeane Maule. 

0. ante 1603. 


Arthur = Margaret 
V. Maulf. ^. 

X. John, 
0. 1603. 

xi. John 

0. 1 6 10. 


Magdalen David. Robert, xiii. Sir Alex- = 

Haly- p. <r. ander, n. 1600, 

burton. o.c. 1660. T. 


Henry, <t>. x- V'- 
n.c. 1601. 




xii. John, 

0, 1613. TT. 

[? Alexander], Sir John = . , . Betoun. 

0. I613. IT. 


xiv. David 



XV. David 
n. 1670,^.1755. /3/3. 



xvi. John = Margaret Inglis, «/. 1739. 
xvii. John = Mary Baird, np. 1770. 


/). s.p. 

Marquis of 
Ails a. 

Margaret = Archibald Kennedy, 

0, 1848. 

1 2th Earl of Cassilis, ist Marquis 
of Ailsa, np, 1793. 

John Kennedy Erskine == Augusta Fitzclarence. 
n. 1802, 0. 1831. 

William = Catherine Jones, 
n, 1828. np, 1862. 

Augustus Kennedy Erskine of Dun, n. 1866, 


a, stands for notes in Scot Antiq, by ' 2 * ; b. for Millar's Castles of Scotland ; 

c' for Scott's Halcro Erskine Families, 

a. .'John Ersskyne, Knight, Lord of Dun*— charter 1400. {d. page 338.) 

/3. 'Had charter of Dun on his father's resignation, 28th Jan. 1449.' (a. page 118.) 

'V. Margaret Ruthven was Dowager-Countess of Buchan. (a. page 118, ^. page 345.) 

0, The celebrated ' Superintendent.* c. (ped. tab.) states that he had a son, John, by his 
second wife, which John he makes father of a son John, whom he erroneously makes the 
husband of Jean Maule, the wife of David Erskine. 

€. Mr. Commissary Maule states that she was a native of Picardy, and mother of 
Margaret, wife of his brother, Patrick Maule. 

^. An account of his misdoings is given, {d. page 371.) 

17. Of this marriag;e were born, inter alios, Patrick, first Earl of Panmure, • uncle of Sir 
Alexander Erskine,' xiil of Dun ; Jean, wife of David Erskine, second son of John> viii. of 
Dun ; and Margaret, wife of Arthur Erskine, brother to David. 

$. Margaret Lindsay, daur. of Alexander, first Lord Spynie, is named his wife by d. (page 
374), but a. (page 183) writes *he seems to have married Agnes Ogilvy, who, as Lady Logy, 
executed, on the 8th January 1614, a deed of assignation in favour of Magdalen Haly burton, 
widow of her grandson. Lady Carnegie, life-renter of the Mains of Dun.' Sir John Carnegie 
of Ethie, afterwards first Lord Northesk, was her second husband ; she died c, 1640. Hist, 
0/ Camegies, ii. 351. 

1, This Samuel died before 1690, leaving a widow and one son, of whom nothing further is 
known. (^» page 371.) 

K. Styled ' John of Nathrow '; he married 1588 ; Aug. 1592, Provost of Montrose (I^.P.C,). 
{d. page 374.) In a deed of reversion, 28th Oct. 1588, he quotes the contract of marriage, the 
parties being ' (i) The Right Hon. John Erskine, Elder, Frank tenementer of Dun, my grand- 
schir ; (2) Robert Erskine, fear of Dun, my guidschire ; (3) John Erskine of Logy, my father.* 
His son John x. was born before i6th Nov. 1592, when he made his will. 

X. That Jolm x. succeeded John ix. is clear from Mr. Maule's statement. He was of full 
age and served heir to his father, John, 5th Nov. 1603 {/^et.)^ but was dead before 4th Dec. 
1603, when his cousin and successor married (R.S.M, 12th Jan. 1607). 

fi. See note ^. 

V. * Mr. Arthur,* styled in the legal Process • father's brother* to Robert the accused. 

f . See note 1;. 

p. Mr. Maule states that he succeeded his cousin, John x. of Dun. He married 1603 (see 
note X.), and died 1610. {Hist, of Camegies, vol. ii. p. 351.) In his marriage contract 
(1603) he is styled great-grandson of'^Robert Erskine vii. (R.M.S. 1607, Jan. 12). 

IT. Murdered 1613 bv their uncle Robert. The name of the younger brother is uncertain. 

p. David 'of Logy is mentioned {R.P.C. vii. 576-578) as concerned with his brother, 
Robert, in disturbances at Montrose 29th Nov. 1604. He must have died before 1610. 

<r. Executed i6i6 for the murder of his nephews, John xii. of Dun and (?) Alexander. 

T. The following retour (Forfar, vii. 332) refers to him : — 

' 8 May 1621. Alexander Erskine of Dun, heir-male of John Erskine of Dun, his brother's 
son.* An assignation, 8th Jan. 1614, is printed in the Spalding Club Mis. vol. iv. p. 81, 
mentioning Alexander Erskine of Dun, with consent of John Erskyne, minister of Eccles- 
greig [or St. Cyrus], his tutor. {Spald. Mis. ) This is important as proving that Alexander at 
once succeeded the eleventh Laird, murdered in 1613, and also that his tutor was the same 
man who was appointed to be tutor to the children of John Erskine xi. Additional evidence 
as to his paternity is to be found in the existence of letters written to him by *his uncle ' the 
first Earl of Panmure, who was brother to Jean Maule, wife of David. The retour shows 
he was born before 1600. Nephew to first Earl of Panmure (5 Rep. His. MSS, page 637). 

V. Henry was of full age in 1625 when he wrote a letter to his brother on business matters. 
(5M Rep. His. MSS. page 637.) 

0. x- ^' Helen, IsolSl, Annas, daughters of David Erskine, condemned as aiders in the 
murder of their nephews. 

Isobel and Annas were executed 22nd June 1614. Their sister Helen, as ' less guilty and 
more penitent,' was banished, and Mr. Scott (c. page 15) holds that she married Patrick 
Halcro in Orkney. 

w. Sir John died before his father, as the retour given under aa. shows. The Montrose 
Baptismal Register gives the baptism, in 1644, of John, ' son of Sir John Erskine, fiar of Dun.' 
This son must have died in childhood. 

aa. 4th Jan. . 1655. David Erskine appeirand of Dun, eldest [surviving] son to Sir Alexander 
Erskine of Dun, Knyght, heir-male of Sir John Erskine, fear of Dun, Knyght (eldest son to 
the said Sir Alexander Erskine) his brother. {Ret. Gen. xxii. 53.) 

David succeeded his father before 1670, for in a retour dated 14th July 1670 he is styled 
' David Erskine of Dun.* The Arms of Erskine of Dun were registered by him (see p. 53). 

/8j3. David Erskine of Dun, Lord of Session, as ' Lord Dun.* 

52 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

I have also found most valuable contemporary information as to the 
descent of the lands of Dun, and the relationship between the lairds, 
which has evidently been overlooked by the three writers, a,^ ^., c, Mr. 
Robert Maule, Commissary of St. Andrews," was younger brother to 
Patrick Maule of Panmure. About 1610 he wrote Memorials of the 
Maule Family ; sl great portion of this work is printed in the introduction 
to the Registrum de Panmure. A near relative to persons connected by 
marriage with the Dun family, he must have been well acquainted with 
prominent facts concerning them, while his high official position and 
character make him a witness whose statements are above suspicion. He 
records that his brother Patrick Maule married Margaret, daughter of 
John Erskine vi. of Dun, *the Superintendant,' by his second wife, 
* Barbara Beirle, a native of Picardy.' By this marriage Patrick had, infer 
alioSy Patrick, afterwards ist Earl of Panmure, * uncle of Sir Alexander 
[xiii] of Dun' (5 Rep, His, MSS. p.- 637), Jeane, who married David 
Erskine, and Margaret, who married Arthur his brother. Mr. Commissary 
Maule gives a clear account of the succession to the estate. Referring to 
John Erskine ix. of Dun, he writes : * His sone quha was lard, diing without 
ayres, the said Davids sone callit Jhone did succeid ' {Reg. de Panmure^ p. 
xxxviii.). From this it is clear that David predeceased his nephew John x. 
We find {Reg. Priv. Con, vii. 576-578) that in 1604 two brothers, David 
and Robert Erskine, styled * of Logy,' were connected with some disturb- 
ances in Montrose. These must have been sons of David Erskine and 
Jean Maule, and next younger brothers to John xi. of Dun. This John 
XI. was son-in-law to Halyburton of Pitcur, and the indictment of Robert 

for murder alleges that * {sic) Erskine of Dun, who was son-in-law to 

the laird of Pitcur, had upon his deathbed nominated Mr. John Erskine, 
minister of St. Cyrus, to be tutor testamentary to the said two young boys 
his (accused) brother's sons, by which he (Robert) was defrauded of the 
charges of the bairns' {Scot Antiq. iv. 185). David, the younger of Logy, must 
have died before 16 10, and thus Robert, his brother, was next in succession 
to Dun on the death of his nephews. On his execution for their murder 
the land passed to his next brother. Sir Alexander Erskine xiii. This 
Alexander, who was knighted before 1625, is addressed in a series of letters, 
extending from 1631-1640, written by the first Earl of Panmure, as his 
nephew {His. MSS, Com., p. 637), an additional proof that he was a son 
of David Erskine and Jean Maule. Alexander had also a younger brother, 
Henry, who was of full age 1625, and wrote on business from London 

It is now sufficiently clear that Robert murdered his brother's children, 
two sons of John Erskine xi. of Dun and grandchildren of David. Evidence 
against him appears to have been procured by torture, and the use of 
witchcraft was also charged against him. At such a time, and under such 
circumstances, little reliance can be placed on the imperfect account of the 
matter that exists. It was a tragedy the surroundings of which were sure 
to suffer from exaggeration and idle rumour. 

The three accounts of the family already referred to differ as to the next 
stage of the pedigree, it will therefore be well to state that the retours prove 
that Sir Alexander xiii. (the son of David) was succeeded by his second 
son David xiv., his eldest son dying in his lifetime without surviving issue 
male. The earlier and later portions of the pedigree do not present any 
difficulties, but *2' (a. iv. p. 186) prints one of the family papers given 

or, Northern Notes and Queries. 5 3 

in the Spalding Club Miscellany, which must be the work of a late and ill- 
informed scribe. Who the John Erskine was of whose children a list is 
given it is impossible to say, but the children certainly did not occupy the 
places in the pedigree there assigned to them. Mr. Millar also (p, p. 384) 
speaks of two Alexanders, father and son. There most certainly was 
only one. Mr. Scott makes Jean Maule the wife of a John Erskine, grand- 
son of the Superintendent by his second marriage (c, ped. tab.). Jean was, 
as we have shown, the wife of David Erskine. 

J. W. Mitchell, Esq., Rothesay Herald, has very kindly supplied the 
following extract from the Lyon Register, of the arms of Erskine of Dun, 
registered circa * 1672-78' : — 

' David Areskine of Dun Bears two coats quarterlie, first Argent a pale 
Sable be the name of Areskine, second, gules, a sword in pale Argent 
hilted and pomelled Or, be the name of Dun, third as the second, the 
fourth as the first, above the shield ane Helmet befitting his degree 
mantled gules doubled Argent, next is placed on ane Torce for his Crest 
a gryphan head erased proper, holding in his mouth a sword in bend as 
the former, and on ye bled thereof this motto. In Domino Confido, sup- 
ported be two gryphans winged and armed Or' — * 1672-78.' 

A. W. Cornelius Hallen. 

373. Burgh Seal of Dundee. — Referring to the article on the Burgh 
Seal of Dundee, may I remark that the town was under the protection of 
the Blessed Virgin Mary, whose emblem, a pot of lilies, has been the hall- 
mark for silver-plate there for many years ? I have some toddy ladles with 
it, and the mark is repeated, apparently, in this as in some other cases, in 
place of the Scottish Standard mark of a Thistle, which only dates from 
1759. I think it will be found this is the original seal, and that described 
by Mr. Bain has been that of one of the Guilds there. May the Bishop 
not be St. Elegius, who was patron of the Hammermen's Guild ? This 
would account for the obverse and reverse of the seal. 

Chaffers, in his book on hall-marks on silver-plate, says : * The arms of 
the town are azure, a pot of lilies argent, Crest a lily argent, Supporters 
two Dragons vert, their tails knotted together below the Shield. Motto, 
* Dei Donum^ 

In the Advocates' Library, Edinburgh, there is an interesting brass 
matrbc of a seal of the fifteenth century in excellent preservation, 
executed for the use of the Incorporation of Hammermen of Dundee, 
representing a figure of St. Elegius in episcopal vestments, holding a 
hammer in his right hand and a crozier in his left ; within a niche at each 
side is a bough-pot of lilies, and beneath a shield bearing a hammer in 
pale with a crown of three points inscribed ^ S.^ce Malliato Sci Elegi de 
Dunde: J. H. 

374. Primitive Candlestick (vi. 42). — Mr. Bruce will find a paper 
on Carles (the Scottish name for the candlestick he describes) in the 
Proceedings of the Scottish Antiquaries for 1889. Specimens may still be 
recovered from farmhouses in hill districts, though the introduction of 
petroleum has superseded the use of these old-fashioned pieces of house- 

Herbert Maxwell. 



54 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

375. Arabic Numerals {voL iv. 147, v. 21). — The official Catalogue of 
German and Flemish Prints in the British Museum furnishes some 
early instances of the early use of Arabic, or more correctly Spanish, 

The earliest is Bavarian, 141 3 (vol. i. 73), about which some interesting 
remarks are made. Some doubt is expressed (p. 49) as to whether 1414 
is correct, or whether it should be read 1454 or 1474. The dates 1462 
occur in Upper Germany (ii. 138), 1466, Bavarian (ii. 156). The ex- 
amples are not given in facsimile, but the figure 4 is represented by a 
type resembling the figure 8 with the lower loop open at the bottom (as 
below). In the 2d edition of Durandus^ Rationale^ printed 1474, in my 
possession, the signatures run alphabetically from i to 4, the fifth leaf 
bearing a cross. The figure 4 consists of a loop with a diagonal con- 
tinuation very much resembling a MS. e with a large and circular loop TS 
save that the lines are straight. These rapidly executed numerals are 
valuable as showing their common form. Ed. 

376. Notes on Attainted Jacobites. — Captain Patrick Lindesay. — 
On page 66 (Appendix 2) of Lord Rosebery's List of Persons concerned in 
the Rebellion of 1745-46, there is a note on Captain Peter Lindsay 
throwing some doubt as to his identity with the Patrick Lindsay who was 
executed at Brampton. 

They were really the same person, — Patrick Lindesay, variously desig- 
nated, 'Farmer, Wester Deans Houses, Tweeddale,' and 'Gentleman,' 
was third son of James Lindsay, 4th of Wormestone, Fife, by Margaret 
Halliburton his wife. He married first a daughter of John Man, Mer- 
chant in Dundee, and had two children — 

1. David Lindesay, served heir to his maternal grandfather in 


2. Elizabeth. 

On the outbreak of the Jacobite rising of 1745, Patrick Lindesay pro- 
claimed Prince Charles at St. Andrews, became a Captain in the Jacobite 
army^ and * carried arms with the Rebels ' until after Culloden. He was 
taken prisoner in Angus, July 1746, and was executed at Brampton 21st 
October 1746. By his second wife, Agnes Robertson, daughter of the 
Minister of Eddleston, of the Strowan family, he had a son. 

3. James Lindesay, Wine Merchant, Leith, died in 1801, who 

by his wife, Margaret Bell, left numerous descendants. 

John Crosse. 

377. The Brass to the Regent Murray. — We give a plate of a 
monument of interest to Scotsmen ; it is reduced from a full-sized fac- 
simile of a rubbing, a few copies of which were given by the late David 
Laing, F.S.A. (Scot.), to his friends. In the year 1865, at the January 
meeting, Mr. Laing read a paper before the Society of Antiquaries on the 
monument of which the brass forms a part, and the report of the Society 
contains also a picture of the monument, which is in St. Giles's Cathedral, 
Edinburgh. It is, however, the brass plate that we would now describe. 
The inscription engraved on it was written by George Buchanan. Those 
who are acquainted with English sixteenth-century brasses know that very 
frequently older memorials, torn from their slabs, were utilised, a new 
design being engraved on the reverse side. This was the case with the 


or. Northern Notes and Queries, 55 


56 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Murray plate, which formed half of an older memorial. The cost of the 
brass, and other details concerning it, are given in a memorandum found 
in the charter-room, Donibristle, and endorsed *The Compt of Geir 
furnisit to my L Buriall ' : — 

* Item, gaif to Jhone Ryotaill and Murdoche Valkar, measounis, 

for the making of my Lordis sepulteur according to the 
indentour maid betuix vmquhill Maister Jhone Wod and 
thame, i*^xxxiii li. vi s. viii d. 

* Iteniy to James Gray, goldsmyth, for ingraving of ane platt of 

bras vpoun my Lordis sepulteur, xx li. 

* Item^ to David Romane for the same platt of bras, . vii li. 

* Item, for varnising of the same plaitt and putting vpe and 

fixing thairof, iiii li- 

* Item, to the payntour for bleking of the sepulteur and his paynis, xx s. 

In conclusion we would add that Erskine Beveridge, Esq., F.S.A. (Scot.), 
most kindly furnished the photograph from which our plate is taken. 


378. Sculptured Monuments of Scotland. — A collection of 
* rubbings ' of sculptured monuments from various parts of Scotland by 
Miss Maclagan, Stirling, a Lady Associate of the Society of Antiquaries, 
was exhibited in the National Portrait Gallery buildings on the occasion 
of the recent visit of the British Archaeological Institute. We cannot do 
better than give our readers the account which appeared in the Scotsman 
of August 1 1. 

The collection consists of upwards of 400 rubbings mounted on 271 
sheets, the largest of which is 10 ft. square. No collection at all ap- 
proaching this one in extent, variety, and effectiveness has ever been made 
in Scotland. The mere travelling to the distant sites, accessible in many 
cases only under circumstances of difficulty and privation, represents an 
amount of fatigue, and the preparation of the rubbings an amount of effort, 
which few, indeed, would care to undertake. The list of places visited 
ranges from Farr, in the north of Sutherland, to Whithorn, in the south of 
Wigtownshire, and from Aberdeenshire on the east to some of the remoter 
islands of the Outer Hebrides on the west. There are no fewer than 54 
rubbings from the mopuments of lona; Rodill, in Harris, supplies seven; 
the island of Mull, ten ; Inchkenneth, five ; Tiree, twelve ; Oronsay, four; 
and Islay, thirty-five. The ancient graveyards of Argyllshire, however, are 
the happy hunting-ground of the collector — Kilmorie, in Knapdale, fur- 
nishing sixteen; Kilmichael, Glassary, seventeen; Saddell, Kilmartin, 
Strachin, and Kiels, in Morven, about a dozen each ; Ardchattan, Dalmally, 
and Inishail, about a dozen and a half among them ; and half a dozen 
other places from three to six apiece. 

Miss Maclagan's rubbings are not of the ordinary kind affected by the 
antiquary who is afraid of improving the appearance of the transcript he 
has obtained from the stone. Her plan appears to be to rub lightly, and 
outline boldly, shading up with Indian ink, so as to obtain an impressive 
presentment of the original. The variety of design and beauty of execu- 
tion of the patterns on many of these monuments afford a revelation of the 
wealth and power and purity of the old artistic feeling that lingered in so 
many separate centres in the Scottish Highlands for centuries after the 

or, Northern Notes and Queries, 57 

older art of the Celtic people had ceased to exist. For Miss Maclagan's 
collection shows strikingly what, of course, we knew before, but what the 
public have not seen gathered together into one series, viz. that there 
were two great divisions or periods in the monumental art of Scotland 
which may be roughly stated as reaching from, say, the seventh century to 
the twelfth on the eastern side of Scotland, and from the twetfth or 
thirteenth century to the Reformation on the western or Highland 
side. The characteristics of the earlier art, though chiefly found in the 
east, are present in the west also, as on St. Martin's cross and on fragments 
of earlier crosses at lona, on the Kildalton cross in Islay, and the crosses 
at Ardchattan and Kilkerran, and on some isolated fragments scattered 
through the Hebrides. The earlier phase of the art is thus demonstrated 
to have pervaded Scotland, and, for that matter, Northumbria as well ; but 
the later phase, which is distinguished by the dominance of foliage in the 
scroll-like designs, is unknown on the eastern side of the country. 

The most characteristic examples of the earlier style possess a remark- 
able family likeness, made the more striking by contrast with the groups 
of the later style. The stones of the earlier group, which stand erect, are 
of great size, and roughly shaped like a headstone ; while those of the 
later style are simple oblong or coffin-shaped slabs which lay prone on 
the grave. The crosses of the two periods are also distinguished by their 
form and ornamentation, those of the first period being much more 
massive, and those of the second slim, and, like the recumbent slabs, 
presenting foliageous ornament as the chief element of their decoration. 
Examples of the massive erect headstones from Aberlemno, St. Vigeans, 
Glamis, Meigle, and the Garioch in Aberdeenshire, show the characteristics 
of the class, and attract attention not only by the quaintness of their groups 
of figure subjects, but also by the prominence amidst their decoration of 
the symbols which are peculiar to the early Christian monuments of Scot- 
land, and whose meaning and derivation are alike unknown. Like the 
crosses of the earlier type, their decorative patterns are chiefly of interlaced 
work, and many varieties of the oblique fret which the Celtic decorators 
manipulated in a manner peculiar to themselves, with occasional patterns 
formed from the divergent spiral so characteristic of all Celtic work 
prior to the tenth century. In the later crosses and the recumbent 
slabs this last element is entirely wanting, and the interlaced work 
and fretwork of the earlier time is overshadowed by the preponderance 
of foliage. The quaint groups of animals from the Divine Bestiaries 
of the earlier period are also absent from the later • crosses and 
recumbent slabs, their place being taken by the griffin, the mermaid, and 
other creatures dear to the imagination of the later Middle Ages. The 
griffins seem to have been the most popular, and are often introduced at 
the bottom of the cross-shaft, so that their tails may be prolonged into the 
wavy scroll of foliage which covers the whole face of the cross. A number 
of effigies of Highland chiefs, whose names are forgotten or but doubtfully 
assigned by tradition, serve to break the monotony of the extensive series 
of foliage-covered slabs, and here and there an ecclesiastic, mitred and 
vested and bearing a crozier, or clasping a chalice to his breast, makes an 
effective contrast to the man of war with his claymore and shield, his 
bassinet and habergeon. There are figures of chiefs with spear in hand in 
Gothic niches among the foliage of the slabs, and figures of galleys of the 
quaintest form, and hunting scenes with the hounds in full cry or killing 

58 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

the stag. Many phases of ancient life and many varieties of old Scottish 
armour and costume are exhibited, and a full insight is given into the 
genius and feeling of the Middle- Age handicraft of monumental sculpture. 
Perhaps the most remarkable * rubbing ' is that of the tomb at Rodill in 
Harris, which appears from the inscription to have been erected by Alastar 
Crotach to his father, William Macleod of Dun vegan, in 1528. The 
canvas on which this * rubbing ' is mounted is ten feet square, and the 
number of figures in the composition is about thirty. The effigy of the 
chief in plate armour lies under a semicircular canopy, the back of which 
is filled with figures, while the fronts of the voussoirs of the arch are also 
decorated with a series of sculptures in nine panels, making it the most 
remarkable monument of its kind in Scotland, and raising in every mind 
the inquiry, how was it possible in the early part of the sixteenth century 
to erect in that remote part of the wild Highlands a work of monumental 
sculpture that would be famous in any country of cultured Europe ? 

In connection with the above account we print a few notes which we 
had prepared on the same subject. They are not, however, confined to 
the class of stones which Miss Maclagan has so skilfully copied. 

Every antiquary acquainted with sepulchral monuments in Scotland 
must be struck with the fact that their number is very great, and their 
presence spread over the whole country. A close acquaintance with them 
leads to the conclusion that they possess marked features which gave them 
a national character. This is specially the case with early specimens, 
whose peculiar ornamentation mark them out as true descendants of the 
prehistoric monoliths which perplex the archaeologist. In the West 
Highlands this ornamentation is found even on post-Reformation stones, 
and is typical of the secluded condition of the country. On the East Coast 
and in the Lowlands the character was changed by the introduction of 
foreign forms. Recumbent effigies, common on the Continent and in 
England, were adopted, and an attempt was, in some cases, made to copy 
the carved canopies which add to the dignity and general effectiveness of 
these mediaeval monuments. The wholesale clearance-out which the 
old churches in Scotland underwent, has doubtless destroyed all traces of 
many tombs which were regarded not only as cumbering the area of the 
building, but also as savouring of superstition. What iconoclastic rage 
can do is seen by those who visit some of the Flemish cathedrals, notably 
St. Rombaulds at Mechlin, which was completely denuded of the tombs 
of the noble families which made the city famous. So with Scotland : the 
number of fourteenth and fifteenth century effigies now existing is very 
small, and their rich surroundings have disappeared. There exists, how- 
ever, a post-Reformation class of tombs unlike any to be met with in 
England — tombs, not as there intramural, but placed outside in God's 
acre* In many cases these are substantial fabrics, quadrangular enclosures 
open to the sky, with heavy iron gates in front, and mural monuments 
placed on the opposite walls. Good specimens are to be found in the 
Greyfriars Churchyard, Edinburgh, and in the Cathedral Churchyard, 
Glasgow. To the ecclesialogist they wear a dismal, and almost a repulsive 
aspect. Not so elaborate as these, but yet costly, and certainly more 
pleasing, are the lofty tombs erected against churchyard walls. The style 
of these is cinco cento, and the display of columns, cherubs, symbolical 
devices, and armorial bearings, gives to them a florid and often an over- 
burdened effect. A fine example of this style of tomb is given vol. iv. p. 50. 



or, Northern Notes and Queries. 59 

The whole design is good, while the carved capitals of the pilasters, which 
are middle-pointed Gothic in their style, give a special' character to it. So 
elaborate, are many of these monuments, and so skilfully executed, that 
they suggest foreign workmanship. Evidence exists that Scottish nobles 
did procure sepulchral monuments from Flanders, and, very possible, the 
practice was not uncommon. Had it been otherwise, the native designer 
or sculptor must have made a name for himself, and burgh records and 
family papers would have preserved it for our information. In the accounts 
for building the Earl of Murray's tomb (see p. 54), it is stated that John 
Ryotaill and Murdoch Walker were the masons employed. The former 
was probably a son of Nicholas Roytell, a Frenchman, appointed king's 
mason in 1539. If so, it is likely that he designed this monument, which 
in character resembles a large class of contemporary tombs, which are 
certainly not national in their style. For those who could not afford a 
costly mural memorial, the 'through stone' afforded opportunities for 
sculpture. These long slabs, either laid on the grave or raised on a base 
of masonry, or on four corner pillars, are common to England and Scot- 
land — but excessive ornamentation marks the northern * through stone ' — 
and a notable feature is the rude execution of the devices that are made 
use of. The ancient Celtic sculptured stone rarely lacks dignity, while, 
in many instances, the skill displayed by the workman is wonderful. The 
sixteenth and seventeenth century Lowland ' through stones ' suggest that 
they were the work of men far inferior in manual skill and in good taste, 
not only to early workmen but to the makers of the more costly mural 
tombs. When Flemish, they were the work of unskilled workmen, and 
could be brought over in the trading vessels at small cost. Many of 
them, however, are undoubtedly of native production, which may be 
concluded from the frequent use of heraldic designs, which, however, in 
many cases, are incorrectly rendered, but which indicates that they were 
specially executed for the person commemorated. A good example of the 
Scottish 'through stone' is given vol. v. p. 11. Some districts seem 
specially to have affected them, and their presence in unusual numbers is 
a sure indication that the parish contained a more than average number 
of small landed proprietors. It is much to be wished that the work 
commenced by Miss Maclagan should be continued, and that the carved 
sepulchral monuments of all the districts in Scotland down to the end of 
the seventeenth century should be sketched, or, better still, photographed. 
A complete series, properly arranged, would prove a novel and attractive 
feature at some future archaeological gathering. Better still would it be 
if Dr. Stewart's great work were supplemented by volumes containing 
drawings of monuments unnoticed by him. 

There is a class of tombstones which, as a rule, is hardly worthy of 
much attention, but which possesses a general interest — the older head- 
stones, which are often adorned with representations of * work-looms,' as 
the tools of the handicraftsman were termed in Scotland. Many of these 
have perished from decay and neglect, more are perishing. The modem 
headstone, while usually more pretentious, has less effectiveness of design, 
and does not, in country districts, show advantageously side by side with 
its neglected and despised predecessor. In our remarks we have said 
nothing about epitaphs, which require consideration by themselves. 


6o The Scottish Antiquary ; 

379. Goods belonging to John, Earl of Mar, K.G. — The Rev. R. 
Paul^ Dollar, a descendant of the Erskines through the Alva branch, has 
kindly furnished me with the original manuscript list of property which Mary 
Stewart, second wife and widow of John, Earl of Mar, K.G., who died 
1634, desired to have added to his testament, doubtless with the object 
of adding to the value of his goods and thus increasing her share as 
widow. The document, which is clearly original, consists of nineteen 
closely written foolscap pages. There are 120 items with the value set 
against each. In the margin in another hand is entered the decision come 
to on each item. It would not be judicious to print the ms. in extenso^ 
many of the items being of no general interest. We therefore give a 

The endorsement is *Certaine sommes off money desyrit be ye Countess 
off Mar to be eiket to ye charge off ing to her husband's testament.' 

The first page commences, * Certane sommes w*^ my la. Countes off 
Mar desyres may be eiket to ye testament off her umqll husband ye 
earle of mar, who deceast ye xiij. ofTDecemb. 1634 yeares. 

Moveables, Imp. Yair is in my umqll Lord of Mar his testament ane 
broune stood meare prysit to fourtie pounds, w* is thoght to be worthe 
ane hundreth poundis, inde yat ye exec and his factores must be comptable 
for, as ye superplus off our ilk apprysit meare. jQ6o o o. 

2. Ite^ yair wes in ye possession e of my umq" s** Lord ye tyme off his 
decease fyve coatch horses q off two were appoynted for airship, ye other 
thrie were worthe ane hundreth poundis a peece q off ye exer and his 
factores confirmes only one att fiftie markis, inde y' ye exer and his 
factores must eik to ye testament as ye superplus off ye pryce off omittit 
and ill apprysit coatch horses. ^£^266, 13 4. 

3. Jte. Omittit out off ye sd testament all my umqll Lord his ryding 
horses w^ yair ryding graithe being sex horses by ye airship horses to witt 
ane sore pacit geiden, ane gray gelden, ane whyte meare, twa blak neagis 
and ane pokmantie naige, thoght to be worthe ye better to mend ye worse 
ane hundreth pounds a peece, inde y' [&c. as before]. >66oo o o. 

5. Ite. Ye tyme off my umqll Lord his decease yare wes in his posses- 
sion e upon ye store roumes off fargrayes and achlanaskyes eleven score 
and fyve wedderis, w^ are prysit in ye testament to four markis a peece 
w' ye woole upon yare bakis, qas William Lindsay chamberlane off ye 
s** roumes be ye exer and his factores directione sauld such off them as 
were not spent in ye earle off Mar and my lay countesse off Mar her than 
houses att fyve markis a piece, inde [&c] jQ'^S^ o o- 

6. Ite, omittit out off ye s^ testament ye ewes, lambes, lulmunth, and 
gimer w** were up5 ye s^ store roumes off fargrayes and achlanskyes, 
w** according to yare particular dursveii (?) will appeare be ye boltane 
book 1 634 to be nyne scoire and fyve in nunber att fourtie shillings a 
peece ye better to mend ye worse inde [&c] jQzi^ o o. 

7. Ite* my umqll Lord had ye tyme off his decease four georges by ye 
airship george and twa garturs by ye airship gartur w** georges and garturs 
ar omittit out off testament and must now be eikit being worthe ;^i333 6 8. 

8. Ite, my umqll Lord had ye tyme off his decease tua purses one 
embroudred w' gold and pearle and ane other off velvit q' in were thrie 
score tenn peeces off silver, q*'' ar omittit out ye testament and now aucht 
to be eiket being purses and silver peeces worthe jQ66 13 4. 

9. Ite, yair was in ye umqll earle his possess ye tyme off his decease 



or, Northern Notes and Queries, 6 1 

tua coatches by ye airship coatche prycit in ye testament to ane hundreth 
markis a peece w** ar thoght to have been worthe then fyve hundreth 
marks a piece, inde [&c] JQSZZ 6 8. 

- 39. Ite, ye s** chamerlane gettis allowed to hym certane sommes de- 
pursit be hym att my Lo. his directioun to futmen, cuik, porter, weshar, 
those who wakit horses in ye night on ye grasse and others employed in 
my lord his adoes as ye particular articles off comptis will show w** being 
employed to my Lo. his use aucht to be eiket to ye testament ;^74 7 6. 
63. Ite. in ye comptis off AUoway crope 1634 ye chamerlane gettis 
allowed to Andrew Erskene gairdner and his two men ane whole yeares 
fiall whereas he served but half one yeare to witt fr5 martinmas 1634 to 
wits 1635, att w** terme he and his men were dismissed : Quo ye whole 
yeares fiall being 29 boUis meate and four boUis beare ye half is fourteen 
boUis tua furlottis meate at tenn markis a boll and two boUis beare at 
seven poundis los. a boll conforme to ye chamerlanes warrand aucht to 
be eiket to testa' ext to ^i i 1 1 34. 


380. The Use of Armorial Bearings (i. p. 9). — The Heraldic 
Exhibition opened in Edinburgh cannot fail to produce some good results. 
Popular it is not likely to be, for few take any interest in the subject of 
armorial bearings or genealogy as a science, and the work of education, 
though it may commence with a display such as the rooms in Queen 
Street afford, must be carried out by more sober and lasting means. We 
trust that the effect of the Exhibition will be seen in the improved work 
of the decorator, and that thus it will act on the public, as other art 
exhibitions have done, slowly but surely and profitably. We would, 
however, consider chiefly the effect it will have in the use of armorial 
bearings, and the increased inclination of wealthy people to obtain 
proper authority for a display to which they as a rule have shown 
themselves prone, without much consideration as to the position in 
which they place themselves by assuming armorial bearings without — 
nay, in spite of — official authorisation. It must be admitted that the 
laws affecting armorial bearings are in a very unsatisfactory condition — 
we will not discuss how matters stand in England and Ireland, Here in 
Scotland the Lyon Office is a Government department, which does some- 
thing to increase the revenue of the State. Its officials are nominally armed 
with what, could they be exercised, would now be regarded as the ex- 
cessive powers, of confiscating and mutilating private property if to it is 
affixed unauthorised armorial ornamentation. These powers, we need 
scarcely say, are never exercised, yet the Government which wisely allows 
them to slumber does not blush to profit by the breaking of the law it has 
not the inclination to enforce. A tax is laid on armorial bearings, whether 
they be authorised or fictitious. The uninitiated often suppose that 
by paying the tax they obtain a right to the armorial bearing they use. 
Not a bit of it. The tax is levied on genuine and bogus arms alike, 
and leaves them genuine or bogus. • This is the more strange when 
we consider that a tradesman may register his trade-mark for a. small 
fee, and may interdict any one else from using it ; but if a man pays a 
heavy fee to Government to obtain the right to use a coat-of-arms — granted 
not always according to the design he wishes, but to that the Lyon King 
selects — he has no remedy if his neighbour (whether bearing his name 
or not) adopts the same device. The tax on armorial bearings is a lucra- 

62 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

tive one, and no objection can be taken to it Let it be doubled to those 
who cannot show an official giant Nothing would be lost to the 
Exchequer, and if the fees for registration at the Lyon Office were reduced 
much would be gained ; for very many would hasten to register arms to 
which they could then show l^al right, or to take out grants for new 
devices in order to be scheduled under the reduced rate of taxation ; 
while those who did not take this step would have to pay double, and 
being thus 'posted' as impostors, would soon follow suit Thus the tax 
would not suffer, while the revenue derived from the fees for grants would 
benefit We would also suggest that the Lyon Office should print the 
names of those whose arms are registered, and also periodically notify the 
names of those who take out arms. Thus the genuine would be at once 
distinguishable from the bogus article, and men, rather than discard orna^ 
ments they had improperly assumed, would hasten to obtain the proper 
authority to use them. Ed. 

381. Erskines op Balgownie and Shielfield {vol, s.pp. 97, 143). 
— Sir, — Although I have of necessity been somewhat tardy in replying 
to the statements and observations relative to my pamphlet ' The Erskine 
Hidcro Genealogy^ — contained in your No. for December 1890, — I still 
rely on your fairness to insert the present communication. 

Arms of Erskine of Shieldfield. 

The Shieldfield Arms were registered in the Lyon Register about 1 700, 
not V. 1 7 1 9 or later,' as you state. I got this information from my nephew, 
who is an official in the Register House, Edinburgh, and was permitted by 
the late Mr. Burnett, Lyon King, to inspect the Register on my account, 
and I implicitly rely on the information as correct. Mr, Alexander Nisbet's 
great work A System of Heraldry was first published in 1722, three years 
before the death of the author. It is still called by many * The best book 
on Heraldry in the English language.' In the first volume Mr. Nisbet 
says in the introduction that he was indebted to the courtesy of the Lyon 
King at the time, for allowing him to make extracts of many of the Arms 
from the Lyon Register, and that in all such cases he had put the letters 
L.R. after the Arms; further, on page 42, Nisbet gives the particulars 
of the Shieldfield Arms, exactly as I have quoted them on page 7 of 
my pamphlet, with the addition of the Crest and Motto as quoted by you, 
and adds the above letters L.R., thus proving incontestibly that these Arms 
were on the Lyon Register at the time and taken by Nisbet from the 
same. At page 42 Nisbet also states that * Erskine of Sheefield 
was descended of the family of Balgownie.' This was in 1722, and is 
stated on the same page with the Arms of Balgownie (which are there quite 
distinct from those of Shieldfield, and not identical with them, as you 
observed), and I submit it is inconceivable that if this assertion had been 
otherwise than correct it would have remained uncontradicted during all 
the 170 years which have elapsed since then. In reference to the Crest 
and Motto of Shieldfield, which I did not record in my pamphlet, I might 
have added that they bear on the face such a similarity to the Crest and 
Motto of the Marr Arms as to- make it quite reasonable to hold that these 
also had been arranged by the Herald as * differenced ' or * distinguished ' 
from the Marr Crest and Motto in the same manner as the Shield, etc., are 
consistent with their being differenced from the Balgownie and Marr Arms, 

or. Northern Notes and Queries. 63 

as I hold in my pamphlet and still hold. Thus Nisbet has the Crests, 
etc., as follows : — 

Marr.-—K right hand Proper holding a dagger (skeen) in Pale Argent, 
hilted and pomeled Or. Motto, ^Jepenseplus* 

Shieidfield, — A dexter arm from the elbow Proper, holding a Cross 
Crosslet Or pointed downwards, and the Motto * Think well' 

Finally, on this point, Nisbet's Heraldry, published in 1722, is the 
original and great work of the author (a second edition of which was not 
published until long afterwards), and cannot reasonably be described as 
* his edition of that year,' as you have described it. 

The Annais of the Haiyburtons, 

This book, which was privately printed and distributed by Sir Walter 
Scott among his friends in 1820, is for the most part a copy, not of any 
myth, as you describe it, but of a bona fide family Register of the Haiy- 
burtons of New Mains — connections of Sir Walter Scott's ancestors, the 
original manuscript of which is still in the Library at Abbotsford. Much 
of the narrative in it was quoted by Sir Walter in the Preface to his 
Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border, published in 182 1, and the whole of this 
quotation was adopted at full length from the Preface to the Minstrelsy^ in 
1847, i*^ ^^ Liber S, Marie de Dryburgh, presented in that year to- the 
Bannatyne Club by John Spottiswoode, Esq. of Spottiswoode, assisted, as 
he says in the Preface, by William Fraser, Esq., of Edinburgh, an eminent 
Antiquarian (now Sir William Fraser, K.C.B,, LL.D., Deputy Keeper of 
the Records of Scotland). Unfortunately the quotation in the Liber S. 
Marie de Dryburgh is stated therein to have been made from * The History 
of the Scottish Border, vol. i. p. xcii.' There is no such book. The 
quotation was from Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border, 182 1, vol. i. p. xciii. 
No doubt this error has caused a good deal of trouble. It was pointed 
out to me in a note from Dorset Eccles, Esq., Acting Superintendent of 
the Reading Room, British Museum, dated loth February 1887. 

This family record of the New Mains family bears on it to have been 
commenced about the middle of the 17th century — that is, about 1650. 
It clearly narrates the abduction of Elizabeth Halyburton, the young heiress 
of Shieldfield by her grandfather, the abbot, in person about 1558, when 
she was taken to Stirling and married to Alexander Erskine, a brother as 
'tis said of the laird of Balgownie, who thus became the first laird of 
Shieldfield. This record was first published, as I have said, by Sir Walter 
Scott in the Minstrelsy in 182 1, and was no doubt unknown out of the 
Halyburton connection until then.. It formally revives and renews the 
uncontradicted statement of Nisbet made one hundred years before in his 
Heraldry that Erskines of Shieldfield are descended from Erskines of 
Balgownie, and when to this corroboration is added the entire compati- 
bility of the arms of Shieldfield with such arms as a herald would have 
framed for a younger branch of the families of Balgownie and Man* — by 
the rules of differencing — I submit that a very strong case is made out 
that Shieldfield descends from Balgownie as stated. 

Of what particular Erskine of Balgownie Alexander Erskine was brother 
there is wanting absolute proof. In the face of your quotation from the 
Cambuskenneth Monastery Register he could not have been a brother of 
James Erskine I. of Little Sauchie and Balgownie, for Alexander, that 

64 The Scottish Antiquary ; 


brother, is correctly described by Douglas in his Peerage as parson of 
Monybreck, and was older than Alexander Erskine who married Elizabeth 
Halyburton must have been. Moreover, the parson of Monybreck would 
naturally have been described not as brother of Balgownie, but as brother 
of John IV. Lord Erskine. Alexander must therefore most probably have 
been a younger son of James I. of Balgownie, and a brother of Robert II. 
of Balgownie, probably the Alexander Erskine who is witness to deeds at 
the time, without being designated. My suggestion that he might have 
been minister of Monybreck must therefore be dropped as untenable. 

Was Abbot James Stewart alive in 1546 ?' 

At page 28 7 of the Liber S. Marie de Dryburgh^ Edinburgh 1 847, is a copy 
of a jgrantby Thomas, Commendator of Dryburgh, dated i8th November 
1546. In this reference is macle to a dispute in which Abbot James Stewart 
had been before that time mixed up, and he is there referred to as follows : 
• Venerabikm patrem Jacobum Stewart tunc in humanis agentem^ and you 
infer from this that at the date of the deed he was dead. I have taken 
every pains to obtain a correct translation of the phrase, and taken advice 
of a correspondent well versed in interpreting such old deeds, and I find 
the meaning is simply that Abbot James Stewart had been at the time 
referred to managing the temporal affairs of the Monastery of Dryburgh 
but had been superseded in that matter. If he had been dead at the 
date of the deed some mention would have been made of it, or at all 
events the word quondam would have been prefixed to his name, as 
is done in a subsequent part of the same deed in referring to King James 
V. of Scotland, who was undoubtedly then dead^-and before whose name 
consequently the word quondam appears. I may add that if the above 
expression you have relied on as meaning that Abbot James had died 
before February 1 546 were reasonably capable of being so translated, a 
fatal discrepancy would thus be created between the narrative of this deed 
and the Annals of the Halyburtons which clearly state that Abbot James 
was alive in 1558, when he took away his granddaughter and married her 
to Alexander Erskine, and as this narrative is implicitly relied on, and 
quoted at length in the Liber S. Marie de L>ryburgA,^ such a fatal discrepancy 
could not have escaped the notice of Mr. Spottiswoode of Spottiswoode 
and his learned Editor, Sir William Eraser, and all the distinguished 
members of the Bannatyne Club who may have perused the work — not to 
speak of such members of the public as since 1847 ^^V ^^^^ ^^^ access 
to the same. 

Genealogy of Erskine of Balgownie, 

I made use of the best materials I could procure in framing this. No 
doubt the facility you have of referring to the family papers has given you 
an advantage I did not posses^, and I must defer accordingly to your 
corrections. My Table I., as far as the Balgownie Erskines are concerned, 
was only illustrative of their connection with the Shieldfield Erskines, and 
I did not prosecute the inquiry further than No. VII., John Erskine, 
Advocate, with whom the male representation of the family terminated. 
I may, however, in reference to your account of No. IX., Robert Cunning- 
ham, draw your attention to what is said in Mr. David Beveridge's Culross 
and Tulliallan, viz. that this Robert Cunningham was not a clergyman of 

^ [In the IntroducHofii not in tl)e work itself. Such a discrepancy may have escaped 
the notice of the Editors ; as to later readers we have no evidence. — Ed.] 

or, Northern Notes and Queries. 65 

the Church of Scotland, as you state, but was the Rev. Robert Cunningham, 
minister of the Antiburger Congregation at East Barns in East Lothian, 
and that his mother, Hannah Erskine, widow of John Cuningham, married 
Mr. Adam Eil, one of the leading Secession ministers in Edinburgh. I 
observe you mention that Robert Cunningham married a daughter of 
Moncrieff of Culfargie. This is also a name connected with the Secession 
Church, the Rev. Alexander Moncrieff of Abemethy, one of the four 
brethren who seceded from the Church of Scotland in 1747, having been 
a son of Matthew Moncrieff of Culfargie. 


This is the spelling throughout Sir David Erskine's Annals and Anti- 
quities of Dryburgh, and I adopted it for uniformity. Had I now to 
choose I would prefer Skeifield, Sir Robert Douglas in his Baronetage 
spells it Sheffield, — I am. Sir, your most obedient servant, 

E. Erskine Scott. 
14 Marlborough Road, 
Lee, Kent, 13M June 1891. 

To the Editor of ^ TTie Scottish Antiquary ,* 

. I. Arms, — The approximate dates attributed to the registrations of the 
Balgownie and the Shielfield Arms were added to the official extracts by 
the Lyon Clerk, as the quotation commas show. Having ourselves, ex- 
amined the original Registers, we concur with his opinion. We fail to find 
in Mr. Scott's remarks any proof that the Arms were registered befbre 17 19. 
As to similarity, it is clear that both Balgownie and Shielfield are differ- 
enced forms of Mar. Every armorist, however, is aware that the rules of 
cadency have never been formulated with exactness, and that no sound 
conclusions can be drawn as to the correct relation of cadets to the parent 
house, from differenced armorial bearings. Nisbet's work is deservedly 
held in honour, but his statements when unsupported by proof have no 
official authority where the Lyon Office is silent. He himself admits that 
he is obliged occasionally to make use of family traditions, to which, how- 
ever, he properly attaches no undue weight. 

2. The Annals of the Halyburtons, — It is not clear that Mr. Scott is 
aware that the Annals have lately been reprinted for the Grampian Club — 
he designates the work a ^bonafide family register,' whatever that may 
mean. It was commenced about 1650. The unknown writer who started 
it laments that he has no trustworthy accounts of the family before that time, 
and he honestly makes use of the phrase * 'tis said.' It is manifest that 
no genealogist can construct a sound pedigree out of such materials, and 
in this case Mr. Scott increases his difficulties by rejecting the very man 
who would suit his purpose, viz. Alexander Erskine, Parson of Mony- 
breck, and * brother to Balgownie,' for a purely imaginary Alexander who 
would have been a young lad when Abbot James Stewart died. The 
* Parson' was born between 1500 and 1504, and supposing the marriage 
took place as late as 1559, he was not then too old to marry an heiress. 
We have not, however, discovered proof as to the exact date of the 
marriage. The traditionary designation * brother to Balgownie' would 
be correct if applied to the 'Parson,' but not to a son of James of 
Balgownie, who lived till 1592, and thus survived Alexander of Shiel- 
field. After 1552 the Parson could not have been styled / brother to 


66 The Scottish Antiquary : 

Lord Erskine' as Mr. Scott snggests, but *nncle to Lord Erskine,' a 
designation not likely to be used — but it is not profitable in tbis case to 
discuss the possible cotrectness of guesswork. 

3. Abbot James Stewart. — We have consulted scholars well versed in legal 
and classical Latin^we need only name Thomas Dickson, Esq., LL.D., 
Curator of Historical Records, Register House, Edinburgh — no doubt 
exists in their minds that the grant by Abbot Thomas Erskine in 1546, 
furnishes clear evidence that Abbot James Stewart was then dead. It is 
true the editors of ' the Annals of the Halyburtons ' did not discuss the 
discrepancy between the legend and this fact as proved by the grant : their 
silence, however, neither injures the evidence nor strengthens the l^end. 

4. Erskine of Balgovmk. — ^All the errors in Mr. Scotf s pedigree of this 
family might have been avoided by a careful use of printed and published 
works. Access to family papers enabled us to supply additional particu- 
lars. We have to thank Mr. Scott for the suggestions he offers at the close 
of his letter. It is, however, impossible that Rachel Erskine married a 
second husband, for she predeceased Mr. Cuninghame. We think Mr. 
Scott may be right in remarking that the Mr. Cuninghame was not fi 
minister of the Established Church, his name does not occur in ^tts 
Fasti. Ed. 

382. A Doctor's Chamber, A.D. 1500. — Representations of domestic 
life in bygone years are particularly valuable. Drawings of old houses 
show us where people lived; such 
plates as the one we give below help 
to show us how they lived. We 
have to thank Mr. G. P. Johnston, 
Geoi^e Street, Edinburgh, for per- 
mission to use it. It is a reduced 
facsimile of the frontispiece of a 
work lately in his possession. Fasci- 
culus Medednsi, etc., by Joannes de 
Kethum, printed at Venice 1500. 
An exceedingly rare book, it fur- 
nishes us with a clear idea of the 
fittings and arrangements of a 
chamber used as a study and per- 
haps lecture-room by a Doctor of 
Medicine. High up above the 
window is a long shelf, on which 
eight volumes rest showing the titles 
written on their sides. Raised on a 
dais is a wide wooden desk with two 
projecting wings with ornamented 
points, while half-open doors dis- 
cover a shallow cupboard in the 
centre. The Doctor, with a pen in 
his left hand, and wearing a head-dress resembling a turban, and doubt- 
less familiar to those acquainted with isth century portraits, sits holding 
in his right hand a volume which rests on the top of the right-hand 
portion of the desk. On the left-hand portion is a rotatory four-sided 

or^ Northern Notes and Queries. 67 

book-desk on which rests an open volume, beyond this is an hour-glass. 
Immediately below and in front of the desk is a long locker, on the lid of 
which three volumes are lying. To the right a man is seated on a low stool ; 
in the left centre a middle-aged woman, from whose crossed hands depends 
a set of beads ; from the left a lad is entering bearing in his hand a wicker 
vessel something like a pail, other two vessels similar but larger are 
placed beside the sitting figures. The use of these is not apparent. In 
another plate which the volume contains, depicting a bedside visit, an 
attendant carries one of these vessels, it may be a thurible used as a 
disinfectant. In conclusion, we would note that the window is filled with 
small circles of convex glass, like the ' bulls' eyes ' still found in old case- 
ments. The carving on the front of the wings of the high desk resembles 
that carved on early cabinets and on the panels of pulpits. We should be 
glad if any of our readers possessing old prints of domestic interiors would 
permit us to have them copied, so that the house-life of earlier days might 
be illustrated. £d. 

383. FouNTAiNBRiDGE. — A letter appeared in the Scotsman in July con- 
cerning the origin of the name of this suburb of Edinburgh. We think the 
following extract will prove interesting : — * The original and correct name, 
yet to be seen on old maps of the city, was the Fauoobourgs or Suburbs, 
The first corruption appears to have been to Foulbriggs^ by which name 
it is still best known to the lower class of the townspeople ; then as breig 
or brig is the Scotch form of bridge^ it was no great stretch to convert /(?«/ 
inio fountain^ so concocting the more pleasing and genteel compound of 
Fountainbridge, and all this notwithstanding of there being neither water 
nor a bridge within any reasonable distance of the spot.' 

384. Will of John Mitchell, 1581. — John Mitchell in Bandeath, 
Co. Stirling, whose will is given below, relieved of its archaisms, was the 
ancestor of the Mitchells, Baronets, and probably of the Mitchells of 
Craigend, Co. Stirling. 

The will is interesting as giving an insight into the value of farm stock, 
etc., in the i6th century. We have to thank J. W. Mitchell, Esq., Rothesay 
Herald^ for permitting us to use his ms. 

Will of John Mitchell in Bandith, in the County of Stirling. 

The testament testamentar and Inventory of the goods, geir, sums of 
money, and debts pertaining to unquhile John Mitchell in Baddindeth, 
within the Sheriffdam of Stirhng, the times of his decease who deceased in 
the neth of May, the year of God 1580 years, faithfully made and given 
up by himself as concerning the nomination (?) and debts owing by him, and 
presently made and given up by Janet Johnston his relict, and Alexander 
Young, baker, in Stirling, his son-in-law, as concerning the Inventory of 
his goods and geir, whom he nominated his Executors in his latter will 
underwritten of the date at his dwelling-place of Baddindeth the 26th day 
February, the year of God 1579. 

Item, the said unquhile John Mitchell, had the goods, geir, sums of 
money, and debts of the value and price of the following pertaining to him 
the time of his decease ; viz : — A grey horse price, ;^i4, 13s. 4d. ; Item, 
another white grey price 20 marks ; Item, three mares, two black and one 

68 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

grey, price each ^lo, total £,yy\ Item, an old grey mare, price ^4; 

Item, a Stag of a year old, price £,\ ; Item, two fillies, price each ;£8, 

total £,\(i\ Item, two old oxen, price each ^6, total £,\2 ; Item, three 

Stots of two years old, price each ^4, total £,\ 2 ; Item, ten cows of 

which five old farrow cows with stirk, and five young cows with calves, 

price each 10 marks, total 100 marks; Item, three young cows of a year 

old, price each 30s., total ^4, los. ; Item, a Stot of a year old, price 30s. ; 

Item, forty-six old sheep, price each i6s., total ^£36, i6s. ; Item, twenty 

ho^s, price of each 12s., total ;^i2; Item, sown on the ground forty 

bolls of oats ^ estimat to ye third come extending to VI"' bolls of oats, 

price of the boll with the foddes 405., total ^^240 ; Item, more than ten 

bolls of wheat sown, ^ estimat to ye ferd come ' extending to forty bolls of 

wheat, price of the boll with the foddes ^4, total £^\(^o ; Item, more than 

ten bolls of peas and beans sown, ' estimat to ye ferd come ' extending to 

40 bolls peas and beans, price of the boll with the foddes, ^^3, total £,\ 20 ; 

Item, more than ten bolls beir sown, * estimat to ye ferd come,' extending to 

forty bolls, beir price of the boll with the foddes 5 marks, total 200 marks ; 

Item, in utencils and domiciles with the ' abuezements of his body,' (clothes) 

Estimated to 50 marks. 

Total of the Inventory, ;;^9i4, ^s. 8d. 

No debts owing to the dead. 

Follows the debts owing by the dead. — 

Item, there was owing by the said unquhile John Mitchell to Thomas 
Moderall in Cambuskenneth of borrowed money, ;^3o ; Item, to Duncan 
Ranald in Papiltreis, of borrowed money, ^^22, 14s. 4d. ; Item, to John 
Mitchell, Elder, his son in AUoway, ^^23, 6s. 8d. ; Item, to Thomas 
Mitchell, his son in Stirling for * geir ' furnished to the horse by him the 
time of the defuncts sickness, ^^15, 14s. ; Item, to Andrew Stevenson in 
Craignigelt for the rest of the price of a horse, £^(i ; Item, to David 
Robeson, weaver, J[^^\ Item, to Jaimes Mitchell his son of borrowed money, 
4 marks ; Item to Malie Murray for ale the time of his sickness, ^^4 ; 
Item, to Thomas Watson, merchant in Stirling, 33s. ; Item, to John 
Muirhead. smith, 20s. ; Item, to Alex. Brown, pedlar, ^^4, 6s. 8d. \ Item, 
to my Lord of Mar for his rent of the ground, in the year 1580 years, £^\'] \ 
Item, to William Stevenson for his fee, £,^^ 13s. 4d. ; Item, to Richard 
Kedstoun, £^^\ Item, to Janet Johnston, ;^3, los. ; to John Archibald, 
i2s. of fee ; to James Johnston, 22s. of fee. \ 

Total of debts owing by the dead, ;^i5i, 4s. 8d. 

Rest of the geir the debts deducted, ;^762, i8s. 

To be divided into three parts the dead's part is ^^154, 6s. 

Whereof the total is compounded for ^^8. 

Follows the dead's legacy and latter will. — 

Upon the 26th day of February, the year of God 1579 years, which 
day the said John Mitchell made his legacy and latter will as follows, viz. : 
— the said John Mitchell nominated and made Janet Johnston his spouse, 
and Alexander Young, baker, in Stirling, his son-in-law, his Executor, and 
jeferred the making and upgiving of the Inventory of his goods and geir 
unto them; Item, he ordained and made the said Janet Johnston his 
spouse only intromissative with his goods and geir; Item, he ordained 
and made John Myllas, bailie of Stirling, * overman ' to the said executors ; 
Item, the defunct left and disposed of the free geir that pertained to his 
part, to his daughter Isobel Mitchell, loo marks money,, the remaining free 


or. Northern Notes and Queries. 69 

geir that pertained to him he left and disposed to Janet Johnston his 
spouse. This was done at his dweUing-place in Buddindeth before these 
witnesses, John Myllas, bailie of Stirling, Duncan Ranald in Papiltreis, and 
Alex. Schort in Blackgrange, * w* vyis dues sic siibscribitur. Ita est,' Patricius 
Gillespie, Minister of the word of God in the church of Kirkton, etc., etc. 
Janet Johnston, his relict during her lifetime, and after her decease 
William Mitchell her son, and Christian Wyild his spouse, had a tack of 
half the lands of Bandeth from the King (on the forfeiture of the Earl of 
Mar), on the payment of seventeene pounds usuale money of this realm, 
at twa terms in the year Whitsunday and Martinmas in winter, in equal 
portions, together with six capons at the term used and wont only at 
Holyrood House, 3 Oct., the year of God 1584. 

385. Registers of Old St. Paul's, Edinburgh, a.d. i 748-1 762 
{continued from p, 22). — 
Ao Sal. 
1748. Febry. 20, f. 7. h. 6. v. At the Meal Mercat, baptized a son of 

Ebenezer Oliphant, Goldsmith, named Anthony. Messrs. John 

& Thos. Belchies, &c., pnt. 
„ Mar. 5, f. 7. h. 11. m. In my Closet, baptized a posthunius son of 

James Gra&me, Weaver, & Elizabeth Alison, named Henry. 
„ Mar. 16, f. 4. h. 7. v. In my Closet, baptized a son of Charles 

Shepherd in the Canongate, Cobler, & Kat. Alexander, named 

John. John Fforbes, Jean, Simpson, & Margt. Cowie, pnt. 
„ Mar. 20, f. I. h. sj. V. In . . . . Closs, Lawn Mercat, baptized a 

son of George Livingston, Sert. to Mrs. Walker, named Andrew. 

Richd. Walker, Gilb. Gow, &c., pnt. 
,, Mar. 23, f. 4. h. 4. v. In the Canongate head, baptized a daur. of 

Robert Strange, Engraver, & Isab. Lumisden, named Mary. 

Mr. & Mrs. Lumisden & Mr. Berry, present. 
„ May 9, f. 2. hi 7. v. In Grays Closs, baptized a daur. of William 

Fleeming, late a riding footman of.C. P. R. . . . Fife. Spors. — 

James Allan, &c., pnt. 
„ May 24, f. 3. h. 6. v. In the Flesh Mercat CI65S, Canong., 

baptized a daur. of Patrick Cuthbertson, Silver-smith, & Margt. 

Caw, named Euphame. David & Thos. Beatts, Mr. McDonald, 

Leith, & Chris. Caw, &c., pnt. 
„ July 13, f. 4. h. 7. mat. In the Anchor Closs, baptized a son of 

William Delias of Newton, Wright, & Margt How, named James. 

N,B. — ^This child (bom in the 6th Moneth) dyed SQon after his 

„ July 18, f. 2. h. 3. v. In Lady Miln's house, in Blackfryar Wynd, 

baptized a daur. of John McDonell of Glengarie (prisoner in 

Edinr. Castle, & . . . Gordon, daur, of Glenbucket, named 

Henrietta-Fraser. J. HopCj Miss Barclay, & McDonell, Spors. — 

(p. Lit.). 
„ July 31, f. I. h. 5. V. In the Old Assembly Closs, baptized a daur. 

of William Hendrie, Writer, & Margt. Gray, named Johanna. 

Mrs. Semple, Mrs. Lynd, Mr. Hepburn, & Ja. Gordon, pnt. 
„ Augt. 14, f. I. h. 2. V. Opposite to the Cross Well, baptized a daur. 

of Chas. Esplin, Painter, & Pat. Preston, named Helen. Jo. Esplin, 

Mrs. Kath. Duncan, &c. &c., pnt. 



70 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

1748. Aug. 15, f. 2. noon. In Smiths Land, baptized a daur. of Sir William 

Dunbar of Hemprigs, & . , . Sinclair, named Jean Frances. 

Miss Sinclair, Miss Jeanie M'Kenzie, & Peggie Gedds, Spors. — 

Ao^a TO) dcbi. 
,, Aug. 21, f. I. h. 9^ mat. .In my Closet, baptized a daur. of William 

Stewart Chairman, & Margt. Fairgrieve, named Charlotte. Jas. 

Stewart Chairman, &c., pnt. 
„ Aug. 22, f. 2. h. 7. V. At home, baptized a son of William Miller, 

Chairman, named James. Mrs. Haliburton, &c., pnt. 
„ Aug. 30, f. 3. h. %\, V. In Libbertons Wynd, baptized a son of Hary 

Guthrie, Writer, & . . . Tytler, named Alexander. Mr. Tytler 

Senr. & Junr., Mrs. Lindsey, &c., pnt. 
„ Sept. I, f. 5. h. 9. m. In my house, baptized a son of Henry 

Gibsone, Souldier in Drumlanrigs Regt., & Jean Marshall, named 

James. Hugh Gibsone Smith, Spor. 
,, Sept. 3, f. 6. h. 5. V. In the Cowgate 'twixt the College & horse 

wynds, baptized a daur. of James Stewart, Writer, & Alison 

Ruddiman, named Anne. Mr. & Mrs. Ruddiman, Spors., Walt. 

Ruddiman, his wife & daur., &c., pnt. 
,, Sept. 7, f. 4. h. 5. V. Near Pilrig, baptized a daughter of Deacon 

Robert Barclay, Taylor, named Charles \sic\, Stuart Carmichael, 

Mrs. Crawford, Margt. Stuart, &c., pnt. 
„ Sept. 13, f. 3. h. 6. V. In Borthwicks Closs, baptized a daur. of 

George Bayne, Clk., & Jan. Harper, named Anne. John Malice, 

Mrs. Black, &c., pnt. 
„ Sept. 26, f. 2. h. 6. V. In Smiths Land, baptized a daur. of Archbald 

Stewart, Mert. (late Moderator Constable), & Charlotte Bailie, 

named Helen. Mr. Jo. Hamilton, wh. his daur. & grandchild, 

Mr. Jon. & Mrs. M'farlane, Archd. Hamilton & James Guild, 

&c., pnt. 
„ Nov. 25, f. 6. h. 4. V. In my Closet, baptized a son of John Good- 

willie. Writer, & . . . Carstorphin, in Lybberton's Wynd, named 

Andrew. Rot. Barclay, Mrs. Strange, Spors. 
„ Nov. 29, f. 3. h. 8J. V. In my Closet, baptized a daughter of Mr. 

James Hay, Writer to the Signet, named Magdalen. Lady Nicolson, 

Mrs. Kerr, Mr. Hay, & Jo. Gumming, Spors. 
„ Deer. 19, f. 2. cir. merid. In Forresters Wynd, baptized a daur. of 

honest William Wilson, Writer, named Janet. Mr. Wilson, & his 

son Robert, Isabel Lady Ardshiell, & Isobel Wilson, Spors. 
„ Deer, 19, I. aft. noon. At home, baptized a son of John Farquhar, 

Sert. to Mr. Lockart, & Janet Small, named John. Jo. 

M'Lellan, & Walter Clerk, Shoemakers, & Isob. Main, pnt. 
A*> Dni. 
1749. Jany. 10, f. 3. h. 7. v. In my Closet, baptized a son of James Allan 

Cadie, named Bartholomew. 
Jany. 22, f. i. h. 5. v. In my Ding. Room, baptized a daur. of 

Walter Orrock now Mert. in Leven, named Janet, Dougal Ged., 

Goldsmith, Mrs. Mercer, Yor., &c., Spors. 
Feby. 4, f. 7. h. 6. v. In the Advocates Closs, baptized a son of 

Bailie Gill (Clerk on board a ship of warr) & Eliz. Barclay named 

Robert. Rot. Barclay, Physician, Mr. & Mrs. Barclay (grand- 
parents), Spors. 

or, Northern Notes and Queries. 7 1 

1749. Feby. 22, f. 4. h. 4 J. v. In the F. Mt. Closs Canongate, baptized a 

daur. of Robert Strange, Engraver (at pnt. in Rouen), & Isob. 

Lumisden, named Mary Bruce. Mr. & Mrs. Lumisden & Jo. 

Wright, Spors. 
„ Mar. 2, f. 5. h. 7. v. In my Closet, baptized a son of John Scott, 

Sert. to James Douglas of Domockj & Mary Malcolm, named 

Charles. Wm. Murray, &c., pnt. 
„ Mar. 12; f. I. h. 6. v. In my House, baptized a daur. of Hugh 

Robertson (Sert. to the Earl of Galloway) & Margt. Napier, 

named Henrietta. J. Thomson, Musician, & his wife, & Jean 

Wardrope, Spors. 
„ May I, f. 2. h. 3. V. In my House, baptized a daur. of William 

Elliot, Writer, & Agnes Dollas, named Cockburn. Mary DoUas, 

Barb. Alexr., &c., present. 
„ July 12, f. 4. h. 1 1 J. In my Closet, baptized a daur. of Patrick 

Cuthbertson, Goldsmith in the Canongate, & Margt. Caw, named 

Anne. John, Chris., & . . . . Caws, Spors. 
„ July, 22, f. 7. h. 10. m. In my house, baptized a son of Jo. Davidson 

sometime Mert. in Canongate, & Margt. Smith, named James. 

Jo. Tulloh, &c., pnt. 
„ Aug. 20, f. I. h. 6. V. In Mr. Chessuls house back of the Canongate, 

S.S. (for Mr. Rae), baptized a daur. of James Scott, Mert. Mrs. 

Chessul, Miss Mcpherson, & Mrs. Fleming, pnt. 
[N. D.] In my absence, Mr. Pat Gordon baptized twin sons of Archbald 

Stewart, Mert., & . . . Bailie, in Smiths Land. 
„ Nov. 8, f. 4. h. 7. In my Closet, baptized a daur. of Andrew Wilson, 

Lintdresser, & Eliz. Leslie, named Janet. Jo. Nicol & Mary 

Adam, pnt. 
„ Dec. 6, f. 4. cir. merid. In my Closet, baptized a son of Donald 

Mackintosh, Porter, & Jean Reid, named Donald, Danl. McLean, 

Pet. Scott, & Janet Mackintosh, pnt. 
[N. D.] h. 7. V. In the Castlehill, baptized a daur. of Alexr. Nicolson, 

Plumber, named Elizabeth. Sir Richd. Murray, his moyr. & 

sister, Mrs. Thomson, &c., pnt. — (pr. Li§Lm). 
[N. D.] h. 9. V. In my Closet, baptized a daur. of Donald Stewart, Taylor, 

& Barb. Campbell, named Isabell. Ja. Crichton, Rot Stewart, 

& Mrs. Monro, pnt. 
„ Deer. 7, f. 5. h. 3. v. In Libbertons wynd, baptized a daur. of Hary 

Guthrie, Writer, & . . . Tytler, named Jean. Old Mrs. Tytler, 

Jean Tytler, pnt. — (pr. LiSm). 
„ Deer. 10, f. I. h. 5^. v. In the Old Assembly Closs, baptized a son 

of William Hendrie, Writer, & Margt. Gray, named Peter 

Hepburn. Ja. Gordon, Taylor, Mrs. How, Mrs. Semple, & 

Mr. Fleming, pnt. — (pt. LiSm). 
„ Deer. 14, f. 5. h. 8. v. In my Closet, baptized a son of Chas. 

Reoch, Barbar (now at London), & Margt. Beg, named Charles. 

Jo. Beg (Sert. to Browsterland) & Margt. Thomson, Spors. 
„ Deer. 24, f. I. h. 7. v. In Fowlis's Closs, baptized a son of Don. 

McDonald, Butler to the Earl of Galloway, & Ann Kilpatrick, 

named John. Jo. Urquhart, Cook, Mrs. Wigt., Mr. Main, Mrs. 

Sandilands, & Jean Lyon, pnt. 
„ Deer. 26, f. 3. h. 6. v. In the Cowgate, baptized a daur. of James 

7 2 The Scottish A ntiquary ; 

Stewart, Extractr., named Alison. Mr. Thos. Buddiman, Mrs. 

Buddiman, Walter Buddiman, & Eliz. Stewart, pnt. — (pr. Liam). 
A® Dom. 
1750. Jany. 29, f. 2. h, 8. v. In my Closet, baptized a daur. of Alexander 

M^Intyre, Porter, & Griz McDonald, named Catherine. Jean 

M*Intyre, Penelope Arbuthnot, & Jo Small, pnt. 
„ Feb. 18, f. I. h. 7. V. Baptized a son of Alexr. M*Nab, Chaircarrier, 

& Eliz. Dewar, named John. Malcolm M*Drumond, Mary 

Dewar, &c., pnt. 
„ Feb. 33, f. 6. h. 4. v. In the Anchor Closs, baptized a daur. of 

William DoUas of Newton, Wright, & Margt. How, named 

Elizabeth. Mrs. How, Mrs. Thomson, & Mr. Harper, both 

Spors. — (pr. Liam). 
„ Feb. 27, f. 3. h. 8. v. In Todderichs Wd., baptized a daur. of 

James Wood, Taylor, & Kath. Chalmers, named Isobel. Tho. 

Souter, Dav. Tansh, Isobel Fergusson, Mrs. Widrow, pnt. 
„ Mar. 23, f. 6. h. 4. v. In . . . Closs, baptized a son of John More, 

Bookbinder, named Charles. Wm. Gordon, Bookseller, &c., 

„ Apr. 24, f. 3. h. 8. V. At the head of Cant's Closs, baptized a son 

of John Gordon, Mert., named Patrick. The Reverend Mr. 

Pat Gordon, the ffayr., & Mrs. Urquhart, Spors. — (pr. LiSm). 

N,B. — This was at the desire of my Dr. Broyr. Gordon. 
„ May 29, f. 3. h. 6. v. In Blackfryars wd., baptized a son of James 

Reoch, pror., named James Edward Henry. Jo. Glass of 

Sauchie, Geo. Lauder, &c., pnt., & Lady Humbie. 
„ June 19, f. 3. h. 7. V. In my Closet, baptized a daur. of John 

Farquharson, Chairman, & Bethia Michie, named Margaret. 

Thos. Michie, Eliz. Michie, &c., pnt. 
„ July 8, f. I. h. 6. V. In my house, baptized a daur. of Geo. Bean, 

& . . . Harper, named Jean. John Baine, the honest Sert. of 

Murray, a false master, & two women, Spors. 

„ July 1 1, f. 4. In my house, baptized a son of Donald Henderson, 

Chairman, & Janet Boyd, named John. Rot. M*Lairen, Eliz. 

Holy day, pnt. 
Augt. I, f. 4. h. 4. V. In the Fishmercat Closs, baptized (for Mr. 

David Rae) a daur. of Wm. Rutherford, named Jean. 
Septr. 9, f. I. h. 7. V. In Smith's Land, baptized a daur. of Archibald 

Stewart & Mrs. Charlotte Bailie, named Margaret. Archd. 

Hamilton, Mertj & Jas. Guild, Wten, pnt. 
II, f. 3. h. 7. V. In my Closet, baptized a daur. of William Stewart, 

Chairman, & Margt. Fargrieve, named Christian. James 

Stewart & Chris. Kerr, pnt. 
Octr. 26, f. 6. h. 3. V. In my house, baptized a son of Thos. Gow, 

Shoemaker in the Pleasance, & Ka. Lowson, named Gilbert. 

Gilbert Gow, Vintner, & his wife, pnt. 
Nov. 23, f. 6. h. 5. V. In Dunbar's Closs, baptized a son of Bailie 

M'Gill, Mert., & Eliz. Barclay, named James. Jo. Goodwillie, 

Rot. Barclay & his wife, Spors. 
Deer. 8, f. 7. h. 3. v. At Lauriston, baptized a daur, of Wm. Elliot, 

Writer, & Agnes Dollas, named Elizabeth. Ann Nisbet, Janet 

Schaw, & Mrs. Wright, pnt. 






or, Northern Notes and Queries, 73 

A* Sal. 

1 751. Febry. 12, f. 3. h. 7. v. In the Castlehill, baptized a son of Alexr. 

Nicolson, Plumber, named Alexander. My Lady Murray of 

Blackbarronry, her daur., & two sons, Robert & Archd.,.pnt., 

pr. Litm. 
„ Febry. 25, f. 2. h. 8. v. In the Trunk Closs, baptized a son of John 

Crawford of Bingrie, Esq., & Eliz. Maxwell, named Alexander. 

Lady Inches, Spor. The child weak, & dyed about 10 at nt. 
. „ Mar. 23, f. 7. h. 3. v. In Libbertons Wynd, baptized a daughter of 

Pat. Cuthbertson, Goldsmith, & Margt. Caw, named Euphame. 

Kath. Beatt, John & Christ. Caw, pnt. 
„ Mar. 26, f. 3. h. 7. v. In my Low-house, baptized a son of James 

Hay, Monquiter, & . . . Moodie, named James. Geo. Turn- 
bull, Mr. Scott, Mrs. Falconer Halkerton, & An. Reynold, Spors. 
„ Apr. 7, Easter Day, h. 6^. v. In Wariston's Closs, baptized a son 

of William Hendry, Writer, named William. John Callender, 

Mrs. Semphill, Mrs. Hendry, Spors. 
„ Apr. 21, f. I. h. 6^ V. In my Closet, baptized a son of Alexr. 

M*Intyre, Porter, & Grizel Dollas,- named Charles. Wm. 

Dollas, Duncan Forbes, & Chris. Eraser & Mrs. Young, pnt. 
„ May 21, f. 3. In my absence, Mr. Rae baptized a child of Andrew 

Douglas, Mert, & Chris. Cheape. 
„ May 23, f. 5. h. 6. v. Near the Cross I baptized a daur. of William 

Dollar, Chairmaster, & Margt. M'Intosh, named Mary. 
„ June 28, f. 6. h. 10. v. In Nyddrie's Wynd, baptized a daughter of 

Thos. Laurie, Workman, & Mary Laurie, named Christian. 
„ July II, f. 5. h. 7. V. In my Closet, baptized a son of David 

Rattray, workman in Canongate, & Chris. Sime, named John. 

Jo. Gordon, Arthur Smith, & ^gidia Smith, pnt. 
„ Augt. .4, f, I. h. 6 J. V. In Bells Wynd, baptized a son of Hugh 

Robertson (Sert. to Mr. Baird of Newbeath), & Margt. Napier, 

named Hugh. Jo. & Jas. Thomson, Musicians, & Jean 

Wardrope, Mert., &c., pnt. 
„ Augt. 10, f. 7. h. 4. V. At Newington, baptized a daughter of Hary 

Guthrie, Writer, named Christian. Old Mr. Tytlar, & her two 

daurs. Jean & Mrs. Lindsay, pnt. 
„ Augt. 13, f. 3. h. 9. V. In my Closet, baptized a daur. of William 

Forrest, Gardener, & Helen Newlands, named Jean. Andr. 

Moffat (Gardener), Spor. Wm. Dollas & his wife, pnt. 
„ Aug. 18, f. I. h. 7. V. Ibid.y baptized a daur. of Dan. Fraser, Sert. 

to Rothemay, & Janet Balfour, named Elizabeth. Mary Heriat, 

& Mary Laurie, pnt. 
„ Augt. 21, f. 4. h. 7. V. In Smiths Land, baptized a daur. of John 

Stewiajt of AUonbank, Advocate, & Agnes Smith, named Elizabeth. 

Mrs. Smith, Mrs. Seton of Touch, & Mr. Charles Smith, Spors. 
„ Augt. 27, f. 3. h. 4. V. In Smiths Land, baptized twins, a son & 

daur. of Archd. Stewart, Mert, & Charl. Bailie, named Andrew 
. & Elizabeth. James Guild & Mrs. Fleming pnt 
„ Septr. 15, f. 5. h. 6J^. v. At the back of Bess Wynd, baptized a son 

of Geo. Livingstone, Drawer in Mr. Walkers, & . 

named Charles (bom in the 7th moneth). 
„ Octor. 3, f. 5. h. 4. V. At Ravelston, baptized a son of Alexander 

74 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Keith & Johan. Swinton, named George. Alexr. Keith senr. 
& junr., Dr. Jo. Rutherford, & Jane Orme, pnt. 
N,B, — ^This child was bom in the 8th moneth. 

1751. Octor. 22, f. 3. h. 4. V. In the Lawn Mercat, baptized (pr. Lit.) a 

daur. of John Goodwillie, Writer, & . . . Corstorphine, named 
Mary. Mr. & Mrs, Barclay, M*Gill, &c. &c., pnt. 
„ Novr. 25, f. 2. h. 5. V. In Forrester's Wynd, baptized a son of 
William Taylor, Writer to the Signet, & . . . . Innes, named 
Robert. Messrs. Alexr. Innes, Wm. Mercer, & Archd. Hart & yr. 
wives, Wm. Taylor, . . . Innes, Miss Taylor, Mercer, &c., pnt 
A° Sal. 

1752. Jan. 17, f. 6. h. 5. v. In the Parliat. Closs, baptized a daur. of Jas. 

Stewart, Writer, & Alison Ruddiman, named Isabel. Isob. 

Bailie (for Mrs. Coventry), Mr. Thos. & Walt. Ruddiman, Spors., 

& Jo. Belchear, pnt, pr. Li3[m. 
„ Febry. 9, f. 5. h. 6. v. In . . . Closs Lawn Mercat, baptized a son of 

B . . . M*Gill, Mert., & Eliz. Barclay, named Robert. Robt 

Barclay and his wife, Jo. Goodwillie & his, Spors. Geo. 

& Agnes Barclays, & 2 Mrs. Barclays, pnt 
„ Feby. 19, f. 4. h. 5. v. Baptized a daur. of Chas. Esplin, named 

Katherine. John Espline, Mrs. Preston, &c., Spors. 
„ Apr. 18, f. 7. h. 4. V. At Lauriston, baptized a daur. of William 

Elliot, Writer, & Agnes Dollas, named Mary. Chris. & Mary 

DoUas, and Miss Shaw, pnt. 
,, May II, f. 2. h. 2. v. In my Closet, baptized a daur. of Donald 

Henderson, Chairman, & Ann Boyd, named Jean. Rot 

M*Lairen, Margt. White, pnt. 
„ May 21, f. 5. h. 6. v. In Kinlochs Closs, baptized a son of Mr. 

George Gordon of Gordonbank, Writer, & . . . Muirhead, 

named James. Mrs. & Ms Muirhead, & . . . Gordon of 

Avochie, yr., Spors. 
„ May 22, f. 6. h. 7|. v. In Libbertons Wynd, baptized a daur. of 

Peter Cuthbertson, Goldsmith, & . . . Caw, named Christian. 

Kat Beatt, & . . . Caws, &c., pnt. 
„ May 27, f. 4. h. 7. v. At Abbeyhill, baptized a daur. of Alexr. 

Lidderdale, Gardener, &...., named Helen. Mrs. Jean 

Rose, Jo. Dunbar, &c., pnt. 
„ June I, if. 2. h. 5. v. In the Grass Mercat, baptized a daur. of 

William Hendry, Writer, named Agnes. Jo. Callender, Mrs. 

Struphill, &c., Spors. 
„ II, f. 2. h. 3. v. In the Castlehill, baptized a daur. of Alexr. 

Nicolson, Plumber, & . . . Murray, named Jacobina Stuart. 

Mr. Webster & his daur. Chris., Spors. 
» 3O) ^' 3- ^•^- V. In the Back Stairs from the Meal Market, baptized 

a son of George Hay, Printer, named Thomas. Walt Ruddiman, 

Jas. Mackenzie, & T. Traill, Wrs., Spors. 
„ July 5, f. I. h. 7 J. v. In Robinsons Closs, baptized a daur. of Geo. 

Bean, Clk., & Jan. Harper, named Christian. Chris. Walker, 

Jas. Harper, pnt. 
July II, f. 7. h. 8. V. In my Closet, baptized a son of Donald 

Stewart, Chairman, named -^neas. Jas. Stewart, -^neas & 

Margt. Campbells, pnt. 


or^ Northern Notes and Queries. 75 

1752. Augt. II, f. 3. h. 4. V. In Blackfryars Wynd, baptized a daur. of 
James Reoch, Prot, named Isobel. Thos. Sinclair, Writer, 
Pat. Edie, Surgeon, Mrs. Reoch, &c., pnt. 
Oct. I, N. S. f. I. h. 4. V. Fowlis's Closshead, baptized a son of 
Wm. Heriot, Gunsmith, named James. James M'Douall, Mert., 
&c., pnt. 
Oct. I, h. 5. V. In Monteiths Closs, baptized a daur. of Mr. John 
Clarkson, Wine Mert., & . . . Taylor, named Marion. Dr. 
Taylor, Lady Pitcairlies, & 2 nieces, pnt. 
Oct. 6, f. 6. h. 4. V. In the Advocates Closs, baptized a son of 
Geo. Livingston, Vintner, named John. Allan Stewart, Surgeon, 
&c., pnt. 
Oct. 19. f. 5. h. 4. V. In Toddericks Wynd, baptized a daur. of 
James Wood, Taylor, &...., named Anne. Elizabeth 
Irvine, Willm. Watt, &c., pnt. 
Oct. 22, f. 5. h. I. V. In Smiths Land, baptized a daur. of John 
Stewart of AUonbank, Advocate, named Margaret. Mrs. Smith, 
Mrs. Barb. Smith, Barb. Walkinshaw, & Wm. Sellar, Spors. 
Nov. 2, f. 3. h. 10 J. V. At the Meal Mercat, baptized a daur. (born 
in the 7th moneth) of John Hutton, Brushmaker, & Anne 
Ruddiman, named Janet. Walter Ruddiman and his wife, Mrs. 
Fenton, & Mrs. Fleming, Midwife, pnt. 
Nov. 30, f. 5. h. 5. V. At Newington, baptized a son of Harie 
Guthrie, Writer, & Eliz. Tytler, named Harie. Wm. Tytler, 
Writer, Geo. Lindsay, Clerk, & Euphame Guthrie, Spors. 
Dec. 3, f. I. h. 5. V. In Morrisons Closs, baptized a daughter of 
Walter Orrock, Mert. in Fife, named Helen. Mrs. White & 
Mosman & Mercer, Dougal Ged, &c. &c., pnt. 
A* Sal. 

1753- Jai^y* 23, f. 3. h. 5. V. In Bells Wynd, baptized a son of WiUiam 
Stewart, Chairmaster, named William. James Stewart, Chairmr., 
&c. &C., pnt. 
„ Febry. 15, f. 5. h. 5. v. At the Cowgate Port, baptized a son of Peter 
Ramsay, Stabler, named James. Jo. Ramsay, CoUr., Wm. 
Sutherland, Brewer, and his family, &c., pnt. 
„ Febry. 16, f. 6. h. 6. v. In my Closet, baptized a daughter of William 
Conn, Taylor in Canongate, named Elizabeth. Eliz. Conn, 
Isab. Crawford, Wm. Reid, & Henry Tait, pnt 
„ Febry. 18, f. i. h. 4. v. In my Closet, baptized a daur. of William 
Blair, Weaver, now Soldier in Coll. Halket's Regiment in 
Holland, & Jane M*Alpine, named Jean. Jo. Cameron, Jo. 
Monro, & Jean Bryden, pnt. 
„ Febry. 19, f. 2. h. 6. v. In the Westbow, baptized a son of ... . 
Downie, Journeyman Watchmaker, & Sara Morison, named John. 
Mrs. Dickson, Deacon Barclay & his family, &c., pnt. 
„ Febry. 25, f. i. h. 4. v. In the Plain Stone Closs, Canongate, 
baptized a son of Alexr. Alves, Shoemaker, named John. Mr. 
Sutherland, Brewer, . . . Sime, Writer, &c., pnt. 
„ May 30, f. 4. h. 6. v. In BelPs Wynd, baptized a daur. of Hu. 
Robertson (Servt. to Ld. Minto), & Margt. Napier, named Elliot. 

„ Augt 9, I was ill. Mr. Ro*son (at my desire) baptized 

of Jo. Farq'son, Chairman, & Bathia Michie. 


The Scottish Antiquary ; 

1753. Augt 26, f. I. h. 4. y. In the Castlehill, I baptized a daur. of 

Alexr. Nicolson, Plumber, named Margaret. Mr. and Mrs. 
Thomson, &c. &c., pnt. 

„ Septr. 5, f. 4. h. 4. V. In the Lawn Mercat, baptized a daur. of John 
Goodwillie, Writer, named Anne. Wm. Lumisden, Rot. Barclay, 
B. M*Gill & yr. wives, pnt. — pr. Litm. 

„ Septr. 29, f. 7. h. 4. V. At Laurieston, baptized a daur. of William 
Elliot, Writer, named Henrietta. I-ady Craigleith, Wm. DoUas 
of Newton, Miss Jan. Shaw, Miss Elliot, &c., pnt. 

„ Octor. 7, f. I. h. 5. V. In Kinloch's Gloss, baptized twin sons of John 
Clarkson, Wine Mert., & Barb. Taylor, named James & 
Charles. Dr. Taylor and his daur. and son, Mr. James Stewart, 
Treasr. to the Widows Fund, Lady Pitcairlies, &c. &c. &c., pnt. 

„ Decer. 3, f. 2. cir. meridiem. In the Fountain Gloss, baptized a son 
of Sir Stuart Threipland, Physician, & Jan. Sinclair, named 
David (after the two grandfathers). Mrs. Harper, Mr. Budge, & 
Sir Stuart, Spors. Mrs. Budge, Jan. Threipland, pnt. Aof a to B^m, 

,, Decer. 19, f. 4. h. 4. v. Near the Gross, baptized a daur. of Gharles 
Espline, & Pat . . . , named Gharles. Mrs. Preston, Jo. Espline, 
&c., Spors. 
A** Sal. 

1754. Jary. 6, f. 1. h. 5. v. In the Advocates Gloss, baptized a son of 

Robert Barclay, Taylor, named Gharles-John. Jo. Goodwillie, 

M'Gill, Agnes Barclay, Spors. 

Jary. 16, f. 4. h. 3. v. In the Lower Baxters Gloss, baptized a daur. 

of Peter Cuthbertson, Goldsmith, . . . Gaw, named Margaret. 

Mrs. Gaw, David Beatt, &c., pnt. 
Mar. 6, f. 3. h. 9. v. In my Gloset, baptized a daur. of Donald 

Henderson, Ghairman, & Ann Henderson, n. Ghristian. 

Jo. Hyslop & Eliz. Stewart pnt. 
Mar. 17, f. I. h. 5. v. At the back of the Canongate, baptized a son 

of Alexr. Paterson, Brewer, & Eliz. Gibson, named Alexander. 

Thomas Mack, and his wife, Jean Rose, Euph. Taylor, pnt 
Apr. 5, f. 6. h. 5. V. At the Gowgate Port, baptized a son of Peter 

Ramsay, Steblar, & . . . Mackenzie, named Peter. Jo. Ramsay, 

Collector, &c., pnt. 
May 19, f. I. h. 4. v. In the Old Posthouse Gloss, baptized a son, 

of Jas. Gargill, mert. & named James. Lady Wood- 

cockdale, Mr. & Mrs. Pringle, Dav.. Berry's son and daur., pnt. 
May 24, f. 6. h. 2^. v. In my closet, baptized a son of John Greig, 

Sailor (now in Greenland), & Jean Brown, named John. Jo. 

Archbald, Flaxdresser Spor. Margt. Falconer & Jan. Ramsay pnt. 
. . Septer. 1 7, f. 3. h. 4 J. v. In the Writers. Gourt, baptized a son of 

Jas. Stewart, Writer, & Alice Ruddiman, named Thomas Ruddi- 

man. The learned & worthy grandfather, Wm. Inglis, Isab. 

Bailie, & Lady MacKenzie, Spors. 
Nov, 15, f. 6. h. 5. V. In Smiths Land, baptized a son of Archibald 

Stewart, mert, & Gharlt Bailie, named John. John Hamilton 

Wishia, John M*Farlane, James Guild, all Writers, Alex. Stewart 

Miles, & Miss Nellie Murray, pnt. 
Deer. 20, f. 6. h. 4. v. At Newington, baptized a daur. of Hary 

Guthrie, Writer, & Eliz. Tytler, named Anne. Geo. Lindsay, 


or. Northern Notes and Queries. 77 

Clk., Mrs. Lindssay, Mrs. (Wm.), & Jean Tytler, Spots. — pr. 

1755. Jary. 24, f. 6. h. ii. mat. In the Fountain Closs, baptized a daur. of 

Sir Stuart Threipland, Physician, & Dame Janet Sinclair, named 

Janet (after the grandmother, Lady Janet Sinclair of Southdun). 

Mrs. Fargeson, Mrs. Harper, Mr. Sinclair, Sr. S., Spors. 
„ Jary. 28. i. i. h. 5. v. Dickson's Closs head, baptized a daughter 

of Andrew Douglas, Druggist, & Chris. Cheap, name Christian- 
Henrietta, Margt & Cheap, & Mrs. Fleming, pnt. 

„ Mar. 3, f. 2. h. 4. v. In the Canongate head, baptized a son of 

Peter Cuthbertson^ Goldsmith, & Mt. Caw, name William. 

David Beatt, . . . Poison & Chris. Caw, pnt. 
„ Mar. 16, f. I. h. 6. v. N.S. of .the Castlehill, baptized a son of 

Alexr. Nicholson, plumber, named Charles. Rot. Murray, 

Mr. & Mrs. Thomson, Mrs. Ballentine & Mrs. Pringle, Spors. 

— ^pr. Litm. 
,, . Mar. 21. At Hallyards, near Kirkliston, f. 6. h. 2 J. v. Baptized 

the posthumous son of Wm. Elliot, Writer, & Agn. Dallas, 

named William. Wm. Elliot (the granduncle). Writer, Wm. 

Dallas, Lady Craigleith, Spors. Corn. Elliot & Chris.. Dallas, pnt. 
„ Apr. I, f. 3. h. 4. V. In the Anchor Closs, baptized a son of 

William Dallas, Wright, & Donna Haliburton (born on Easter 

day at noon), named James. Lady Craiglieth, Thos. Haliburton, 

Mr. Dallas, Spors Gibb, pnt. 

,, Apr. 22, f. 3. h. 6. V. In the Cowgate, baptized a daur. of Jas. 
... Robertson, Packman, & Margt. Scott, named Katherine. Pat. 

Scot, &c., pnt. 
„ May 7, f. 4. noon. In Todderics Wynd, baptized a daur. of Jas. 

Wood, Taylor, named Katherine. David Tansh, Lady Charleton, 

&c., pnt. ^ . 

„ May 7, h. 4. In Bell's Wynd, baptized a daur. of Wm. Stewart, 

Chairmr., named Katherine. Jas. Stewart, &c., pnt. 
„ . May 15, f 5. h, 4. v. In Henderson's Stairs, baptized a son of 

Bailie M'Gill, Mert., & Eliz. Barclay, named Bailie. Ye 

Barclays & Jo. Goodwillie Spors. 
„ Jun. 8, f. I. h. 7. V. In my Closet, baptized a daur. of Alexr. 

Maclntyre, Workman, & Griz. DoUas, named Agnes. Jo. 

Drumond, Dan. Stuart, &c., pnt. 
„ Jun. 16, baptized (by my Collegue) in my absence, James Cargill's 

„ July 15, f. 3. h. 6. V. Opposite to the Gaurd, N.S., baptized a son of 

John Fergusson, Taylor, named David. Jo. More, Mert., &c., pnt. 
„ July 23, f. 4. h. 12. merid. In Stephen I^ws Closs, baptized a 

daur. of Wm. Cleland, Mariner (son of Rot. Cleland sometime 

of Carnbee), & Frances Hall, named Elizabeth. The grandfayr., 

Spor, Mrs. Pringle, &c., pnt. 
„ Oct. 4, f. 7. h. 8 J. V. In Bailies Closs, Cowgate, baptized a son 

(born in the 7th moneth) of Don. Henderson, workman, named 

„ Oct. 5, f. I. h. 5. V. At Powderhall, baptized (Mr. P. Gordon being 

ill) a son of Mr Sime, Writer to the Signet, & 

78 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Ravenscroft, named John. Wm. Gordon, Mrs. Scott, & Mrs. 
Alexander of Alloa, pnt. 

1755. Nov. 16, f. I. h. 5. V. In the Old-Bank Closs, baptized a daur. of 

George Livingston, Inkeeper, named Mary. Mr. Bell, &c., pnt. 
A° Sal. 

1756. Febry. 16, f. 2. h. 5. v. baptized a son of Robert Morison, Barber, 

& . . . . Ramsay, named Alexander. Alexr. White, Jo. Graeme, 

Plumber, &c. &c., pnt. 
„ Apr. 2, f. 6. h. 5^. V. Near the Cowgate Port, in the house of 

Wm. Sutherland, Brewer, baptized a daur. of ... . Sutherland 

of Woodend, named Euphame. Mr. Budge, Peter Ramsay, .... 

Richardson, &c. &c., pnt. 
„ Apr. 22, f. 5. h. 5. V. At the Meadows, E.S., baptized a daur. of Jo. 

Hall, Weaver, & . . . . named Janet. Chris. Hall, &c. &c.. 

„ May 7, f. 6. h. 4. v. Canongate, my Cous. baptized Alexander 

Paterson, Brewer, & Eliz. Gibsone, their son, named Andrew. 

I being not well. 
There is below this entry a quarter of a page blank. — Ed.] 
„ Novr. 8. f. 2. h. 5. v. Baptized a daur. of Chas. Esplin, named Janet. 
„ Deer. 13, f 2. h. 4 J. v. In the Back Stairs, baptized a son of 

B. MacGill, Mert., & Eliz. Barclay, 'named George. Chas. Butler, 

Jo. Goodwillie, & Agn. Barclay, Spors. 

Auspice Deo opt. Max. P.F. & S.Sto. 

A° Dom. 

1757. Jany. 12, f. 4. h. 6. v. In Forresters Wynd, baptized a son of ... . 

Willison, Surgeon, named David. Miss Dempster, Mrs. Ramsay, 

and her daur., pnt. 
,, Feb. 3, f. 5. h. 3. V. In the Lawn Mercat, baptized a daur. of 

Jo. Goodwillie, Writer, & . . . . Carstprphine, named Magdalen. 
„ June 16, f. 5. h. 5. V. Near Newmilns, baptized a daur. of Wm. 

Green, Factor for Mr. Charteris, & . . . . Mackintosh, named 

Katherine. Mr. & Mrs. Robertson, .... Craig, & . . . . 

Grant, 4 Serts. at Newmilns, pnt. — sine Lit. 
,, Augt. 24, f. I. h. 5. V. In Toddericks Wynd, baptized a daur. of 

John Fergusson, Taylor, named Isabell. 
„ Septer. i, f 5. h. 6. v. In Leith Wynd, baptized a son of John Clerkson, 

Wine Mert., & . . . . Taylor, named John. Alexr. Cuninghame, 

Writer, Peter Adie, Surgeon, Miss Campbel, &c., pnt. 
„ Nover. 5. f. 7. h. 6. v. In the Old-Assembly Close, baptized a daur. 

of Nathaniel Spens, Surgeon, & . . . . Mulliken, named Jean. 

Mrs. Mulliken, Lathallan & his lady, Miss Douglas, Mr. 

Houston, &c., pnt. 
A** Sal. 

1758. Jany. 2, f 2. h. 3. v. Castle Hill, N.S, baptized a son of Alexr. 

Nicholson, Plumber, & . . . . Murray, named Alexander — pr. 
Liam. Mr. Mabone, Mr. Thomson, &c., Spors. 
„ Jany 4, f. 4. h. 4. v. In the Anchor CI., baptized a son of Wm. 
Dallas, Wright, & Donna Halyburton, named Thomas. Miss 
Reg. Haliburton, Mr. Gibb, Jo. Mansfield, Banker, Ly. Craig- 
leith, &c. &c., pnt. — pr. Liam. 


or. Northern Notes and Queries. 79 

1758. Mar. 19, Palm Sunday, h. 4^. ves. In Byres's Close, baptized (pr. 

Liam) a daur. of Wm. Moir of Lonmay, & Worthley Stewart, 

named Mary. Mrs. Stewart (the grandmoyr.), & her oyr. daur., 

Dougal Ged, his wife & daur., Nath. Spens, Mr. (Jo.) Moir, & 

Mr. Johnston, Midwife, pnt 
„ Apr. I, f. 7. h. 4. V. At the Cowgate Port, baptized a son of Peter 

Ramsay, Stabler, & . . . . Mackenzie, named William. Wm. 

Ramsay, Wm. Suyrland & his wife, Jas. Ramsay, & Jas. Hunter, 

Bankier, pnt. — S. Lit. 
„ Apr. II, f. 3. h. 3. V. Near Hope Park, baptized a son of Jo. Hall, 

Weaver, named Robert Horsburgh, Jan. Hall, &c. &c., 

„ Aug. 2, f. 4. h. 7^. V. At Cotes, near the Colt-bridge, baptized a 

son of Mr. John Sime, Writer, named James. Mr. And. Alves, 

Miss Maxwell, &c., pnt. 
„ Aug. 3, f. 5. h. 5. V. At Moultreshill, baptized a daur. of James 

Stewart, Writer, & AHson Ruddiman, named Csecilia. Messrs. 

Paton, Gray, W. Ruddiman, & Hutton, &c., pnt. — pr. Litm. 
„ Aug. 7, f. 2. h. 6. V. In the Backstairs Pt. Ch., baptized a daur. of 

Bailie M'Gill & Barclay, named Agnes. Eliz. Barclay, 

Mr. & Mrs. Goodwillie, Spors. — pr. Litm. 
A° Sal. 

1759. Jany. 25, h. 4. v. In the Anchor Close, baptized a son of Wm. 

Dallas of Newton & Donnah Haliburton, named William. Mr, 

Wm. Harper, Junr., Mr. Dallas, & Margt. Haliburton, Spors. — 

pr. IJtm. 
„ Febry. 4, f. i. h. 5. v. Canongate, baptized the son of Chas. Stewart, 

Shoemaker, & Eliz. Threipland, named James. Mrs. (Jas.) 

Smyth, Mr. Joseph Ro*son, & Jo. Graham, Writer, Spors. — 

pr. Litm. — &c. &c., pnt. 
„ Apr. 17, f. 3. h. 5. V. In the Cowgate, baptized a son of Wm. 

Tytler, Writer to the Signet, named Patrick — S. L. Messrs. 

Guthrie & Lindsay, &c., pnt. 
„ June 15, f. 6. h. 7. v. In the Old Assembly Close, baptized a daur. 

of Nathaniel Spens, & Mullikin, named Janet — aft. Ly. 

Lathallan. Wm. Inglis, Mrs. M*Dowall, Mrs. Douglas, &c., 

pnt. — S. L. 
„ June 24, f. I. noon. In my room I baptized a son of Jo. Nicol, 

Wright, named Francis. Mrs. Craigie, Jeane Leslie, &c. &c., 

pnt. — S. L. 
„ Septer. 20. Bothr. for me, baptized (in the herb mercat) a son of 

Don. Henderson, n. Daniel. 
„ Septer. 23, f. i. h. 5. v. In the Canongate, I baptized a son of Alex. 

Paterson & Eliz. Gibson, named John. 
A° Sal. 

1760. Jany. 17, f. 5. h. 5. v. In Craigs Close, baptized a son of 

Willison, Druggist, & Dempster, named Samuel. Miss 

Dempster, Lady (Dowr.) Dunichan, Mrs. Ramsay, Leith, Mrs. 
More, &c. &c., pnt. 
„ Mar. 23, f. I. h. 4 J. v. In Todericks Wynd, baptized a son of 

James Wood, Taylor, & Kath , named Joseph — Do. Jos. 

Robertson, Mrs. Brown & her son Peter, Spors. — S. L. 


The Scottish Antiquary. 

1760. Apr. 8, Easter Tuesday, 4. v. In Ship-tavern Close, baptized (per 

Liturgm.) a daur. of Wm. Dallas, Wright,. & Donna ^ Haliburton, 

named Margaret. Margt. Halyburton, \J§, Craigleith, & Mr. 

Harper, Junr., Spors. 
Apr. 15, f. 3. h. 6. V. In the Canongate, baptized a son of John 

Hall, Weaver, & Horseburgh, named Charles. Jan. 

Hall, Wm. Brown, &c., witnesses. 
Apr. 25, f. 6. h. 5. ves. In the Backstairs over the Meal Mercat, 

baptized (per Litm.) a daur. of B. M'Gill & Eliz. Barclay, named 

Jean. Mrs. R. Barclay, Chas. Butler & his wife, Spors. 
May 15, F. Ascens. h. 5. f. 5.. In Dicksons Land, baptized a daur. 

of Jas. Park, Druggist, & M'Lean, named Annie. Hector 

M*Lean, Writer, Mr. M'Lachlan, &c., pnt — S. L. 
Aug. 20, f. 4. h. 6. V. In the Old Assembly Close, baptized daur. 

of Nath. Spens, Surgeon, named Jean. Wm. Inglis and his wife, 

Rob. Douglas, &c. &c., pnt. — S. L. 
Sept. 18, f. 5. At Moulters Hill, Mr. Harper, Junr. (in my absence) 

baptized a son of Jas. Stewart, Writer, & Alice Ruddiman, named 

Sept. 21, f. I. h. 4. V. I baptized a son of Jas. Cargill & 

named James. S. Lt. Lady Woodcockdale, Mrs. Jas. Hay, 

Mr Berry, Rot. Pringle, his wife and son, pnt 

A** Sal. 

1 761. Febry. 13, f. 6. noon. In my closet, baptized a daur. of James 

Strachan, Chairman (from Auchindore), & Jean Touch, named 

Jean. Mrs. Jeane Rutherford, Adam Hay, Peter Urquhart, &c., 

pnt. — S. L. 
Mar. 8, f. i. h. 4. v. In Miln's Square, baptized a daur. of Jo. 

Russel, Writer, & Margt. Fraser, named Margaret. 
May 24, f. I. h. 6. v. In World'send Close, I baptized a daur. of 

Jo. Clerkson, Wine Mert, & Taylor, named William. 

Wm. Taylor, Mert., Miss Taylor, & Capt. James Cathcart of 

Inverleith, &c., pnt. — Sine Lit. 
June 28, f. I. h. 5 J. V. In the Ship Close, baptized a daur. of Wm. 

Dallas & David Haliburton, named DavicJ. Misses Halyburton 

& Scott, & Mr. Harper, Spors. — Sdy. Lit. 
Aug. 3, f. 2. h. 3. v. At Inveresk, I administered Hypothetical 

Baptism to Margaret Erskine, wife of Archd. Stirling of Keir. 

Mrs. Magdalene Stirling, witness. 
Septer. 18. My Cousin for me, baptized a son of Don. Mackenzie, 

named Daniel. 
Nover. 9, f. 2. h. 4. v. In Nydries Wynd, baptized a son of Nath. 

Spens, Surgeon, & MuUikin, named James. Robert & 

Mrs. Douglas, &c., pnt. — S. L. 
„ Nov. 26, f. 5. h. 4. V. In . . . Close, baptized a daur. of Jas. Cargil, 

Mert, & Kath. Auchinleck, named Katherine. Ly. Woodcock- 
dale, Kath. Berry, Mrs. Pringle, pnt. — S. L. 

1762. Jany. 25, f. 2. h. 5. v. In Mr. Orrs N. S., opposite to Martins Wd., 

baptized a son of James M*H . . . th [blotted]. Purser in the 
Coins (?) & Chris. Walker, named James. Jas. Park, Druggist, 
& his wife, & Paul Husband, &c., pnt. — S. L. 

^ Over Donna is written David, Probably her fuH name was Davidonna. 







or, Northern Notes and Queries, 8 1 

1762. June 18, f. 6. h. 4. v. Baptized a son of Wm. Dallas Wright & 

Donna Haliburton, named Peter, pr. Litm. Margt. Haliburton, 

Mr. Harper, Junr., &c., Spors. 
„ Octor. 27. In the Herb Mercat, f. 4. h. 4. v., baptized a son of David 

Buchanan, Flesher, & Susan Callender, named John. Deacon 

Wemyss, &c., pnt. — S. L. 
„ Novr. 9, f. 3. h. 1 1. Mat. In . . . Close, in Kinlocks Close, baptized 

a son of Sir Stuart Threipland of Fingask, & Janet Murray of 

Penny land, named Patrick. Miss Budge, her Father, & Sr. S. 

Thrd., Spors. — pr. Liturm. 
„ Deer. 4. In Kennedys Close, f. 7. h. 3. v., baptized a daur. of 

Hugh Stewart, Chairmaster, named Katherine — S. L. 

(To be continued.) 

386. Ross Family {continued from p, 40). — The Counts von Ross 
OF Prussia. — In the Neues Preussiches Adels-Lexicon, Leipzic 1837, 
and in other German works ^ it is stated that Alexander Ross von Inver- 
chasley, married Susanna Munro, and being a zealous Presbyterian was 
persecuted by the Bishops, and fled from Scotland in 1692, settling in the 

An Alexander Ross, but not of the Inverchasley family, may have 
sought refuge in the Netherlands, but not at the date assigned by Count 
John Ross (see/<7J/) in the account compiled by him early in the present 
century. It seemed probable that Alexander (Ixxi), younger son of 
Alexander Ross of Eye who died 1659, and who is said to have gone 
abroad and married {MS, pedigree), might have been ancestor of the 
Counts Ross. The death of this Alexander was announced by his nephew, 
Charles Ross, afterwards of Eye, to his 'cousigne,* David Ross of Inver- 
chasley, Tutor of Kindeace, at Taine, in a letter bearing date, Edinburgh, 
17th September i7oi.r-^*I am sorrie to tell you that a letter has come 
from Lieutenant Stewart to Andrew Ross, Balblair's son, giving account 
that Alexander Ross died at Bergen-op-Zoom, a frontier town of the United 
Provinces, about the beginning of September, New Style,^ and that his 
lady was not well.' It will be seen from the following account that this 
Alexander was not the ancestor of the Counts Ross, that family having 
evidently settled on the Lower Rhine previous to 1625, as is proved by 
their having married Germans, and at that date they had adopted German 
names and habits. If a history of the early struggles of the Reformed 
Churches on the Lower Rhine, including lists of communicants, could be 
found, probably the connecting-link with Scotland would be easily traced. 
At present the first of the family who appears in the register of Duisburg, 
near the Dutch frontier on the Lower Rhine, is Peter Ross, horn circa 1625, 
and married to Christine Rademaker, by whom he had a son, 

2. Matthias, born at Duisburg 1659 ; he married there 

1 69 1, Maria Dorothea Schliiters, by whom he had, 

1. Christine Maria, b,, 1692. 

2. Peter. (See below,) 

3. Christine Maria, born 28th August 1695. 

4. William, {^tt post,) 

* Stammbuch des Adels in Deutschland. — Taschenbuck der grdflicken Hansen, 
^ Began in Germany in 1700, when 18 days were thrown out of February. 


82 TJie Scottish Antiquary ; 

5. Matthias, born i6th August 1699. 

6. Hermann, born 3d January 1701. 

7. Maria Elizabeth, bom ist June 1705. 

3. Peter, bom at Duisburg 2d September 1693, married , 

and had, 

Matthias Gerard. He left Holland 25th December 1766, 
as assistant purveyor in the Dutch East India Com- 
pany. On arriving in Bengal he was sent to Hoogly, 
where he died nth August 1769, having named his 
cousin, John Matthias Ross, executor to his will {State 
Archives at The Hague). 

Maria Matilda, married Israel Gotthelf Hintre. 

Sibilla Margaret, married Bernard Fredemburg. 

4. William, born at Duisburg 27th December 1696. On 2d April 
1 72 1 he was ordained minister of the Reformed Evangelical Church, he 
received a call to Xanten, and then to Isselburg in the same district, 
where he remained until 1748, when he became minister at Wesel. He 

died there 1768, having married Catherine Gertrude Brinkman, 

by whom he had, 

1. Peter William, born 31st March 1729. He married, first, 

Anna Sibilla Vetten, by whom, with two daughters, 
he had one son, 

John Gottfried, born 1756, and died un- 
married 1803. 

He married, secondly, Margaretha Biischen, by whom 
he had three daughters. 

2. John Matthias. (See below ^ 

3. Henry Gottfried. {See post,) 

4. Theodore Bernhard, became minister at Wallach when his 

brother Henry was called to Isselburg, born 25th Oc- 
tober 1734, he married Sibilla Cramer. 

5. Dorothea Sibilla Catharina, born 3d December 1736, 

married John OsthofiF in Wesel, and had six chil- 

6. Johanna Maria EHzabeth, born loth January 1745, married 

Bemhard Everard Duden. 

5. John Matthias was born at Isselburg 9th June 1730. Previous to 
December 1751 he visited England, hoping himself to obtain possession of 
some property in Scotland to which he believed that he was entitled, but 
want of means prevented him^ from prosecuting his claim. He probably 
saw David Ross of 'Inverchasley, George Ross, afterwards of Cromarty, 
and Hugh Ross of Kerse. It was one of these who, in the family annals, is 
styled the rich relation who obtained for him an appointment in the Dutch 
East India Company, as assistant, with 24 florins a month. He left Texel 
19th December 1751, on board the * Immagonda,' for Bengal. He arrived 
there 7th August 1752, and was sent to Fort Gustavus to be employed in 
the Hoogly factory. He acted as under-treasurer, and then as treasurer 
in other factories, until he returned to Hoogly in 1763 as secretary. In 
1759 there is no notice about him, but he must have seen the destruction 
of the Dutch fleet and army, and Clive dictating his own terms at Chinsu- 
rah. After filling several posts, he was named head-trader in 1771, and 
also in that year chief-director at Cassimbazar. In 1776 he became com- 

or, Northern Notes and Queries, 83 

missary-director in Bengal with 180 florins a month. War having broken 
out between the Dutch and English on 3d July 1781, he was taken 
prisoner by the latter and carried off. When peace was proclaimed in 1 783, 
he was liberated, and returned to Holland as ex-director. About 20,000 
florins of his salary were still owing to him, which the board * of the seven- 
teen' of the East India Company, in 1784, refused to pay, it does not 
appear for what reason. The decree was registered in 1786, and the 
money was never paid. — (Log of the Immagonda. — Roll of the troops and 
Company s servants. Archives at The Hague.) On his leaving Bengal, by 
a deed dated 28th December 1782, he manumitted all his slaves, giving 
them also a considerable sum of money for their support. He married 

1786, a beautiful lady of 16, Joanna Catharina de Schubert, and 

dying at Brussels 1787, left an only son, 

John Frederick. (See below,) 
The widow married, secondly, in 1790, John Peter de Motte, a banker, 
and settling with her husband at Warsaw took with them her son. In a 
letter from William Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Orange, then in exile, 
dated Schonhausen, 20th July 1799, he addresses her as Mevrouw Motte, 
assuring her that * when a happy turn of affairs might bring him back to 
his fatherland, he would seek to be of service to her and her husband' 
This happy turn did not come till 1813, when he returned to the Nether- 
lands as Sovereign Prince, and in 181 5 became King. Mevrouw Motte 
during the war, and especially in 181 2-13, assisted by her son, devoted 
her fortune and energies to alleviate the sufferings of the wounded soldiers 
and prisoners, irrespective of country or creed. She returned to Holland, 
and died at Amsterdam 25th April 18 14. The Princess Wilhelmine of 
Prussia, mother of the Sovereign Prince, in a letter dated Haag, 8th May 
1 8 14, in her own name, in that of her daughter-in-law the reigning Prin- 
cess,^ and of her daughter the Duchess,^ addressed an affectionate letter 
of sympathy to John Ross, styling him 'very dear and much loved Count.' 
6. John Frederick was born at Brussels, 28th November 1787, just 
before his father's death. It does not appear in what year he assumed the 
title of Count ; as I have shown, he was so styled in 18 14. In that year he 
had a silver medal ^ struck in memory of his mother. He sent one to the 
King of Prussia, who thanks him * for the beautiful memorial of filial love,' 
in a letter dated Leipzig, i8th January 181 5, and styles him Count. On 
the previous 20th December, during the Congress of Vienna, he had 
saved the King from being assassinated by a foreign adventurer. In 
181 3 the Emperor of Russia had given him the Cross of St Anne in 
brilliants, and he had offered to the Emperor a valuable gift from the col- 
lection of oriental rarities left by his father. Leaving Warsaw he settled 
at Berlin and received from King Frederick William a diploma, dated 9th 
March 1820, recognising his title. The wording of the diploma is most 
unusual : — (John Ross claims descent from the Earls of Ross, but there is 
no pedigree annexed) ... * whereas Cpunt Johann von Ross has most 
humbly prayed of Us that We would be graciously pleased to adjudge to 

1 Frederica Wilhelmina, daughter of Frederick William ill. of Prussia. 

2 Frederica Louisa, widow of the Hereditary Prince of Brunswick. 

' On the medal she is styled Countess Ross. Her bust is in profile, and a lightning 
flash striking her. With other devices, there are the arms of Ross and Schubert. On the 
reverse, with many emblems, there is an inscription in Dutch, signifying — The | Father- 
land to help to free | and men's disasters | to lessen | was the vocation wherein f she 
died. — On six banners are inscribed, Confidence — Religion — Perseverance — Courage — 
Sacrifice — Unity. 

84 The Scottish Antiqimry ; 

him ... a deed of recognition and ratification of the dignity of a Count 
deduced from his ancestors, and also the grounds have been adduced by 
him which establish the rightfulness of his dignity of a Count, and he 
without fault of his has lost the means of proving his dignity in a manner 
which would be binding on a Count, Now it is Our Will, in evidence of Our 
Royal Favour and Grace, hereby most graciously to comply with the 
aforesaid petition, ... to wit, to recognise and ratify the dignity of a 
Count to Johann von Ross for himself and the rightfully begotten heirs of 
his body and posterity in descending line.' 

In the Pariser Zeitungy 21st June 1826, he is mentioned as being the 
first Dutchman who had made an ascent in a balloon. He was a man of 
some talent, but very eccentric, living in a house in Johannis Strasse 
(Berlin) surrounded by a large garden. He had the backs of his neighbours' 
houses painted to represent vistas of scenery. Having a varied collection 
of curiosities, he divided his house into four sections named after the four 
quarters of the Globe. In the Asiatic section he used often to hide 
himself in one of the large pagodas to listen to the remarks made about 
him by visitors to his museum. He died unmarried 25th November 1848, 

To return to — 

(i) Henry Gottfried Ross (the son of William 4.). Having been 
ordained minister of the Reformed Church 13th January 1760, he 
received a call to Wallach, near Wesel, and later to Isselburg. Born 

25th May 1732, he died 2 2d February 1796, having married Anna 

Catharina Heymans, by whom he had, 

1. Catharina Henrietta, born , married ^7^7, 

Amtmann Hermani-Werthebruch. 

2. Maria Catharina, bom at Isselburg, 5th February 1762, 

married 1791, T. E. Evers. 

3. Wilhelmina Johanna Dorothea, born 14th October 1763. 

4. Johanna Sibilla, born 27th December 1765, married 

1790, Reverend Henry Esch, 

5. Catharina Godofreda, bom 23d December 1767. 

6. William John Gottfried. (See below ^ 

7. Johanna Helena Frederika, born 25th February 1777. 

John Matthias Ross, late Governor, signed the Issel- 
burg Register as witness. 
(^) William John Gottfried was born at Isselburg 3d July 1772. His 
uncle, John Matthias, wished him to be educated for the law, but yielding 
to his father's desire, he prepared for the ministry. He studied at the 
University of Duisburg, and received his first call in 1793 to Homberg, in 
the Duchy of Berg, whence he was called to Budberg, a small place on 
the Lower Rhine, the scene of his labours for 33 years. He began his 
work in troublous times ; owing to the French occupation, for six months 
after his call he was unable to cross to the opposite bank of the Rhine ; 
it was at Easter 1795 that he reached Budberg to find his house a ruin. 
There he was active in promoting education, and the welfare of his people; 
his conciliatory manners winning for him the love and respect of all classes 
and creeds. He steadily refused to leave his Rhine parish for any worldly 
advancement, but in 1826 Frederick William iii. sent for him to Berlin to 
confer on the state of the Evangelical Churches in Westphalia and the 
Rhine Provinces. Although strongly urged to remain in Berlin, it was 
not until the following year that he consented to leave Budberg, being 


or^ Northern Notes and Queries. 85 

convinced that it was in the interest of the Church. The Evangelical 
Union was owing to his exertions, and he was appointed by the King first 
bishop of the United Churches, with the supervision of Westphalia and 
the Rhine Provinces. In Berlin he took great interest in the advancement 
of education, and in the care of a large orphanage, to which he induced 
his cousin, Count John, to leave a considerable part of his fortune. The 
King sent him a Diploma of Count, urging him to assume the title, but he 
repeatedly declined, considering it unsuitable to his calling. In 1843 he 
received from the University of Bonn an address, thanking him for his 
unwearied activity and conciliatory measures in the interest of the Churches. 
He was a man of fine presence and most benevolent countenance, and was 
as beloved at Berlin as he had been on- the Rhine. With Frederick 
William iii. he'possessed great influence, and was always treated by him 
with marked consideration and respect. Under his successor, Frederick 
William iv., a sovereign of a very different temperament, he found his 
counsels slighted and his position untenable, therefore in 1846 he resigned 
the supervision of Westphalia and the Rhine Provinces. He died at 
Beriin, 28th September 1854, and was buried at Budberg, having married, 

1795, Louisa Cecilia, daughter of Peter Charles de Weerth. She 

died 1840, leaving, 

1. Caroline, born 1796, married Colonel W. C. Wentzel. 

2. Antoinette, born 1805, married Carl Tendering 

auf Hans Ahr. 

3. William. (See belotv,) 

4. Frederick William. (See post) 

5. Luise Marie, born 181 7, married 1838, Frederic 

Schneider, and died 1889. 

{3) William, Count Ross, obtained, 24th February 1855, a further 
recognition of his right, and of his brother^s family, to the title of Count. 
He was Councillor of the Court of Aids in Dresden. Born 2d September 
1806, he died at Dresden, 26th December 1874, having married, 9th July 
1838, a Saxon lady, Adelheid Meinhold. He left, 

1. Luise Christiane Cecilia, born at Dresden 1843.^ 

2. Cecilia Luise, born i8th May 1850, married 9th June 1886, 

Max Baron von Thielmann, Prussian Ambassador at 
Hamburg, and has, 

Carola Mathilde, born 1890. 

(4) Frederick William, Count Ross. His father gave him on his 
marriage the estates of Hans Loo and Pottichel on the Lower Rhine. 

Born 1 8 16, he died at Dresden 9th October 1854, having married at 

Bonn, 15th May 1840, Ida aus 'm Weerth. They had, 

1. Frederick William. (See Mow,) 

2. Constance Luise Marie, born 1846, married at Loo 

14th September 1862 Frederic Carl von Fridirici 
Steinmann - Mellentin, Captain in the Artillery 
Regiment of the Guards, and owner of the manor of 
Gassendorf and other property in Silesia. He fell at 
the battle of St. Privat, 20th August 1870, leaving, with 

three daughters, a son, Frederick, bom 1865, 

owner of Gassendorf. 

^ To Countess Luise Ross I am indebted for much assistance, and for having placed 
at my disposal many family papers. 

86 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

{6) Frederick William, Count Ross, Rittmeister 7th Hussars. He fought 
in the war of 1866 ; in 1870 he was severely wounded on the head by the 
explosion at the fortress of Laon ; he was at the battle of Mars-la-Tour, and 
in the fights round Orleans. Born at Haus Loo 9th July 1841, he died at 
Bonn from the effects of the wounds received at Laon, 7th July 1883, 
having married at Bonn, 14th September 1862, Margarelha Luise von Biilow. 
By his death s,p, this branch of the Ross family became extinct in the 
male line. 

Arms, Gu,, 3 lions rampant or ; Helmet of his degree with a Count's 
coronet, bearing for crest a lily arg,^ with a palm branch on either side ; 
Dexter supporter, a blackamoor with an apron az,, Sinister, a lion or. 
Motto, In magnis voluisse sat est. 

In the Adels'Lexicon are also named, without indicating their origin, — 

2. Colonel Johann Carl von Ross, who having served for forty years was 
raised in 1786 to the position of Freiherr, with the addition of von Rosen- 
bach to his name. 

Captain Robert Ross von Thornthoun of the Austrian service was 
made a Bohemian Knight. 

In the logs of the ships belonging to the Dutch East India Company, 
rolls of their troops and servants, preserved at The Hague, are mentioned — 

Edmond Ros, born at Amsterdam, appointed * assistant' with 24 
florins a month, left Texel for Batavia ist January 1744, and arriving there 
3d July was employed as writer. He made a will, ist September 1750, in 
favour of his only daughter, Katherine Maria Ros, then about 22 years of 
age, living with his brother-in-law, Peter Pas, in Amsterdam, and failing her 
he left his money to the children of his sister, Anna Margaret Ros or Pas. 
He died 20th September. 

Daniel Ros, born at Breda, was engaged, 6th April 1749, as soldier 
with 9 florins a month. He reached Batavia 22d January 1750. He served 
in the Dutch possessions until 25th November 1759, when he was returned 
missing after the battle of Chandernagore. 

Daniel Ros, born in Ross-shire, was also engaged as a soldier, with the 
same pay. Leaving Texel for Batavia 3d October 1752, he arrived there 
7th June 1753, and was sent to Quail, where he died 26th July 1764. He 
left no will, and the money owing to him was never claimed. 

John Theodore Ross, born at Bakel in Brabant, was appointed pastor 
with a salary of 100 florins a month. Leaving Texel 29th June 1787, after 
remaining for a time at the Cape of Good Hope, he reached Batavia i8th 
July 1788, and remained as pastor of the Dutch community. In 1809 he 
appears as honorary Professor of Theology and Knight of the Royal Order 
of Holland. After 18 10 there is no further mention of him. 

Mr. Paul Ross, born at Veldhoven, was engaged in 1787 as member 
of the legal council at Batavia, with a stipend of 150 florins a month. He 
died there 6th June 1791, leaving a widow, Gesina Cornelia Schultz. John 
Theodore Ross was one of the executors to his will. 

F. N. R. 

387. The Historian Wodrow. — Upon two occasions, in 171 7 and 
1726, the inhabitants of the town of Stirhng made attempts to secure as 
their minister the Reverend Robert Wodrow, Minister of the Parish of East- 
wood, and historian of the Church of Scotland. The call of 171 7, signed 
by the leading inhabitants of the town, has been preserved in the historian's 

or, Northern Notes and Queries. 


family, and is now in possession of his lineal representative, Mr. Charles 
W. Wodrow Thomson, Chartered Accountant, Edinburgh, by whose kind 
permission I am enabled to forward a transcription of the call and the 
signatures appended. Marchmont Herald. 

We, heads of families, merchands, tradesmen, maltmen, mechanicks, 
and others, burgesses and inhabitants of the burgh of Stirling, hereto 
subscribing, do hereby declare our satisfaction with, and consent unto a 
call given by our Town Council and Kirk Session to the Reverend 
Mr. Robert Woodrow, Minister of the Gospel at Eastwood, to be one of the 
ministers in this congregation, heartily joining in the desire that he may 
come and labour amongst us in the work of the Gospel, promising all due 
subjection and encouragement suitable from a loving people to their faithful 
pastor. In testimonie whereof we have subscribed these presents at Sterling 
the fifteenth day of Januarie 171 7 years. 

Alex. Burd. 

Wm. Paterson. 

Alexr. Glasfurd. 

Archibald Moir. 

John Don. 

George Drummond, 

Jo. Finlaysone. 

Will. Urquhart. 

Ja. Johnstone. 

Ja. Christie. 

Tho. Darling. 

Jannes Laing. 

Patrick Dounie. 

William Hendrie. 

Mr. Wm. Thomson. 

William Cowan. 

James Burns. 

Jo. Allane, 

John Shereswood. 

John Hyndshaw, Stationer. 

Alexr. Donaldson. 

Andrew Millar. 

John Aitkine, 

John Lindsay. 

William Spittal. 

Thomas Glen. 

Pat. Maxwell. 

Ro. Wingate. 

Ja. Wallace. 

Will. Allan. 

George Jaffraye. 

James Mitchell. 

John Gallaway. 

Andrew M^lieharn. 

And. Wright. 

James Dugon. 

Hendrie Jafray. 

Alexr. Boler. 

James Gibb. 

John Miller. 

Walter Hardie. 

John Hardie. 

Ja. Christie. 

Patrick Gillespe. 

J. Russell. 

Ja. Christie. 
David Gillespie. 
Wm. Leask. 
Ja. NicoU. 
Thos. Gillespie. 
Michaell Downie. 
J. Don. 

Patrick Stevenson. 
Ja. Urquhart. 
Will. Maiben. 
John Nill. 
Jo. Sconce. 
John Christie. 
Joseph Hunter. 
John Napier. 
John Stiwnson. 
James Stivenson. 
Robert Burn. 
John Adam. 
Andrew Mitchell. 
John Robertson. 
James Robertson. 
Archibald M^'nab. 
Archibald Paterson. 
Alexr. Paterson. 
Ro. Robertson. 
David Walker. 
Will. Lyon. 
Charels Lyon. 
John Hill. 
John Heart. 
Hugh Forbes. 
William Howstowne. 
John Stivenson. 
John Balfouer. 
George Reid. 
William Buchan. 
Will. Gilfillan. 
John Finlayson. 
John Baxter. 
Alexr. Ride. 
Henry Duncan. 
William Hugat. 
Rot. Gardiner. 
William Mitchell. 

William Allan. 
Thomas Gillespie, yor. 
Cha. Ross. 
James Neaper. 
Jo. Berrihill. 
William Barklay. 
Ro. Barklie. 
Ja. Baird. 
Wm. Steilintoun. 
Da. Neaper. 
James Bwchanan. 
Archibald Anderson. 
Christopher Russall. 
Francis Houstoun. 
John Anderson. 
Thomas Thomsone. 
Andrew Miller. 
John Waugh. 
William Bowie. 
George Rind. 
Jam. McKnor. 
James Bochen. 
John Wright, elder. 
Will. Wright. 
Jam. Hill. 
William Pattersone. 
William McCrockett. 
John Lowrie. 
J. Grahame. 
Thomas Dounie. 
John Stivinson. 
Robert Cowan. 
William Smith. 
Colline McLourie. 
John Bell. 
John McArthur. 
Charles McFarland. 
Jo. Allan. 
John Din. 
Lawrence Frazer. 
Walter Din. 
Robert Balfour. 
Archibald Moir. 
John Rolok. 
John Henderson. 


The Scottish Antiqiiary ; 

James Lowk. 
John Jamison. 
John Dowgall. 
Alexr. Finlayson. 
John Davie. 
Tho. Murray. 
Alexr. Gilfillane. 
James Walker. 
Rot. Duncane. 
James Harvie. 
John Wordie. 
Alexr. Plook. 
John Finlaysone. 
John Gray. 
William Wright. 
James Davie, 
Hugh Smith. 
William Wands. 
Thomas Brun. 
John Thomsone. 
Andrew Wilsone. 
James Ross. 
Will. Allane. 
Andrew Chrystie. 
John TurnbuU. 
Robert Buchanan. 
John Stevenson. 
Alexr. Fletcher. 
Thomas Reoch. 
Ja. Brisbane. 
Alexr. Steuart. 
Tho. Glen. 
Mu. Steuart. 
Patrick Claus. 
James Murrow. 
Robert Finlaysone. 
David Buchn. 
Robert Forester. 
William Forester. 
John Forester. 
Patrick Forguson. 
Will. Finlaysone. 
Thomas Wright. 
James Challmers. 
David Mafett. 
Willam McKlersi. 
John Broun. 
James Adam. 
George Henderson. 
Ja. Urquhart. 
Thomas Campbell. 
Patrick Wright. 
Thomas Thomson. 
James M^^lchriest. 
John Kee. 
Will. Cuninghame. 
John Garrow. 
Alexr. Chrystie. 
Georg Danskine. 
Alexander Fergusson. 
Georg Reid, yor. 
Will. Glas. 
John Dason. 
Jams Jafrie. 
Willi. Oliphant. 

Tho. M^lay. 
John Fergusone. 
Will. Andersone. 
John Finlaysone. 
John Aiken. 
William Gilchrist. 
Alexander Harla. 
John Blair. 
John Campbell. 
Duncan Bryce. 
Thomas Jamisone. 
John Robertsone. 
John Skillie. 
Andrew Hunter. 
John Ewing. 
John Russal. 
Jannes Russal. 
Robert Chrystie. 
John McKinnon. 
Patrick Proven. 
Jo. Muschett. 
Malcolm McGibbon. 
Jo. Easson. 
Walter Easson. 
John White. 
John McKessone. 
J a. Watsone. 
William Garoh. 
Jo. Millar. 
John Simpson. 
Thomas Baird, yor. 
James Glen. 
John Glen. 
John Dewer. 
Archibald Aikman. 
Patrik Norie. 
John Willson. 
Alexr. Sharpe. 
James Low. 
Archibald Chrystie. 
Walter Easson. 
Charles Morison. 
Thomas Davie. 
Will. Christie. 
Thomas Brown. 
John Adam, elder. 
Thomas Archibald. 
Ja. NicoU. 
Cha. Ross, B. 
William Murray. 
George Reid. 
Geor. Miller. 
William Miller. 
Alexr. Muschett. 
Ja. Steuart. 
Andrew Liddel. 
Ja. Lourie. 
William Hendersone. 
Ja. Watsone. 
Jon. Hendersone. 
Walter Cowan. 
Thomas Gall. 
John Main. 
Tho. Baird. 
Robert Callenter. 

Patrick Dewar. 
Jo. Ewing. 
Ja. Callander. 
Jo. Glen. 
Exlward Luckison. 
J. Martine. 
Alexr. Mitchell. 
John Henderson. 
Joseph Cowan. 
Geo. Dow. 
David Yewine. 
Jo. Kelly. 
Jo. M^ljohn. 
Pat Fisher. 
John M^laren. 
Ja. Watsone. 
Pat. Dicksone. 
Jo. M^lay. 
Ja. Garone. 
Jo. Kay. 
James Harvie. 
John Sibbet. 
Patrick Glespie. 
Ja. Watsone. 
Ja. Young. 
Alexander Condie. 
Archibald M^farland. 
William Cherire. 
William Baird. 
Jo. Reid. 
James Grame. 
Robert Hall. 
Andrew Huton. 
Wm. Gilchrist. 
T. F. 

John Adam. 
John Forbes. 
Christie Miller. 
John Henderson. 
Alexander Cowan. 
J. L. 

James Mofet. 
James Miler. 
John McKounu. 
Doncan M^^ffarllen. 
John Miler. v 
Donel McKnivr. 
John Wright. 
John Rusell. 
David MitcheL 
Alexander Vatch. 
John taler. 
Robert Bier. 
Patrick Lowrie. 
Thomas Robrtson. 
Patrick Finleson. 
James Tayllor. 
Will. Christie. 
Thomas Key. 
John Miller. 
James Ramsay. 
Joseph Cowan. 
Will. Wands. 
James Wands. 
James Chalmers. 

or, Northern Notes and Queries. 


Alexander Dicksone. 
Rot. McFarlane. 
James Kidston. 
Duncan Stewart. 
Dougal Graeme. 
James Gilespie. 
John Livingston. 
John TurnbuU. 
William Grem. 
Patrick Gream. 
Georg. Robison. 
W. W. 

David Anderson. 
Alexander Cown. 
Robert Hinderson. 
John M<^arlen. 
John Shirra. 
James Crookshanks. 
Jo. McG rigor. 
Robert Morison. 
Jon. Gilfillane. 
Da. Miller. 
Alexr. Watson. 
Adam Jack. 
John Edmonstoune. 
John Chirstie. 
Roberd Fergusone. 
Ro. Rind. 
John Brember. 
Alexr. Cram. 
John Seatton. 
Robert Gallaway. 
John Ried. 
Andrew Millar. 
James Douglas. 
James Harper. 
Ja. Christie. 
William Young. 
William Thomson. 
David Mitchell. 
Alexander Clark. 
Will. GillfiUane. 
Wm. Morisone. 
Wilam Gilchrist. 
Doncan M^^farson. 
Robert Forsyth. 
Andrew Kerr. 
John Fergie. 
John McFarllan. 
Archibald Campbell. 
Robert Anderson. 
William McHowat. 
Jannes Smith. 
William McKuen. 
John Miler. 
David Gowing. 
John McLaren. 
John Sinson. 
I. C. Ja. Chamers mark. 

J. Henderson. 
James Adie. 
John Watson. 
James Bruce. 
Chreystie Miler. 
Alexr. Adam. 
Thomas Blar. 
W. S. 

William Thomson. 
John Mitchell. 
John Brember. 
William Hart. 
Ja. Webster. 
Richard Rae. 
Alexander Calender. 
Robert Gilchrist. 
John Ferguson. 
Alexr. Robertson. 
Donald Forrester. 
Jam. Thomson. 
John Foster. 
Alex. Smith. 
James Chalmers. 

Jo. Robertson. • 
Georg. Fisher. 
Neill Glass. 
Alexr. Donaldson. 
J a. Christie, Junr. 
Wm. Christie. 
Alexr. Gilchrist. 
James Daussone. 
William Wilsone. 
Tho. Christie. 
Andrew McKie. 
Alexander Brown. 
John Paton. 
Alexr. DoUer. 
John Tilloch. 

And. Thomsone. 
William Allan. 
James Cushnie. 
John Galawa. 
Alexander Galawa. 
John Stirling. 
Alexr. Stalker. 
Robert Simers. 
George Esplin. 
Robert Stirling. 
Robert Brown. 
Walter Stinson. 
Rott. Hamilton. 
John Neilson. 

Alexr, Br 

R. C. Ritch mark. 

John Glen. 

James McK 

John Ferrg 

Wm. Anderson. 
D. W. David Wilson. 
Alexr. Chalmers. 
James Henrie. 
W. C. Wm. Corsar. 
Robert TurnbuU. 
Alexander Mushet. 
William Ramsey. 
William Laurie, elder. 
William Laurie, yor. 
John McKison. 
John Wilison. 
Archibald Stivenson. 
John Watson. 
John Paterson. 
John Watson. 
Thomas Bouie. 
Tames Stivenson. 
John Bouie. 

James Stivenson, yongr. 
Wm. Keir. 

Archibald McKelchreist. 
John Aikman. 
John Christie. 
William M^eson. 
James Aikman. 
John Stinson. 
Robert Finlaysone. 
John Wilison. 
Thomas Mwre. 
Andrew Challmers* 
J. Finlaysone. 
Will. Millar. 
Robert Gilchrist. 
William Gilkrist. 
William Wright. 
Thomas Gillfilane. 
William Gilfilane. 
John Campbell. 
John Davie, youir. 
Thomas Watson. 
Rot. Ker. 
Alex. Donaldsone. 
John Brown. 
John Lonie. 
Thomas Rowan. 
John Gibb. 

John Edom. 
James Brown. 
William Fergsuon. 
Andrew Stewart. 
John TurnbuU. 
J as. Ferguson, 
Robert Henderson. 
James Cowan. 
John Muschet. 
Ja. Dick. 

The Call is signed upon four sheets of paper which have been mounted 
on a roller, and so carefully preserved that all but three names are deci- 

90 The Scottish Antiqtmry ; 

388. Knight of the Kirk (w/. iv.//. 129, 180). — A passage bearing 
upon this subject occurs in Arbroath and its Abbey ^ by David Millar, 
(page 135) which we give our readers : — Ed. 

* It may be observed that the Latin title JDominus, so often applied to 
priests and monks at this time, was equivalent to the prefix Sir^ by which 
many of them were styled, and which title, it will be recollected, was 
repudiated by Walter Miln, the priest of Lunan, when applied to him by 
his accusers on his trial, adding, "I have been ower long one of the 
Pope's knights." Sir David Lyndesay alludes to this title in the following 
lines : — 

" The pure Priest thinkis he gets nae richt 

Be he nocht sty lit like an Knicht, 

And callit Schir befoir his name. 

As Schir Thomas and Schir Williame." 

The title was applied to persons in priests' orders who had not taken the 
proper academical degree of Master of Arts, so as to entitle them to use 
the higher prefix of master or magister^ which is applied to some of the 
clergy named in Robert Scot's list of souls. The title Den^ prefixed to the 
names of several Arbroath abbots and monks in vernacular writings seems 
to have been the Scottish mode of writing Dean, as Lyndesay adds — 

" All monkes, as ye may hear and see, 
Are called Deanes for dignitie ; 
Albeit his mother milke the kow, 
He must be callit Deane Andrew.*' 

The titles Sir or Den^ as applied to clergy, seems to have fallen into disuse 
after the Reformation. But as many Romish priests of the lower ranks 
came to be employed as readers and teachers, the term was after that event 
applied, in the old form of Dominie^ to Schoolmasters, and seems to have 
been famiharly used in addressing them ; and that with more respect than 
is now generally attached to the term. An instance of this is aflbrded by 
a conversation which John Row, minister of Perth, had on his deathbed, 
in 1580, with "the master of the gramer schoole, commonlie called 
Dominis Rind," as recorded in the Additions to Row's Coronis, p. 456, 
Wodrow edition. Much information is collected on this point in Dr 
Jamieson's Scottish Dictionary {voce Pope's Knights) ; and some observa- 
tions "On the title of Sir, applied to priests," are given by Mr David 
Laing in the appendix (p. 555) to the first volume of his Wodrow edition 
of Knox's Works.' 

389. Name Givers. — In most parochial registers of Baptism in Scotland 
the names of witnesses are given ; usually these were relatives of the infant. 
In a few registers, however, instead of witnesses the name of the person in 
honour of whom the name was given is entered under the heading 

* Witnesses, etc' Thus an infant at Dundee named George has opposite 
his name * His Majesty King George [i.] ' ; while in another case, in 1746, 
the Duke of Cumberland, the hero of Culloden, appears as the name 
giver. One parent even entered * David, King of Israel ' as name giver 
to his child. 

By adding the names of the genuine witnesses or the statement 

* before the congregation ' security was afforded that the rite had been 
properly performed. It would be curious to know what purpose the 
officials imagined they served when they chronicled the whims of parents 

or, Northern Notes avd Queries, 9 1 

in the manner we have mentioned. Doubtless the infant George would 
be trained up to be a loyal subject to the Hanoverian dynasty. Was the 
youthful David destined to be a precentor ? Ed. 

390. English Workmen in Glasgow, i 758-1805. — The Registers of 
Baptisms and Marriages of St. Andrew's Episcopal Church in Glasgow were 
carefully kept by the Rev. John Falconar, the minister. Very many of the 
entries concern the soldiers stationed in the city, and Protestant Irish work- 
men. Two of the staple trades of the place, delph-making and bottle-making, 
were largely carried on by Englishmen. We think that a list of their names, 
with the date of the earliest record concerning each, will interest our 
readers in England, and may be of value as throwing a light on the intro- 
duction and growth of certain handicrafts now flourishing. 

I. Potters — Delph-makers or Stoneware-makers, 

John Holden, * Englishman,' and Isabel Faucet, his wife, 1760, Potter. 

Robert Bingwall, Potter, 'Englishman,' 1770. 

John Hainton, Delph-maker, and Lucia Chatilly, his wife, 1771. 

Mr. Bignol, Stoneware Manufacturer, from England, 1772. 

William Cockley, Delph-maker, 1772. 

Thomas Bibby, Stoneware-maker, 1772, a daughter named Angelotte. 

Anne Newell, his wife. 
Robert Watson, Painter and Gilder at the Delft-house, Elizabeth Metcalfe, 

his wife. 
Isaac Cartlege, 1778 (had a son bapt. Aaron), at the Stoneware factory, 

Mary Steel, his wife. 
John Forrester, journeyman *at the Stone or Earthenware Works.' 
William Suckers, 1781, Delft-maker. 
Richard Abbey, 1781, Painter at the Delft-house, an Englishman, 

Rachel Garner, his wife. 
Thomas Pratt, 1781, Potter. 

Jacob Low, 1782, Potter from England, Isobel Lee, his wife. 
Edward Glass, 1783, at the Delft-house, lately from England, Ann Evans, 

his wife. 
Thomas Mayo, 1783, at the Delft-house, Nanny Steel, his wife. 
James McDonald, 1785, by trade a Potter, Janet Cant, his wife. • 
Daniel Steel, 1786, Potter from England, Mary Brook, his wife, Aaron, 

his son. 
John Eaton, 1788, at the Delft-field, Mary Hold, his wife. 
John Mitchell, 1789, Potter, Ann Fishwick, his wife. 
John Barlow, 1790, Potter at the Stone-field, an Englishman. 
John Mitchell, 1790, Potter. 
John Yumens, 1793, Potter. 

James Tennant, 1794, Stoneware-maker, May Hypson, his wife. 
Charles Colt, 1794, Dealer in Stoneware, Mary Foster, his wife, both from 


2. Glass and Bottle-makers, 

Cornelius Groves, 1763. 

Amos Robertson, 1763. 

John Gardener, 1764. 

Timothy Warren, Bottle-blower, 1765. 

Joseph Wilkins, 1770, * Englishman,' Helen Banner, his wife, 1776. 

92 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Thomas Rowand, Bottle-blower, 1773, 'Englishman.' 

William Fletcher, 1775, Helen Quick, his wife. 

William Mustard, 1777, Bottle-maker from Newcastle, Catherine Walton, 

his wife. 
William Deak, 1777 or Dalk, at the Glass-house, Finniestoun [1783]. 
Ralph Ashwood, 1778, Bottlemaker from Lancashire, Mary Young, his wife. 
Jacob Smith, 1779, at the Flint Glass-house ajt Finniestoun, from Newcastle, 

Eliz^ Rannison, his wife. 
Robert Fairfield, 1779, Bottle-maker at Dumbarton, from Newcastle, Mary 

Yardley, his wife. 
Samuel Elliot, 1779, Glass-maker at Finnieston, from Newcastle, Marg* 

Turnbull, his wife. 
Peter Verden, 1779, Glassmaker at Finnieston, Eliza Cook, his wife. 
Mathew Beatson, 1779, Bottle-maker, Barbara Eagleson, his wife. 
James Potts, 1780, at Finnieston Glass-works, Elizabeth Fachouder, his 

Thomas Green, 1780, Chrystal Glass-maker, from England, at Finnieston. 
John Harris, 1781, Chrystal-maker, Mary Bucke^ his wife. 
Thomas Holden, 1781, at the Glass-works, Dumbarton. 
William Mathews, 1782, at the Chrystal Glass-works, Finnieston, Eliz^ 

Russell, his wife. 
William Tweeddal, 1784, Chrystal Glass-maker, Ann Tissaac, his wife. 
William Barns, 1785, Chrystal Glass-maker at Finnieston, from London 

Mary Brown, his wife. 
Jacob Smith, 1785, Gallowgate Chrystal Glass-works, Eliz'' Ranny, his wife. 
Thomas M^Cuckly, 1786, Chrystal Glass-maker at Finnieston, and Margaret 

Meckysm, his wife, both from England. 
Timothy Pemberton, 1786, Bottle-maker, Jane Morrison or Murray, 1789, 

his wife, married at Bishop Weirmouth 7th Oct. 1779. 
Thomas Barns, 1786, Chrystal Glass-maker, from England. 
Mr. William Geddes, 1786, at the Chrystal Glass-house, Margaret Cow, 

his wife. 
Mr. Henry Whitehouse, 1786, Chrystal-maker, Gallo>ygate, Catherine 

Beucher, his wife. 
John Hudson, 1787, Chrystal Glass-maker, Isobel Rutherford, his wife. 
William Hattell, 1787, Glass-house, Gallowgate. 
Mr. Evomy Evermay, 1788, Clerk to the Chrystal Glass-work, Mary 

Dawson, his wife. 
John Dow, 1788, Bottle-maker, Fanny Flaus, his wife. 
Anthony Strobach, 1788, Glass-engraver. 

Thomas Dark, 1788, Chrystal Glass-maker, Mary Craig, his wife. 
John Gilroy, 1788, Bottle-maker, Susanna Price, his wife, married at 

Clackmannan 2d Oct. 1787. 
Frederick Thomas, 1790, Chrystal Glass-maker, Sarah Chambers, his wife, 

both from London. 
Timothy Warren, 1793, Bottle-maker, Ann Shiplie, his wife. 
James Eagleson, 1794, Bottle-maker^ Elizabeth Thomson, his wife, from 

Thomas Warrand, 1794, Bottle-maker, Agnes Fulton, his wife. 
John Warren, 1795, Bottle-maker, Mary Stirling, his wife. 
James Sykes, 1796, Bottle-blower, and Margaret Eaglesham. 
Thomas Henley, 1798, Chrystal-maker, Finniestoun, Jemima Blackwell, 

his wife, both from London. 

or, Northern Notes and Queries, 



CLXXV, Douglas Family. — At a recent sale at Puttick & Simpson's, 
Leicester Square, London, was sold a Johnsonian letter of 
Francis Douglas, of * Abbotts Inch,' Scotland, dated loth July 
1775. ^"^ any one inform me who was this Francis Douglas, 
to what branch of the Douglas family he belonged, and whether 
he had a son named Francis ? If so, what became of him ? 

Francis Douglas, of Abbotts Inch, appears by his letter to 
have been a literary man, as he alludes to either a book or a 
play he had written called * The Gentleman.' Further, I shall be 
glad if any one will kindly refer me to pedigrees or branches 
of the Douglas family wherein the Christian name of Francis 
appears, about 1740- 1800. W. H. Cottell. 

Yeolmbridge, Wood Vale, London, S.E. 

CLXXVI. Old Bronze Vessel. — 
This is a very rough sketch 
of a small bronze cup, found 
during recent excavations in 
Christ Church Place, Dublin. 
Can you inform me as to its 
probable use ? I am of opinion 
it is a measure, or perhaps for 
holding oil for anointing, etc. 
It is evidently of great anti- 
quity, and made of fine old 
bronze. Above sketch is about 
the size of original. 

Wm. Usher Clarke. 

CLXXVII. Campbells of Cawdor. — (i) Information desired as to the 
Campbells of Ardnahow, Islay, maternal ancestors of the late 
Sir Colin Campbell, Lord Clyde. Were they d rectly descended 
from the family of their chief, Campbell of Cawdor ? and, if so, 

(2) Did William Campbell of Tyrabolls, Islay, brother of 
Sir John Campbell of Cawdor, leave descendants? He married, 
firstly, Agnes, daughter of Hugh Rose of Kilravock, and relict 
of David Rose of Holme ; secondly, a Miss Campbell. 

Kindly reply direct. Campbell Blair. 

Whalley House, Manchester. 


CXV. CuNNiNGHAR. — The piece of land upon which the City Hospital, 
Aberdeen, is erected was known as the Cuninghar Holes. (See 
Scottish Notes and Queries^ January 1889.) 

In the Promptorium Parvulorum it is spelt Connyngere. 

94 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

In Halliwell's Archaic Dictionary^ a rabbit-warren is quoted as 
Conygarthe^ from Palgrave. 

In Jamieson's Scottish Dictionary a quotation is given from 
the Scottish Acts of Parliament, 1494 — 'That na man tak 
cunnyngis out of utheris cunnjmgarthis.' (See Scottish Notes and 
Queries^ July 1889.) 

Cunning Garth, in the Lake District, is said to mean 'the 
King's yard.' (See Canon Taylor's Words and Places.) 

George Frater. 


CXXIII. (voL iv. p. 93) HousTOUNS of Fortrose. — ^The following 
notes regarding the Houstouns of Ross, etc., may be of some 
assistance to * 2 ' : — 

The Rev. Thomas Houstoun of Inverness, who died upon 9th 
Feb. 1605, is regarded as progenitor of Northern Houstouns. 
He had a daughter Elspet, who married Wm. Robertson of 
Kindeace. He is said to have had a son John, minister of 
Wardlaw 16 11. This John married Elspet Fraser, probably of 
the Struy Family. Upon i8th May 1630 there is a bond by 
Thomas Fraser of Struy in their favour for 1000 merks. There 
is another bond by Struy upon 26th June 1640 for 2000 merks, 
while in June 1643 there is bond by Struy in favour of *Mr. 
John Houstoun as Tutor to Alexander and Isobel Houstoun, 
his lawful bairns.' 

In 1662 there is Rev. James Houstoun, Rector of Kirkmichael 
and CuUiludden. His paternity is unknown to me. He mar- 
ried and had : — 

1. George. 

2. David. 

George Houstoun, merchant of Fortrose, married (contract 7 th 
April 1 7 10) Hendrat, eldest dau. of Dr. Alex. Inglis of Nairn, 
by his wife Jean Urquhart. The tocher is 500 merks. On 
ist March 1726 Robert Backs disposed to them certain lands 
within Fortrose and Rosemarkie. Their eldest son, 

Alexander, afterwards Provost of Fortrose, married . 

He had a disposition from Adam Gordon of Ardoch 
of certain burgh lands upon 27th January 1755. He 
died 2d October 1767, and left four daughters, 
viz. : — 

(i) Janet, married Rev. Alex. Wood of Rose- 
(ii) Catherine, m. Rev. John Urquhart of Feam. 
(iii) Alexandrina, m. Rev. Jas. Smith of Avock. 
(iv) Ann, m. [? Capt. Ken. Mackenzie of 78th 
The Rev. Thomas Houstoun of Boleskine, 164 7, was probably 
grandson of Rev. Thomas of Inverness. Upon a tombstone in 
Boleskine churchyard, bearing the Houstoun and Fraser arms 
quartered, is the following inscription : — * This stone is placed 
hier for Master Thomas Houstoun, minister at Boleskine, and 
Marie Fraser, daughter to AL Fraser of Erechit, his spouse, who 



or. Northern Notes and Queries, 95 


departed the 15th day of March 1681 — and he departed the 4th 
of Februar 1705/ 

* Hier we lye asleep, 

Till Christ the world surround. 
This Sepulchre we keep, 

Until the Trumpet sound/ 
They had :— 

1. Thomas (see below), 

2. A son who married , and had William of Drumy- 

araple {see post), 
II. Thomas, married Janet Mackintosh, dau. of Mackintosh of 
Aberarder and had : — 

1. ThoTCidL^ {see below), 

2. Hugh Houstoun of Meikle Ferry {see post), 

III. Thomas Houstoun, married first Jane MacBean, and had : — 

1. Dr. Simon, d,s,p, 

2. Mr. Lewis {see post), 

3. Jane, d. unm. 

He married secondly Christian, dau. of John Gray of Overskibo 
and had : — 

1. John, d. at . 

2. Hugh, m. Creagan, sister to the Bishop of Sodor 

and Man. 

3. Alexander, d. unm. 

4. George, d. in Jamaica. 

5. Ann, m. John Ross of Invernauld. 

IV. Mr. Lewis Houstoun, son of Thomas, married his cousin Jane, 

daughter to Hugh Houstoun, and had : — 

1. Mr. Hugh, d. in Demerara, s.pJ, 

2. James, d. y. 

3. Alexander, d. in West Indies, sp,l, 

4. Arch. Montgomery, d. in London. 

5. Thomas of Creich {see below), 

6. Jane, m. (8 April 1806) Mr. William Grant of Tain. 

V. Thomas Houstoun of Creich, Tacksman of Kintradwell, etc., 
married his cousin Mary Houstoun, dau. to Hugh Houstoun of 
Creich, and had : — 

1. Mr. Lewis, m. CEnesina Reed, dau. of Gabriel Reed, Esq., 

Gordon Bush (dead). 

2. Hugh, ma. Miss Mitchell (dead). 

3. Major William, ma. Katharine, dau. of Ralph Reed, Esq., 

Skelpaig. Resides at Kintradwell. 

(2.) Jane, m. Ellerington Reed, her brother-in-law. 
Hugh Houstoun of Meikle Ferry, second son of Thomas II. married 
Catherine, daughter of John Gray of Overskibo, and had : — 

(3.) Ann, m. Hugh Ross, Esq. of Knockbrake. 

1. John, d. y. 

2. John, married and had a son Simon. 

3. Catherine, m. 

4. Ann, m. Hugh Houstoun of Creich. 

5. Jane, m. Lewis Houstoun IV. 

6. Isabella, m. Andrew Davidson, Overskibo. 

96 J The Scottish Antiquary ; 

7. Christian, m. Rev. J. Campbell, Jamaica. 

8. Margaret, m. Hugh Davidson, Rosebank. 

9. Rebecca, m. Hugh Macpherson, Brora. 
10, Mary, m. George Mackay of Tordarroch. 

William Houstoun of Drumyample m. Catherine Fraser, dau. to Hugh 
Fraser of Keppoch, and had : — 

1. Thomas. 

2. Alexander. 

3. William. 

4. Hugh of Creich (see belmii), 

5. Elspet. 

Hugh of Creich, d. 19 March 1825, m. Ann, dau. of Hugh Hous- 
toun of Meikle Ferry, by whom he had : — 

1. Hugh. 

2. Lieut. William, of yistRegt., d. 5 May 181 1. 

3. Catherine, m. Chas. Monro of Allan. 

4. Mary, m. Thomas Houstoun of Creich. 

5. Jane, m. Hugh Ross of Knockluke. 

The foregoing notes relative to descendants of Rev. Thomas Houstoun 
of Boleskine'are from an old ms. pedigree. D. Murray Rose. 

CLVni. Old Trade-Mark. — There is some similarity between the 
above described by your correspondent * E. B.' and certain 
marks, described as Masons' Marks, on the pulpit of St. Stephen's 
Church, Vienna. (See The Builder^ October 10, 1863.) 

George Frater. 

CLIX. A Broken Cross. — 'E. B.' does not state what the other 
figures on the tombstone are ; they possibly might give a clue to 
the above. The following might be consulted on the subject : — 
* On Certain Marks discoverable in the Stones of various Build- 
ings erected in the Middle Ages,' by George Goodwin, Jun. 
(See Archceologia, vol. xxx.). And in Archceoiogia for 1852 a 
paper by Mr. Patrick Chalmers, F.S.A., with new examples of 
Masons' Marks from Scotland. George Frater. 

CLXn. Scottish Surnames. — See A Short Introduction to the Origin of 
Surnames, by P. Dudgeon (Edinburgh: D. Douglas. 1890). 
Also * Macs ' in Galloway, by the same author. See Banffshire 
Year-Book {Banffshire Journal Office, 1891) for very complete 
lists of fishermen, etc. See article on * To-Names ' in Scotsman, 
9th September 1889 (a copy of which I can send Mr. Frater for 
perusal). I presume Mr. Frater is acquainted with the following, 
although not distinctively Scottish : — Lordan's Of Certain English 
Surnames ; Lower's English Surnames ; Article on Surnames in 
Cornhill Magazine, April 1868 ; Long's Personal and Family 
Na?nes ; Bardsley's English Surnames. W. Cramond. 





The Scottish Antiquary 


Northern Notes and Queries 




391. Diary of the Rev. John Hunter, 

Shetland, 1734-1745, . . .97 

392. Monumental Brass of John Beton,' 112 

393. Petition of Royalist Officers, . .113 

394. Orkney Folk Lore, . . • "5 

395. Proclamation byjohn, Earl of Mar, 121 

396. Betrothal and Marriage, . . 122 

397. The Scots in Ulster, . . . 122 

398. Sailor's Costume in 1693, . . 127 

399. Seal of Bishop Stephen of Ross, . 127 

400. Rebel Prisoners at Inverness, . 127 

401. Price of Glass in 1686, . . . 130 

402. Registers of Old St. Paul's, Edin- 

burgh, 130 

403. Records of the Monastery of Kin- 

loss, 131 

404. Arabic Numerals, .... 132 

405. Petition of John, Earl of Dundee, . 132 

406. Notes on the Family of Urquhart, 133 

407. Garter Medal, .... 135 

408. Letter from David Hume, 

409. Seals of Bishop of Caithness, 

410. A • No Popery' Petition, 1779, 

411. Ross Family, 



• 13s 

. 137 
. 138 

. 139 

CLXXVin. Stratheam Lennoxes, . 139 

CLXXIX. Old Proverbial Expression, 139 

CLXXX. Chiefs of Clans, . .139 

CLXXXL Sir James Murray, . .140 

CLXXXn. ' Wude Willie Grime,' . 140 


I. & XXXn. Grahame of Mote, . . 140 

XCL Bennet Family, . . . 140 

CLXIX. William Dunbar, , . 141 

CLXXIV. Early Scottish Weavers, . 142 

CLXXV. Douglas Family, . . 143 

Notices of Books, . . .143 

Note. — The Editor does not hold himself responsible for the opinions 

or statements of Contributors, 

All Communications to be sent to the Editor of^ The Scottish Antiquary,' 

The Parsonage, Alloa. 

391. Diary of the Rev. John Hunter, Episcopal Minister in 
Shetland, 17 34- 1745. — Through the courtesy of John Bruce, Esq. of 
Sumburgh, owner of the ms., we have been enabled to print for the first 
time the curious and interesting Diary of the Rev. John Hunter, who, 
until the opening of St Magnus Church in Lerwick, in 1864, was the last 
Episcopal clergyman in Shetland. 

The Diary is a small octavo volume of 82 pages, consisting of entries 
ranging from 1734 to 1745, oC Baptisms, Marriages, and Accounts, mixed 
up confusedly, but which, for the sake of distinctness to the reader, have 
now been arranged in the print in order under their proper heads. It 
is thus not a Diary in the ordinary sense. It contains no references to 


98 The Scottish Antiqtuiry ; 

current life in his own district, or to public events, no revelation of his 
sentiments on any question, civil or religious, 'but is merely a bald record 
of certain portions of his ministerial work and of his private accounts. It 
shows the almost fugitive character of the position of the ' tolerated ' Epi- 
scopal clergy in some quarters of Scotland at the time, and the scattered 
nature of the flock to whom the author ministered. 

Some of the entries, in reference to many well-known families in Shet- 
land, are of considerable interest to the local historian and genealogist. 
The marriage of Mr. John Skinner, then tutor to the family of Sinclair 
of Scalloway, author of * TuUochgorum ' and other poems, to the author's 
daughter Grizell, is recorded on 12th November 1741. A son of this 
marriage was Dr. John Skinner, Bishop of Aberdeen, whose son William 
Skinner, D.D., succeeded him as Bishop of that diocese, and Primus of 
the Scottish Episcopal Church, and died in 1857. 

The Accounts, sixteen in number, are curious as showing the amount 
and manner in which he received his stipend or * encouragement,' each 
person being debited with a certain sum, the amount apparently of the 
agreed-upoo annual contribution for his support, and then credited with 
so much as was received in kind, to which in many instances the values 
are appended. The prices of the various articles, as then current in 
the Islands, are a curious illustration of the economic conditions prevailing 
at the time. 

Of Hunter himself not much is known. He may possibly have been 
a cadet of the Lunna family. He first appears on record in a letter by 
BUhop Rose to Bishop Falconar, dated 21st March 17 15, recommending 
him to be admitted to the order of priesthood. He does not appear to 
have been so admitted, and he soon thereafter went north to Shetland. 
On. 1 6th August 1734 he sailed from Whiteness for Fraserburgh, and on 
the 28th of the same month was admitted to the order of deacon, probably 
at Aberdeen. 

He thereafter returned to Shetland, and on 5th November following 
he performed his first baptism. He was at this time a man of at least 
middle age, and had been married for some time. The births of three 
of his children are given in the Diary. 

His time seems to have been spent largely in visiting his people in 
different parts of the country ; but his permanent residence was at Sumra- 
garth, in the parish of Dunrossness, to which he removed in May 1741, 
as appears from a casual entry in his accounts. He seems to have had 
a small chapel, dedicated to St. Barnabas, the site of which, it is thought, 
may have been about the village of Tolb, in the same parish of Dunross- 
ness. See footnote, page 104. 

He continued to minister to such as were of his communion down to 
his death in the year 1761 ; and on the 29th of October of that year his 
widow was granted an allowance from the Clergy charity fund, and in 
1782 his daughter received some relief from the same source. 

He was the author of a poem called * Laxo's Lines,' written about 
1720, on the model oi Hudibras^ treating of certain local scandals of his 

The east window of the Episcopal Church at Lerwick has been filled 
in with stained glass to his memory. 


Carrick Pursuivant. 



oVy Northern Notes and Queries, 99 

Diary of Rev. John Hunter, in Zetland, i 734-1 745. 

August 16, 1734. Mr. John went from Whiteness to Frasersbrough in 
ye Diligent Wm. M'Kindly, Mr. \i.e. Master]. 
August 28. Put in Deacon's orders. 


1. June 23, 1735. Married Yaocom Sinclair and Margaret Lesk at 


2. Novr. 4, 1736. Married Peter Williamson and Catherine Fullertone 

at House. 

3. Deer. 2, 1740. John M*Intosh, mert. [Merchant], married to Mrs. 

Jean Sinclair, sister to Alexr. Sinclair of Brow at Whiteness. 

4. Novr. 5, 1 741, Scalberry. Henry Jameson & Ursella Gilberts daur., 

in Rerewickj in the Parish of Dunrossness, were married. 

5. Sumbroughgerth, Novr. 12, 1741. Adam Davidson and Catherine 

S wen ton, in Scatness, were married. 

6. Sumbroughgerth, Novr. 12, 1741. Mr. John Skinner, Chaplain at 

House, & Grizell Hunter, lawll. daur. Mr. John & Christian Hunter, 
were married. 

7. Feby. 4, 1742. Charles Leslie & Marion Sinclair were married at 


8. July 6, 1742. Alexr. Innes (Physician) & Elizabeth Pitcairne were 

married by Mr. Hunter. 
9 & 10. Novr. 25, 1742. Wm. Sinclair & Marion Hacro; George 
Williamson & Marion James daughter, were married at Sumragerth. 
William Sinclair in Bigtoun, and Geo. in Rerewick. 

11. Jany. 20, i74f. Magnus Mouatt & Barbara Jonson were married at 


12. Feby. 16, i74f. Hans Smith & Marion Sutherland were married. 

13. Feby. 16, i74f. John Lesly & Anne Aiken were married at Sumra- 


14. Sumragerth, April 14, 1743. William Nicolson, alias 'blind Willie,' 

and Grissel Ratray were publickly married. 

15. Fair Isle, July 17, 1743. Robert Sinclair, Laird of Quendall, & 

Mrs. Jacobina M^Kenzie were married. 

16. Houss, Deer. 6, 1744. Jerom Umphray & Barbara Nicolson, in 

Burra, were married. 

Children Baptized by Mr, John Hunter, 

1. 1734, Novem. 5. Ro. Bruce of Sumburgh his son called Laurence. 

2. Novem. 14. Laurence Tulloch, mertt. [Merchant] in Whiteness, hade 

a son baptized called Alexr. 

3. December 4. Jo. Reid, mertt. in Lerwick, hade a son baptized called 

4- i735> Augt. 7. James Calder and Elizabeth Forbess in Wilsness, hade 

a son baptized called Robert. Godfathers — And. & James Forbes. 

Godmother — Grissella Bruce. 
5. Sept. 8, 1735. James Sutherland & Anne Brown in Lerwick, hade a 

son baptized called James. Godfathers — Geo. Fenton & James 

Brown. Godmother — Mrs. Wilson. 

I oo The Scottish A ntiquary ; 

6. Novr. 30, 1735. Robert Bruce of Sumbrugh, and Alice D^ramahoy, ^ 

his spouse, hade a son baptized called John. Godfathers — ^Ja. 
Scot of Gibliston & Robert Sinclair of Scalloway. Godmother — 
Madam Eraser. 

7. Decem. 7, 1735. Ro. Mouatt in Scatness, & Barbara Sinclair, his 

spouse, hade a son baptized called Robert. Godfathers — Ja. Scot 
of Gibliston, Rob. Dick of Fracafield,' Ro. Sinclair of Scalloway, 
Ro. Bruce of Sumbrough. Godmother — Lady Scalloway, etc. 

8. Deer. , 1735. Robert Dick of Fracafield, and Jean Dickson, his 

spouse, hade a daughter baptized called Frances. Godfather — Ro. 
Sinclair of Scalloway. Godmothers — Mrs. Peggy Pitcairn & Mrs. 

9. Deer. , 1735. Mag. Vedar and Marg. Murray hade a daughter 

baptized called Marjory. 

10. Dec. , 1735. Geo. Mouat & Mag. RoUo hade a son baptized 

called Abraham. Godmor.— Mrs. Wilson. Godfa. — ^Ja. Sutherland, 
Francis Gray. 

11. Apr. 28, 1736. Yocom Sinclair & Mag. Lesk in House had a son 

baptized called James. Godfather — Mr. James Scot. Godmother — 
Lady Scalloway. 

12. Apr. 29, 1736. Laur. Bruce of Braewick, & Anna Nicolson, his 

spouse, hade a daughter baptized called Jannet. 

13. Apr. 30, 1736. Mr. Jo. & Christian Hunters hade a son baptized 

called Robert. Godfathers — Ja. Scot, And. Dick of Wormidale. 
Godmother — Lady Giblistone. 

14. May 19, 1736. James Forbess and Jannet Halcrow in Skelberry 

hade a son baptized called John. Godfathers — And. Forbess, his 
father, & John Morison in Bigtoun. Godmother — Elizabeth 
Forbess, spouse to James Calder. 

15. Aug. 2, 1736. James Calder and Eliz. Forbess in Wilsness hade 

a son baptized, called Andrew. Godfather — ^James Forbess in 
Skelberry. Godmother — Ann Lesly in Sumbrough. 

16. House, Septr. 12, 1736. William Banerman, alias , 

and , hade a daughter baptized called 

Catherine. God F. — Ro. Sinclair of Scalloway. G.M. — Phil. 
Damahoy," his lady. 

17. Scalloway, Septr. 17, 1736. James Bizet and Marg. Strong, his 

spouse, hade a son baptized called David. G.F. — James Scott of 
Gibliston. G.M. — Lilias Scott, his sister. 

18. Octr. 13, 1736. Ro. Dick of Fracafield, Esq., and Dickson, 

his spouse, hade a son baptized called Charlfes. G.F. — Laur. 
Bruce of Braewick and And. Ross, chamberlain; G.M. — Mrs. 
Greig, alias Susan Dick, spouse to John Greig, ship mr. in Zetland. 

19. Alexr. Innes, Dr. of Phisick, and Barbara Scott,* his spouse, had a 

^ Daughter of Sir John Dalmahoy, Bart., of that Ilk. 

^ The family of Fracafield, descended from Captain Andrew Dick, a son of Mr. John 
Dick, fiar of Braid, who was appointed Steward Principal and Chamberlain of Orkney 
and Shetland in 1669. The estate was sold by Charles Dick in 1774. In 1821 his son, 
Major William Dick, was served heir-male of his ancestor, Sir William Dick of Braid, 
and styled himself a Baronet (never recognised by Burke), His grandson, Sir Charles 
William Hookoday Dick, was in destitute circumstances, and the family is apparently 
now extinct. 

5 Philadelphia Dalmahoy, a daughter of Sir John Dalmahoy, Bart. 

* Daughter of John Scott of Melby, and widow of Hector Scott of Scotshall. 


or, Northern Notes and Queries, loi 

danr. baptized called Lillias. G.F. — James Scot of Gibliston. 
G.Mo. — Lillias Scot, his sister. This was done Octr. i8, 1736. 

20. Novr. 7, 1736. in Burrow, hade a son baptized 

called John. G.F.— Ro. Sinclair of Houss. G.M.— Phil. 
Dammahoy, his lady. 

21. St. Andrews, 1736. James Sutherland & Anne Broun hade a son 

baptized called Robert. G.F. — Francis Gray and Ro. Farqr., 
merchants. G*M. — Marg. Ross, alias Mrs. Craigie. 

22. Scalloway, Jany. 20, 173^. John Scott of Valley, and Elizabeth 

Mitchell,^ his lady, hade a son baptized called John. G. F. — Robt. 
Sinclair of Houss and James Scott, brother german to the said 
John Scott G.M. — Lilias Scott, his sister. 

23. Lerwick, March 7, 173^. James Broun & Jannet Farqhar. hade a 

son baptized called William. God Far. — James Craigie & Ro. 
Farquhar. G.M. — Marg. Ross. 

24. Lerwick, March 9, 173^^ John Reid & Marg. Fraser hade a son 

baptized called William. G.F. — Alexr. Glenny & Francis Gray. 
G.M. — Mairon Dunbar, spouse to John Wilsone. 

25. Lunna, May 12, 1737. Ro. Hunter of Lunna, and Ursella Bruce,^ 

his lady, hade a son baptized called Thomas. G.F. — Ro. Bruce 

of Simbister, Laur. Smith, mertt. in Whalsay. God Mo. — Mar, 
Bruce, Lady Simbister, & Madam Fraser. 

26. Scalloway, May 29, 1737. Arthur Scott & hade 

a daur. baptized called Catherine. 

27. Lerwick, June 21, 1737. John Wilson and Marion Dunbar hade a 

daughter baptized called Catharine. G.F. — Francis Gray. G.M. 
— Mrs. Sutherland, Catherine Dunbar. 

28. Lerwick, Novr. 11, 1737. Francis Gray and Marg. Gray hade a son 

baptized called Joseph. G.F. — John Reid & Jo. Wilson. G.M. 
— Marion Dunbar. 

29. Lerwick, Novr. 14, 1737. Ro. Dick of Frackafield & Jean Dickson, 

his spouse, hade a son baptized called Andrew. G.F. — Gilb. 
Niven of Scousbrough & Wm. Niven of Windhouse. G.M. — Marg. 

30. Whiteness, Deer. 29, 1737. Laur. Tulloch & Grissell Watson hade a 

son baptized called James. G.F. — Alexr. Sinclair of Brow & Ro. 
his brother. G.M. — Jean Sinclair, sister to Brow. 

31. Scalloway, Jary. 26, 173!^. John Scot of Melbie & Elizabeth 

Mitchell, his spouse, hade a son baptized called James. G.Fa. — 
James Scott of Giblistone and Alexander Innes, Physician. G.M. 
— Mis Lillias Scott, their sister. 

32. Mar. 23, 1738. John Irvine & Jannet hade a daur. 

baptized called Catherine. G.F. — James Bizet. G.M. — Mis 
Lillias Scott & Mrs. Hunter. 

33. Aprile 14, 1738. Richd. Henderson & Barbara Laing hade a son 

baptized called James. G.F. — James Bizet, and ye parent. 
G.M. — Mrs. Hunter. 

34. Aug. , 1738. John Wilson & Marion Dunbar in Lerwick hade a 

daughter baptized called Jean. G.F. — Francis Gray. G.M. — Mrs. 
Davidson, alias Jean M*intosh. Named Jean. 

^ Daughter of Charles Mitchell of Uresland and Pitteadie. 
2 Daughter of Robert Bruce of Chalester. 

I02 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

35. Septr. 13, 1738. James Sutherland & Anne Broun hade a daughter 

baptized called Isabella Marina. G.F. — Francis Gray. G.Mo. — 
Marg. Ross, alias Mrs. Craigie, &c 

36. House, Novr. i, 1738. Ro. Christy and Catherine Leask hade a 

daughter baptized called Sinclara. G.F. — Robert Sinclair of House, 
and G.M. — Phyladelphia Dammahoy his Ladie, and Catherine 
Sinclair, lawfuU daur. to Sandsound. 

37. Vallay, Novr. 28, 1738. John Scott of Melbie & Eliz. Mitchell, his 

spouse, hade a daughter baptized called GrisseL G.F. — ^James 
Scott, bror. to do. G.M. — Ye Lady of Giblistone & Mis Lilias 
Scott, her daughter. 

38. Scalloway, Deer. 21, 1738. Jam. Scott hade daur. baptized called 

Mary, begot in fornication wt Elspet Davidson. G.F. — ^James 
Bizet G.M. — Margaret Strong, his wife, & Grissel Hunter, lawll. 
daur. to Mr. John Hunter, minr. 

39. Scalloway, Deer. 24, 1738. Gilbert Baimson & Sweety Sandersdaur. 

hade a son baptized called Murdoch. G.F. — Ro. Sinclair of 
House & And. Dick of Wormidale. G.M. — Fhilad. Dalmahoy, 
Lady of House. 

40. Lerwick, Jany. 7, 173^. John Reid & Marg. Fraser hade a son 

baptized called Peter. G.F. — sd. Reid and Francis Gray, 

mert. in Lerwick. G.M. — Marg. Gray, spouse to the said Francis 

41. Ness, Ash Wednesday, March 7, 1739. James Calder & Eliz. 

Forbess hade a son baptized called James. G.F. — ^And. Forbess 
in Skelberry, & James Forbess, his son. G.M. — Barbara Forbess. 

42. Whiteness, Apr. 12, 1739. Laur. TuUoch & Grissel Watson hade a 

daur. baptized called Margaret. G.F. — ^John Mcintosh, mert. 
G.M. — ^Jean Sinclair and Mary Watson. 

43. Skelberry, Apr. 28, 1739. James Forbess & Jannet Hacroe had a son 

baptized called James. G.Fa. — And. Forbes. G.M. — Barbara 

44. Scalloway, May 11, 1739. James Bizet & Marg. Strang hade a son 

baptized called Andrew. G.F. — James Scott, etc. 

45. May 12, 1739. James Broun & Jannet Farqr. hade a daur. baptized 

called Jannet. G.F. — Ro. Farqr. G.M. — Mrs. Sutherland, etc. 

46. Wm. Henderson in Brassa,^ and Mitchell, his spouse, hade a 

son baptized called Wm. G.F. — James Nicolson, writer in Ler. ; 
Ro. Sinclair, shipmaster. G.M. — Mrs. Sinclair, his wife. 

47. Thomas Eisbister and Mar. Grieg, his spouse, hade a son baptized 

called Laur. G.F. — Alexr. Glenny, mert., Ro. Farqr. G.M. — 
Mrs. Sutherland, alias Ann Brown. 

48. House, May 31, 1739. James Inkster & his 

spouse, hade a son baptized called James. G.F. — Ro. Sinclair, of 
House. G.M. — Philad. Dammahoy, his Lady. 

49. Lerwick, June 13, 1739. Laur. Bruce of Braewick, & Ann Nicolson, 

his spouse, hade a son baptized called Lawrence. G.F. — Ro. 
Scollay, mertt. in Ler., & Wm. Nicolson of Lochend. G.M. — 
Mrs. Scollay. 

^ Son of William Henderson of Gairdie and brother of Magnus Henderson of Gairdie. 
His wife was Catherine Mitchell, daughter of Sir John Mitchell, first Baronet of West- 

or. Northern Notes and Queries, 103 

50. July 21, 1739. Ro. Dick of Frackafield & Jean Dickson, his spouse, 

hade a daur. baptized called Christian. G.F. — Wm. Nicolson, 
Glasier. G.M. — old Mrs. Dick & Mis Peggie Pitcairn. 

51. Scalloway, Aug. 21, 1739. Mr. John & Christian Hunter hade a 

son baptized called James. G.F. — Andrew Dick, of Wormidale & 
James Nicolson, writer in Lerwick. G.M.— Grissel Mitchell, Lady 
of Giblistone. He was born Friday ye 17th of Aug., about ten 
o'clock at night. 

52. Lerwick, Septr. 13, 1739. Jam. Sutherland & Anne Broun hade a 

son baptized called Andrew. G.F. — And. Horrie, writer, & 

James Craigie, mertt. in Ler. G-M. — Marg. Ross, spouse to sd 

53. House, Novr. 18, 1739. Malcom FuUertoune & , 

his spouse, hade a daur. baptized called Elizabeth. G.F. — George 
Sinclair in Burrow, & Philadelphia Dalmahoy, Lady of House. 

54. Deer. 9, 1739, Brassa. Francis Carnaigie & Anne Nicolsone hade a 

son baptized called Arthur. G.F. — Arthur Nicolsone, mertt. in 
Lerwick, & William Nicolsone of Lochend. G.M. — old Mrs. 
Nicolsone, her mother. 

55. Lerwick, 22 Deer. 1739. Andrew Horry & Eliza. Lamb hade a 

son baptized called John. G.F. — Ro. Scolla, mertt. in Lerwick, 
and Alexr. Innes, Physician. G.M. — Isabel Horrie, spouse to 
Francis Hedel, dyer in Lerwick. 

56. Jany. 11, 1740. Ro. Hunter, of Lunna, and Ursella Bruce, his 

spouse, hade a daur. baptized called Grissel. 

57. Lunna, Jany. 11, 1740. James Robertson & Ann Malcolmson 

hade a son baptized called Robert. G.F. — Lunna. 

58. Utherbister, Jany. 11, 1740. Lawrence Jameson and Margaret 

Ross, his spouse, hade a son baptized called Thomas. G.F. — 
Lunna, and Tho. Hunter, his brother. G.M. — Catharine Park. 
59 & 60. Lerwick, July 8th, 1740. Ro. Dick of Fracafield & Jean 
Dickson, his spouse, hade two children baptized, a son named 
Thomas, and a daur. named Elizabeth. G.F. — Mr. Wm. Ross. 
G.M. — Mrs. Grieg, Mis Peggie Pitcairne. 

61. Vally, July 13, 1740. John Scott of Melbie, and Eliz. Mitchell, his 

spouse, had a daughter baptized called Margaret. G.F. — James 
Scot of Giblistone. G.M. — Grissel Mitchel, Lady Giblistone, & 
Jean Mitchel, Lady of Westshore. 

62. July 25, 1740. John Reid, mertt., & Mag. Fraser, his spouse, hade a 

daur. baptized called Grissel. G.F. — John SmoUet & Jo. Wilson. 
G.M. — Mrs. Wilson, &c. 

63. Vallay, Sept. 7, 1740. Nicol Henderson & Bar. Laing, his spouse, 

had a son baptized called Scot. G.F. — himself. G.M. — Lady 
Melbie & Mis Lillias Scott. 

64. Whiteness, Novr., 1740. John Mcintosh & Jean Sinclair hade a 

daughter baptized called Anna Margareta. G.F. — ^Jam. Scot, of 
Giblestone. G.M. — Mrs. Hunter & Girssell Watson. 

65. Houss, Deer. 7, 1740. Yacomb Sinclair & Margaret Lesk hade a 

son baptized called Stuart. G.F. — John Dalmahoy, sailor, & Mr. 
John Skinner, Chaplin to Rob. Sinclair, of Scalloway, Esqr. 
G.M. — Grissel Hunter, lawU. daur. to Mr. John Hunter, minister 
in Zetland. 


I04 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

66. Cleekhimin, Deer. i6, 1740. Jam. Sutherland and Anne Broun 

hade a son baptized called Wm. G.F. — Robert Farqr. & James 
Broun. G.M. — Mrs. Broun, alias Jannet Farqr. 

67. Brassay, Mar. 17, 1741. George Innes & Barb. Geo. daur, his 

spouse, hade a daur. baptized called Jacobina. G.F. — James 
Craigie, in Lerwick. G.M. — Marg. Ross & Sarah Livistoune. 
68.* Simragerth, Septr. 23, 1741. — John Sutherland & Catharine Rich, 
in had a daur. baptized called Molina. G.M. — Mrs. Hunter 

and Grissell Hunter, &c. 

69. Scalberry, Octr. 16, 1741. James Forbess and Jannet Hacroe, his 

spouse, had a daur. baptized called Jannet. G.F. — And. Forbes, 
in Scalbery. G.M. — Mrs. Hunter & Barbara Forbes, spouse to John 

70. Octr. 17, 1 741, Wilsness. James Calder & Elizabeth Forbess, his 

spouse, had a daur. baptized called Jannet. G.F. — And. Forbess, 
in Scalberry. G.M. — Barbara Forbess, spouse to John Strong. 

71. Sumburgh, Novr. 21, 1741. Alexr. Scot, in Southvoe, & 

, his spouse, had a son baptized called James. 
G.F. — ye parent G.M. — Mrs. Hunter. 

72. St. Barnabys Chappel,^ Novr. 22, 1741. Wm. Stout in Gerth, 

& , his spouse, had a daur. baptized called 

Barbara. G.M. — Barbara Irvine. 

73. Sumbroughgerth, Novr. 25, 1741. John Fea, in Cour, & 

, his spouse, had a son baptized called Charles. 
G.F. — Charles Yoinson. G.M. — Penelope Yoinson, sert. in 

74. Sound in Yell, Jany. i, 1742. Gilbert Nevin of Scousbrough,^ & 

Barbara Dick, his spouse, had a son baptized called James. G.F. 
— The Father, Daniel M'cleron, wright. G.M. — Jean Strong, 
spouse to the said Daniel. 

75. Febry. 5, Friday, about 9 in morn. 1742, Mr. John & Christian 

Hunter hade a son born who was baptized Febr. 9, named John. 
G.F. —Mr. Sinclair & Mr. Forbes. G.M. — Mrs. Forbes. 

76. Febry. 15, 1742. Robert Hunter of Lunna & Ursella Bruce, his 

spouse, hade a daughter baptized called Helen. G.F. — Lunna 
himself. G.M. — Grisella Bruce alias Madam Fraser. 

77. May II, 1742* George Innes & Barbara Geo. daur. in Brassay had 

a daur. baptized called Elizabeth. G.F. — James Craigie, mertt. in 
Ler., & G.M. — Marg. Ross, & Sara Livingston. 

78. Tho. Linklater and Jannet Marshall, his spouse, had a daur. baptized 

called Jacobina, June 10, 1742. 

79. Aug. 28, 1742. Nichol Broun & Barbara Mouatt had a son bapt. 

called Wm. ; represented by the father himself. 

^ At this point the progressive numbers of the baptisms cease, but they are now 
supplied in what follows for the sake of continuity. 

^ St. Barnabas* Chapel. — The Rev. J. B. Craven, author of the History of the Episcopal 
Church in Orkney^ 1688- 1882, states that this chapel was situated at Lerwick. This is 
doubtful. The child baptized on this occasion was bom at Garth in Dunrossness. The 
minister was at Sumburgh the previous day, and at his own residence in Sumburghgarth 
three days later, all which seems to localise the scene in the parish of Dunrossness. 

^ The Niven family of Scousburgh in Dunrossness, and of Windhouse in the 
island of Yell, Ninian Niven, a notary, in the early part of the 17th century, whose 
misdeeds formed the subject of a lengthy complaint addressed to the Lords of the Privy 
Council, in the year 1 641, was of this family. 

.or, Northern Notes and Queries, 105 

80. Septr. I, 1742, John Hacro& Agnes Wni.'s-daur., had a son baptized 

called John. 

81. Septr, 27, 1742. John Nichol and Catherine Shuan had a son 

baptized called Robert, 

82. Septr. 27, 1742. Alex. Watson & Barbara Strong had a son baptized 

called John. G.F. — Peter Watson & Andrew Nicolson. G.M. — 
Eliza Forbes. 

83. Whiteness, Octr. 9, 1742. Laurence TuUoch & Grissel Watson had 

a daiir. baptized called Margaret. 

84. Vallay, Novr. 7, 1742. Nichol Henderson and Barbara Laing had a 

daur. baptized called Lilias. G.F.-^Mr. Ja. Scott. G.M. — Lillias 

85. Novr. 28, 1742. Thomas Stout & Marg. Strong in Northhouse had a 

son baptized called John. 

86. Novr, 29, 1742. Mr. John Skinner & Grissel Hunter had a son 

baptized called James. G.Fa. — John Sinclair of Quendal junior, 
Esq.,^ Laur. Sinclair of Goat. G.M. — Jannet Hacro, spouse to 
James Forbess, shipmaster in Scalberry. He was born ye 2 2d of 
Novr. about 1 1 at night. 

87. March 15, 1743. John Jameson and Barbara Eraser in Braiks had a 

daughter baptized called Jannet. 

88. Mar. 16, 1743. James Lesk and Janet Hendrysdaur., in St. 

Ninian's Isle had a daur. baptized called Helen. 

89. St. Barnabus Chappel, March 20, 1742/3. John Stout and Helen 

Irvine had a son baptized called Robert 

90. Simragerth, March 24, 1742/3. George Bairnson and Anne, John's 

daughter, hade a daughter, baptized called Christian. . 

91. Simragerth, Febry. 5, 1742/3. Hendry Jameson & Ursella Gilbert's 

dr., in Raerwick had a son baptized called Laurence. 

92. Simragerth, March 31, 1743. And. Charleson & Jean Geroik in 

Colipound had a daur. baptized called Christian. 

93. S. Barnaby's Chappel, Apr. 10, 1743. Wm. Stout & Marg. Scot in 

Tob had a daur. baptized called Alice. G.F. — ye Parent. G.M. 
— Penelope Jonson. 

94. Wilsness, Apr. 12, 1743. Wm. Meader, deceased, and Marg. 

MuUoch, his wife, had a daur. baptized called Elizabeth. G.F, — 
John Meader, his father. G.M. — Elizabeth Forbess, spouse to 
James Caddel, & Eliza. Muir, spouse to Charles Shuan, sailor. 

95. Scatness, Apr. 17, 1743. Adam Davidson and Catherine Swintoun 

had a son baptized called William. Sponsor — ye father and Mr. 
John Hunter, minir. ► 

96. Hogan Brassa, May 16, 1743. George Innes & Barbara George 

daur., had [a daughter] baptized called Katharine. G.F. — James 
Craigie alias Stebbagrind. G.M. — Marg. Ross, his spouse. 

97. Houss, May 27, 1743. Robert Christy and Catharine Leask, his 

spouse, had a daur. baptized called Grissell. The father, sponsor. 

98. Cleckhimin, June 21, 1743. Wm. Nicolson of Lochend^ & Margaret 

^ The family of Sinclair of Quendale became embarrassed in circumstances about 
the middle of last century. The estate was sold in 1770, and the family is now extinct, 

' In 1826, Mr. Arthur Nicolson of Lochend was served heir-male to the line 
of Nicolson of that Ilk and Lasswade, Bart. The present holder of the title (which 
is not now recognised by the Lyon Office) is Sir Arthur Bolt Nicolson. 

io6 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Stewart had a son baptized (bom in fornication.) G.F. — ^James 

Sutherland, mertt there. G.M. — Ann Brown, his spouse. 
99. Whiteness, July 27, 1743. John M*intosh and Jean Sinclair, his 

spouse, had a daughter baptized called Barbara. Witnesses — 

Alexr. Sinclair of Brow and Barbara Mitchell, his spouse. 
100. Lunna, July 30, 1743. Robert Hunter of Lunna and Urssella 

Bruce, his spouse, had a daughter baptized called Catharine. 

Witnesses — ^Theodore Noble, Mrs. Hay, &c. 
loi. Wilsness, Octr. 26, 1743. James Caddel, sailor, and Elizabeth 

Forbes, his spouse, had a son baptized called John. G.F. — John 

Bruce, yr. of Sumbrough. G.M. — Mrs. Hunter. 

102. Lerwick, Novr. 8, 1743. Alexr. Innes, physician, and Elizabeth 

Pitcame, his spouse, had a son baptized called John. G.F. — ^James 
Scott of Gibblestoun & Mr. Arthur Nicolson, mertt. G.M. — Miss 
Margaret Pitcame, sister to ye said Mrs. Innes. 

103. Wilsness, March 23, 1744. Wm. Nicole & Helen Omond there 

had a son baptized called • G.F. — ^John 

Nicole and James Calder. G. M. — Mrs. Calder. 

104. Scatness, Septr. 23, 1744. Alexr. Watson, sailor, & Barbara 

Strong, his spouse, had a son baptized called James. G.F. — ^Wm. 
M'Kindly in Scatness & Ro Watson, sailor there. G.M. — 
Grissel Dougal, spouse to sd. M*Kindly. 

105. Burravvoe Yell, Aug. 28, 1744. Robert Nevin and Barbara Buchan, 

his spouse, had a son baptized called James, presented by ye father. 

106. Hogan, Octr. 7, 1744. George Innes and Barbara, George daur., had 

a son baptized called Magnus. G.F. — James Craigie. G.M. — 
Marg. Ross, his spousa 

107. Simragerth, Novr. 7 (1744). Charles Fea in Scousbrough & 

Christian Nicol had a daur. baptized called Isabel, presented by her 
Father, sole sponsor. 

108. Sumbrough, Mar. 3, 1745. Laurence Nicol and Penelope Jonson 

had a daughter baptized called Alice. G.F. — John Nicol in 
Gruitness. G.M. — Helen Omond and Yonson. 

109. Vallay, May 19, 1745. Nicol Henderson and Barbara Laing had a 

daughter baptized called Margaret. G.F. — John Scott of Melbie. 

G.M.— Lillias Scott, 
no. Simbister, May 29, 1745. John Bmce Stuart & Clementina 

Stuart,^ his Lady, had a daur baptized called Margaret. G.F. — 

Laurence Smith. G.M. — Mar. Bruce, Lady Simbister & (rest 

HI. . . . ness, June 9, 1 745. Laurence Lesk and 

his spouse, had a daur baptized called Barbara. G.F. — Wm. 

M 'Kindly, presented by ye Father. 
H2. Deer. 21, 1745. James Forbes & Jannet 

had a son baptized called Robert. 

(I.) Lady Giblistonj Dr. [Scots money] 

Jmp. To my encouragement, £^6 o o 

^ Clementina Stewart (daughter and heiress of John Lawrence Stewart of Bigtoun). 
By her marriage to John Bruce (Stewart) the property of Bigton passed into the posses- 
sion of the Bruces of Symbister, and it still remains a portion of that estate. 

or^ Northern Notes and Queries. 



A mart, 

A stick linnin, 12 ells, 

To lisp 1 butter. 

to 2 sheep. 

to 14 ss. Scots, . 

To a pair women's shoes. 

May 17, to cash, 

Novr. 1736. By a ram. 

By a cow. 

By ballance of our last year's account, 
1737 By a ram & a lamb & a smale ox. 

By cash to my wife, . 

By cash to my selfe, ... 

. ;^I2 o o 


o 14 o 

O 12 O 

7 16 
o 17 

O 12 


1738 To cash to my wife at Easter, 

1738, . 


I 10 

To cash, 1738, . 


To cash, 1738, . 


To 2 rams. 

To 4 pair stockins. 


To a jury ox. 

(II.) Scalloway, Dr. 

To my encouragement, 


To cash, .... 

..... S ^ 

To 3 prayer books, 

• . 

2 15 


By I cow. 


By I lisp salt, . 



By I lisp malt, . 



By cash, . . 

• 4 


By I anker 2 butter, . 



By I lisp meal, . 

• 1 


I 4 

By I sow, . 

I 16 

By I lisp"* meal. 


I 4 

By lisp"* bear. 



By 3 lisp** malt, . 


By cash pd. Dr. Arch., 

7 10 

By cash Rot. Arbuthnot, 

II 6 


By I anker waters. 



By I lib. hemp, . 


By cash, . 


Novr. 1736. 

By a cow for slaughter. 

By an anker butter. 

^ Lisp, ue, Lispund, a weight in Orkney and Shetland, 12 lbs., but latterly raised 
to 18 lbs., Scots measure. 
^ Anker, a local measure of capacity (Orkney and Shetland), 

io8 The ScoUish Antiquary ; 

aiL) OnandaB, Dr. 1735. 

To mj eoccmakgiemeBtj dam June i5tii, 1735, ^ dtno 

1736, £60 o o 

To my cDcoantgcment for jt2i 1736, 60 o o 

Cr. 1735. 

By I Ox, 10 o o 

By six geese, i 16 o 

By six lispd meal, 600 

By six lisp bear, 3 12 o 

By six bodes wine, 440 

July 13, 1736, by cash, 600 

July 20, by cash, 12 12 o 

Octr. 20, by cash, 300 

By a mart or cow, 1736, 800 

By six geese, 1736, i 16 o 

By ballance paid in cash, 300 

jQ&o o o 

1736. By trictuaL 

Novr. 7, 1737. By i cow. 

By 4 geese. 

By 3 lisp groats, 3 of meaL 

After Compt Apr. 1739, received 2 barrels oyle. 

2 lispds. dry bear. 

2 lispd. (?) 
Febry. 6, 1740. Received 12 lisp dry bear. 

Item 12 lispd. oat meal. 

Item 6 lispd. malt. 

Item I anker butter. 

Item from Brough 2 lisp meaL 

By Bill to Loch End. 

Contra Cr. 
Novr. 17, 1 741, By i cow. 
Apr. 41 To I lispd groats. 
Since my coming to ye Ness,^ May 1741 — 

By ^ lispd. groats. 

By 5 lispd. oat meal. 

By 2 lispd. dry bear. 

By I six cord bought. 

By 9f ells course linnen. 

By I lispd. dry bear. 

(IV.) Wm. Henderson in Bressay & Gloup. 
1735 To my encouragement, ...... ^^12 o o 

^ Ness, 7'.^. Dunrossness parish. 


or^ Northern Notes and Queries. 1 09 

By I anker waters. 
By 4 pints ditto. 
By 2 rolls tobacco. 

To rolls tobacco at different times. 
To 3 lispd. malt. 

To I roll tobacco. 

To cash, . . jQ^ o o 

To stick course linnen. 
To 4 j ells Scots linnen. 
Novr. 25 th, 1740. To 1 roll tdbaccQ. 

(V.) Fracafield, Dr. 1735. 

To my encouragement, . . .. 12120 

To cash from Mr. Ross, . . ... . 12 12 o 

To cash from Scousbrough, 900 

By my acco" w' Jo Brebnar, . ... 3120 

By 12 ells damask, . . . . 16 16 o 

By bill pd. Al. Davidson, . . , .680 

By \ lib. tea. 
By 2 lib. bend leither. 
By J lib. hops. 

(VI.) Lunna, Dr. 1735. 
By my encouragement, . . . . 12120 

By bill pd. me by Mrs. Bell, . . . . 1200 

By 2 lisp wool, . . . . . . . .800 

Novr. I sth 1737. By cash, 300 

(VII.) And. Hprrie, Dr. 1735. 
To my encouragement, . . . . 600 

To cash borrowed, • . • . . 300 

To 5 pair stockens, . . . . . . .1100 

By a pair shoes. 
By 2 pints brandy. 
By Jamaica pepper. 

1738 By I cheese 

. By 2 pints waters. 

1739 By 3 bottles wine. 
By I bottle brandy. 

Septr. 3, 1740. To 2 bottles brandy. 
To 2 bottles rum. 
. To; 2 bottles gin. 
To J mutchkin oyle. 
To 4 lib. sugar. 

no The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Deer. 15. To 6 ells linen. 

Deer. 22. To 2 botts. rum & two of brandy. 

To cash 6 lib. Scots. 

To 72 tusk. 

Sept ist, 1740. To ballance due, ;^9 13 o 

May 19th, 1 741. 

This day counted with Mr. Horry. 

Dr. to cash & expects, 25 8 o 

Cr. by do., 22 16 o 

Ballance due Mr. Horry, £^2 12 o 

To be discounted ofT this current year, at 6 lib. Scots, per annum. 

(VIII.) Jo Scot, Merti, Dr. 
To my encouragement, £fo o o 


By bill pd. Jo Wilson, 12 o o 

By 2\ ells linnen. 

By I lisp salt. 

By I 6 cord bought. 

By cash, . . o 12 o 

1736 By bill to Ja. Peterson, 5 i8 o 

1737 To a pot 18 pints. 
To a [cow ?]. 

To \ firkin soap. 

1 738 To I small ox. 
To I anker waters. 
To 2 sugar loaves. 

To \ anker waters from his lady. 

(IX.) Ja. Scott, Dr. 

To cash, 300 

Mar. 13, 1736. To cash in Ler[wick], . o 12 o 


By 3 dozen stockens. 
Novr. 1739. To I roll tobacco. 
Deer. 28th, 1739. To an anker waters. 

• [What follows in this account is apparently in another handwriting.] 

Haifa mart. 
Half a lisp** of butter. 
Half pound of tea. 

A yard of sail cloth, & at Crismas a bottle of gin and a half pd. of 
tea. Mr. Hughson is got 10 shillings since. 

or, Northern Notes and Queries. 


(XI.) Jo. Reid, Mertt, Dr. 
To my encouragement. 


By a Hollander cheese. 
Novr. 14th, 1737. By one roll tobacco. 


To my encouragement. 

By cloth from Mr. Farqr. 
By a new black wigg. 
By an oyr white wigg. 

Francis Gray, Dr. 



Jas. Sutherland, 

Dr. 1735. 


To my encouragement, ... 

• £i 

To cash, 

I 8 

Novr. 1736. To note of F-aur. Sinclair, mert. in Northroe, 


To my sellaryfor 1736, 


July 17th, 1738. John Hunter, Dr. to Suth. 

• Vt 

To cash, 



To cash, 


To cash, 



To cash, . . . 


;^i 15 

To nails \ pund. 

£^ S 


May. To cash, • . 


To I ell linen. 


By cash due Mrs. Suth., 


By cash due hier, 

I 6 

By expenses, . 


By 13J ells linnen @ 9 sh., 

6 I 


By sugar, ..... 


By \ lib. pepper. 

By . . . . for brandy. 


By cash, 



By cash, . 


By cash, . 


By cash, . 


By cash, . 


By cash, . 


By cash, . 


By \ lispd. meal, 


By lispd. malt. 

» • • 4 


;^i6 13 



112 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

(XIII.) Jo Wilson & Alexr. Mlntosh, Mertt, 

To my encouragement, jQ6 o o 


By cash, ..170 

By 10 pair stockens, . . . '. . . 300 

By 7 eUs stufif. 

(XIV.) Wm. M'Gregor, MertL, Dr. 

To my sallary, 

By 4^ ells black cloath. 

(XV.) Rob. Bruce of Sumbrough, junr. 

To my encouragement, 30 o o 

Deer. 1736. By cash, 30 o o 

Novr. 1736. 

By 6 geese. 

By 3 ews. 

By 12 lispd. bear. 

^ovr. 9th, 1737. By cash, 400 

Deer. 16th, 1737. By II geese from Marion Hacro in 


By I barrl oyle. 
1738. By 2 lispd. groats. 

By 10 geese. 
Novr. 29th, 1739. By cash, 10 o o 

(XVI.) Rob. Sinclair of Houss, Dr. 

To my encouragement, 30 o o 

1737. By 2 pints waters. 

June 27, to cash, 12 o o 

By 6 lb. butter. 

By I cow. 

By I anker butter. 

1738. Nov. I. By I anker butter. 
By I lispd. Sid's meal. 

By I cow from Trondra. 
By James Peterson's accott. 

Nov. 1739. To cash from ye Agent, 8 10 o 

To an anker butter. 

June 1740. By cash, o 10 o 

392. Monumental Brass of John Beton (vol. v. .p. 72). — We have 
given the inscription on this brass, and are now able to give our readers 
a reduced facsimile of a rubbing of it and a few particulars extracted from 
the late Mr. Llewellyn Jewitt's * Chatsworth,' printed at Buxton in 1872. 
John Beton was Master of the Household to Queen Mary — there was 
also an Archibald Beton, who may have been the author of the Epitaph 
which is signed A. B. Another of the Beton family seems to have suc- 
ceeded John in his office, for in a list of the members of the captive 
Queen's household, dated 26th April 1571, we find 'the M' of the Scotes 


or. Northern Notes and Queries. 1 13 

Queene's household, M' Beton,' and in a list of a slightly later date we 
find ' M" BetowD) M' howshold,' and further down in the list 'Archibald 

393. Petition of Royalist Officers. — To the King's Most Excellent 
Ma'^ the humble Petition of divers officers of your Ma"° late army from 


VOL. vu — HO. XXIII. 


The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Showing, that your Petit" having (according to duty) in all undertak- 
ings constantly and loyally adhered to yo' sacred Ma*^ service ag^ the 
common enemy, by reason whereof, and the many sad providences they 
have encountered, what by their personall sufiferings, imprisonments, and 
other hardships, are now reducit to a most low and despicable condition, 
being neither able to subsist here or to transport themselves hence into 
their native country, much less to subsist there without yo' Ma*^ gracious 
favour and comisseracon. 

May it therefore please yo' sacred Ma*^ to take their necessitous and 
sad condition into your gracious consideracon, and out of your royall 
bounty and wonted grace to order such supply for their necessity as your 
Ma*** in your Princely Wisdom shall think expedient for them, whereby 
they may comfortably subsist and be enabled on all occasions to do y' 
Ma*** further service. 

And your Petitioners, as in duty bound, shall ever pray for your 
Ma*^ long and happy raigne over y' people. 

Whitehall, the lo Sept. i66a 

His Ma*** isgraciously pleased to referr the Pet" to Lt-Gen. Middleton 
to the end he may certifie their condition and his opinion for his relief 

(Singed) Lauderdaill. 
A List of those Scottish officers who petitioned his Majestic. 

CoUonels — 
William Stewart, to footfe. 
William Keir, to horse. 
John Bume, to dragoons. 
W"^ Dick, to foote. 

J. M. 

Lieutennant-CoUonels — 

W"^ Jerdane, to foote. 

Andro Kear, to horse. 

Jugerie Mel vein, to foote. 

Johne Cokbome, to foote. 

David Law, to „ 

James Innes, to horse. 

Thomas Mearshall, to foote. 

James Gordon, to dragoons. 

Dunkan Cambell, h. 

Alex' Bume, f. 

J. M. 
Majors — 

David ogilbie, to horse. 

Samuel Stewart, to 

John Stewart, to 

Robert strachen, to 
' Rot kear, to foote. 

James durrand, to foote. 

David fergesone, „ 

James Hossock, to horse. 

James Gordon, 

Williame Moorheid, 

David Cleark, adjutant, 

Andrew forester. 




Capttans — 
George Abercrombie, to foote. 
Joh^ Stewart, h. 
„ Stewart, h. 
John Maxwell, h. 
Nicolas Keir, f 
W" Sunderland, f. 
Matthow HameUton, f. 
George Cambell, h. 
Dohtrie Cambell, h. 
James Morrisone, h. 
Robert Craffurd, h. 
Lewis Latter, h. 
Rot Reind, f. 
Rot Bruce, h. 
Heugh Montgomerie, £ 
Henrie Blyth, h. 
Alex. Innes, f. 
Thomas Fyffe, f. 
Mungo Murray, f. 
Androw Fullertoune, h. 
James Bleketore, f 
James Gordon, h. 
Robt Rankin, h. 
John Mitchell, f. 
John Smith, f. 
John Finly, h. 
Rot Carmichell, h. 
Jo*^ Bruce, f. ^ 

Walter Scot, f. 
Charles Stevensone, h. 
Pattrick Rossell, f. 
Archibald Sterling, f. 

or, Northern Notes and Queries. 


Rot Gordon, £ 
Heugh Abercrombie, h. 
James Cuninghame, f. 
W"^ Lyone, h. 
Androw Wood, h. 

Leutennants — 
Ro* Lasson, f. 
Jo^ Keir, f. 
James Seyors (w), f. 
James Broune, f. for (sic). 
Jo^ Levingstoune, h. 
Charells Cambell, h. 
Loudwick Ogiluye, h. 
Walter Barrone, f. 
Adame Ross, h. 
W°^ Hardie, h. 
Mormond Leslie, f. 

iames Leslie, f. 
ames Forsythe, f. 
Patrick Hamiltoune f. 
James Leslie, h. 
James Rewell, f. 
James Grahame, h. 
Ro* Mearer, f. 
James Russell, h. 
W°^ Mogumerie, h 
George Gib, h. 
George Cadel, h. 
James Finly, f. 
W"^ Gordon, foot. 
W"^ Urquhart, h. 
W"^ Drummond, f. 
heugh Craigh, h. 
Walter baxter, f. 
David Mortemer, h. 
James Hamiltoun, h. 
James Sinklaer, f. 

J. M. 

J. M. 

Comnets — 
Jo^ Banentyn. 
Jo*^ Muire. 
Jo^ Stewart. 
Jo^ Strachen. 
Gilbert Lachlean. 
Jo^ Mitchell. 
James Courlay. 
Ro* Arsken. 
Jo*^ Murruy. 
Ro* Magumbrie. 
Henrie Halleburtoune. 
W°^ Mackdougall. 

Ensehens — 
Heugh Black. 
Richard Cokrane. 
AUex' Leyndsy. 
Jo'^ Hallyday. 
Jo^ Cambell. 
AUex'^ Musterd. 
Ro^ Mackleanen. 

Quaytter Meaisters — 
James Stewart. 
Allex^ Wach. 
David Cleark. 
Ro* Schuiman {sic), 
Daniell hunter. 
W"^ Johnstoune. 
Thomas Urchard. 
George Libertoune. 
Jo^ Dewar. 
James Wilkie. 
John Scotte. 

J. M, 

J. M. 

J. M. 

These are to certifie and declare that the above written list of officers 
have served his Majestie in his armies, preston, Worcester, or in the hills, 
and most of them in all the thrie. 

London, Sept. 26, 1660. 


394. Orkney Folklore. Sea Myths. — 6. The Fin Folk (con- 
tinued from vol, V. page 171). — (3.) The Mermaid, — In treating of these 
imaginary beings, it will be found that my account of them differs 
from descriptions of the mermaid which have often appeared. Karl 
Bhnd, in the Contemporary for September 1881, speaks of the mermaid 
as assuming the form and wearing the skins of seals. Now, this view 
would have been regarded as utterly heterodox by the old Orkney 
peasantry whom I knew forty years ago. To them the idea of a mermaid 
wearing a sealskin would have seemed as ridiculous as if some blundering 
newspaper should state that, ' Yesterday Her Majesty the Queen held a 
Drawing-Room, dressed in a coat of chain armour.' In the same article, 

1 1 6 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

a Shetland correspondent of the author is quoted, who says : ' Such an 
idea as a Mermaid I never heard of till I saw it in some English work of 
fiction.' My experience in Orkney is exacdy the reverse of that of the 
Shetlander. And I have heard a hundred times more about mermaids 
from the lips of Orkney peasants than I ever saw in books. I do not 
mention this in any spirit of controversy. Folk-tales may vary in different 
localities ; and I only profess to give, as far as I can, a correct rendering 
of the beUefs in my own locality. 

The mermaids were believed to be the daughters of fin men ; they 
married in their own race, as women do in the human race. Bu^ by a 
dire fatality, the marriage of a mermaid to a fin man doomed her to a pro- 
gressive loss of beauty. During the first seven years of married life she 
gradually lost her exquisite loveliness ; during the second seven years she 
was no fairer than women on earth; and in the third seven years of 
married life the mermaid became ugly and repulsive. The only way by 
which the mermaid could escape this loss of her charms was by marrying 
a man of human race. And this union could only be consummated by 
sexual intercourse. Hence her frequent attempts, by displaying her 
beauty on the seashore, and by her enchanting music, to lure a man into 
wedlock. The offspring of such unions was sure to possess all mental and 
manly good qualities, and rose to eminence, either on earth as men, or as 
fin folk in the sea. - The mermaid was always described to me as the beau- 
ideal of matchless beauty. One of my old female gossips used to say : 
' The mermaid is the loveliest creature on a' Geud's earth, or in a' the wide 
sea.' Her face was most lovely, and her form perfect in shape and pro- 
portion, while her golden hair, descending below her waist, was her 
matchless crown of beauty, adorning her head, and falling over her snow- 
white skin in wreaths of golden tissue. With regard to her posterior, all 
my informants agreed that, when in the water, she had a tail ; the men 
holding that her tail was an integral part of her body, while the old 
women declared this tail to be a skirt, fastened at the mermaid's waist, 
and forming, when its wearer was on land, a beautiful petticoat em- 
broidered with silver and gold ; when the mermaid was in the sea her 
petticoat was gathered together and shut up at its lower end, at once 
concealing the mermaid's feet and forming what foolish men called a tail. 
I have often heard stiff arguments among the old folk, as to whether the 
tail was a part of her dress, or was a part of the mermaid's body. The 
origin of the tail is accounted for in this way. The mermaid was first 
created the most beautiful of all creatures, perfect in form and lovely in 
face. She had no more tail on her fair body than has the daintiest lady in 
the land. Now, it chanced, one time long, long ago, that a great queen — 
some say it was mother Eve herself — was bathing in the sea, and as she 
came out of the water, she saw sitting on a rock near by the most beauti- 
ful creature that ever she clapped eyes on. It was the mermaid combing 
her golden hair. The queen was greatly amazed at the mermaid's beauty, 
and being shocked to see her sitting naked, she sent one of her maids 
with a gown to the mermaid. Then the mermaid said — 

I am queen of the sea, and the Mermaid *s my neem, 
Tae sh&w my fair body I denno tink sheem, 
Nae claiths file me skin, nae dress will I wear, 
Bit the braw braw taets o' me bonnie bonnie hair. 

The queen was filled with mad jealousy; and she, with all the 


ar^ Northern Notes afid Queries. 117 

women of the land, raised a great hubbub. They said it was a sin and 
a shame to allow one in the form of woman to be seen naked on the 
seashores. They said, moreover, that this seamaid was so fair, and her 
voice so sweet, that no man seeing and hearing her could ever care for 
women. And they said all her beauty comes by sorcery, and her music 
by enchantment. So the women took no rest till they got it doomed 
that the mermaid should wear a tail. But the men of the land added a 
caveat to this doom, that if ever a man fell in love with a mermaid, she 
should have the power of laying aside her tail. 

The fact that the mermaid is represented in a nude state should not 
be looked at in the light of our present-day feelings. The old Norsemen 
often luxuriated in a state of undress, thoughtless of shame, and without 
the slightest idea of violating the rules of decency. The Norse warrior 
would stretch himself naked before the fire, while young women rubbed 
the backs of the basking heroes. What a picture for Homer ! The old 
love of undress still lingers to our day in the North. Witness the vapour 
bath among the Swedish peasantry, as described in the book entitled. 
Land of the Midnight Sun, And it is said that German ladies bathing at 
Heligoland were fond of transgressing the Governor's rule, that no female 
should bathe without a bathing-gown. 

Doubtless the idea of the mermaid's beauty had in some measure a 
refining effect on a rude peasantry. I have seen an old withered woman, 
with grey hair and wizened' face, her head in a sooty' cap, a sooty square 
of homespun over her shoulders, a torn dirty petticoat of homespun over 
her knees, her left foot stretched before her on the hearth-stone, that foot 
in a stocking through which the big toe protruded, her naked right foot 
stretched over her left, while she was busy darning the stocking she had 
pulled off for that purpose ; while, in the midst of her poverty and 
squalor, she was painting in the most glowing colours, to a group of 
youngsters, the unequalled charms of the mermaid. The old woman 
seemed wholly absorbed by the beauty of the being she described; her 
hands dropped on her knees, her eyes glowed with the enthusiasm 
imparted by her description; and from the manner in which she 
emphasized her laudatory words, you could not for the moment but 
believe that she had seen with her own eyes the charming creature she 
described, while we youngsters, with eyes wide open and gaping mouths, 
sat around her spell-bound, believing every word she said. 

If the mermaid's form and face were lovely, her voice was still more 
attractive, and her music enchanting and dangerously bewitching to the 
human ear. When she sought by her exquisite singing to allure a man 
into her seductive embrace, the man who heard her had need of all his 
powers of resistance to prevent his being drawn away by her captivating 
song. To overcome the power of this siren song, the hearer had to repeat 
the following : — 

Geud tak a care o' me ! i* Geud's neem, 

I hear de mermaid sing ; 
Hids ^ bonnie, bonnie, bit no sae bonnie, 
As Geud's bells i' heeven ring. 

All incantations against supernatural power must contain the Supreme 
Being's name three times. As the crew of Ulysses were saved by wax in 
their ears, and as the Argonauts were delivered from the song of the 

1 Hid = it. 

ii8 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Sirens by the music of Orpheus, so was the reciter of this doggerel freed 
from the magic power of the mermaid's notes. 

The mermaid, when on land, was always seen combing her yellow hair 
with a golden comb ; but I never heard in Orcadian lore mention made 
of a mirror. Her practice of doing her toilet out of doors may be 
regarded by modern taste as vulgar; yet I suspect it was not so con- 
sidered in olden times. Froissart tells of a Welsh prince, commander of 
a French army, who, while reviewing the fortress he besieged, sat combing 
his hair in the open air. 

There were many wild stories of men being carried away by this sea- 
queen. One of them may be given when I treat of the fin man's home. 
The following is given as an instance showing that the seamaid was at 
first the vanquished party. I change the Doric into English, otherwise 
the tale is given in the words of the old narrator. Any words in paren- 
thesis are explanatory interpolations. 

Johnie Croy was the bravest, boldest, and bonniest man in all the broken 
isles of Orkney, and many a longing glance from many a bonnie lass was 
cast at him ; but fienty hair cared he for the lasses. 

Well, it fell on a day, one time long since, that Johnie went to the 
banks (seashore) to look for drift-wood. The tide was out, and he 
walked under the crags on the west side of Sanday ; and as he was guid- 
ing himself through the big boulders there came to him the most lovely 
sound that ever he h^ard in all his born days.' He stood a little minute 
fairly dumfoundered, his ears quaking with the beauty of that sound. 
There was a point of the crag that jutted out before him, and Johnie 
thought the lovely music came from the other side of that point, and 
peeped on the other side ; and, by my certie, he saw a sight that might 
have scared a fainter heart. But I doubt Johnie was a chield that did not 
care much for good or ill. He saw a mermaid sitting on a tang-covered 
rock combing her yellow hair, that shone like the brightest gold. She 
had a silvery glistening petticoat hanging down from her waist, and the 
lower ends of that skirt were folded together, and lay behind her like 
a tail. From head to waist she was naked, but her golden locks floated 
down over her white skin like sunshine playing about a pillar of snow. 
Johnie went down on his knees and swore by the meur-steen (generally a 
standing stone or boulder where district Things were held) that he would 
court the beautiful creature though the wooing should cost him his 
life. You see, he was fairly overcome with love of her. She sat 
with her back to the sea, and he only got a glimpse of the side of her 
face, and that glimpse set his heart beating like the clapper of a water- 
mill. Though terribly in love, he had all his wits about him. He crept 
down so as to get between her and the sea, hiding under the big boulders. 
Sometimes he would glance over the stones at her, and every glance made 
his heart burn with vehement love. He crept up behind her as quiet as 
a mouse. He came to about two ells behind her, while she sat unaware 
of his approach, combing her bonnie hair and humming her lovely tune. 
Johnie rose, sprang forward, flung his arms around her neck, and kissed 
her sweet mouth, I do not know how often. Bewitched fool ! he thought 
himself in Paradise. She sat a little minute fairly stunned. Then she 
sprang to her feet, flung Johnie on the rock, and gave him a wallop with 
her tail that made his rigging (spine) smart. Then opening the tails of 
her petticoat, she ran to the sea as if Satan had been after her. Johnie 

or^ Northern Notes and Queries. 119 

gathered himself up, swearing as he rose it was the first time that any one 
had laid his back to the ground. When he stood up he saw the maid in 
the sea staring at him with flaming eyes, burning both with love and anger. 
She was angry at being so rudely kissed ; yet the kisses had left a mark, 
not on her lips, but on her heart, and the warm embrace of humankind 
filled her breast with love to Johnie. As Johnie happened to look 
down, he saw shining at his feet the mermaid's gold comb. She had 
dropped it in her haste. Johnie held up the comb and cried, * Thanks 
to thee, bonnie lass, since thou hast left me a love-token.' When she saw 
the comb she gave a bitter cry, saying, *Aloor, aloor ! (alas, alas I). Oh give 
me back my golden comb ! To lose it is the sorest shame that could ever 
befall me ! Aloor, aloor ! Wherever I go the fin folk will call me the 
lass that lost her golden comb. Oh give me back my comb 1 * Says 
Johnie, * Nay, my sweet bonnie buddo (probably bird). Thou '11 come 
and bide on land with me, for I can never love another creature but thine 
own lovely self.' * Nay, nay,' quoth she, * I could not live in your cold 
land. I could not bide your black rain and white snow. And your 
bright sun and reeky fires would wizen me up in a week. Come thou 
with me, my bonnie, bonnie lad, and I '11 make thee a chief among the 
fin folk. I '11 set thee in a crystal palace, where sunbeams never blind, 
where winds never blow, and raindrops never fall. Oh come away with me, 
bonnie man, and be my own loving marrow, and we shall both be happy as 
the day is long.' * Nay, nay,' quoth Johnie, * thou needest not entice me. I 
was not born yesterday. But O my darling doe (dove), come thou with 
me I I have a stately house at Volyar, with plenty of gear, plenty of cows 
and sheep, and thou shalt be mistress of all. Thou shalt never want for 
anything. Just come away and bide with me, my darling Gem-de-lovely ' 
(used as the superlative of everything lovely, and often used in our old 
lore as the proper name of a lovely woman). 

How long they stood, what more they said, I cannot tell. Only, the 
longer they stood the more they admired each other. At last she saw folk 
coming far away ; for mermaids see far. So she bade him farewell, and 
swam out to sea, singing, * Aloor, aloor 1 my golden comb.' And he saw 
her yellow locks shining over her fair body, like sunbeams dancing over 
white sea foam. Johnie went home with a sore heart and heavy, carry- 
ing the gold comb in his bosom. His mother was a wise woman ; may be 
she was a spaewife. Johnie told her all the tale as I tell it you, and 
asked her advice as to what he should do. ' Thou art a big fool,' quoth 
his mother, * to fall in love with a sea lass, when there are plenty of thy 
own kind that would be glad to have thee. But men will be fools all the 
world over. So if thou wantest to have doings with her, thou must needs 
keep her comb as the dearest treasure. W^ile thou hast her comb thou 
wilt have power over her. Now, if thou wilt be wise and take my advice, 
thou wilt cast her comb in the sea, and think no more on the limmer, 
for I can tell thee, though she may make thy summer bright and bonnie, 
it will end in a woesome winter. But I see thou '11 ride thy own road, 
and sink in the quagmire at its end.' 

Well, Johnie went about his work like one bewitched, and could 
think on nothing but his sea-doll. Yet he did not forget to lock up the 
comb in a sure place. 

Now, it fell out one night that Johnie could get no sleep; he lay 
tossing about, wearying for a sight of his Gem-de-lovely. In the lighten- 

1 20 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

ing of the morning he fell into a slumber, and in the glimmering of the 
day he was awakened by a most beautiful sound of music in his chamber. 
He lay awhile as if entranced, the music was so sweet. And then he 
remembered that it was the same music he had heard at the shore ; and 
he knew it was Gem-de-lovely's voice. He sat up and saw sitting before 
his bed the most lovely creature that ever mortal eye looked on. Her 
face so bonnie, her yellow hair shining Hke gold, and her dress so wondrous 
braw, Johnie took it for a vision, and tried to say an eerisin (a short 
prayer, probably a corruption of orison). But never an eerisin could he 
' mind on. It was the mermaid. And quoth she, ' My bonnie man, I 'm 
come back to ask if thou '11 give me back my golden comb ; I 'm come 
to see. if thou *11 come with me and be my loving marrow.' * Nay,' 
quoth Johnie, *my sweet, bonnie buddo! Thou knowest I cannot do 
that. But, O my own bonnie darling, thou wilt bide with me and be my 
own dear wife. O Gem-de-lovely, if thou leaves me again my heart will 
break for love of thee.' Says she, * I '11 make thee a fair offer. I '11 be 
thy marrow. I '11 live with thee here for seven years, if thou wilt swisar to 
come with me, and all that 's mine, to see my own folk at the end of the 
seven years.' Johnie jumped out of bed, fell on his knees before her, 
and swore by the meur-steen to keep her bargain. And with that they 
jumped into each other's arms, and there they cuddled and kissed and 
clapped, till I wonder they were not sick of it. 

Well, they were married, and as the priest prayed Gem-de-lovely 
stuffed her hair in her ears. And folk all said a bonnier bride was never 
seen ; the gold and the silver shone on her dress, a string of pearls was 
round her neck, and every pearl was as big as a cockle-shell. 

Gem-de-lovely made a frugal, loving wife to Johnie. She baked the 
best bread and brewed the strongest ale in all the island. And she kept 
all things in good boonie (order). She was the best spinner in all the 
countryside. Indeed, Gem-de-lovely made the best wife and the best mother 
that was ever known. And at Volyar all things went merry as a Yuletide. 
Howbeit, it is a long day that has no ending, and as the seven years drew 
nigh to end, there was much stir in making ready for a long sea-voyage. 
Johnie said little, may be tiiought much. Gem-de-lovely was very brisk and 
busy, yet often wore a far-away look in her face. By this time Johnie and his 
wife had seven stately bairns, as bonnie and well-favoured bairns as ever 
set foot on a floor. Each of the bairns was weaned in Grannie's bosom, 
and now she had the youngest bairn sleeping with her in her own little 
house. And on the night before the day on which the seven years were 
ended, what think ye did Johnie's mother do? It was in the heuld 
(midnight) when she made a cross of wire ; she heated it in the fire, and 
she laid the cross red-hot on the bare seat of the bairn, he screaming like 
a demon* 

Well, the morning came, and when they were boon (fully equipped), 
Gem-de-lovely walked down to the boat. And oh ! she was a sight. 
Stately and grand as a queen. When she came to the beach she saw her 
goodman and six of her bairns in the boat. So she sent up the servants 
for the youngest bairn. They soon came back, telling her that four men 
had tried to lift the cradle wherein the bairn lay, and deil an inch could 
they budge it. Then there came a cloud over Gem-de-lovely's bonnie 
face. She ran up to the house and tried to lift the cradle, but could not 
move it. She flung back the blanket and made for lifting the naked bairn 

or. Northern Notes and Queries. 121 

out of its cradle. The moment she touched him she felt a dreadful burn- 
ing go through her arms that made her draw back, and she gave a wild 
scream. She went to the beach and into the boat with her head hang- 
ing down, and the salt tears running from her bonnie eyes. All the 
time Grannie sat on a stone with tears in her eyes, and a laugh hanging 
about her mouth. As the boat sailed away the folk on the shore heard 
Gem-de-lovely lamenting sore, * Aloor, aloor ! for my bonnie bairn ! 
Aloor ! for my bonnie boy ! Aloor, to think I must leave him to live and 
die on dry land ! ' Away, far away, sailed the boat, nobody knows where. 
Johnie Croy, bis braw wife, and six eldest bairns were never more seen by 
mortal eye. 

Grannie nursed the little boy that was left, and she named him Corsa 
Croy (Croy of the Cross). He grew to be a terribly strong and well- 
favoured man. When his grandmother died Corsa Croy took to the sword, 
and he went far away to fight the Pagan loons in Guthaland (God's land, 
that is, the Holy Land). And they said he hewed down the Pagans just as 
I, with a shearing-hook, would cut down thistles. Corsa Croy gathered 
great store of wealth from the chiefs he slew. He married a yarl's daughter 
and settled in the south country (the Island of Britain), and he and his 
wife had many bairns and plenty of worldly gear. They lived happy, and 
if not dead, they are living yet. W. Traill Dennison. 

West Brough, Sanday. 

395. Proclamation by John, Earl of Mar. — ^John, Earl of Mar, 
etc., Commander-in-Chief of His Majesty's Forces in Scotland. 

These are in His Majesty's name, James the 8th, by the grace of God, 
etc., our rightful and natural king, to declare, That all ministers and 
preachers of the gospel, Presbyterian as well as Episcopal, who doe not 
pray and preach against His Maty, or others employed by him in assert- 
ing his rights to the throne of these realms, and for restoring him and his 
ancient kingdom to their just rights, privileges, and independent constitu- 
tions, shall have due protection in their churches, livings, and all that 
belong to them, and are hereby required not to remove from their said 

These are likewise ordering and requiring all His Matys. forces and 
and loving subjects to give due protection to the said ministers aforesaid, 
and to keep them from being molested or any way maletreated whatsoever, 
as they will be answerable at their highest peril. 

This we order to be published in all the hea^i burghs and parish 
churches over Scotland, that none may pretend ignorance. 

Given at the Camp at Perth this 4th of October 17 15. 


To Mr. John Logan, Minister at Alloa; Mr. 
Willy, Minister of Clackmanan, and the 
other Ministers of the shire of Clack- 
The seal is apparently the Mar and Erskine Arms quartered, but it is 

much mutilated. The scroll surmounted by a coronet bears the Scotch 

motto, * Nemo me impune,' etc., and underneath the shield depends a St. 

Andrew's Cross. 

122 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

396. Betrothal and Marriage (vol iv. p. 129). — In 1887 'Extracts 
from the Records of the Royal Burgh of Stirling ' were privately printed. 
In an appendix to vol. i. are 'abstracts of some of the documents recorded 
in Fragments of Protocol Books.' In some of these light is thrown on the 
mode of conducting the marriage ceremony before the Reformation. The 
betrothal, which took place at a time and place distinct from the actual 
marriage service, was without doubt the handfasting which was suppressed 
by the Reformers in Scotland, but which was joined to the Marriage Service 
in the English Prayer-book, thus avoiding the evils which resulted from 
the long postponement of the Church marriage, leading in some cases to 
its omission, and thus depriving marriage of the Church's benediction. 

* 14th November 1475. — ^^ presence of the notary and witnesses, com- 
peared Duncan Aquhonane and Agnes Makcalpyn, daughter of Robert 
Makcalpyn of Camquhil, and were affianced together, per verba defuturo, 
according to the laws of the church, and for marriage to be contracted 
between them, giving their oaths on the holy Gospels that they had not 
formerly made any contract with any other persons, but that they might 
lawfully be joined in marriage. Done in the chamber of the notary the 
eighth hour before noon or thereby' (vol. i. p. 255). 

• 15 November 1475. — Marriage was solemized in face of the kirk, 
between Duncan Aquhonane and Agnes Makcalpyn, by Nicholas Franch, 
curate of the parish church of Strivelin, within the parish church of the 

Holy Rood of the burgh Done in the said church the fifth hour 

before noon or thereby ' (vol. i* p. 256). 

From two other cases reported it would seem that the marriage took 
place at the door of the church. 

*2i April 1478. — In presence of Colin, earl of Argyle, lord Campbell 
and Lome, Gilbert lord Kennedy, and the notary and witnesses, Hugh, 
lord of Montgumre, on the one part, and Elen Campbel, one of the 
daughters of the said earl, on the other part, passing to the door of the 
parish church of Dolor, Sir Patrick Makcleny, chaplain, asked them if 
they wished to be joined in marriage, who answered they did. . . . Where- 
upon the said Sir Patrick placed the said Hugh's hand in the said Elen's, 
and per verba matrimonis de presenti united them in marriage, and Hugh 
and Elen kissed each other in name of matrimony. Done in the church 
of Dolar the tenth hour before noon or thereby ' (vol. i. p. 264). The 
Earl of Argyle had a castle at Dollar known as Castle Gloom, which name 
was changed by Act of Parliament to Castle Campbell. The interesting 
and beautiful ruins of this castle are well known. 

25 Nov. 1479. — William lord le Grahame and Annabella, one of the 
daughters of John Drummond of Cargill, * past to the door of the parish 
church of Muthyl ' where they were married, p. 266. 

397. The Scots in Ulster. — A close connection has existed for nearly 
a thousand years between the west of Scotland and the north of Ireland, 
and a stream of migration has for eight hundred years flown as strongly from 
east to west as from west to east. Both northern Ireland and north-western 
Scotland have possessed much in common in language and specially place- 
names from very early ages, and this their common property is of Norse 
origin. Three of the great Irish provinces, Leinster, Munster, and Ulster, 
are held by Jocey, in his Origin and History of Irish Names and Places^ to have 
the Scandinavian termination 'Ster=stadrf a 'place.' Connaught, in the west 

or, Northern Notes and Qtceries. 123 

of the island, like Wales in the west of England, became the refuge of the 
remnant of the original inhabitants. The Scandinavians were not the only 
people who troubled the old Irish. The Easterlings, a maritime race com- 
prising the inhabitants of Denmark and the coast of Holland nearly to the 
Straits of Dover, planted themselves on the east coast of Ireland, as they did 
on the eastern parts of England and Scotland. With less ferocity than the 
Scandinavians or Norsemen, they had more pertinacity in sticking to a spot 
once visited; as traders they had keen eyes for a good location, and had 
no scruples as to the means of holding what they had once seized. Their 
influence may be gathered from the fact that the word * sterling, ' as applied 
to money from the 12th century down to the present time, means the 
money of the Esterlings or 'Sterlings. As regards civilisation the north-east 
of Ireland had the advantage of being inhabited by a race of men who still 
retained the old Norse courage. England had little to fear from the western 
savages ; she set herself to make herself master of the province of Ulster, 
and this she never succeeded in doing until the crowns of Scotland and 
England were united. No long serious wars occurred between England 
and Scotland after the Bruce planted himself firmly on the Scottish throne, 
but there was no love lost between the two countries. English statesmen 
openly averred that Scotland could never prosper till she accepted Eng- 
lish protection and acknowledged an English king. Scottish statesmen 
were well aware that England, in undisputed possession of eastern Ire- 
land from Cape Clear to Lough Foyle, could not only march over the 
borders but attack her western shores from Ireland. It was, therefore, 
politic to keep Ulster in a state, if not of independence, yet of restless- 
ness, and this was the easier done as the ruling families of the province 
were fierce and ambitious, each in turn glad to receive aid from Scot- 
land, not only to keep England at bay, but to secure supremacy for 
the time being to his own family. It was a stroke of policy which led 
Edward Bruce in 1315 to invade Ireland. It is true that three years later 
he lost his life with more than 6000 of his countrymen at Dundalk, but 
from that time down to the Union of the two Crowns the Scots in Ireland 
were a source of trouble to the English. I have not space to dwell on 
this ; a few instances must suffice to show the influence of the Scots in the 
north of Ireland. I have taken my information from the State papers of 
the reign of Henry viii., and from the calendars of Irish papers. It 
would take too long to follow the history of the Scots in Ireland 
between 1320 and 1520. In 1520, a fear was expressed of an enter- 
prise by the Earl of Argyle. *The Irish would resist the English, 
and over and above their own powers undoubtedly they may have three 
or four thousand Irish-Scots whensoever and as often as they will call 
for them, and they are not distant from the north parts of this land 
(Ireland) four hours' sailing.' In 1523 the Scots held castles iti Ulster, 
and in 1535 we read, *Neal Connelaugh came unto me (Sir William 
Skeffington, English Governor), and hath shown me and Lord O'Donnell 
how they (O'Neill and Manus O'Donnell), ever since my arrival into this 
land, have done their best endeavour to draw the Scots of the outer 
islands of Scotland to their country for their maintenance and help,' The 
mention in one passage of O'Donnell and the Western Isles is suggestive. 
The O'Donnells of Ulster were of the family of the McDonnells of the 
Isles. They had been long settled in Ireland, but they had kept up 
their intercourse with their old home and people. The plan adopted by 

124 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

the English to govern Ireland by allowing a chief to obtain semi-royal 
power, and then having lured him into treason to obtain the result of his 
labours by his destruction, proved deservedly unsuccessful. It would lie 
beside our subject to trace the rise and fall of O'Donnell, Shane O'Neill, 
Turlough Lynagh, and Tyrone, but each and all of these men made use of 
the Scots, and the Campbells and the M'Donnells were also connected 
with them by marriage. Indeed the ladies of the house of Campbell had 
a hard time of it, for they were required to transfer their conjugal 
obedience — conjugal affection we imagine there was none — to one or other 
of the rival chiefs as the shifting exigencies of the times demanded. These 
matrimonial alliances are, to say the least of it, confusing. I only mention 
them to show that the Scots were very much in Ireland before the 
accession of King James vi. to the English throne in 1603. Fortunately 
for James, fortunately for Scotland, and fortunately for Ireland, the last 
great Ulster chieftain, Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone, the grandson of 
Con O'Neill, was defeated, in 1601, and his power utterly destroyed 
in 1602. The estates forfeited were immense, over 500,000 acres. With 
this vast district at his disposal James was able to try an experiment 
which if not altogether successful yet completely altered the position of 
the Scots in Ulster. On the Borders, the mosstroopers, now pressed on 
either side by James, King of England, and by the same James, King of 
Scotland, no longer could offer their lances to a rival and hostile sovereign, 
and were squeezed out, deported to serve in the Flemish wars, or to 
make their way as best they could as squatters in Ireland, with the promise 
of a halter if they came back. In Ulster the wild Irish could no longer 
get the help of the Scots to fight against the English, but had to see the 
richest part of their province handed over to Scotch and English settlers, 
who came with but one object, to overawe the native inhabitants. The 
Planting of Ulster will be found fully described in a work published 
at Belfast in 1877, written by the Rev. George Hill. The system adopted 
was as follows : Three classes of settlers were arranged — i. undertakers ; 
2. servitors, or those who had served the State in war ; 3. (last and least), 
natives. i. The undertakers were partly English and partly Scots. I 
shall only refer to the latter. In the first case there had been seventy-seven 
select Scottish applicants for land in shares varying from 1000 to 2000 
acres each, amounting to an aggregate of 141,000 acres, but the under- 
takers held back from settling on their land. So a new survey was found 
necessary, and when the matter was again taken up in 1610, it was with- 
drawn from the Scottish Privy Council. In 161 1 a new list of Scottish 
undertakers appeared. This consisted of fifty-nine instead of seventy- 
seven names, and in this only eighteen of the earlier applicants appear. 
The apportionment of the land was also altered, five Scottish noblemen 
receiving 3000 acres each. A list of the names of these undertakers is 
given at p. Ixxx of the preface to the ninth volume of the Register of the 
Scottish Privy Council. In the calendar of the Carew Papers will be 
found reports as to the working of the experiment. In many cases the 
undertakers did little or nothing. In some cases they were content to let 
their land to the Irish on easy terms, thus acting in direct opposition to 
the object of their holding the lands at all. On considering the whole 
subject, we must come to the conclusion that the formal settlement of 
Ulster did but little, and that other circumstances saved the whole scheme 
from failure. Amongst those may be reckoned the altered condition of 


or. Northern Notes and Queries. 125 

Britain — now no longer England and Scotland, either divided by open 
war or by unconcealed mistrust The English and Scots in Ireland were, 
from the accession of James to the English throne, working side by side 
in Ireland, and what red-tapeism could not accomplish, private enterprise 
soon took up. The position of Ulster was favourable to Scottish settle- 
ment there. The Scottish people had developed a great talent for foreign 
trade. The Dutch who had supplied the east coast of Ireland with their 
goods now gave way to a race in which Dutch blood and Dutch taste for 
traffic were largely commingled. From the west coast of Scotland smalt 
trading vessels were continually passing to Ireland, and they took with 
them many who remained as settlers. In Charles the First's reign the 
Scottish population in Ulster was both large and prosperous. The in- 
crease in the population of Ireland was astonishing — in 1580 it was 
roughly reckoned at half a million, in which the Protestants were not 
worth counting ; in 1641 it was a million and a half, amongst whom were 
260,000 Protestants. The greater number of the Protestants were to be 
found in Ulster. The Presbjrterians of that province outnumbered the 
Episcopalian Protestants in the rest of the kingdom. In Charles the 
First's reign Laud's mania for uniformity was not only felt in Scotland by 
his attempt to force on a people not disinclined to a mild form of Episco- 
pacy a Liturgy which was repugnant to their feelings : it was felt dis- 
astrously in Ireland also. The Irish Protestants were to be made not 
simply Irish Episcopalians, but Irish Episcopalians of an English type. 
In the south of Ireland Laud would have found his work easy, but 
he had to commence with Ulster, the stronghold of Scottish Presby- 
terianism. The history of his work does not come within the scope of 
this paper. Suffice it to state that those ministers who did not conform 
were deprived, and as there were no competent men ready to fill their 
places, churches stood empty. Ulster had in its earlier days to suffer 
alike from the jealousy of the native Irish in other parts of the country 
and of English' manufacturers. Weaving, first of wool and then of flax, 
was the chief industry of the Ulster settlers. The British weaving 
interest took alarm, and Wentworth, Lord Strafford, to please England 
and weaken Ireland, did his best to destroy the trade. The Irish them- 
selves were then as ever averse to let strangers cultivate a virtue they did 
not recognise — Industry. They boycotted, and finally annihilated, the 
weaving industry carried on at Waterford by Huguenots ; they tried the 
same tactics in Ulster, but failed. During the Commonwealth Ulster 
prospered, as, indeed, did every part of Ireland where Cromwell made his 
authority felt. It was at this period that the intercourse between Scotland 
and the Scottish colony became constant ; the small trading vessels of 
Renfrewshire and Ayrshire were ever passing backwards and forwards. 
Our public documents — parish registers, kirk-session records, wills — 
show how the interests of the two places had become one. The frequent 
inquiries of Ultonians about their Scottish ancestors show that they 
possess evidence or clear tradition that their people settled in Ulster 
about the middle of the 17th century. The Restoration did much to 
trouble the prosperity that existed. No doubt the Stuarts had a difficult 
task to perform ; it is enough to say that as they failed to satisfy their 
English and their Scottish subjects, so they failed to act justly either to 
the native Irish or to the Scots in Ulster. With the Revolution an im- 
provement came, but a new difficulty arose. It had become the policy to 

126 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

support the Established Protestant Church in Ireland as a useful weapon 
against the Papists; but the Church, too weak numerically, and too 
Erastian in spirit to flourish, was content to leave her more formidable 
opponent unmolested, and used what energy she possessed to harass the 
Presbyterians in Ulster. The Bishop of Dromore asserted that the Presby- 
terians were at heart rebels and Covenanters. We must remember that 
this took place in the reign not of James ii. but of William iii. In 17 19 
a Toleration Act more meagre than that which now stands on the Statute 
- Book was passed in spite of the Irish bishops. It gave Nonconformists a 
bare permission to meet for worship in their own chapels, while the tests 
were sternly upheld. This was all that could be obtained. Archbishop 
King and the Irish bishops complained to the Archbishop of Canterbury 
that the English bishops had betrayed them. The occasion of the panic, 
to use Froude's words, * was the simple permission to the Presbyterians 
who had saved Ireland from Tyrconnel, who formed two-thirds of the Pro- 
testant population of Ulster, to open chapels of their own, though they 
were incapacitated from holding public employment, though their marriages 
were invalid, though they were forbidden to open a single school, or hold 
any office in town or country above the rank of a petty constable.' It is 
asserted on good authority that the effect of this persecution, for such it 
was, and which lasted till 1782, was that very many of the settlers moved 
to America, where they became staunch Republicans, and did much to 
make the War of Independence successful and the United States a free 
country. Slight as has been the sketch I have been able to give, it may 
have sufficed to show what energy, industry, and independence can 
accomplish. In Ulster alone is progress and real prosperity to be found 
in Ireland. The Scotsman does not lose the vigour of his character. 
Ulster is nearer to Scotland than ever. The names on the shops in the 
streets of Belfast are Scottish as a rule. The faces of the people are 
Scottish. They love Scotland. They are a peaceable, law-abiding race, 
content with such liberties as their brethren in Scotland and England 
possess. They are strong, and they know their strength, and are quite 
able to hold their own. Statistics show the strength of Ulster at the 
present day, and the fruits of the industry and courage of the Scotsmen 
who have made it their home. The following figures are taken from 
Whitaker's Almanack for 1891 : — 

The whole population of Ireland is, .... 5) 1 74*836 
Do. do. of Ulster, . . . . Ij743»07S 

Or one-third of the whole. 

It is not, of course, asserted that all Ulster is Protestant. It must be 
remembered that the other three provinces contain very many thousand 
Protestants. Very little reliance can be placed on the statistics of 
religious bodies. The following figures are, however, from the official 
returns of 188 1 for the whole of Ireland : — 

Irish Church (Protestant), ..... 639,574 

Irish Presbyterians, . . . , , , 485,503 

Total of Protestants, ..... 1,125,077 

Or more than one-fifth of the whole population. The number of Protestant Dis- 
senters is not given. 


or. Northern Notes and Queries, 127. 

The following figures will show that the semi-Scottish province of 
Ulster is more prosperous than the rest of Ireland : — 

Paupers in Ulster, i per cent, of the population, 

„ lesl of Ireland, z) „ of the population. 
Poo[-ia1es in Ulslet, 2s. 5d. per head of [he population. 
„ rest of Ireland, 55. 3d. „ of the population. 
Tiie Scots in Ulster possess a good record in the past — in the present 
they are worthy of their sires — and for the future we may safely prophesy 
prosperity while they stand shoulder to shoulder, and are loyal, industrious, 
and enei^etic A. W. Cornelius Hallen. 

398. Sailor's Costume in 1693. 
• — Mr. Johnston, Bookseller, George 
Street, Edinburgh, has kindly allow«i 
us the use of a reduced facsimile 
of the title-page of a work entitled 
'England's Safety; or a Bridle to the 
French King, proposing a sure method 
for encouraging navigation, raising 
qualified Sailors, etc., by Captain 
George St. Lo, 1693-' The chief 
interest of the plate lies in the cos- 
tume of the sailors, which comprises 
a sort of kilt which looks like tartan 
plaid. There can be little doubt 
that the sailors of the Royal Navy 
were thus clad at the close of the 1 7th 
century. Ed. 

399. Seal of Bishop Stephen of Ross. — I have in my possession a 
copy of a sea), one and one-eighth inches diameter, of late 14th or early 

15th century work. A shield surrounded by 
tracery, quarteriy ist and 4th bany of 7, 2nd and 

3rd a low mitre. Inscription : — 


1 cannot find any such bishop in Keith's 
Scotiisk Bishops, 01 any other work that I can lay 
my hands on. t should be glad of any help in 
the matter. 

Henry A. Rye. 

400. Rebel Prisoners at Inverness, 1746. — The following list of 
rebel prisoners is from an old ms. in my possession, which is apparently a 
contemporary copy of some ofBcial document. 

It is 'aranged be ye difrent Regements under ye names of ther 

Master of Lovaes Rtgimtitt. Pte, Thomas Qerk, Invemess-shire. 

Pte. Angus Campbell, Inverness-shire. „ Alexander Duncan, do. 

„ Murdoch Cameron, do. Sei^ David Eraser, do. 


The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Pte. Donald Fraser, a dumb man said to 
have killed seven men at Falkirk, 
Donald Fraser, Inverness-shire. 
Wm. Fraser, do. 
Thomas Fraser, do. 
John Fraser, do. 
Donald Fraser, do. 
Andrew Ferguson, Cromarty. 
John Geddes, Inverness-shire. 
] bhn Grasich, do. 
James Grant, do. 
Charles Irvine, do. 

}ohn McDonald, do. 
ohn M'Vain, do. 
George M*Culloch, Cromarty. 
William M*Culloch, do. 
Donald M'Adie, do. 
Alex. M'Kintosh, do. 
Thomas M'Intyre, do. 
Wm. M*Vain, Inverness. 
Donald M'Leod, do. 
Will. M 'Donald, do. 
John M*Ivar, do. 
John Morgan, do. 
John M*Leod, do. 
James MTherson, do. 
William Mackenzie, do. 
Andrew Monchall, do. 
William Mackintosh, do. 
Jascal Mackay, do. 
Neil M*Goary, do. 
Evan M'Kenzie, do. 
Donald Ross, do. 
Lachlan Ritchie, do. 
Allan Stewart, do, 
Thomas Thomson, do. 

CoU MaclauchlarC s Regiment, 
Col. Maclauchlan, Inverness-shire. 
Pte. John M'Lauchlan, Argyleshire. 
,, John M*Bain, Inverness. 
„ Donald M*Lean, Argyleshire. 
Col, Chisholm^s Regiment. 

Pte. Rod. Chisholm, Inverness-shire. 
Wm. Chisholm, do. 
Wm. Chisholm, do. 
John M *Donald, do. 

Pitsligo's Regiment [Alexander Lord 
Forbes of Pitsligo] 
Captain Andrew Spruel, Glasgow. 
Ensign James Hay, Aberdeenshire. 
Geo. Adison, * Bawman,* do. 
Donald M*Queen, 'Bawman,* Argyleshire. 

Appin Regiment [Stewart of Appin]. 
Pte. Archibald Colquhoun, Aberdeen- 
„ John M'Lean, do. 
,, Duncan Stewart, do. 

Lord John Drummond^s Regiment, 
Pte. Donald Cameron, Perthshire. 
Hugh Fraser, Inverness-shire. 
John Haggans, Lanark. 
John M'Dowgall, Lord J. Drumond*s 
'Piper's Servant.* 











Duke of Berwick* s Regiment, 

Pte. Alexander Campbell, Inverness. 
,, Alexander Young, do. 

Lord Elcho's Regiment, 

Life- Guard Sir John Wedderbum, Angus. 
Walter Gordon, Midlothian. 
James Bredshaw, Manchester. 
James Cassie, Tweed-dale. 

Lord Lewis Gordon* s Regiment. 

Pte. John Allan, Aberdeenshire. 
,, Donald Campbell, Perthshire. 
,, Robert Grant, Aberdeenshire. 
,, John Simpson, Moray. 
,, James Stewart, Aberdeenshire. 

Lochiel Regimettt, 

Pte. Alexander Cameron, Inverness-shire. 
„ Archibald Cameron, do. 
,, Donald Cameron, do. 
,, Duncan Campbell, Argyleshire. 
,, Alexander Macleod, Inverness-shire. 
,, Donald Macleod, Argyleshire. 

John Roy Stuart Regiment, 

Capt. Andrew Wood, Glasgow. 
Pte. John Cairn, Perthshire. 

„ David Crab, Midlothian. 

,, William Grant, Inverness. 

,, Lachlan McLean, Argyleshire. 

,, William Roy, Lanark. 

Stoneywood*5 Regiment [Moir of Stoney- 

Pte. John Beverley, Aberdeenshire. 
,, Andrew Catanoch, do. 
„ George Gordon, do. 
,, John Mason, do. 
,, Dougal Mackenzie, Inverness-shire. 
,, David Ramsay, Angus. 
„ Alex. Thomson, Aberdeen. 
,, Donald Ross, do. 

Duke of Perthes Regiment, 

Major James Stuart, Aberdeenshire. 
Capt. Alex. Cuning, Perthshire. 

,, Alexander Buchanan, do. 
Sergt. Donald Ferguson, do. 
Pte. Archibald Colquhoun, Argyleshire. 

„ James Drummond, Perthshire. 

„ John Drummond, do. 

,, William Falconer, Banffshire. 

„ Wm. Harrall, Perthshire. 

,, Donald Macalpine, do. 

,, John M 'Robbie, do. 

„ James Macdonald, Inyemess-shire. 

Sir Alexander Bannerman*s [of Elsick] 

Pte. David Burns, Mearns. 

,, John Campbell, Argyleshire. 

,, John Campbell, do. 

,, Grigor Farquharson, Banff. 

„ Robert Johnston, Mearns. 

,, John Morrison, Banffshire. 

,, James Ronaldson, Aberdeenshire. 

,, John Smart, do. 

„ James Stephen, Mearns. 

or^ Northern Notes and Queries, 


Glenbuckef s Regiment [Gordon of 
Lieut. George Gordon, Perthshire. 
Pte. John Buchanan, Inverness-shire. 

James Ferguson, Aberdeenshire. 

Wm. Farquarson, Banffshire. 

James Gordon, do. 

James Middleton, do. 

John Maclauchlan, do. 

John Macdonald, do. 

Thomas Nairn, Aberdeenshire. 

Macdonald of Keppoch^ s Regiment, 

Pte. John Kennedy, Inverness-shire. 
Dogal Sentor, Midlothian. 
John Robertson, Perthshire. 



» J 






Lord George Murray's Regiment, 

Pte. John Aldain, Perthshire. 
Alex. Christie, do. 
Donald Cameron, Argyle. 
Duncan Campbell, Perthshire. 
John Ferguson, do. 
Robert Farquharson, Inverness. 
Wm. Mackintosh, Angus. 
John M 'Andrew, Nairn. 
George Mury, Aberdeen. 
Peter M*Laren, Perth. 
Donald Robison, do. 
George Robison, do. 
John Ross, Angus. 
James Skonawa, Irishman. 

Abochie [Col. John Gordon of] Regiment, 
Pte. James Campbell, Inverness. 

George Forbes, Aberdeen. 

James Guiffoch, do. 

William Miln, do. 

John M'Lean, Argyle. 

Hugh M*Kenzie, Inverness. 

Robert Mackay, Sutherland. 

ArdshieVs [Chas. Stewart of J Regiment. 

Pte. John Buchanan, Argyle. 
Donald Levistone, do. 
Evan M*Culloch, do. 
Archibald M'Innes, do. 
Allan Steuart, Perth. 
Malcolm, servant to Col. Stewart. 

Lord OgUvi^s Regiment. 
Pte. Thos. Armstrong, Angus. 
William Anderson, do. 
Robert Bean, Mearns. 
Wm. Bain, do. 
Daniel Campbell, Angus. 
Andrew Geddes, Banff. 

}ames Hasben, do. 
ames Mason, Aberdeen. 
James Laird, Angus. 
Alexander Mathew, do. 
David Mitchell, do. 
James Nicol, do. 
John Nicol, do. 
Alexander Piggot, do. 
Jos. Stair, do. 

Pte. Alex. Smith, Ai^s. 

, John Smith, do. 

, William Traill, Banft. 

, Alex. Trigg, Moray. 

, Alexander Watson, Angus 

, Alexander Wilkie, do. 

, James Wylie, do 

Crightofis Regiment Qames Crichton of 
Auchingoull, created * Viscount Fren- 
draught ' by * Prince Charlie *]. 

Pte. John Airth, Aberdeen. 
John Gollan, Inverness. 
James Low, Banff. 
Andrew Mill, Aberdeen. 
James Smith, do. 
Andrew Smith, do. 
William Walker, do. 

Macgillavrae's Regiment [Alexander 
M'Gillivray of Dunmaglass, killed at 

Pte. Jas. M*Kenzie, Inverness 
Francis Mackintosh, do. 
Malcolm Masterton, do. 
John M'Kenzie, do. 
Farquhar M*Gillavrae, do. 
Donald M*Vain, do. 
Farquhar M'Kintosh, do. 
Donald M*Leod, do. 

Farquharson^ s Regiment [Col. Francis 
Farquharson of Monaltrie]. 

Colonel Francis Farquharson, Aberdeen. . 
Capt. John Farquharson, do. 
Ensign Duncan Macgregor, do. 
Pte. John Ague, do. 

Duncan Catanach, do. 

William Couts, do. 

Alexander Davidson, do. 

William Durr^t, do. 

Alex. Ledderkin, do. 

George Macdonald, do. 

George Murdoch, do. 

John Macandrew, do. 

John Macau rie, Argyle. 

Donald Macrae, Sutherland. 

John Smith, Aberdeen. 

Magnus Young, do. 

ClanronaWs Regiment. 

Pte. Wm. Munro, Inverness. 
Roger Macdonald, Skye. 
John Macdonald, Inverness. 
John Macdonald, do. 
Dugwal Macleod, do. 
Archibald Macdonald, do. 
John Macdougall, Argyle. 
Donald Sutherland, Sutherland 

Glengarry's Regiment. 

Pte. James Davidson, Inverness. 
Alex. Campbell, Nairn. 
Donald Grant, Inverness. 
Chas. Graham, Ross. 
Angus Macdonald, Inverness. 







The Scottish A ntiquary ; 

Pte. John Macdonald (4), Inverness. 
Duncan Macdonald, do. 
Donald Macdonald, do. 
John Maclellan, Angus. 
Hugh Ross, Ross. 






Mackintosh Regiment, 

Pte. Alex. Campbell, Sutherland. 
John Campbell, Perth. 
John Sim, Inverness. 
Donald Forbes, do. 
Alex. Forbes, Ross. 
Lachlan Mackintosh, Inverness 
John M*Vea, Angus. 
Alex. Mackintosh, Inverness. 
George Smith, Aberdeen. 
Alex. White or Whyte, Inverness. 



f > 







Names not Classified. 

Pte. John Maclean [Aberdeen — Maclean's 

,, Alex. Morrison [Argyle — Maclean's 

Life-Guard Jas. Dod [Perth— Lord Bal- 


Ensign James Lindsay and Pte. Jas. Reid 
[Perth— Lord Strathallan]. 
Wm. Robertson [Perth — Duke of 

Hugh Macdonald [Ptrth — Col. Mcn- 

zie's Regiment]. 
Jan Boy, native of France [Fitz- 

James Dyce (Aberdeen), Cadet James 
Flint (Inverness), Pte. Daniel 
Maquhony (Irish) [Ruth's Picquets]. 
Pte. John Sim [Penh — Lord Nairn's 
Thomas Gillespie, a boy [Midlothian 

^-Col. Warrant's Regiment]. 
James Drummond [Inverness — Lord 
Lewis Drummond]. 
Geo. Lauder, Esq., surgeon, [Edinburgh]. 
John Rattray, surgeon, do. 
John Finlayson, engineer [Artillery, Edin- 
Nairn [Deputy Paymaster, Edin- 
Geo. Law, chaplain [Aberdeen]. 
John Macintyre [Bawman to Pretender^ 
John Gray [a native of France, came ex- 
press from the French King]. 

D. M. Rose. 



401. Price of Glass in 1686. — The following prices are taken 
from the Accounts of the Burgh of Stirling. The money is, of course, 
Scottish, but it would represent a sum considerably larger than the same 
amount at the present day : — * Beer glasses 20s. the dozen, wine glasses 4s. 
each.' A petition from Sir Robert Mansell, who possessed the monopoly 
of glass-making, dated 1640, and at present in the British Museum, was 
printed in Notes dr* Queries for October 24, 1891. In it the price of 
ordinary beer glasses is stated to be 4s. per dozen, ordinary wine glasses 
2s. 6d. per dozen, * Cristall ' beer glasses made in England 9s. per dozen, 
* Cristall ' wine glasses made in England 7s. per dozen. Ed. 

402. Registers of Old St. Paul's, Edinburgh (continued from 
vol, vi. /. 81). — 

1763. Apr. 8, f. 6. h. 5. V. In Dickson's Land, baptized a son of Jas. 

Park, Apothecary, & . . . . MacLean, named James-Allan. 

Major M*Lean, Hector M*Lean, .... Campbell, Mrs. M*Ilmeath, 

&c., pnt. — S. L. 
„ June 10, f. 6. h. 6. v. In Moulters Hill, baptized a son of James 

Stewart & Alison Ruddiman, named William, pr. Lm. Wm. 

Inglis, Jo. Hutton, Munro, & Gardener, &c., pnt. 

„ Aug. 8, f. 2. h. 6. V. In Martins Wynd, baptized a son of Nath. 

Spens, Surgeon, named Thomas. Jo. MTherson, Mrs. Douglas, 

&c. &c., pnt. — S. L. 
„ Aug. 17, f. 4. noon. In ... . Close, baptized a daur. of Jo. Blair 

of Balthaynock, & Pal. Stephen, named Christian. Misses 

Stephen & Butter, Mrs. Harper, &c., pnt. — S. L. 
„ Dec. 7, f. 4. noon. In Kinlocks Close, baptized a son of Sir Stuart 

Threipland & Dame Janet Murray, named Richard. Wm. Budge, 

Don. Ro*son, & Mrs. Budge, Spors. — pr. Litgm, 


or^ Northern Notes and Queries, 1 3 1 

A" Sal. 

1764, Febry. 19, f. i. h. 5. v. In the Clam-shell Turnpike, baptized a son 

of John Fife, Clerk, & . . . Gibsone, named Colquhon. — Sine Lit. 
, July 22, f. I. h. 7. V. In the Caltoun, baptized a son of J as. 

Robertson, Vintner, named James. N.B, — The child born in 

the 6th or 7th Month & Dying. 
, Augt. 17, f. 6. h. 6. V. In Nydries Wynd, baptized a son of Nath. 

Spens, Surgeon, named Alexander. Sir Robert Douglas, Jo. 

MTherson, pnt. — p. LiStm. 
, Aug. 26, f. I. h. 5. V. Near the W. Bowhead, baptized a daur. of 

James Heriot, Goldsmith, & Janet Heriot, named Margaret. 

.... Kerr & his wife, &c., pnt. — S. L. 
, Sep. 23, f. I. h. 5. V. In World'send Close, baptized a son of Jo. 

Clarkson, Wine Mert, & Bar. Taylor, named WiUiam. Wm. & 

Ja. Taylor, Uncles, & R. Taylor, pnt. 
, Oct. 5. f. 6. h. 4. V. Clelands Zeards, baptized a daur. of James 

Stewart, Writer, & Alison Ruddiman, named Frances. Mrs. 

Stuart of Loudon, name mother, Messrs. W. Ruddiman, Rt. 

Gray, & Mrs. Threipland, &c., pnt. — pr. Litm. 
, Nov. 29, f. 5. h. 7. d. In Milnes Square — I being distressed, — my 

Cousin, Wm. H. Junr., baptized a son of Jo. Blair of Balthayock, 

& Pal. Stephens, named David. — pr. LiSm. 

1765. Mar. 29, f. 6. h. i. v. In the Old Assembly Close, I baptized a daur. 

of Dor. Rot. Dallas (Physician from Jamaica), named Elizabeth- 
Christiana — pr. Litm. Mrs. Gibb. Mrs. & Betty Dallas, Mr. 
Harper, Junr., & Wm, Dallas, spors. 
[About a quarter of a page remains blank, and on the opposite page 
commence the Marriages which I have printed before the 
Baptisms. — Ed.] 

End of old Registers. 

403. Records of the Monastery of Kinloss. — In the Scottish Anti- 
quary ^ vol. iv. page 145, Note 248, appeared copy of a- charter of date 
15 1 2 illustrative of the boundaries of the lands of the Monastery of 
Kinloss granted in Strathisla by William the Lion in 1 195-6. That 
charter casts additional light on the discussion referred to in Dr. Stuart's 
Preface. The following document, which has not hitherto seen the light, 
is also of considerable interest thereanent : — 

^Agreement as to Marches^ i^jth August 1786, between the Duke of 
Gordon and Lord Fife, dividing the Lordship of Huntly from the Barony 
of Strathisla, — Beginning at the cairn upon the top of the Meickil Balloch 
Hill, called the Cairn Gow, from the northmost Cairn Gow proceeding 
eastward and down the hill to the Glacks of Ballach in a direct line to the 
public road leading from Ruthven to Grange, from thence crossing some 
wet grounds at or near a lime quarry, being the uppermost quarry in the 
said Glack, ascending up the hill called Little Ballach to a cairn placed in 
the face or west side thereof in a direct line, and from that cairn, conform 
to cairns placed, and as wind and weather shears upon the top of the 
Little Ballach, proceeding easterly till you come to the cairn called the 
Monks' cairn, proceeding from the Monks' Cairn down the hill almost in 
a direct line jby cairns to the yard dyke of the old bigging of Garrowood, 


The. Scottish Antiquary ; 

from thence to the stripe of the Doghillock Well, running into the writer 
of Isla near the Gordons' Ford, leaving twelve spaces without the arable 
ground till it comes to the said stripe, which is declared to belong to the 
said earl, and this march from the Monks' Cairn towards the Gordons' 
Cairn being in conformity to a minute of agreement between the laird of 
Grant and John Gordon of Glenbucket, 29th August 1728, declaring that 
all the grounds of the Ruthven or south side of said march shall belong to 
the said Duke of Gordon, and all to the north and Strathisla side of said 
march to the said earl.' W. Cramond. 


404. Arabic Numerals.: — A friend has kindly sent a careful drawing 
of a tombstone in Ulm Cathedral, on which the date '1388' is clearly cut 

in Arabic numerals. This early instance leads me to think that the 
date * 1344' endorsed on a deed of William Count of Holland, now in my 
possession, may be contemporary with the body of the deed which was 
written in that year. Ed. 

405. Petition of John Earl of Dundee. — To the King's Most 
Excell' Ma"* the Humble Petition of John Earle of Dundie, 


oVy Northern Notes and Queries. 133 

Sheweth, — That your Pet', ever since he was able to beare armes, 
hath constantly ever served your Royall father of glorious memory, and 
yourself; \n ye yeare 1645 he served under ye comand of ye Lord 
Marquesse of Montrose; in ye yeare 1648 under ye comand of ye 
Duke of Hamilton, in which service he raised and armed two hundred and 
fifty troopers at his owne proper cost and charges; in ye year 1650 he 
waited upon your Ma*'* when your Ma*** left St. Johnston ; in ye year 
1 65 1 he waited upon your Ma*'* at Strirling, and at ye Torwoode with 
your standard Royall, for the Guard of which, upon his owne cost and 
charges, he entertained a company of gentlemen, but before that busines 
could be put in a right setlement, he received an unfortunate shott, which 
disabled hini from prosecuting his dutie, though to his no small cost and 
danger he did endeavour to follow your Ma*'* to Worcester ; in the yeare 
1654 by your Ma*** spetiall comand he raised a considerable number of 
horse, and served under ye comand of ye Lord Midleton until he was 
taken prisoner, upon which his estate was sequestred, his wife having only 
twenty pounds ster. allowed her for maintenance, and he kept still 
prisoner, till some short time before your Ma**** happy restoracon: by all 
these services (which, indeed, were only the efforts of his duty), he had not 
bene brought to ye desperate and sineking condicon he is now in unles he 
had mett with som accidents, which did happen to very few or none, of his 
lands lying in three severall counties to witt — Argyle, ffife and Angus, in 
ye yeare 1644. The Marquese of Montrose did burne and destroy the 
whole county of Argyle, in which comon fate your Pet' lands were burned 
and destroyed, the Marquesse not knowing your Pet' to have had any 
interest there, and upon your Pet' joining with ye Marquesse of Montrose 
the yeare following, the leate Marquesse of Argyle did possess himself of 
your Pet' lands in Argyle, and violently keeped that possession till the 
time of your Ma*** happy restoracon ; in 165 1, when your Ma*** was at ye 
Torwoode, Crumwell with his army landed at Inverkeithing, in ffife, which 
belongeth to your Pet', which he ruined and destroyed to that degree that 
to this day it is not recovered, and after y' Ma**** march for Worcester, 
the towne of Dundie was besieged by ye English left in Scotland, and 
ye toune holding out for some time, the burthen of the beseigers lay 
wholly upon your Pet' lands, by ye which they were utterly ruined, besides 
his house of Dudop \sic) was broken doune and ruined by them. 

May it therefore please your Ma*'* to take into your Royall considera- 
con the services and sufferings of the Petitioner being brought to that 
condicon, that he can neither live at home nor abroad, unlease releived by 
your Royall bounty, by giving him some effectual somme of money, for 
which, as in duty bound, Your Ma**** Pet' shall ever pray, 

Circa 1661. 

From original MS. in Brittish Museum. 

406. Notes on the Family of Urquhart, long settled at Fraser- 
burgh, in the Buchan district of Aberdeenshire (vol. iv. p. 43). 

L Alexander Urquhart, seventh Baron of Cromarty ,m. Beatrice, daughter 
of Walter (?) Innes, Baron of Auchentuel — an old cadet of the Innes family, 
CO. Banff, d. soon after 1561. His second son, 

II. John Urquhart, of Craigfintry, co. Banff (?), and Culbo\ co. Moray, 

1 34 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

so well known as 'Tutor of Cromarty/ b. 1547, in. his third wife in 16 10, 
viz. Elizabeth Seten, heiress of Meldrum, and dying 1631, left by her 
four sons and one daughter, viz. — 

1. Patrick, of I-^thenty, afterwards of Meldrum, both in co. Aberdeen, 
from whom the present Urquharts of Meldrum are descended. 

2. Adam, of Auchintuel, aforesaid. 
3: Walter, of Crombie, in Banffshire. 

4. James, of Old Craig, of him afterwards. 

(i.) Daughter, m. Fraser of Easter Tyrie, in Buchan, co. Aberdeen, a 
cadet of the Saltoun family. — Douglas's Baronage: art. 'Urquharts of 

III. James Urquhart, of Oldcraig, in the parish of Botsiphine, Banff- 
shire, got into great trouble, along with his elder brother, Walter, of 
Crombie, and others, for the slaying of William Crichton, brother of the 
Viscount Frendraught. He married, and some of his descendants, owing 
to their friendship and kinship with the Erasers of Saltoun, are believed, 
under the auspices of that family, to have settled in Buchan. The pre- 
sumed son of James Urquhart, was, 

IV. John Urquhart, of Fraserburgh, Merchant (on tombstone, * who 
lived well, and well he dyes,' — Spalding Club), who d. 8 May 1694, m. 
Helen Kenedie. (The Kennedys were an old Aberdeenshire family, 
and owned for several generations the lands of Kermuck, or Ellow.) The 
following are believed to have been his children : — 

1. James, b. circa 1652, of him again. 

2. John. 3. Alexander. 

(i.) Helen (the last three children mentioned on tombstones are sup- 
posed to have died young). — Tombstones in Fraserburgh Churchyard, 

V. James Urquhart, b. circa 1652, Merchant in and Baron-Baillie of 
Fraserburgh {ob. 10 Nov. 1727). — Foil Book of Aberdeenshire^ 1695-6, 
vol. ii. pp. 90 and 91. ; Tombstone, Fitsligo ; Burkis Landed Gentry : art 
*Gill of Blairythan,' ed. 1886. -Married first Christian Adamson (pb, 20 
Aug. 1683) ; by her he is believed to have had at least three children, viz. i— 

1. Adam, who in 1696 is tenant of Chapeltoun, one of Lord Saltoun's 
principal farms in Fraserburgh parish, Buchan district, and is there polled 
with his wife. 

2. John, d. 1 6th Aug. 1683, ^is mother only surviving until the 20th of 
same month. 

(i.) Barbara, b. circa 1676, m. Alexander Gill, some time tackman of 
mains of Pitfour, Old Deer, and d. 11 Dec. 1742. From her the Gills of 
Blairythan, and in Aberdeenshire, and Mitchell-Gill of Auchinroath, in 
Elginshire, descend. 

Baillie James Urquhart, m. secondly Margaret Whyte (b. circa 1667, ob. 
27th Dec. 1741) ; both are polled 1695-6, with four children — stock valued 
at 5000 merks — of these only two are known, viz, : — 

1. John, of Fraserburgh, Shipmaster, b. circa 1690, ob, 5 April 1730 
(tombstones aforesaid). 

2. William, b. 1693, Merchant in and Baron-Baillie of Fraserburgh (pb, 
5th Feby. 1775), m. Margaret Fraser (b. 1705, ob, 28th May 1779). — Tomb- 
stone, Fraserburgh, 

Baillie William Urquhart is several times a witness to the baptisms of 
his nephew's children, Alexander and George Gill, both Shipmasters of 
Fraserburgh, from 1742 onwards. 


or. Northern Notes and Queries. 1 35 

1 do not know who the descendants of BaiUie William Urquhart and 
Margaret Fraser are, but I think it not unlikely that your correspondent 
'T. F. ' (vol. iv. p. 43) may find that Thomas Urquhart, b. 1710, was, if 
not a son, at least descended from this family. 

I should be much pleased to get any further information about these 
Urquharts. A. T. Mitchell Gill, F.S.A. (Scot.)- 

AucHiNROATii, Rothes, N.R 

407. Garter Medau — We give an engraving of a very rare medal 
we have had some time in our possession. It was met with in a hoard of old 
German coins and medals in Saxony. From its date it may be conjectured 
that it was struck to commemorate the installation of John George 11,, 
Duke of Saxony. The only other specimen we have met with is in the 
Guildhall Library, London, and is dated 1678 — in which year, however, 

f-r M5U TRI HAU T '^V 

fS TRE^ Puissant ti^ 


ZceCharlks-H-par lvJ 

KGHAC E DE DffiU KOV \>z% 

no knight was installed. Pinkerton's Medaltie History, p. 77, plate xxv. g, 
gives an engraving and description of the 1678 medal, and suggests that 
it was struck for some grand installation. The 1671 medal in my posses- 
sion is more worn than the Guildhall specimen, having apparently been 
used as a coin. The design of the George and Dragon is hardly as good 
as that on the later medal Ed. 

408, Letter from David Hume. — The following letter of the historian 
David Hume (hitherto unpublished) was found amongst old family papers. 
It was addressed to my great-great^eat-grandfather, Charles Erskine, 
Lord Tinwald, afterwards Lord Justice-Clerk. Robert Paul. 


Dear Sir,— On seeing me begin so early you will certainly expect that 
I shall prove either a very good or a very bad Correspondent. But I beg 
you to consider that this is the only Letter you will receive from me that 
will cost you nothing, and to which you are, therefore, obliged to give 
some Indulgence. You should excuse it, did it contain no more than that 
we arrived safe in this Place, Mr. Wilson, indeed, who sat next me in 
the Coach, complained grievously at every jolt we received of the enormous 

136 The Scottish Antiqtmry ; 

Weight there was thrown on his little Carcass, and swears that all his Body, 
especially his Shoulders, are as black as his Beard ; and he has beg*d me 
fifty times to put anything, were it Treason, to the Press, and only spare 
him. But as this is only one jest of a thousand to which we fat People are 
exposed, I have born it with great patience ; tho* I confess it has frequently 
excited my Admiration why fat People should be so much the object of 
Mirth, rather than ban, and am at a loss whether to ascribe it to the Cowar- 
dice or Benevolence of mankind. Perhaps we are not commonly so 
witty as you, and consequently men think they will have an easy Con- 
quest in attacking us. Perhaps we are better natured, and men think 
they run no Risque of offending us. I leave this as a Problem for you 
to discuss. 

There is a Favour I intended to have askt of you when I was in Lon- 
don ; but was hindered, partly by the Want of opportunity, partly by the 
pudor mains. You must know that Andrew Millar is printing a new Edition 
of certain Essays that have been ascribed to me ; and as I threw out some 
that seemed frivolous and finical, I was resolved to supply their Places by 
others that should be more instructive. One is against the original Con- 
tract, the System of the Whigs, another against passive obedience, the 
System of the Tories ; a third upon the Protestant Succession, where I 
suppose a Man to deliberate before the Establishment of that Sussession, 
which Family he should adhere to, and to weigh the Advantages and Dis- 
advantages of each. I hope I have examined this Question as coolly 
and impartially as if I were removed a thousand Years from the present 
Period ; but this is what some People think extremely dangerous, and 
suflftcient not only to ruin me for ever, but also throw some reflection on 
all my Friends, particularly those with whom I am connected at Present. 
I have wrote to Millar to send you the sheets, and I hereby make you entire 
Master to dispose of this last Essay as you think proper. I made Oswald 
Master in the same manner, and he gave me his approbation, and thought 
none but Fools could be offended at my candour, and, indeed, were I alone 
concerned, I have Courage enough to acquiesce in his Verdict. I have 
established it as a Maxim never to pay Court to my Superiors by any of 
my Writings ; but 'tis needless to offend them, especially where my Senti- 
ments might by any man of Sense be thought to throw a Reflection on 
others to whom I lye under the greatest obligation. If you esteem it 
altogether improper to print this Essay, keep this Copy of it till I see yoUj 
it being the only one I have. I have desired you to read the other two, 
not that I have any Scruple with regard to them ; but that I hope the 
Candour, which you'll see runs thro' the whole, may serve as an Atone- 
ment for any Liberties I use in the last. I do not conceal my great desire 
that you may find it innocent; tho' I beg of you to act according to 
your Judgment, without Favour and without Mercy. 

I have also ordered the Bookseller to send you two Copies of the whole 
after they are printed : one I desire you to accept- of as a Mark of my 
Regard, and another to present, in my name, to the Duke of Argyle. His 
Grace is obliged- to me, that I have not dedicated them to him, and put 
him out of Countenance, by the usual Fawning and Flattery of Authors, He 
is also obliged to me, that having once had the Honour of being introduced 
to him, I have not incumbered his Levees, but have left him the free Dis- 
posal of all his Favours to Voters^ and Cabballers, and Declaimers, and spies, 
and such other useful People. I have a regard for his Grace, and desire 

or^ Northern Notes and Queries, 137 

this Trifle may be considered as a Present, not to the Duke of Argyle, but 
to Archbald Campbell, who is undoubtedly a man of Sense and Learning. 
If Millar do not immediately send you these papers, pray send your 
servant for theip. — I am, Dear Sir, your most obedient humble Servant, 

David Hume. 
Harwich, 13M of February 1784. 

409. Seals of Robert Stuart, Bishop of Caithness. — I have before 
me five seals of the above bishop, and as four of them do not seem to 
be known to Henry Laing, as they are not mentioned in either of his volumes 
of Ancient Scottish SealSy I thought a short account both of the bishop 
and his seals might be interesting. 

On p. 361 of The Lennox^ by Sir William Fraser, is the following : — 
* John, eleventh Earl of Lennox, had by his countess, Lady Elizabeth Stuart, 
three sons and one daughter, i. Matthew, twelfth Earl of Lennox: 2. 
Robert, who was educated for the Church. He was first Provost of the 
Collegiate Church of Dumbarton, and was afterwards, in the year 1542, 
preferred to the Bishopric of Caithness, but while still bishop-elect he was 
deprived of the dignity for having joined with his brother, the Earl of 
Lennox, against the Regent Arran. He remained in exile till 1563, a 
period of more than twenty years. Returning to Scotland, he took the 
side of the Reformers, and when the property of the Church was forfeited 
to the Crown, and distributed among families of rank, he obtained as his 
proportion the priory of St. Andrews. After the death of his nephew, 
Charles, Earl of Lennox, in 1576, without male issue, Robert Stewart was 
created Earl Lennox, in 1578. He married Lady Elizabeth, eldest 
daughter of John, fourth Earl of Athole, but without issue. He resigned the 
earldom of Lennox in favour of his nephew, Esme, Lord d'Aubigny, and 
received in exchange the dignity of Earl of March (1579). He died at 
St. Andrews, on 29th March 1586, in the 70th year of his age.* 

Keith says he was living privately at St. Andrews, of a long space, until 
he died there. He also says he was bishop here (Caithness) in the month 
of September 1583. And again, during the absence of this bishop, it is 
said that this see was committed to Alexander Gordon, son of George, Earl 
of Huntly. 

My first seal is appended to a feu-charter, by Robert, Bishop of 
Caithness, in favour of John Gray, of lands in Culmaily, March 2, 1 543. 

This is a circular seal, two inches in diameter, under a fine canopy, with 
tabernacle work at sides, the bishop, in pontifical vestmentts, with mitre on 
head, left hand crosier, right hand raised in benediction, in base a shield. 
Quarterly, ist and 4th, three fleur-de-lis, 2nd and 3rd, a fess cheque on 
a surtout, a saltire cantoned with four roses. The inscription in late 
Lombardian letters : — 


This seal was in use before the bishop's banishment. 

The second seal is appended to a Precept of Session granted by Robert, 
Bishop of Caithness, to John, Earl of Sutherland, i8th Jan. 1558. 

This is a circular seal, if in. diameter, under a heavy canopy with 
tabernacle work at sides, the bishop in cope and mitre, crosier in 
left hand, right hand raised in benediction, in baSe shield. Quarterly, 
ist and 4th, three fleur-de-lis within a bordure charged with eight buckles, 

138 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

2nd and 3rd, a fess cheque within a similar bordure, on a surtout a 
saltire cantoned with four roses. 

The inscription in Roman letters, s. roberti stvart epi cathanen, 
the word illvmina below the shield. This seal is appended while Robert 
is in exile, and is a sad falling off in style from No. i, though only fifteen 
years between them. 

The third seal is Laing's No. 804, when Robert was made 14th Elarl 
of Lennox, appended to a trust-deed in favour of John, Earl of Athole 
1578 (Napier Charters). Quarterly, ist and 4th, three fleur-de-lis within a 
bordure charged with six buckles for Aubigny ; 2nd and 3rd a fess cheque 
within a bordure engrailed for Stuart of Darnley on a surtout, a saltire en- 
grailed cantoned with four roses for Lennox. Crest, on a helmet with mant- 
lings, a bull's head. Supporters, two wolves. Motto on a ribbon below the 
shield AVAND darnlie s. roberti stevart coItis levenax dni dernlie. 

The fourth seal is appended by Robert, Bishop of Caithness, to a pre- 
sentation of Donald Logan to Chantry of Caithness, 17th July 1584, and 
is the signet of the said Robert ; oval i x ^, a shield of arms as described 
in No. 2, surmounted with an earPs coronet, the letters R and S to dexter 
and sinister of shield, the whole surrounded with beaded border. 

From the date, we may safely say, we have here the Bishop's seal when 
he was Earl of March. The fifth seal is from the original matrix in posses- 
sion of the Society of Scottish Antiquaries, Edinburgh. This seal is nearly 
the same as No. 2, but i|^ in. diameter, and the engraving not so bold, the 
whole of the canopy and tabernacle work much lighter, the inscription the 
same, but not within lines as the former. I have not found any impression 
of this seal ; though I have examined a great number of documents, they 
all seem to be from same matrix as No. 2. I came upon one document 
lately with which I will bring these few notes on this Bishop's seals to a 
close. The seal of the commissary is appended to a feu-charter of a 
tenement in Thurso, to be held of the Bishop as superior, dated at Thurso, 
May 17th, 1582. The endorsation for Bishop Robert Stuart at St. Andrews, 

dated 1586 and unsigned; most likely ft came too late, for Bishop 

Robert Stuart died 29th March 1586. 

Thus we follow Bishop Robert Stuart through his eventful life, first 
as bishop elect and confirmed before his banishment, then in his banish- 
ment, then after his return when he becomes 14th Earl of Lennox, again 
after he has resigned the title of Lennox and become Earl of March, and 
finally, the matrix of his seal, which must have been towards the close of 
his life. Henry A. Rye. 

410. A *No Popery' Petiton. — Relief from some of the disabilities 
under which the Roman Catholics in Great Britain lay was after long 
discussion granted in 1780. The celebrated Gordon Riots took place 
in London on this occasion, and from all parts petitions against it were 
sent up. We give literatim et verbatim a copy of that sent by the 
* Craft of Wrights' at Culross. The handwriting of their Minute in 
their Record-book is atrocious. 

Culross, 2% Jauny 1779. 

the in Corparittian of wrightes binge met, Willam Cristay Dickan, 
willam fulton, John fergeson, Hendary fergson, Chorles Stephen, John 
fulton, all present, and at the sem tim we pethian the hous of Comones 

oVy Northern Notes and Queries, 1 39 

and hous of Lords and Spirtuill and temruell for a stop to the Bill for 
poperry in this part culled Scotlaned. 

signed William Chrystie. 


411. Ross Family. — The continuation of the account of the Ross 
family is delayed by the unfortunate indisposition of the compiler. Ed. 


CLXXVIII. Strath EARN Lennoxes. — A family of this name were 
settled in Strathearn for many generations, and were adherents 
of the House of Perth. They farmed the lands of Raith, 
Muirolea, Strageath, and Drumwhar, all in the neighbourhood of 
Muthill, and from the editor's transcript of the register of that 
parish it appears that John Lenoch was in Drumwhar in 1704. 
Numerous descendants and relatives of this John Lenoch are 
mentioned in the registers of the neighbouring parishes bearing 
the names of Walter, Matthew, Gilbert, John, and James Lennox. 
In a.d. 1360, Sir John Drummond, eleventh Thane ot 
Lennox, left his hereditary lands in the Lennox to settle in 
Perthshire. The Drummonds of Megginch were formerly 
barons of Lennoch, and opposite Lawers House in Strathearn, 
not far from where the river Lednock flows through its Glen, 
there is a tract of land called the Carse of Lennoch. 

Do these facts have any bearing on the origin of this family, 
or is there any tradition regarding their descent ? 

* Muir-o*-lea.' 

CLXXIX. Old Proverbial Expression. — Can any readers of the Scottish 
Antiquary explain the precise meaning of the expression, * You 
shall have the half mark or the malison,' which I have come 
across in the ms. of an old seventeenth-century letter? From 
the connection in which it occurs, the expression is evidently a 
proverbial one, and is intended to imply that the person to whom 
the letter is addressed will either get the credit or the blame in a 
transaction in which both she and the writer were concerned, 
and which had been initiated by the former. May the phrase 
not be akin in meaning to our modern saying about * kicks and 
half-pence'? R. Paul. 


CLXXX. Chiefs of Clans. — Who is the present chief of the 
Colquhouns? As every one knows, Sir James Colquhoun, 
Bart, of Luss, is really a Grant. Who also are the chiefs of the 
Macfarlanes and of the Macnabs ? A. 

140 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

CLXXXI. Sir James Murray.— Can any reader of The Scottish Antiquary 
favour me with some particulars regarding Sir James Murray of 
Kilbaberton (Baberton)? He seems to have been Master of 
Work in the time of Charles i., and was knighted at Seton, 14th 
July 1633. The Maitland Miscellany contains the *compt' of 
his *Expenssis maid upoun building and reparatiounes within 
and about His Majestie's Castill of Stirling, mdcxxvii.-mdcxxix.' 

R. B. Langwill. 


CLXXXII. * WuDE Willie Grime,' of * the Torwood.* — In the tenth 
chapter of Waverley^ Scott says that, * The travellers now passed 
the memorable field of Bannockburn, and reached the Torwood, 
a place glorious or terrible to the recollections of the Scottish 
peasant, as the feats of Wallace or the cruelties of Wude Willie 
Grime predominate in his recollection.' The same afternoon 
they reached Falkirk. * The Torwood * appears to be the village 
of that name in the parish of Larbert. Can any reader of the 
Scottish Antiquary inform me who this * Wude Willie Grime ' 
was ? * Grime ' is a variant of Graeme or Graham, a celebrated 
Stirlingshire sprname ; and from the statement that his 
* cruelties ' had created a lasting terror among the peasantry, one 
may infer that he held a social position that enabled him to 
tyrranise over them, whether * wude ' or not. 

David MacRitchie. 


I. & XXXII. Graham of Mote (vol. ii. p. 153). — *Our father yet alive 
has dwelt on Esk for 60 years and served your Grace and the 
Wardens, and till now were never rent demanded of him.' — Peti- 
tion by Arthur Grame and his brethren to Henry vin.. May 1537. 
State Papers Henry vin., vol. xii. part i. page 560. 

* Rockliffe, four miles beyond Carlisle [north], where dwelt the 
Grahams.' — a.d. 1537, ibid, p. 86. 

This would show that the Grahams settled on the Esk about 
1477, when Fergus of Mote must have been a child. Rockliffe 
or Rokcliffe is on the Eden, and is some' miles south-west of 
Netherby on the Esk ; Arthuret is situated between the Eden and 
the Esk. 

Robert Graham of the Fald bought, ante 1610, lands in 

Bowness. — Deuton^s Account of Cumberland Estates^ p. 78. 


■■» . . .», 
XCI. Bennet Family. — Several queries and replies jelating to the Bennets 
of Scotland having appeared from time to time in the Scottish 
Antiquary^ I shall be obliged if those interested in this family 

or, Northern Notes and Queries, 


will kindly supplement, correct, or verify, the following pedigree, 
which I believe to be correct : — 

. . . . Bennet= 


MuNGO BennetI — 
of Chesters, parish 
of Ancrum, co. 


Raguel Bennet* 
of Chesters. 



Robert ijennet = 
of Chesters, s. & h. 
Living 1705. 
Served heir to his 
father in 1670. 


m. Robert 

Scott of 


Archibald Benn£t= 
of Chesters. 
Living 1 712. 

Barbara, dau. of 

Tho. Rutherford 

of Wells. 


m. Walter Scott 

of Goudilands. 

ob. 1708. 

I. John. 
Living 1705. 

2. Andrew Bennet= 
of Chesters. 
ob. 18 July 174s, 
cet. 49. 
b. at Ancrum. 



ob. . . July 1736, 

at. 41. b. at 



2. Annb 
bom I Dec. 
1694, mar- 
ried at An> 
crum 29th 
April 17 1 2. 


. Murray 

in Unthank, 


CO. Dumfries. 

Living 17 35. 



Major Robert 

Ben NET of 

Chesters, killed 

at Toulon, in 

France, 1794. 


in. as 2nd 

wife. Archi- 

bala Hope, 

Collector of 



nt. Archibald 
Douglas of 
CO. Rox- 

I I 

2. Barbar\= James 

m. 15th May 

ob. in N. 



K. W. Murray. 

eldt. son. 

CLXIX. William Dunbar, 1727. — This respected individual had been 
minister of Cruden in Aberdeenshire, and was one of those who, 
rather than submit to the new order of things at the Revolution, 
consented to resign their charges with all the temporalities at- 
tached to them. In pursuance of the wish entertained by most of 
the clergy to restore diocesan superintendence, the Presbyters of 
Moray elected Mr. Dunbar to be their Bishop, and he was 
accordingly consecrated M Edinburgh on the i8th of June 1727, 
by Bishops Gadderar, Millar, and Rattray. He was first ap- 
pointed to the district of Moray and Ross, and afterwards, on the 
death of Bishop Gadderar (1733), to that of Aberdeen. He died, 
as has been already mentioned, in the year 1746. 

^ Proofs. 

Mungo Bennet in Chesters, 1 573-1 576 (^e*^. Priv. Coun.y vii. pp. 268, 522, 544.) 
** One of the * Landit Men,' " Co. Roxburgh, 1590 {Ibid. iv. 783). 
'•* William, brother to Mungo Bennet in Chesters, 1584 {/bid. iii. 718). 
' James, brother to Mungo Bennet in Chesters 1585 {Ibid. iv. 35). 

* Raguel, son to the late Mungo Bennet in Chesters, engaged with other lords, *sons 

of Barons and Gentlemen,* in a riot 1595 {Ibid. v. 326). 

* Raguel Bennet, cautioner for William, his brother, charged with riot and murder, 

1608- 161 2 {Ibid, viii. 668 ; ix. 426). [Ed.] 

4 lo o 
600 etc. etc. 

r 4 2 The Scottish A ntiquary ; 

The above is what I found in Keith's Catalogue of Scottish 

William Dunbar, A.M., King's College, Aberdeen, 1681, born 
m Morayshire, Parson of Cruden, Aberdeenshire, from about 1696, 
being kept in possession of that parish in defiance of the Presby- 
terian establishment, through the influence of the family of Errol. 
Elected Bishop of Mojay and Ross (united) 1727, and consecrated 
at Edinburgh June 13th following. Elected Bishop of Aberdeen, 
at Old Meldrum, 5th June 1733; but retained the seal of Moray 
and Ross also under his jurisdiction until 1736, when he re- 
signed, as also the Bishopric of Aberdeen, 4th July 1745. Died 
in Jan. 1746, set. eighty-five, at Peterhead. 

The above is from Shaw's Hist, of Moray, 

Henry A. Rye, 

Mr. Hay, Treasurer of St. Peter's Chapel, Peterhead, possesses 
a book, inscribed on cover *Chappell Book begun 1738 and 
continued to 1769, when the accounts were settled.' I copied 
the following : — * Seat rents in St. Peter Chappel — 
No. I. Invernethy. j[^ s. d. 

2. Alex. Smith, . . . 500 

3. Doctor Gordon, . 

4. Bishop Dunbar, . 

5. Craig Ellie, . 
7. Nathan Arbuthnot, 

* The Chappell of Peterhead was Destroyed the 7th, 8th and 
9th day of May 1746, and the Managers were obliged to Employ 
workmen and pay them, in order to prevent its being sett on fire 
wch would hv dangered Burning the Town. It was done by 
order of Lord Ancrum, Lieut. Collonell of Lord Mark Kerrs 
Dragoons, who was at the entring the people to Work & seen 
fully Execute by the following Officers, viz. — 

Capt. Sir Robert Adair, \ All of 

Lieut. Gailfoord Kiligrew, ( Mark 

Lieut. 9 : — Bitstone & j Kers 

Cornet John Throgmorton, j Dragoons.' 
If * Sigma ' communicated with the Treasurer of St. Peter's 
Chapel, Mr. Hay, Peterhead, I think he would find out where 
Bishop Dunbar died. The Rev. Wm. Kilgour (afterwards Bishop) 
was minister of the Chapel at the time. 

I believe the Register of Births, Deaths, etc., kept by Bishop 
Kilgour was handed to the Bishop of Aberdeen. 

T. H. 

CLXXIV; Early Scottish Weavers. — A traveller going, in the sixteenth 
century, from Edinburgh to Leith, if passing out by the Cowgate 
Port and then turning north, would leave the Pleasance behind 
him on the south-east. The phrase * on the descent ' to Leith 
might vaguely refer to this locality, which was full of weavers, as 
the Reg, Priv, Con.^ vol. viii. 710, etc., shows. The Accounts of 
the Lord High Treasurer mention, 

*A.D. 1473. vi. Elne of plesance, price Elne iiij s.' 
* A.D. 1498. vij. Elne of plesance : for ilk Elne ij s. iiij d.' 
Thus showing that the cloth made in the place was known by the 

or. Northern Notes aud Queries, 143 

name. Dr. Dickson, the editor of the last quoted work, in his 
Glossary suggests that the cloth was named from Piacenza {Fr. 
Plaisance) in Italy. May not, however, the village have been 
named from its foreign weavers, as Picardy, near Broughton, was 
in later times .? Ed. 

CLXXV. Douglas Family. — There was an anonymous volume, published 
in 1774, entitled, The Two English Genilefjien, or the Sham 
Funeral^ a Comedy^ probably this is the book to which Mr. W. 
H. Cottell refers in his question. 

There was also a certain Francis Douglas who wrote books 
about that date : * Reflections on Celibacy and Marriage, in four 
Letters.' London, 177 1. 8vo. Anon. ; and * A General Descrip- 
tion of the East Coast of Scotland, from Edinburgh to Cullen, 
including a brief account of the Universities of St. Andrews and 
Aberdeen ; of the Trade and Manufactures of the large Towns 
and the Improvement of the Country.' Paisley, 1782. i2mo. 
Whether the first book mentioned was written by this Francis 
Douglas I have no means of knowing, but probably the 
* Johnsonian letter/ will throw some light on the matter. 

Thomas H. Murray. 


Early Travellers in Scotland^ by Hume Brown. Edinburgh: David 
Douglas (pp. 300). — It is doubtless a good thing to see ourselves as others 
see us, and Mr. Hume Brown has with much labour and judgment 
collected a mass of information about Scotland, from the years 1295 to 
1689, in the shape * of all the accounts of Scotland published by travellers 
who visited the country before 1700.' The list commences with Edward i , 
King of England, who visited Scotland in 1295. His visit was scarcely 
prompted by idle curiosity — the results to Scotland are sufficiently well 
known. Though Mr. Hume Brown enrols Edward in his list of travellers, 
the description of Scotland under his name was the work of one of his 
followers. The information is meagre, the movements of the Royal army 
being chiefly chronicled, but here and there we gain an insight into the 
ignorance which existed : * It was said that the abbot of that place (Arbroath) 
made the people [of Scotland] believe that there was but women and no 
men in England,' p. 5. Some of the accounts are grotesque. An author, 
conjectured to be Sir Anthony Weldon, wrote in 161 7. The buflbonery is 
in some cases amusing, but his remarks are generally as coarse as they are 
untrue. The religious opinion of the people is epigrammatically summed 
up, *To be opposite to the Pope, is to be presently with God' (p. loi). 
His gallantry may be judged from his statement, * The country, although it 
be mountainous, affords no monster but women' (p. 102). Most of the 
travellers, however, whose works Mr. Hume Brown has collected are men 
whose opinion is worth preserving, and the book is a substantial and 
valuable work which should be found on the shelves of every Scotsman 
who would read the present by means of a knowledge of the past. 

Reproduction of Blaeu^s Atlas o/i6$4y by R. 8. Shearer & Son, Stirling. 
The value of Blaeu's Atlas is well known, but its rarity renders it 
accessible only to a few. Messrs. Shearer of Stirling deserve the thanks 
and practical support of all men of literary tastes. They are bringing out 

144 T^^^ Scottish Antiquary, 

full-sized facsimiles of the map of Scotland. Eight have already appeared. 
The price is moderate, and the work from an artistic point of view first- 
class. The original maps were not all of them the work of the Blaeu 
Brothers. Of those reproduced by Messrs. Shearer : i. Sterlyn-shyr ; 2. the 
Lennox ; 7. Nether Warde of Clydsdale, and 8. Baronie of Renfrow, were 
by Timothy Pont ; 3. Midland Provinces of Scotland, 4. Aberdene and 
Banf, were by Robert Gordon of Stratock ; while 6. Lothian and 
Linlithquo, was by John and Cornelius Blaeu. Much of the interest 
attaching to these maps consists in the archaic forms of place-names, the 
presence of castles and parks now destroyed, and the accessories which 
occasionally betray the map-maker's ingenuity rather than his exactness ; 
as, for instance, around Calendar Castle, near Falkirk, is shown a double 
moat which is connected with the Carron Water. These eccentricities, 
while they add to the interest, do not detract from the real value of the 
maps. What our Scottish literary societies might have been expected to 
have undertaken long ere this, Messrs. Shearer & Son have not shrunk 
from. Our readers will best show their approval of such laudable enterprise 
by enrolling their names as subscribers. We have gladly found room for 
their advertisement. 

The History^ Principles^ and Practice of Heraldry^ by F. Edward Hulme, 
F.L.S., F.S.A. London : Swan Sonnenschein & Co. — Mr. Hulme's 
work is a handy and useful addition to the manuals of Heraldry already 
in existence, and its appearance is a proof of the truth of his opening state- 
ment that the study of Heraldry * is by no means obsolete.' The definition 
of the science as * the shorthand of history ' is happy. Through 270 pages 
Mr. Hulme leads the student through the subject with the skill of an able 
and pleasant teacher, and nearly 200 illustrations, well selected, add to the 
value of his work. In dealing with the laws of quartering he (p. 189) 
instances a coat of arms at Fawsley Hall, Northamptonshire, bearing 
three hundred and thirty-four quarters. We remember seeing in the 
Cambridge University Library a printed list of the quarterings of the 
Duke of Northumberland with a shield bearing more than nine hundred 
quarters. The question of cadency is not overlooked, and Mr. Hulme's 
remarks make us wish that he or some other herald would treat that mosf 
perplexing subject by itself, and supply the student with an exhaustive 
account of the general principles adopted by British and Foreign heralds. 
As far as our researches have led us, we can discover no such fixed laws 
as may indicate with any certainty the position of cadet houses. 

Mr. Hulme's volume is handy in size, attractive in appearance, and 
exceedingly moderate in price. 

Per Linea?n Valli, by George Neilson. Glasgow : William Hodge, 
1 89 1. Pp. 62. This is the latest addition to the Bibliography of Hadrian's 
Wall, and is a carefully worked out * argument touching the earthen 
rampart between the Tyne and the Solway.' Our readers should study 
the argument for themselves. They will find it concisely put and sup- 
ported by solid reasoning. Mr. Neilson's style is attractive, and he 
carries his readers along with him from first to last. Antiquaries have 
fought keenly about the object and construction of the wall. Mr. Neilson 
professes to have found * a key which fits in spite of the rust of seventeen 
centuries, and turns the creaking bolt with ease.' Whatever the dis- 
putants may think of this boast, one thing is certain, they will find his 
argument difficult to refute. 




v'The Scottish Antiquary 


Northern Notes and Queries 



412. Medical Folk*Lore, 

413. Seat Rents at Dunblane, 

414. Shortbread at Holy Communion, 

415. Old Inventory, 

416. • Little Holland,' . 

417. Trade with Holland, 

418. Family of Denholm, . . 

419. William Cowper, . 

430. Notes on Attainted Jacobites, 

421. Stirling Parochial Registers, . 

422. Change of Name, . 

423. Ross Family, 

424. List of Inhabitants of Stirling, 

425. Various Forms of Surnames, • 

426. 'A Canny Scotsman,' . 

427. Will of Allan Lockhart, . 

428. Erskine of Dun, • 

429. Stewarts of Rosyth, . • 

430. Lislebourg 

431. Brass of Sir Alexander Cockbum, 




























Rev. J. Bogle, . , 186 

Rev. R. Kincaid, . . 186 

Village Crosses, . 186 

Tombstone, . .186 

Wedderburn, . .187 

Cockbum, . • .187 

Campbell and Dunbar^ . 187 

Wishart, . . 187 

St. Clair Family, . .187 


XX. Murder of Rev. Hugh Mitchell, 188 
XXVII. Old Ballad, . . . .188 

LIX. William Ged, Jeweller, . 
LXX. Frater, , 
LXX V. John Macfarlane of Arrochar, 

XCI. Bennet Family, 
CLX. Cashier of the Royal Bank, 

Notices of Books, . . 



Note. — T/ie Editor does not hold himseif responsible for the opinions 

or statements of Contributors, 

All Communications to be setit to the Editor of * The Scottish Antiquary,' 

The Parsonage, Alloa. 

412. Medical Folk-Lore in the Highlands of Scotland. — The 
writer, Dr. Fortescue Fox, Strathpeffer Spa, and the Editor of The Lancet, 
have most kindly permitted us to reprint the following paper, which we 
are sure will prove most interesting to many of our readers : — 

The student in any branch of knowledge has always open two main 
sources of information ; on the one hand current Science, on the .other 
popular Lore. The first gives him, in definite compass, by recognised 
authority, certain accepted views, tinged always by the general interpre 
tations of the time. The second, if he extend to it his inquiries, he will 
find to be a vast repository of views and interpretations (bygone). The 

VOL. VL — no. XXIV, K 

146 The Scottish Antiquary : 

shades of former orthodoxies, ideas long dead to latter-day science, here 
actually survive in our midst, embodied in numberless proverbs, beliefs, 
and observances. Of this vast mass of folk-lore, and especially of that 
which relates to Medicine, it is obvious that the essential part is a collec- 
tion of acts and not words. It is essentially an embodiment of custom 
and usage, and is constantly fluctuating and altering in character. One 
may regard it at any time as the last term of a long series stretching back 
since folk began, and yet, with all its antiquity, continually subject to 
additions and subtractions. Many old cures die out for want of support 
in the popular mind, whilst on the other hand no great lapse of time is 
required to remove a new idea, and the practices founded upon it, from 
its favoured place in the medical mind to the traditions of the people. 
The springs of science constantly follow that course, taking up the 
characters of the strata through which they percolate, and, issuing in 
mingled forms, supply, if not the genesis, at least the constant replenish- 
ment of popular knowledge and practice. 

The most cursory examination of medical folk-lore reveals an infinite 
variety of means and modes of cure, many no doubt of great antiquity. 
The following examples are taken from one limited district of the 
Highlands. It is not easy in some instances to form any opinion of their 
origin, but for the most part they fall naturally into a few groups, accord- 
ing to the main principle or ruling idea on which they seem to be founded. 

1. Beginning with the most rational of these principles, there is first a 
very large group of practices resting on a basis of empiricism or experience. 
This much-abused principle grows in dignity when it is remembered that 
experience, however rude, passes by insensible degrees into the scientific 
method of precise experiment, on which modern medicine endeavours 
with more or less success to establish its practice. For examples of this 
most rational groujp : Some recommend that in whooping-cough the child 
should be taken across a ferry ; others th^t he should above all go to live 
in another property ; others that he should go to a house where master 
and mistress have possessed the same surname. All these procedures 
involve change of air, which has in such cases no doubt been found 
beneficial. On the same general principle, colt's-foot is used in asthma, 
warts are washed in pig's blood, and a person with weak lungs takes with 
great advantage a preparation of twenty-four different herbs, which occu- 
pied several weeks to collect. • * Holy wells ' come under the same class 
of remedies, for, in the first place they are esteemed * holy ' because cur- 
ative, and only subsequently curative because ' holy.* With respect to the 
treatment of sprains, the very diverse and prevalent practices used under 
the name of * bone-setting ' clearly come under this head; but another, 
and in this district equally common, mode of treating sprains is to tie a 
piece of red thread (some prefer white) around the injured part. The 
curative virtue of the thread or * strivan ' is implicitly believed in. Con- 
siderable force is often used in applying it, and sometimes it seems to 
exercise a certain amount of support ; so that probably this practice also, 
like manipulation, rests on an experimental basis. 

2. The second principle, similia similibus curentur^ underlies many 
popular curative practices of great antiquity, and is still frequently illus- 
trated in contemporary medical lore. Common erysipelas (called by the 
Highlanders * the rose') is a case in point. *The doctors is verra ready,' 
said one old patient, * but they Ve no sense wi' the rose.' She went on to 


or. Northern Notes and Queries, 1 47 

say that a bit of red cloth certainly prevents the return of the malady. 
*I wear a bit scarlet comin'doon ower mi' head for that verra purpose itsel' 
every day o* the year.' An infusion of adders' heads is used as a dressing 
in snakebite, and, it is said, with excellent results. Another supposed 
remedy of a somewhat extraordinary character appears to rest on the same 
principle. It is for epilepsy (* falling sickness ') ; and in two cases known 
to the writer has been actually put in practice in recent years. This is no 
other than the scrapings of the inside of the skull of a man recently dead, 
in the one case of epilepsy, and in the other by suicide. The directions 
are to *scrab it wi' a knife, and tak' it in water, as much as a pooder o't' 
In the second case the patient himself, a man from the far north, procured 
the necessary material by exhuming the body of the suicide at night 

3. We come now, in the third place, to a large group of practices based 
on the principle of substitution or imagery, and on the seductive habit of 
reasoning from imagery. This principle has not been without an influence 
on medical opinion, and is probably the ancestor of the doctrine of similia 
similibus. It underlies the customs and beliefs of pre-scientific men to an 
astonishing extent. It is exhibited in numberless rites, from propitiatory 
offerings and sacrifices downwards ; and it is important to observe that all 
ideas of imagery, even in practices affecting the human body, imply the 
exercise of what we call * supernatural ' power. There is therefore in all 
cures coming under this head a belief, generally ill-defined and sometimes 
unconscious, in the co-operation of unseen powers. For warts a small 
piece of meat (some prefer three knots from a stalk of barley) is buried 
with certain formalities. As the meat decays the warts disappear. For 
epilepsy a famous cure is to bury a black cock alive, if possible at the spot 
where the first fit occurred. This is clearly propitiatory, and is paralleled 
by closely similar rites among different tribes. Of this barbarous proceed- 
ing the writer is now aware of six modern instances. One of the latest 
was accompanied by the prayers of an esteemed elder, who is said to have 
attended the ceremony for the purpose. Some say that it is necessary to 
inter with the cock some of the patient's hair and nail parings, and, accord- 
ing to one account, a small bird known as the ' cnag ' must share the same 
fate. It is also stated that a black cat would do if the cock were awant- 
ing ; and that the place of burial must never afterwards be disturbed, or the 
complaint would return. Apropos of epilepsy, although it is a departure 
from the order of discussion, one or two curious beliefs may be noted. 
The epileptic who has fallen into fire or water can never be cured. If a 
child or even grown person pass between the patient and the fire he 
will run the risk of taking the disease. Even if a dog or cat passes in the 
same manner, the animal may carry the disease to a healthy person. One 
who has been cured may not touch a dead body or even see a funeral 
without endangering the return of the disease. In the two following 
incidents, although there was no question of epilepsy, the same curious 
ideas find a place. An old neighbour lost his * good-father ' some years 
ago after a long illness during which a favourite cat had been much 
attached to the sick man. The night he died the two sons thought it 
needful to drown the cat, lest after approaching the remains it should 
carry evil to others. In the second case the informant relates that her 
grandfather was in a house where some one had just died. The window 
was unfortunately left open, and the cat leapt into the room over the dead 
body. The animal then approached the old man, with the result that he 

148 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

soon after took a severe fit. 'They put the cock under him ' (!), but all 
was unavailing. 

The most perfect example of practices founded upon imagery and 
substitution is afforded by the use in witchcraft of Cuirp Creadh^ or clay 
bodies. Nearly half a dozen instances have now been met with in this 
district in which women with malignant purpose have £sishioned clay images 
representing the person to whom they desired ill, and then subjected the 
work of their hands to slow destruction. Some years ago a fine healthy 
lad fell sick. Witchcraft was thought of, and suspicion fell on an old 
woman to whom the young man had behaved disrespectfiilly. Advice 
was therefore taken in Inverness of an ancient dame who was generally 
credited with uncanny powers, and she, without leaving her own door, 
directed the friends to return home and look behind the house in a certain 
stream. This they did, and found a clay image partly destroyed by 
running water. Moreover, to make destruction doubly sure the end of an 
old sword blade had been driven into its side. They removed the cuirp 
creadh with great care and took it into the house, but the damage had 
gone too far, and the man died. In most of these cases the image has 
been stuck over with pins, and in one instance the victim complained 
during his illness, which was fatal, that he had pain as if all the pins in 
Dingwall were stuck into him. Closely similar practices, even to the 
minutest detail, are found to be almost world wide.^ The ruling idea of 
imagery is illustrated in the rude curative practices of all nations. The 
Philistines of old sought relief by forming golden images of the tumours 
that afflicted them, and the physicians among the North American Indians 
fashion a representation of their patients' disease, and carry it off to the 
woods and bury it. So in all ages to walk by sight for a little space helps 
faith on a long journey. 

4. There is still another group in which the practices of healing are 
founded simply and solely on the possession or assumption of supernatural 
power. It is worthy of note that here the cure is always subject to the 
observance of certain definite rules. Persons gifted with powers of this 
kind will not under any circumstances accept payment for their services. 
Again, some secret words or form of prayer appear to form a necessary 
part of the method, and this secret the possessor dare not divulge. At 
the same time he may not die without transmitting it to another, and this 
other must always be of the opposite sex. Usually the power of any 
individual is limited to a particular complaint, or group of associated 
complaints, and there is hence great variety of gifts. The man who killed 
the cat on the night of his father's death is credited with special powers 
for stanching the flow of blood. This he does without seeing the 
sufferer ; he has simply to know the name. Another has similar powers 
in regard to toothache, and a third in affections of the throat or eyes. 
It is said that nobody in this region would dream of consulting a medical 
man for rickets. A wise woman is called in and goes through a succession 
of movements variously described, accompanied by certain words. For 
sprains, and perhaps for fractures, there likewise seems to be special gifts 
to special persons. These are not to be confounded with ordinary bone- 
setters, in whom the practice rests, as we have seen, on a different footing. 
For scrofula (king's evil) there is the great and much-prized instrumentality 
of the * seventh son,' who is regarded in the Highlands as gifted with 

* See Sir John Lubbock's History of Civilisation, etc, 

or. Northern Motes and Queries, 1 49 

altogether exceptional powers of healing. The writer has known of three 
of these individuals. Common water, when drawn and given by such a 
one, is reckoned an infallible cure for this complaint. Any seventh son 
will possess the power if certain formalities are observed at his birth, and 
provided also — and this is a suggestive circumstance — that he has not 
been convicted of serious sin. A further curious instance of the purely 
supernatural in a curative practice is the use of * silver water ' — water in 
which silver has been dipped, with certain observances — to remove the 
effects of the * evil eye.' One more example must conclude the series. 
Not long since a shepherd, from motives of revenge, was laid under the 
enchantment of a woman. Having been ill two years, and becoming 
worse, his friends consulted another wise woman. She pitted her power, 
so to speak, against that of the first, and succeeded, by the use of certain 
procedures, in breaking the spell and removing the evil 1 This is certainly 
an extreme case, in which we have proceedings founded on the idea of 
one supernatural power counteracting and defeating another ; but to these 
extreme cases there is an easy gradation from the simplest and commonest 

413. A Hundred Years of Seat Rents in Dunblane Cathedral, 
KROM 1652 TO 1752. — I. From before 1652 till after 1752 the Kirk Session 
of Dunblane arrogated to itself the right of granting and refusing liberty, 
to heritor and parishioner alike, to erect fixed seats or to occupy fixed 
seats already built in the choir of the Cathedral which was used as the 
parish church. 

* II April 1652. — ^The said day certaine of the elders showeing that 
they hade no proper seat convenient for yame but were forcit to stande in 
tyme of divyne service, the Session therefore ratifies the former act anent 
the appoynting for thame the two foremost long pewes, and ordains the 
beddals per vices to attend and whosoever shall not ryse being desyred by 
yame shal be censured conforme to the said act as the Session shal think 
expedient, and w*all be given over to the mgrat for paying ane poenitiva 
mulct for ye use of the poore.' 

*27 May 1751. — Robert Kelly, Smith in Dunblane, applyed to the 
Session this day for Leave or a Privilege to erect a seat in the floor of the 
kirk immediately behind the elders' seat, which, if granted, he promised to 
oblige himself always to remove at the Communion, but the Session con- 
sidering that the said room or place is presently possessed by several 
people who have their chairs set there, and further, considering that there 
was once a design to enlarge the elder's seat on that side, the Session 
therefore und. voce do refuse the desire of the application, and leave the 
area of the kirk for the conveniency of chairs and other moveable seats.' 

* 18 May 1752. — Upon a petition this day to the Session by Robert 
Kelly, Smith and an Heritor of this parish, for the Privilege to erect a seat 
for three persons in the East loft of the Kirk of Dunblane next on the 
south to William Wright's, Portioner of Auchlochy, agrees to the desire of 
his petition upon these terms, that he pay to the poor yearly at New 
Year's day six shillings Scots, bear an equal proportion in the reparation of 
the said loft when necessary, conform to his number of seats, and deliver 
up the said seats to the Session when required, this grant being only during 
pleasure, and likewise that in placing the said seat the Entrys to the 
other seats be in no wise incommoded or stopped.' 

1 50 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

2. The Heritors of the parish of Dunblane are represented in the 
Records as acquiescing in the Session's exercise of full power over the 
seats in the church, both by individual heritors petitioning for the 
privilege of pews, and by the Heritors as a body using their influence with 
the Session to obtain a pew for one of their number. 

* 18 January 1661. — ^This day Jone Stirling of Keppendavie, henrie 
blackwod, baillie in Dunblane, and Jone Grahame in Cromlix, did supplicat 
the Session for the use of ye foure pewes in ye west end of ye queere of 
Dunblane opposit to the entrie of Kippenrose seat upon ye ryt hand as 
they enter in att ye mikill queere doore.' 

* October 8, 1664. — The same day compeared Jone Stirling of Kilbryde 
who presented before the Minister and Session ane [petition ?] desireing ym 
to give the liberty of a commodious roome in ye Queire of Dunblaine for 
building of ane seat or loft in ye said kirk for himselfe and his familie, 
the Minister and Session grantes the foresaid petition in giving libertie if 
Kilbryd think fitt to build ane loft joyning to the great window betwixt ye 
pulpit and ye wester loft and to enter in at one of the syd windows in the 
churchyeard on ye south syd.' 

'August 18, 1668. — Compeired John Stirling of Kippendavie, who 
rendered his desyre anent that foresaid room in the church immediatelie 
next and beneath the pulpit on the south side to set his seat in.' 

* May 31, 1694. — In regard my Lord Aberuchill was oblidged to alter 
ye entry of his seat so as it should not come throw ye laird of Orchill's seat, 
therfor ye said Lord Aberuchill acquainted ye Session that he was 
resolved qn he altered ye same to heighten his inner seat wt ye cover 
yrof for ye better accommodatione of his family, ^mto ye Session accorded, 
provyding he did not exceed ye broadness and length of his present seat.* 

*May 14, 1 7 13. — Compeared this day Malcom Gillespie of Whyte- 
corses and Knockmafuddie, Heritor, and, by the determination of the 
Session, at the desire of the rest of the Heritors, got allowed him the use 
of the southmost seat in the breast of the East loft where the two elders 
that collect for the poor used to sit, he paying to the Session for the use 
of the poor at the sight of John Duthie, wright in Kippenross, what 
expense they have been at in repairing the said seat, and that ay and while 
he be furnished in ane seat, at which time he (resigning the said seat to the 
Session) is ordered to have repayed to him what money he shall be 
appointed by the arbitriment of the said John Duthie to pay to the 
Session as their expenses for repairing the said seat ; and the said John 
Duthie having sighted and considered the said seat, appoints Malcom 
Gillespie to pay for the workmanship yrof as above the sum of three 
pounds Scots money.' 

* 26 May 1748. — William Wright, Portioner of Auchlochy, compeared 
and represented to the Session that, tho an Heritor, he has no seat in 
the church, and therefore petitioned the Session that they might be 
pleased to allow him the privilege of erecting a seat four feet in length 
and as much in breadth in the East loft of the Church of Dunblane upon 
the back wall immediately behind the foreseat of the said loft ; which 
petition being considered, they unanimously agree to grant the desire of 
the same, and therefore did and hereby do allow the said William Wright 
to erect a seat in the said place and of the said dimension and upon these 
t^rms allenarly, that the said William Wright oblige him, his heirs and 
successors, to deliver up the said seat to the Session of Dunblane when- 



or, Northern Notes and Queries. 1 5 1 

ever tliey shall think fit to demand it upon his or their being reimbursed 
the expenses of erection or what the said seat shall be valued at by work- 
men at the time when such demand is made. Upon which conditions the 
said William Wright accepts the said privilege, and in testimony thereof 
signs this Act together with the Clerk. (Signed) William Wright; 
Will. Coldstream.' 

3. Ordinary parishioners apply to the Kirk Session both for liberty to 
erect seats for themselves and to sit in seats newly built or vacated by 
other occupants. 

*22 January i6s7.-^This day bahaldie haveing declairitt that he is 
not to build ane seat in that place requyrit be Ker and Lamb, and there- 
fore the Sessioun unanimouslie, in favoures of the said Andro Ker and 
Jone Lamb and theirs, Gives and Grantis fro this day furth in tyme come- 
ing the rowme and stead betwixt Robert Ker his twa seatis on the south 
syd of the Kirk under the loft yr, and yaj to build ane seat pmtHe yron 
and to have ilk ane oft yam extractt for ther warrant.' 

*i2 July 1660. — ^This day the minister, with full consent of eldares, 
gives and grantes libertie to Marjorie Row in dunblaine for building 
ane laigh seat or cheir before the head of the Laird of Cromlix his seat in 
the queere of dunblaine, reserveing onelie ane libertie of it to ye laird of 
Cromlix for the use of his awne servantes when it shall please the Lord to 
enlarge his familie.' 

•August 28, 1668. — ^The foresaid reverent Assemblie gives and grantes 
libertie to hary Blakwood to possess that roome in the church of Dunblane 
under ye east loft in the middle of the church as they enter in at the east 
little doore alreadie pntlie and formerlie possest by him. Allexr. Chisholme, 
pnt bailie of Dunblane, ... to place and put in a seat consisting of two 
pewes with a foot gauge for him and his familie.' 

'October 28, 1694. — ^Janet Findlaysone in Whytistone supplicat ye 
Sessione for a liberty of a low seat fixed att ye outside of ye Minrs. seat, 
and not to obstruct ye entry unto ye Elders seat or to extend further to 
the East yn the said Minrs. seat, qch desyre ye Sessione judging 
reasonable do grant and allow ye same.' 

*Jan 15, 1695. — Matthew Lennox in Wester CuUens, and Jo. Lennox 
in Cromlix, supplicat the Sessione for the laigh seat att ye syd of Ja. 
Robertsones pew, declaring they were willing to pay qt the Session would 
appoynt, which desyre the Sessione, judging reasonable, they grant unto 
them the use of the sd seat, they paying i3sh. 4 pence Sc. for the use of 
the poor.' 

*Nov. 7, 1694. — The Sessione appoynts a seat to be set and fixed att 
ye north syde of James Robertsones seat of equal length wt ye same, 
and they who sits yrin to pay each person half merk yearly for ye lise of 
ye poore, the seat to be after the manner of a furm/ 

*July J 7, 1699. — ^John Hutchisone in Hutchistoune, Walter Reid, 
end James Wingate in Ochenlay did take ye seat in the breast of ye Easter 
loft next the north wall, and engaged to pay to the Sessione for ye use of ye 
poor four merks Scots yearly during yr possession t)f ye same.* 

•May II, 1701. — This day William Danskin in Dunblan suppHcats 
the Session for libertie to have a fixed seat in the bodie of the church 
containing two persons, qch the Session considering they grant xiiilto him, 
and he enacts himself to pay for the same yearly 13 sh, 4 p. Scots for the 
use of the poor.' .^. \p • 

1 52 714^ Scottish Antiquary ; 

' 1 8 October 1720. — From Rob. Stirling for his possession for a year 
of the seat possessed lately by John Duthie, 8 sh. Scots.' 

* 16 October 1757. — The Session agrees t(5 and appoints Wm. Miller in 
Todhole Bum to possess that seat below the east loft, and on the north 
side of the Church of Dunblane, formerly possessed by Colin Bowie in 
Balhaldies, now in the parish of Lecropt, upon condition that the said Wm. 
Miller pay to the said Colin Bowie the expence of erecting the same at 
sight of tradesmen, but including therein as part payment what rents the 
said Colin Bowie may have drawn for it since he erected and possessed it. 
And they sett the seat in said loft possessed lately by Henry Dow to Wm. 
McAllister in Dunblane.' 

4. The Session was very jealous of any attempt to invade its right over 
the seats, and shows by various acts and regulations that its power was 
practically absolute. 

* 17 September 1747. — The Session, considering that the tenants of the 
Barony of Cromlix are just now erecting a new seat in the church, which 
incroaches too far into the area thereof, and will much straiten the room 
proper for the Communion tables and forms and the passages necessary to 
be kept free and unconfined for the ease of Ministers, Elders, and People 
at such occasions, do appoint the Treasurer in their name to desire those 
concerned to leave sufficient room for these purposes, and to incroach no 
farther into the floor of the church than the adjoining seats, or otherwise, if 
they still insist, to take an instrument in the hands of a Nottar Publick, and 
so make a legal sist to that work.' 

* September 20, 1747. — To taking a protest against the People of 
Cromlix anent their seat, twelve sh. Scots.' 

* September 24, 1747. — The Treasurer reports that he took instruments 
in the hands of a Nottar, against the people of the Barony of Cromlix, for 
erecting their seat in the church too far out in the area, which will be 
inconvenient at dispensing the Sacrament.' 

*ii March 1755. — The Session being informed that Colin Bowie, 
lately in Balhaldies, now in the parish of Lecropt, and John Harrower in 
Dunblane, at their own hands, without the consent either of the Heritors 
or Session, erected seats in the Church which they let out for rent, do 
appoint the officer to advertise and warn these persons to remove from the 
said seats, and leave them void and rid against Whitsunday next, that the 
Session may set them to others for the behoof of the poor, the said persons 
being allowed compensation for the said seats at the sight of tradesmen, 
and this with certification.' 

* 18 February 1658. — This day the Session ordaines Archibald. Duthie to 
keep the pewes, and that everie one that takes a pew be ordained to pay a 
shilling sterling if yay let any one within their pewes and ane shilling ster- 
ling for the pew itselfe, and yat under yair hands. This day Robert Reid 
ordained to have ye pew next to David Thomsone his pewe, and if he let 
any one in to sit with him, to pay one shilling sterling for it, (Signed) 
Robert Reid.' 

'August 28, 1668. — It is enactit that whosoever within the towne or 
wtout the towne in the paroch shall contribut and give frielie threttie 
shilling Scots for ye use of the poore, shall have libertie everie on of them 
to build a seat in the foresaid of ye east loft, in the most comodious partes 
yrof, and to possess it in tyme comeing wtout trouble or molestation,' 

'July 2, 1 66 1. — Reported to the Session that Robert Morrisone sub- 

or. Northern Notes and Queries, 153 

mitted himself to the will of the Session for the use of the pew he hes in 
the kirk, and offeres to pay to the Thesaurer according to the act made 
yranent. The Session ordaines the pntt Thesaurer to desist from pursueing 
the said Robert any further.' 

' 30 April 1 747. — ^Appoints the Clerk to draw out all the old arrears of 
Seat Rents resting to ye poor and give ye same to the officer to call for 

5. It is evident that the Kirk Session of Dunblane held in its hands 
the power of Seating the Church at its will and pleasure, with which power 
the heritors did not interfere, but which they acquiesced in and allowed. 
It cannot be said, however, that the Kirk Session itself erected many seats 
or did much repair to seats in the Church, so far as the records show, and 
it seems to be the case that the Session leased all seats the owners of 
which had died or left the parish. 

The following are the pews which were built or repaired by the Kirk 
Session at its own charges : — 

On the 17th of May 1656, the Session, considenng that in no tyme 
bygon there was no seat for ye Minr, his wife and familie, within the 
church, and also upon the desyre of M'. Thomas Lyndesay, promise ane 
seat not onlie for his wife and familie, but also to remaine ane seat for the 
future to all ministers wives succeeding.' On May 6, 1662, the Session 
builds a seat for the scholars, *who are found not to keep the kirk well 
upon the Lo. day, by reasons yay have not a seat of their owne.' It is 
reported on July 2, 1699, that the three seats in the easter loft, which the 
Session ordered, are now made, and the Session at once fix the rents desired 
for them. * The seats in the easter lofts being now made, the Sessione 
ordains that they who possess yt qch is next to the north wall pay yearly 
four merks Scots, and yt each of the other two pay three pounds Scots 
yearly for the use of the poor.' In the same year a seat is built by the 
Session for the elders in the same loft. On the 21st October 1730, *the 
new seat in the middle of the west loft' is let to James Monteath, *att a 
shilling sterling yearly,' * and the other new seat, south and next to it,' to 
William Wright *att eight pence yearly.' On 8th April 1731, * the seats in 
the south side of the west loft being now repaired,' are let to various parties. 
On the 5th August 1747, instructions are given to repair *the back seats of 
the west loft,' and on March ist, 1748, 'to repair seats in the east loft' 
On May 31, 1694, the Session, 'considering yt ye entry unto ye pulpit 
from ye south door is very inconvenient both for ye Minn an those qo 
have children to be baptized, they do appoynt ye Minr. and Ja. Robertson 
in ye Park their seats to be removed from ye south wall, ye length of three 
foot towards ye middle of ye kirk, yt yr may be a convenient entry from ye 
south door unto ye pulpit, and ye sd seats shall come six foot and ane 
half from ye entry northwards, and towards ye east, Ja. Robertsones seat 
to take in ye pillar of Bahaldies loft.' 

A seat for the minister, a seat for the elders, a seat for the scholars, 
and half a dozen other pews at most, represented all that the Session did in 
the way of the erection of fixed seats in the Church. There is no doubt, 
however, that the Kirk Session heired many pews either by paying the 
value of the material in them or by default. I make out that between 
1652 and 1755 no fewer than 90 seats were erected in the Church, for 50 
of which the Kirk Session at one time or another drew rents. There are 
besides references to pews let to one man which were formerly possessed 

154 The Scottish Antiqtuiry ; 

by another, and there are stipulations that erected seats shall be liable to 
be the property of the Session at any time, on payment of their value at 
sight of tradesmen. And the following are the forms by which the Session 
gave titles to seats : — 

*3o Oct., 1738. — The Session agree that they be continued in the 
possession of their said seats at the said rent, yearly, during the Session's 

* 18 May, 1752. — . . . deliver up the said seats to the Session when 
required, this grant being only during pleasure.' 

*Aug. 28, 1668. — ... to possess it in tyme comeing w*out trouble or 

*22 Jan., 1657. — : . . gives and grantes from this day furth in tyme 
comeing the rowme and stead, and to have ilk ane of yam extractt for ther 

*i7 May, 1656. — ... to remaine ane seat for the future to all 
miisters wives succeeding.' 

6. The Session drew rents for the seats, which varied in amount, as it 
pleased to fix. The amounts of the various yearly rents were one shilling 
sterling, theirtie P. Scots, twenty P. Scots, six shillings and eightpence 
Scots, four merks, three pounds Scots, eight shillings and fourpence 
Scots, thirteen and fourpence Scots, one pound four shillings Scots, two 
pounds Scots, eight shillings, nine shillings Scots, ten shillings Scots, 
sixpence sterling. It cannot be said that the Session had at any time a 
large income for the support of the poor from ' seat rents. From the year 
1709, when details of sums drawn are first given, till 1756, when these 
details end, the total sum obtained amounts to ;^243, is. od, Scots, which is 
little more than ;^5 Scots per annum. 

7. A conjecture may be made regarding the reason of the Session's 
power over the seats in Dunblane Cathedral. The time was when there 
were no fixed seats in the Church, the people using 'chairs and other 
moveable seats.' Certain influential families became by custom the pos- 
sessors of certain places, and they asked the Session to allow them to erect 
iixed pews in those places, which the Session granted at its will and 
pleasure. Others saw ' vacant rooms ' in other parts of the Church in 
which, presumably, no chairs were placed, and requested * libertie to set up 
a seat.' Seats were only refused by the Session if the space was used by 
others, or was required for the purposes of the Communion, which space 
they declare * they have no right to dispose of to any person whatsoever.' 
It is evident therefore that people came to the Session for seats, because 
naturally that body knew what spaces were required for religious purposes, 
and for the accommodation of chairs on Sundays, and were qualified to 
decide upon the rights of the parishioners who sat in the Church from day 
to day. The galleries were built by the Session and therefore the Session's 
own property. 

It may be inferred that while every parishioner had right to a space 
in the Church, none had right to any particular place unless he got it by 
the will of the whole body of parishioners, represented by their delegates 
to the kirk session, and that no parishioner had a seat unless he sat in it. 
Heritors were on the same footing. They only got liberty to erect fixed 
seats because they intended to sit in them. 

If we go back to first principles, arguing from the fact that the par- 
ishioners had to build the church, and that all were equal in it, we find that 


or. Northern Notes and Queries, 155 

seats could only be held at the pleasure of the whole body of parishioners, 
and that therefore the allocation of pews and seats is only a device for 
settling the space available with the least possible trouble and as justly as 
possible. Seats are not awarded as a quid pro quo for help given to build 
the church, but as a convenient method of arranging the parishioners in 
the church. A heritor has only seats according to his requirements, and 
has no seat himself unless he sits in the church. A non-resident absent 
heritor has no right to a seat, for he does not live in the parish. His 
right would begin as soon as he became a parishioner and began to attend 
church. Such evidently was the understanding in Dunblane. 

J. G. Christie. 

414. Use of Shortbread at the Communion. — At a meeting of 
Dumfries and Galloway Antiquarian Society on Thursday evening an 
interesting discussion took place regarding the use of shortbread at the 
celebration of the Lord's Supper, which appears at one time to have been 
universal throughout the south-west of Scotland. The Rev. J. H. Thom- 
son, Hightae, had assisted several years ago to dispense the communion 
at Portpatrick, when this bread was used. Letters were read from the 
Rev. Jardine Wallace, Traquair, stating that shortbread was in use in St. 
Michael's, Dumfries, up till the time of his father's death in 1864 ; from 
the Rev. Mr. Fraser, Colvend, who stated that it was generally used 
throughout Kirkcudbrightshire when he came to the district forty-seven 
years ago, and that one of his elders recollected being present at a com- 
munion service at the Congregational Church in Glasgow, of which Dr. 
Wardlaw was minister, at which shortbread was^ used. Rev. Dr. Ross, 
Londonderry, wrote that the custom still prevails among the Presbyterians 
of the North of Ireland, and that they adhered to it not because the bread 
used at the Jewish Passover was unleavened, but because in the use of 
unleavened bread they were following the clear example of our Lord. It 
was further mentioned that shortbread was in use in the parish of Kells 
until twelve years ago, and in Dairy (Galloway) four years ago. A com- 
munication from Kintail, Stromeferry, stated that there was no tradition 
of the use of shortbread in that region, but that wheaten bread had been 
employed at a period as remote as the memory of the oldest inhabitant. — 
Scotsman, December 5, 1891. 

415. Old Inventory. — Edinburgh, 20 August 1601. Complaint by 
Robert Boyd of Badinhaith, as follows : Johne Mitchell in Dykis of 
Ardrossane, Williarae Montgomerie in Busbie, alias Williame the Page, 
Johne and James Robiesonis in Salcoittis, James Broun there, John 
Bowtoun there, Mathow M*Kie there, Thomas Mitchell, Smith in Monnoke, 
with others to the number of thirty, most of them rebels, fugitives and 
excommunicates, and in special Neil Montgomerie in Little Cumray, 
William Montgomerie, elder, William Montgomerie, younger, there, 
Thomas, Adam and Hew Montgomereis, sons of the late Johne and Hew 
Montgomereis * callit in the He,' came with hajgbuts, pistolets, culverings, 
swords and other weapons, in 1599, to the Isle of Little Cumray and 
fortalice thereof, belonging to the pursuer, and peaceably possessed by 
him, and violently * with engyne of Smythis,' broke up the doors and gates 
of the same, and, after having destroyed the glass windows, boards and 
iron work within the said house, spulyied these goods at prices following, 

156 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

beside the * nowmer of (w) jestis and other tymber ' provided by the 

complainer for building a harbour at the said Isle, viz. : — 

In the HalL — *Ane irne chymlay of sax stane wecht/ price ;^i2; 
*ane irne tayngis/ los. ; two *fourmes,' 40s.; a 'copbuird/ 5 raerks, 
*nyne hundreth hogheid and ten barrell stepis/ ;^s per hundred=;^45 ; 
two *cutthrot gunis of irne,';^40; four *glas windois of fyve scoir aucht 
fute/ 5s. per foot=;^27 ; three new *cassit windowis of buird work/ 


/// the Kitchen, — Two brazen pots of 47 lb. weight, ;^27, 13s. 4d. ; 
two pans, ;^ii ; a pair of iron *rax,' £^Z\ two 'speittis, ' ^6 ; *ane irone 
ladill,' 6s. 8d. ; * ane dossane and ane half of plaittis, sax coveris, ane 
dossane of truncheouris,' £^^Z ; * ane fauldand buird,' ;^3 ; glass window 
of ten foot, 50s. 

In the Chamber above the Kitchen. — ' Tua laich stand bedis of fire,' ;^io ; 
^\e, dozen and four * Ireland buirdis,' £^2t P^^ dozen=;^i6 ; glass window 
of six foot, 35 s. 

In the Low Wester Chamber, — *Tua stand bedis of fire,' ;^i6; glass 
window of 24 feet, j[fi ; a new * kaissit window,' ;^6 ; ane chalmer buird 
of aik,' ;^6 ; * ane lokit coffer, and thairintill ane double and breikis of 
din fusteane cuttit out on tanny taffaty,' £^y> ; pair of * tauny worset 
schankis,' ;^5 ; two * lynning sarkis,' ;^*7 ; two pair of linen sheets, ;^i6 ; 
four * codwairis,' £^^ ; two pair of * rounder scheittis,' ;^9 ; two broad- 
cloths of linen of five ells in length, ;^i5 ; two broad towels, 40s. ; two 
long towels, 20s. ; two dozen of * serveittes,' £^12 \ cupboard, 30s. ; silver 
piece of 17 oz. weight, £^2> P^^ oz.=;^5i ; *ane cop with ane silver fute' 
of 7 oz. weight, price foresaid =;^2i, with contracts, obligations, evidents, 
and books worth ;^2ooo. 

In the Low Easter Chamber, — * Ane bund stand bed of aik,' 20 raerks ; 
two stand beds of *fire,' ;^i6 j a chamber board, £,^ ; two glass windows 
of 36 foot, ;^9 ; two *caissit ' windows, ;^io. 

In the High Wester Chamber. — * Ane bund stand bed of aik,' 20 merks ; 
two stand beds of *fire,' ;^i6 ; a chamber board, £^\ \ two glass windows 
of 24 foot, £^(i\ two *caissit' windows, ;^io. 

In the High Easter Chamber — * Ane bund stand bed of aik,' 20 merks \ 

* tua stand bedis of fire,';^i6j chamber board, ;^4; two glass windows 
of 26 foot, ;^6, los. ; two *caissit' windows, ;^io. 

In the Wardrobe, — Two feather beds with their * bowsteris and codis,' 
;^36; two pair of blankets, ;^24; *ane arres work,' ;^24; *ane Ireland 
cada,';^i2; four double coverings, ;^i8j eight herring nets, ^t6; *tua 
traumell nettis for cunyngis,' ;^6; fishing line, ;^4; *ane drow line, 
40s. j *ane fine daill,' 13s. 4d. ; two glass windows of 16 foot, ;^4. 

In the Vaults, — Three hogsheads and five ale barrels, £fi\ *ane 
hingand jact,' 20s. ; two old * caissis ' of windows and seven boards, ;^5 ; 

* ane caissit bowels,' 40s. ; * ane oisting kist and xvi*^ fow of seyme and rufe 
in it for boittis,' 40s. per hundred =;^3 2 ; 300 'pleuscheour naillis,' 30s. ; 
two tin quaxt stoups, ^4 ; tin salt fat, los. ; two * chandilaris ' of brass, £fi. 

In the Brew House, — A mask *fate,' ;^io; *tua thrie tramit (?) 
barrowis' for stones, ;^4; foure tua tramit barrowis' for stones, ;^6; 
30 pieces of boat timber, ;^30. 




or, Northern Notes and Quei-ies. 157 

In the said House. — Six * houng douris ' of oak with locks and bands, 
;^24; five * houng fire duris' with locks and bands, ^17 ; eleven * houng 
duris of fire ' with bands and snacks on portals and privies, ;^29, 6s. 8d. 
Item, lying beside the said place for building a harbour for ships, * eleven 
scoir of jestis of aik of twentie foure fute lang and fute and a half of the 
square, £,% each=;^i76o; mast of a boat, ;^6; — sum of the whole, 
;^4776, los. 8d., salvo jupto calculo, . . .' The defenders not appearing 
are to be denounced rebels. — Reg. Priv, Cotmc, vi. 279. 

416. * Little Holland' — An Old Fife Town. — The English 
Illustrated Magazine for January has an article on *An Old Fife 
Burgh Town' by Mr. David S. Meldrum. Dysart is the subject of 
it. The *saut burgh' of Dysart, says the writer, is and was a typical 
Fife coast town. From its Hie Gait, in the centre of which was the 
Square with its Cross and Tolbooth, and the spacious piazzas, where 
in olden days the merchants displayed their wares, many narrow and 
tortuous streets, well described, in their physical features, by their 
common name of *wynds,' slope down to the quaintest of old-world 
Fife harbours. Despite its notorious want of safety (which, indeed, did 
not matter much in days when mariners sailed the seas for half the 
year only, and lay up, with their boats, for the winter on whatever shore 
the end of summer found them), this harbour from an early date, was 
crowded with craft. These, for the most part, plied a trade with the 
Low Countries. The principal exports were salt and coals. Dysart 
supplied the neighbouring towns also with both commodities. In 1659, 
for example, we find an order to Lord Sinclair's * factor * at Dysart to 
furnish Edinburgh Castle with 1000 loads of coal, the Bailies of Dysart 
to transport them to Leith. In an Act of the Scottish Parliament, nearly 
a century previously to that, reference is made to Lord Sinclair's * coal- 
pot' in Dysart. As for salt, *Ca'in' saut to Dysart' has long been as 
contemptuous a proverb as * carrying coals to Newcastle.' In return for 
the exports were imported all the necessaries and luxuries of life which 
Bruges could supply. Russian furs, fine flemish cloths, and wines from 
Spain and Itai^ came for the courtiers at Dunfermline and at Falkland ; 
wax for the Church, and as time rolled on Bibles for the Reformers : 
pitch, tar, and wood; and even old iron for the Palhhead nailers. So 
important was the Fife continental trade that when Bruges, after being 
for 300 years the market of Northern Europe, declined in favour of 
Antwerp, the Scots became possessed of privileges very similar to those 
of the Hanseatics. In the town of Campvere, close to Antwerp, for 
example, there is said to have been a Scotch Gate, through which Scottish 
sailors passed *Scot free,' while those of other nationalities paid toll. 
Indeed, so jealous was the Government of these rights that it appointed 
an official, who was known as the * Conservator of Scots' privileges at 
Campvere ' ; and it is of interest to note that such an official existed as 
late as 1758 in the person of no less illustrious a man than John Hume, 
the author of Douglas, So much for the foreign trade. At home the 
mealmakers, fleshers, shoemakers, tailors, and brewers carried on thriving 
businesses under the protective privileges of the crafts. Altogether, so 
industrious and wealthy did Dysart become that it was known as Little 
Holland, a title which might, with equal fitness, have been applied to 
the whole seaboard from Inverkeithing to Crail. — Scotsman^ December 
26, 1891. 


158 The Scottish Antiqtiary ; 

417. Trade with Holland. — The following reference to Trade with 
Holland occurs, in an interesting article on Shetland, in the SceUman^ 
Feb. 9, 1892 : — 

Trade with Holland seems to have received a considerable impetus 
about the beginning of last century, and Amsterdam became to Shetland 
what the Norwegian towns and Copenhagen had been in the earliest cen- 
turies. The Dutch must have felt at home in Shetland at that time, as 
their busses, which annually assembled in Bressay Sound, numbered 2000. 
They spread themselves around the coast, and on Saturdays swarmed in 
every voe where the anchorage was good. St. Magnus Bay and Busta 
Voe seem to have been favourite spots on the west coast, and on the east 
they were everywhere. Each buss carried a quantity of tea, tobacco, gin, 
clothing, and fishing materials, which they sold and bartered with the 
people. The arrival of the Dutch fleet was of the greatest importance to 
the islanders. Trade with Norway and Denmark had ceased, and with 
Scotland it had not begun. The Dutch, therefore, formed the only 
medium of exchange. Hollander Johnsmas, the nth June, is still 
remembered. On that day fairs were held by the Dutch at several places, 
and the Hollanders Knowe, a few miles from Lerwick, is a memorial of 
those bygone fairs. It seems they formed stations at the most suitable 
places, and some of them remained the whole year, buying and bartering 
and encouraging the fishing industry. It is reported that the sea, a few 
weeks ago, entered and destroyed a house built by the Dutch on the west 
of St. Magnus Bay, and which had remained the principal house in the 
district during the whole of last century. 

418. Family of Denholm (vol. v. p. 84). — According to Anderson's 
House of Hamilton^ p. 259, the name of the wife of Hans Hamilton, 
Vicar of Dunlop, vidi^ Janet Denholm, not Margaret^ and this is confirmed 
by the copy of the inscription referred to given in Dobie's Cuninghanu 
Topographized by Timothy Pont, pp. 128, 129. The date 1533 must be a 
misprint probably for 1563, Hans Hamilton having died 1608, aged 72, 
after forty-five years of married life. A. W. G. B. 

419. William Cowper, The Poet. — Was he of Scottish descent? 
In the St, Andrews Kirk Session Records, edited by Mr. David Hay 
Fleming for the Scottish History Society, the name * Thomas Cowpar in 
Sanct Monanis' is mentioned (page 68) as being a witness in 1561. The 
following footnote is given: *In 1828 John Cowper died, in the Parish 
of St. Monans {Co. Fife] " in his ninety-second year, in full vigour both 
of body and mind, a respectable farmer, whose ancestors and himself had 
occupied the same farm on the Abercromby estate for nearly 300 years." 
" There is every reason to believe that it is of this stationary family " that 
William Cowper of Olney writes : " I am originally of the same shire [Fife], 
and a family of my name is still there " {Statistical Account of Fifeshire, 
1845, p. 344). The passage alluded to may be found in his letter to 
Mrs. Courtney (Hayley*s Life of Cowper, p. 522): * While Pitcairne 
whistles for his family estate in Fifeshire, he will do well if he will sound 
a few notes for me. I am originally of the same shire, and a family of the 
same name is still there.' Hayley, who correctly gives his descent * from 
ancestors who were inhabitants of Sussex in the reign of Edward iv.,' 
alludes to this facetious claim of the poet in a foot-note (page i), but without 
attaching any importance to it. Cowper's pedigree is not an obscure 


or, Norther 71 Notes and Queries, 159 

one ; it may be found in any good Peerage (^oce Cowper, Earl). He was 
grandson of Spencer Cowper, Attorney-General to the Prince of Wales, 
who was great-grandson of Sir William Cowper, Baronet, who died in 
1664, who was son of John Cowper, Alderman of London, great-grandson 
of John Cowper of Strode, parish of Slinford, Sussex, who was living in 
1465, and married Joan, daughter and heir of John Stanbridge of Strode. 
There is nothing to show that this John Cowper or his ancestors came 
from the north. The name, derived from a trade " the cooper,", is and 
was as common in England as in Scotland, or even more so. It is quite 
manifest that such a claim could only have been put forward jocularly by 
the poet who corresponded with his titled relatives and must have known 
his family history. The only apparent early connection the Cowper family 
had with anything Scottish was that Sir William Cowper was first created 
a Baronet of Nova Scotia (as several Englishmen were) and afterwards, on 
4th March 164 1-2, created a Baronet of England. In the Peerages the 
English Baronetcy only is recorded amongst the honours held by the 
present Earl Cowper, and in the list of Nova Scotia Baronets (including 
those extinct), given in Foster's Peerage^ it is not to be found. The present 
Earl Cowper is Baron Dingwall in the Scottish Peerage, by his descent 
through his mother, who became heir of line of Sir Richard Preston, 
created Lord Dingwall in 1603. None of the poet's ancestors, as far as 
I can find, married a Scotswoman. He must have been an Englishman 
out and out. Ed. 

420. Notes on Attainted Jacobites (vol. vi. p. 54.) — A correspon- 
dent has drawn attention to an error in Mr. Crosse's note. Patrick 
Lindsay, executed at Brampton, was son of John Lindsay, not James* 
This is shown in the Peerage (Lindsay E.), where the pedigree is correctly 
given. Margaret Halliburton, Patrick Lindsay's mother, was a daughter 
of George Halliburton, consecrated Bishop of Brechin in 1678, translated 
to Aberdeen 1682, died 1715, aged 77. Ed. 

421. Stirling Parochial Registers. — The fi^rst volume of the 
Parish Registers of Stirling is a specimen of what such records should be, 
but unfortunately such excellence is rare — and in this case there is a blank 
of 76 years between the first and the second volume, which has nothing 
special to recommend it in its arrangement or fulness of detail. We give 
a copy of the earlier volume, because many entries occur which are sure 
to be valuable to the genealogist. The entries are made on paper aboUt 
seven inches by five. The first thirty-three pages contain the banns or 
proclamation of marriage, thus — 

- 1585^ Mariage. 

28 Nov" do. I. Johne Swane on ye ane pt Mareit on ye 

2. Jonet DuncSsone on ye uy pt 16 day of Decern.. 


Then follow one hundred and seventy-one pages, each page being filled 
with the record of a single marriage, thus — 

At Sterling ye xxv day of Noveber 

1585 in piis of Jo°* Gichane bailie Thomeson 

cordener & me James DuncSLsone 

Reder at Sterling. 



The Scottish Antiquary ; 

The q"" day cSperit Johne Swane lore 
mer & burges of Sterling on ye ane pt & 
Johnnet DuncSLsone dodlt to umq" Williame 
Duncasone on ye uyir p' qwha bay* in ane 
voice grants lauchfuU promeis of manage 
ilk ane to uyers rex'"* and promesis God 
willing to c5pleit ye same betwix & ye xvi 
day of December nixt and yfor desyrs 
ye banns to be lau"* pclamit according to ye 
order q"" I ye said reder promesit to do 
and in ye name of ye kirk admonesit 
yame to abstein fra camall dell q" ye co 
pleiting of ye said mariage under ye 
paine conteinit in ye Act of ptiament 
made anent fornicadun qwho promesit to obey 
ye same. In witnes q'^of y§L hawe subscryvit 
yir pnts w' y hands on foUowis day zeir 
plaice & witness foirsaid. 

Johne Swane & Jonet Duncansone 

w« our hands rex*"* at ye pen of 

James Duncansone not publice manu pprie 

J. Duncansone. 

This sample is sufficient to show both the care taken and the advisa- 
bility of giving simply the names and dates of the marriage. We hope 
in a future number to give the baptisms in this volume. 


Nov. 23. Johne Swane, loremer and burges, and Jonet, daur. of late Wm. 

Dec. 1 1. James Thomeson, son of Thomas Thomson, webster, and Mar- 
garet, daur. of late James Neilson in Canglor. 
Jan. 5. James Grahame, servant to James Campbell of Arn Kinlairgs, 
and Grissall Callender. 
8. Pawll Mentayth, sone to Rot. Mentayth in Alvath, and Elizabeth, 

daur. of Archibald Smith, burges. 
15. Johne Donaldson, servant to Antanie Bruce, and Geilles Buckim 
in Alvath. 

17. Robert Wright, loremar, and Hellein, daur. to late Blair 

in Campsie. 
„ 22. Thomas Willesgn, tailzor, and Issobell, daur. to Gilbert Bogson, 

alias Duncanson, flesher. 
„ 28. James Thomeson, elder, maltman, and Jonet Hay, servitrix to 
the Lady Elphinstone. 
Feb. 13. Alexr, Downy, servant to Alexr. Bruce of Airth, and Marion, 
daur. to late James Blackburn. 
„ 28. William Fothringame and Jonet Robertson. 
Mar. 16. Andrew Robertson, baxter and burges, and Cathrein, daur. of 
late James Moresone. 






oVy Northern Notes and Qtteries, 1 6 1 


Mar. 25. James Wallace and Ewffaime, daur. to Johne Aissone in Craig- 

„ 28. James, sone to Duncan Pennecuik, and Jonet Mar. 
„ 31. Thomas Willesone, cordenar, and Cristane Philp in Livelands. 
„ 27. Johne Lowry, younger in Drip, and Cristane, daur. to Thomas 

Gib, in Blackfreirsvynd. 
April 5. Johne, son of late John Reid, flesher, and Issobell Lowry, 

„ 9. William Crothbert, servant to Adame Spittell of Blairlogy, and 

Janet, daur. to David Car, burges. 
„ 28. Johne, son of late William Gothray in Fadells, and Jonet, daur. 

to late Robert Jarvy, cordener. 
May 7. Johne Gallnay, parishioner in Kilmarnock, and Margaret, daur. 

of William Moreson alias Chapman, burges. 
June I. Johne Fargussone, barbur, and Jonet, daur. of Johne Bowman, 

,, 4. Robert, son of late William AUane, cordener, and Hellein 

Robertson, at ye brig of AUane. 
„ 10. Johne, son of late Alexr. Duncansone, burges, and Jonet, daur. 

to Johne Gentilman, conburges. 
Aug. 23. Johne Miln, servant to the Countess of Argyll, and Hellein, 

daur. of late Johne Willesone, tailzor. 
Sept. 23. Alexr., son of late Sir Andro. Buchane, and eldest begotten of 

yt. name, and Jonet Lymburner, both of Glasgow. , 
„ 25. Johne Nycoll, in pi. [?] miln of All way, and Agnes, daur. of late 

Alexr. Stevinson, cowper. 
Oct. I. James, son of late William Robertsone, webster, and Cristane, 

daur. to Andro. Scott in ye bank of Dolur. 
„ 7. Johne, son of James AUane, in Touch, and Marion, daur. of late 

Johne Hill. 
„ 8. Duncan, son of Johne Leishman, smith at ye Calsy hed in the 

parish of Cambuskenneth, and Cathrein, daur. to late Henrie 

Glook, burges. 
„ 17. Johne Hendirsone, cordener, and Cathrein, daur. to late John 

„ 20. William Mairschell, servant to Robert Forester of Bogwhen, and 

Hellein, daur. of late Johne Jarvy in Plaine. 
„ 24. Thomas Andersone, burges of Dundy, and Hellein, sister to 

Johne Andersone, Minister of Stirling. 
Nov. 26. Johne Zwng, sometime servant to Johne Erie of Mar, and 

Issobell, daur. of Johne Neilsone, in Canglour. 
„ 26. Robert, son of late Duncan NeUsone in Canglour, and Margaret, 

daur. of late James Moderall. 
„ 27. Johne Hendirsone, younger, baxter, and HeUein, daur. of late 

George Forester in Schiphawt 
Dec. 10. Moses Schort in Leithe, and Agnes Schort in Stirling. 
„ 12. WiUiam Maclum, servant to Thomas Downy, smith, and Jonet, 

daur. to late John Watsone in Cowt. 
„ 22. Henrie Abircnimbie of Carsie, and Margaret, daur. of late 

AJexr. Boyd in Beathe. 




1 62 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Dec. 22. Johne Donaldsone, alias Downy, son to Thomas Donaldsone, 
in Plaine, and Hellesone Gillespie. 
„ 24. Johne Andirson, Baxter & Burges, and Maijorie Edmane. 
Feb. 7. Andro Logane, parichioner of Grantoun and in Leith, & Agnes, 
daur. to late John Leishman. 
„ 12. James, son of Alexr. Schoit, burges, and Anna, daur. of Walter 
Neische, co-burges. 

April 22. William Watson, Baxter, and Jonet, daur. of Johne Archebald in 

Conchordanne, parish of St. Ninians. 
May 27. James Wilsone and Margaret, daur. of George Bauhok in 

June 3. Archebauld Symth, younger, & Jonet Wallace of the Canow- 
gait in Edinburgh, relict of the late Henrie Brog, surugeon. 
„ 6. Johne Hendirson, younger, and Jonet, daur. to Alex. Zwng, 

„ 25. William Harvie and Jonet, daur. to Johne Zwng, Skiner. 
July 15. Johne Stein, Maissone, and Jonet, daur. of late Jame Ra. 
„ 15. William, son of Alexr. Balvaird, Reder in Logy, and Marione, 

daur. to James Patirsone, Flesher at Chrysts Well. 
„ 15. James Tailzor, Watchman in ye Castell, and Hellein, daur. of 
late William Adamsone in Replot. 
Aug. 6. Donald Ure, Chapman, and Issobell Wilsone. 
„ 13. Johne Cairncorst in Largo, and Jonet, daur. to Andro Uttein. 
,, 18. Andro Broun, Tailzor & Burges, and Marjorie Bowman. 
Sep. 17. Johne Ewein, servant to Rot. Forester, brother to Alexr. Forester 
of Garden, and Margaret Schaw, daur. to Christane Gal- 
bra3rth, wascher. 
Oct. I. Alexander Callender of Halls of Airth, and Jane, daur. of Johne 
Knox of RamfuUie. 
„ II. Duncane Patersone, Maltman, and Jonet Cossar, daur. of 
Margaret Mayne, who married afterwards Johne Forester, 
„ 16. George, son of late David Bruce of Kinnaird, and Agnes, daur. 

of William Donaldson, and Begge Wyse his spouse. 
„ 28. William Allane of Cambus barron, parish of St Ninians, and 

Margaret Grisum, servant to George Name Litster. 
„ 28. Thomas, son to Alexr. Erskein of Gogar, and Agnes, daur. of 
Gilbert Ogilvy of Powrie. 
Nov. 5. Johne Scharrar, wachman in ye Castell of Stirling, and Issobell 
Gothray, servant to John Huttone in the parish of Logie. 
„ 10. Thomas Michell Litster and Issobell, daur. of Johne Gilleis in 

Drip, in the parish of Kincairn. 
„ 22. James Galbrayth, Burges of Glasgow, and Margaret, daur. of 
late Margaret \sic\ Haigy. 

Dec. 16. Thomas Jameson, Candlemaker, and Agnes, daur. of late 

\sic\ Willesone, Tailzor. 
Jan. 6. James, son of Alexr. Kincaid, Maltman, and Bessie, daur. of 
Neill Campbell, Parson of Craignish. 
„ 6. Alexr. Cousland, Messenger, and Margaret, daur. of late Patrick 
Schort, Burges. 

or. Northern Notes and Queries. 163 

Jan. 12. Alex. Robertsone, Maltman in ye Castell, and Jonet, daur. of 
late Mathew Gib, Cutler. 

„ 20. Johne Thomeson in and Jonet, daur. of late Johne Hender- 
son in Reploch. 
Feb. I. Johne Ervein, Maissone, and Hellein, daur. of late Wm. Cunyng- 
ham, Porter in ye Castell. 

„ II. Thomas Clarke, Gairdiner, and Marion, daur. to Johne 
Thomesone, elder, Bonet maker. 

„ 20. George Bog, servant to ye King's Mtie., and Issobell, daur. of 
Johne Norwall, Burgess. 

Mar. 29. William Bell, burges, and Issobell Drysdell in Talliecultrie. 
Apr. 7. Stein Richie, servant to Johne Duncanson, minister, and Jonet, 
daur. to Johne Neilsone, maltman. 
„ 15. Thomas Andirson, burges, and Mabill, daur. to late Johne 

Coustoun in PithawUie. 
„ 20. Andro, son to late Cunynghame, burges of Glasgow, now of 

Stirling, and Elizabeth Aickein. 
„ 27. George Spittell, burges, and Margaret Watsone. 
May 6. Johne, son to late James Crystesone, and Elizabeth, daur. to late 
NicoU Finlasone in Dunblane. 
„ 18. David Michell, tailzor, and Agnes, daur. to Robert Car. 
„ 25. Archeboulde Allane, wreter, and Christian Dog, in the house of 
Agnes Nicoll. 
June I. Henrie Jarvie, in St. Ninians, & Ewfame Touch, of St. Ninians, 
to be married at St. Ninians. 
>» 25. James Steviqsone, cowper,and Elet, daur. to late Rot. Rutherfurd 
July 15. William, son to Malcolm M'ilhoise, and Helleson, daur. to late 
Johne Hendirsone. 
„ 1 7. Johne Benny, servt. to James Mentayth, and Cathreine, sister to 
Gilbert Crystesone, skinner. 
Aug. 24. John M^kenart, quarrier, in Sauchie, parish of Clackmannan, 

and Elet. Logane. 
Oct. 6. William, sone to Thomas Thomsone in Corntoun, and Agnes, 
daur. to Wm. Soirlie. 
„ 22. George, sone to late James Gilmor, in sie beggs, and Margaret, 

daur. to late Thomas Ervein in Moorkom. 
„ 24. Johne Jonkein and Jonet, daur. to late Johne Johnsone in Pow- 

j> 25. Johne Hodge, officer in this burgh, and Margaret Bell, servant 
to James Robertson, flesher. 
Dec. 13. Patrick Drumond, servant to my Lord of Cambuskennet, and 
Elizabeth, daur. to the late Alexr. Stevinsone, cowper. 
„ 14. David, son to late James Richardson, and Ratchell, daur. to 

Wm. Lamb, in parish of Kilmanie. 
„ 15. Duncan M*cleishe, servant to Dwgall M'Dugall in Deweldik, 

and Issobel Hog, relict of late Malcome Hendirsone. 
„ 25. William Murray, servant to ye Kinges Maiestie, and Agnes, 
daur. of Duncan Name of Lokishill. 
Jan. 8. Henry, son of late David Murray of Carse in Strathern, servant 



1 64 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

to the lady Anabill Murray, Countess of Mar, and Elet, daur. 
to late Johne Auchmutty, Surges. 
Jan. 8. Johne Ferriar, servant to James Erskein, son to Alexr. Erskein, 
of Gogar, and Agnes, daur. to James Stewart, officer to ye 
Commissrs of Stirling. 
„ 17. Johne M*Condochie, servant to Margaret Name, relict of late 
Wm. Smith, and Jonet, daur. to Thomas Richardson, mail- 
Feb. I . James, son to Henrie Richardsone, and Barbara Robertson. 
„ I. William Mathir, Cordiner, and Maise, daur. to late Donald 
Mar. 2. Mr. James Pont, Comissr. of Dunblane, & Abigaill Strang, in 
the parish of Edinburgh. 
9. Andrew Scharar, burges, and Hellein, daur. of late Michall 

Gairdner & Margaret Rae, his relict. 
21. Mr. James Elphinstone of Findnachtrie, one of the senators of 
the College of Justice, and Sara, daur. to late Johne Mentaith 
of Carse, and Hellein Mentaith, his relict. 
„ 21. James Aissone, mairchand and burgess, and Hellein, daur. to 
late George Forester in Schiphawt. 


Mar. 30. Johne Moresone, zwnger, and Cristane, daur. to Alexr.. Bwey, 

couper and burges. 
May 10. Andro, son to late Richard Kidstoun, in Gowan Hills, and 
Jonet Rany, servant to David Rany in Craigend. 
,, 12. William Galbrayt, servant to Rot. Alexr. and Cathrein 

. Crytesone. 
„ 17. Duncan, sone to and appearand air to John Patersone, burges, 
and Marion, daur. to late Alexr. Alschunder of Menstrie, 
* James Alschunder hir maist speciall friend alyve ' is men- 
„ 24. William Burne, zownger, in Cambuskenneth, and Barbara, daur. 

to Rot. Johnsone, in ye Wallir, in the parish of St. Ninians. 
>> 30- Johne Glen, Elder in Cambuskenneth, and Elet., daur. of 
James Andro in Sheok. 
June 7. Archebauld Alexr., brother to the late Alexr. Alschunder of 
Menstrie, and Elizabeth, daur. to Rot. Alexr., burges. 
„ 8. James, son to late Michall Garidner, Mr. Canonner to ye King's 

Matie, and Agnes, daur. to Andro Cowane, burges. 
„ 21. Thomas Glen, zownger,. & Bessie Abircrumbie in W^ast Grainge. 
July 2. Johne Gray, sometime servant to late Anna, Comptes of Mar, 
and Margaret, daur. to late William Patirsone, webster. 
„ 6. Johne Bell in Cambuskenneth and Jonet Scobie in Keir, parish 

of Dunblane. 
„ 19. William Glen in Cambuskenneth and Jonet Sibbald. 
„ 24. Archibald Harlau in Tillicultrie and Marione Andirsone, ser- 
vant to Mr. Johne Colvill, chantor of Glasgw in Sterling. 
Aug. 1 7. Alexr. Robertson, wright, and Jonet, daur. to late Wm. Forsyth. 

„ 17. Johne Sinclar and Geillis Sinclar. 
July \s%c\ 31. Patrick McKeun and Issobell Raunald, servant to the laird 
of Craigengelt. 

or, Northern Notes and Qtceries. 165 

Aug. 23. Johne, son to Waltir Muresone, burges, and Cathrein Duthie 

in Dunblane. 
Sep. 25. Rot. Scot, servant to Rot. Robertson, pewderer, and Jonet Lin 

in the Parish of Largs. 
Oct. 31. Andro, son and air to late Rot. Aissone, burges, and Catherin 

Sibbeld in Leith. 

Nov. I. William, son to Johne Andirson, litster, and Marjorie Jak in 
Auchynbowie, parish of St. Ninian. 
I „ 8. Patrik Bauhok, garitur in ye Castell, & Marione Mathie. 

I )» 25. William Aissone, merchand, son to Johne Aissone, elder in 

Craigenforth, and Elet, daur. to Andro Scharar, burges. 
, „ 25. Johne Haulden in Dunfarmling and Elet, daur. to late David 

I Wrycht, webster. 

Jan. 6. James Watsone, burges, and Agnes, daur. to Rot. Alexr., con- 

Feb. 14. James Leischman, smith to our Soveraine Lord, and Agnes, 
I daur. to late Arch. Smyth. 

March i. Johne Broun, maissone, & Margaret, daur. to late Michell Euein, 
„ 7. Johne M'uilliame, servan to Contes of Mentayth, of the parish 
of Port, and Catherin, daur. to late Johne Strath ie. 


April 19. Johne Gib, zounger, cutler, & Issobell, daur. to late James 

Blackbume, maltman. 
June 22. WaUir Huttone & Jonet, daur. to Johne Richardsone, cairtur. 
July 1 1. David Jameson of Wodhed in ye Paroch of Allaway, and Bessie, 
daur. to Johne Gentilman in Atheray. 
„ 19. Johne Mentione, wryter in the Burgh of Edinburgh, and Barbara 

„ 25. James, son to late Lawrence Mentayth, cuik, and Issobell, 
•daur. of Wm. AUane in Queensferrie. 
Aug. 4. Henrie Zoung in Hall of Airth, & Jonet, daur. to Henrie 
Maistirtoun, Glassin wrycht. 
„ 9. Alexr., brother to Johne Gib in Burro wstouns, in the Parish of 

Caneillan, and Cristane, daur. of late Andro Tailzour, baxter. 
„ 14. David Millar in Cambus, parish of Allway, & Emmie, daur. to 
James Maclum, smith. 
Oct. II. James Bell, servant to James Russell, Cooik to my lady 
Comptes of Mar, and Hellein Wilsone, washer to the Persone 
of Campsies wyf. 
„ 18. Johne, son to late Johne Richardsone at the Dall well in Stirling, 
and Alesone, daur. to James Robertsone in the middle thyrd 
of Couldinghope, in parish of St. Ninians. 
„ 31. Thomas Wilsone, servant to Jonet Cairns, relict of late Patrick 
Gillaspie, minister, and Margaret Craig, servant to Alex. 
Patirsone, Litster. 
Nov. 7. Andro Nicoll in Cambuskenneth, and Jonet Wilsone, servant 
to Cathren Archebauld, relict of Thomas Wilsone, skinner. 
„ 21. James M*Nellane, servant to the laird of Garden in St. Ninians 
Parish, and Beges, daur. to late Patrick Schort. 

1 66 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Nov. 28. William Wilsone, wrytter, and Jonet, daur. to John Aissone in 

Dec. 1 2. Johne TuUot, now in Stirling, late of Muthill (broght testifie from 
Mr. Johne Davidsone, minister there), and Isbella Ewein in 
Bordenyt, in the parish of Shagay t. 
„ 2 [«V]. James Name, burges, and Issobell Callender, daur. of 

Catherin Forester, relict of late Alexr. Wyse. 
„ 26. Ambrose Bryse, chapman, and Jonet, daur. to late Alexr. 
Duncansone, burges. 
Jan. 18. Alexr., son to late Johne Ker, walkar, Milne of Keir, and Jonet, 
daur. to late Michell Ewing, maissone. 
„ 24. Johne Soirlie, chapman, and Jonet Cunynghame, servant to Mr. 

John Colvill of Strarndie. 
„ 27. Patrick Home of Argattie, and Margaret, daur. to Rot. Haul- 
den in Balowill. 
Mar. 18. Rot., sone to late Wm. Robertsone in Castlehill, and Grissall, 

daur. to Wm. Suord. 
Feb. 9 \sic\, James Mentayth, servant to James Dog, and MagdaUn 

April 24. Johne Millar Cordiner in Milnburn, par. of Dunblane, and 

Jonet, daur. to late Henry Stein in Cambuskenneth. 
M^y 5- James Michell, baxter, & Marione, daur. to late Johne Hendir- 
sone, baxter. 
„ 31. Herculus M*Nellane, cordener, and Elet. Lockart. 
June 19. Waltir Sterling, burges, and Jonet Mentayth in Edinburgh. 
,, 23. Johne, son & heir of late Johne Leggat, baxter & burges, and 
Marione Thomsone, daur. to Jonet Archebauld, midwyf. 
Aug. 7. Wm. Bume in parish of Bothkenness, and Hellein Clark, 
servant to Cristopher Lamb. 
„ 9. Thomas Thomesone in the parish of Corneill, and Cathrein, 

daur. to late Andro Tailzour, baxter. 
„ 23. Duncane Ure, servant to Walter Forester, appearand of Poldan, 
and Issobell Mayne. 
Sept. 26. James, son to Alexr. Forester, Burges, and Agnes, daur. to late 

Mathew Hud. 
Oct. 2. Johne Myll, tailzor & burges, and Issobell Name, servitrix to 
Malcolme Wallace. 
„ 5. John Ervein, webster in Bothkenner, and Cristane Huttone, 

servant to Johne Bennie, webster. 
„ 16. Johne Patirsone, baillie of Sterhng, and Jonet Cairnis. 
„ 17. Andro Kidstoun, and Agnes Duncansone. 
„ 27. Thomas Bawchok, chapman, and Elizabeth Liddell. 
„ 30. Wm. Galbrayth, and Jonet Henrie. 
Nov. 2. Andro Gillaspie, servand to Thomas Mitchell, & Bessie 

Dec. 18. Wm. Lawsone, Merchant, and Hellein Forsyth. 
Jan. 6. Wm. Quhyt, servant to Johne M*lewd, and Jonet Strang in ze 
Canongait of Edinr. 
„ 9. David, sone to John Richardsone, cairtur, and Jonet, daur, to 
James Garrow in Corntoun, parish of Logie. 



or^ Northern Notes and Queries. 167 

Jan. 16. Johne Benny, servant to James Mentayth, of Randefurd, and 

Margaret Lockart, servant to Grissall Boyd. 
„ 23. William Thoraesone and Jonet Thomeson, to be mard. at Logic. 
Mar. 12. Thomas, son to late William Stein, in Cowie, and Margaret 
Walker, servant to Wm. Edman, baxter. 
„ 24. Rot. Robertson, flesher, and Cathrein Finlason in Dalny, in 
parish of Dunblane. 


April 2. Johne M'Cayth, servant to James Kayth, and Hellein, daur. to 
late John Bowman, burges. 
„ 15. William, brother germane to Lord Elphynstone, and Jonet, 

daur. to James Henrysone of Foridells, parish of Dalgatie. 
„ 19. William Cuninghame, of Cowgorm, parish of St. Ninian*s, and 
Cathrein Allane, servant to Rot. Cuninghame, of Ladieland. 
„ 19. Alexr. Robertson, flesher, and Margaret, daur. to late James 

Layng, maltraan. 
„ 24. Johnne Fargussone, servant to the Laird of Abircairny, and 
Jonet Wilsone, servant to Archd. Bruce of Powfowls. 
May 6. Johnne, son to late James Layng, maltman, and Hellein, daur. 
to Walter Muresone, maltman and burges. 
„ 27. James Smyt, alias Capitane James, falconar to my Lord of 

Mar, and Christian Reid in TuUebairdin. 
„ 27. Johnne Soirlie, chapman, and Marione, daur. to late Thomas 
Russall, baxter. 
June 12. Johnne Gib, quarreur, and Jonet Brand, his servant. 
„ 15. Duncan Crystie, travellur, and Christian Couttis. 
„ 16. Johnne Lowrie, sometyme maltmaker, and Marione Ywng in 

„ 17. Johnne Hudsone, gouldsmith, and Agnis, daur. to Johnne Car 

in Tullibairdin. 
„ 17. Johnne Galbrayt, tailzor, at Mursyde, parish of Larbert, and 
Hellein Clark, servant to Marie FowUs. 
July 2. Johnne Bruce, saidleir, and Margaret, daur. to Peter Haigy, 

Aug. 5. Johnne Thomesone, webster, and Margaret, daur. to late Wm. 
Robertsone, webster. 
„ II. Duncan Patirsone, maltman, and Cathrein, daur. to Johnne 
Scott, potter. 
Sept. 5. Waltir Neisch of Dubheads, and Christian, daur. to late Alexr. 
Alschunder of Menstrie. 
„ 9. Alexr. Reid, fleshur, and Christian, daur. to Rot. Adameson. 
8 \sic\, Adam Quhyt, dagmaker, and Margaret, daur. to Thomas 

Lawsone, travellur. 
17. Thomas, son to late Andro Tailzour, baxter, and Jonet, daur. 
to Thomas Tailzour, in Tailzourtoun. 
Oct. 5, Rot. Thomesone, maltman, and Jonet, daur. to late Johnne 
Mentayt, mr. cuik, servant to my Lord of Mar. 
„ II. James Grindlay, sometyme servant to the laird of Garden, and 

Malie Aicken, relict of late Alexr. Stevinsone, messingur. 
„ 28. Mungo Forsyth, gairdner, and Issobell Aicken, servant to John 



1 68 The Scottish A ntiquary ; 

Oct. 29. James Fiissal, dagmaker, and Christian^ daur. to Alexr. Kincaid, 

Nov. I. Johnne Gilleis in Athray, and Margaret Gib, relict of late John 

„ 4. Johnne Adamesone, nottary, and Agnes, daur. to late Duncan 

Layng, in Brakanleis, parrish of Falkirk. 
„ 8. Alexr. Neilsone, maltman, and Marione, daur. to Rot. Johnesone 

in Camock, parish of St. Ninians. 
9> 30* Johnne Angus, zwnr., burges of Glasgow, and Elizabeth Haigy, 
daur. to Margaret Name. 
Dec. 14. William, son to Johnne Ure in Ester Garden, and Issobell 

Gilcreist, servant to Johnne Bruce of Auchinbowie. 
Jan. 8. David Zair, chapman, and Jonet, daur. to Duncan Faichnay in 

Rind, parish of Stnigaith. 
Feb. 18. Henry Murray, tailzour, and Jonet Dalgleische. 
Mar. 15. Johnne Mar, servant to the laird of Bawbernie, parish of 
SawUein, and Cathrein Muiller, servant to Wm. Elphynstone. 
„ 1 5. Gilbert Crystesone, alias Thome, skinnar, and Margaret Blair, 

servant to Johnne Bruce of Auchinbowie. 
„ 16. Thomas Richie, under the Castell Wall, and Agnes Schort, last 
servant to the Lady Keir. 

(To be continued,) 

jC 422. Change of Name Legalised. — Petition for William .Pyet for 

himself and in name of his kinsmen and relations for changing their name, 
read, and the desire granted (a.d. 1707, March 7, Acts of Parliament, 
vol xi. p. 437). 

Act in favours of William Pyet, his Kinsmen and Relations. 
Unto his Grace Her Majesty's High Commissioner^ and Right Honourable 

the Estates of Parliament. 
The Petition of William Pyet for himself, and in name and behalf 

of other Kinsmen and Relations of the nickname of Pyet, 
Humbly Sheweth, — 

That your petitioner's predicessors were of the simame of Graham, 
and through the unhappy differences that in the last age did frequently 
fall out betwixt Clanns, they, by their neighbours, were forced from their 
native residence, and obliged to cover themselves under the sirname of 
Pyet, and we having by certain tradition the true account of our origine 
& sirname of Graham ; and we being earnestly desirous to be restored 
and make use of the same in all time coming, which we cannot do, having 
tr?ide both at home and abroad, without a publick Act, whereby the 
traders with us may be certionat. 

May it therefore please your Grace and Lordships to allow us to 
assume and use our ancient sirname of Graham, and to dis- 
charge the ignominious nickname of Pyet in all time coming, 
and your petitioners shall ever pray. 

Edin., 7 March 1707. 

Her Maties High Commissioner and the Estates of Parii* haveing 
, heard this petitione, they grant the desire y^of, and alloues the petitioner 
to assume & use their ancient surname {sic) of Graham, and discharges 
the nickname of Pyet in all tyme comeing. 

Seafield, Cancellar^ LP,D,F. 


or. Northern Notes and Queries. 1 69 

423. Ross Family — Corrigenda et Addenda. — Volume iv. of 
Scottish Antiquary, 

Eahls of Ross. 

P. 6, line 42. After * portioners ' insert * William, Earl of Ross, John 
de Berclay, Thomas de Moravia (brother of the grantor), and other* were 
witnesses to a charter by John de Moravia, granting certain lands in the 
barony of Awath to his " consanguineo," Andrew de Ros, son of the late 
William de Ros, **militis." In the old copy on parchment of the charter 
the date is wanting.' 


P. 10, line 14. Below *I30,' insert * Agnes, who married William 
M'Culloch of Plaids, and died at Hilton, 24th April 1572 {KaL of F erne),* 

P. II, line 45. After 'Isobell,' insert 'married, 1659, James Innes of 
Lightnet (Stodart's Scottish Arms, ii. 288), brbther to Sir Robert Innes of 
that Ilk, being relict of Colonel John Sutherland, brother to Lord Duffus.' 


P. 13, line 3. For * Fyvish,* read * Fyrish.' 

P. 14, line I. After ' He married,* insert * Susanna, daughter of John 

Dunbar of Burgie; she died his reHct, 1794.' After *only,' insert 

* surviving.' 

P. 14, line 31 . Delete * Ada,* insert * Sarah, married first John Ross, who 

died s,p,y and, secondly 1862, Arthur Thomson. P.* After *a son,' 

insert * John Hugh Ross Williamson, born May 1837, who died , 

having married , leaving a son.' 

P. 14, line 33. For * 1808,' read * 1803.' 


P. 52, line 16. After * Bighouse,' insert ' she married, secondly, Robert 
Sinclair of Geise, by whom she had one son and four daughters.' 
P. 52, line 46. For ' Ross,' read * Rose.* 

Inverchaslev. » 

P. 53, line 30. For * Christian,' read * Mary.' 

P' S3> line 31. After *Newmore,' insert *and relict of Roderick 
Macleod of Cambuscurrie.' 

P. 53, line 35. After * secondly,' insert *at Tain, without banns, 
20th January 17 18.' 

P. 53, line 44. After * first,' insert * contract dated 30th July 1728.' 
P. 54, line 19. -^//^r * married,' insert ^ conXxdiCX dated 7th August 1755.' 
P. 54, line 37. After ' married,' insert *at Malta, ist March 1820.' 
P. 54, line 38. After * married,' insert *at Malta, 12th November 1828.' 
P. 54, line 43. After ' He' insert * was bom sth August 1768, and.' 
P. 55, line 3. For * 43d,' read * 42d.' 

P. 55, line 6. After *Erskine,' insert * fifth son of David Erskine of 

P. 55. Footnote, hne 4. Delete from *The widow of,' to end of para- 
graph, insert * Margaret, second daughter of Patrick Craufurd of Achmanes, 

by his first wife Gordon, married John Cochrane of Ravelrig ; her 

half-brother, Rbnald Craufurd of Restalrig, W.S., by Katherine Forbes, 

1 70 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

his wife, was father of Margaret, Countess of Dumfries, who was, therefore, 
cousin to Lord Ankerville's wife/ 


P. 55, line 22. For ' 15th,' read * 5th/ 

P> 55, line 34. After * magnesia,' insert 'Perhaps he was the elder 
brother of Alexander (67), for in two old letters there are the following 
notices: — "Calrossie, recruiting in this town (Tain), 1776, most unluckily 
and without intention, killed one of the town guard, for which he was 
try*d and acquitted at the last Inverness assizes." "Jack Ross (Calrossie), 
brought II recruits to be attested for Calrossie."' 


P. 56, line 2. For * Dovochmaluak,' read * Davochmaluak.* 

P. 57, line 2. After * Alexander,* insert *His father granted him a 
charter of the west half of Wester Feme, dated 19th November 1620. 
Hugh, his brother, witnessed the sasine.' 

P. 57, line 6. After 'Issobel,' insert 'relict of James Innes, third of 
Calrossie, and.' 

P. 57, line 43. After *Kindeace,' insert * marriage contract dated 
9th June 1677, registered at Fortrose, 6th June 1678.' 


P. 58, line 43. After * 1 747),' insert * daughter of Roderick Macleod of 
Cambuscurrie, by Mar}-, daughter of Hugh Munro of Newmore.' 

P. 58, line 44. After '1748,' insert *The marriage-contract between 
Walter Ross, and Helen, youngest daughter of the late Rorie Macleod of 
Cambuscurrie, with consent of Mr. ^neas Macleod of Cadboll, her uncle, 
and of iEneas Macleod of Cambuscurrie, her brother, was signed at Inver- 
charron, 19th February 1715. David Ross of Inverchasley, and Charles 
Ross of Eye, witnesses {Gen, Reg. Deeds, M^Kenzie Office^ vol. 161).' 


P. 61, line 43. After *;£i2,' insert *The name of his first wife is 
unknown ; he married, secondly, as third husband, Barbara, daughter of 
Alexander Tulloch, and had by her an only surviving son, Robert. (Retour 
of her in her tierce, Sheriff-Court books, Inverness, 19th October 1575.) 
By her first husband, Alexander Kinnaird of Culbin, she had a daughter, 
Issobel, who married Thomas Ross, commendator of Feme.' 

P. 61, line 44. After *had,' insert *with a daughter, Janet, married in 
1594, as first wife, to Walter Ross, first of Morangie, commendator of 
Feme, a son.' 

P. 61, line 45. After * Tolly,' insert 'Sheriff Depute of Inverness 
(Sasine, i8th October 161 7).' 

P. 61, line 48. After * Feme.' insert * He married, secondly, Euphemia 
Munro, living 1607.' Delete * They,' insert * He ' ; after * had,' insert — 
* I. Hugh. (See below ^^ 
' 2. George, to whom his father granted a charter of donation of 

^^ I have to thank Miss Gilchrist for her kindness in giving me much valuable infor- 
mation, and especially for having pointed out the omission of Hugh Ross of Breakauche 
from the notes on Achnacloich, as previously printed. 

In 1538, Tames v. granted to Hugh Ross, for five years, three marklands of *Brek- 
auche,' and hve marklands of * Aughneclaych.* \,R^g. Sec, Sig,, vol. xi, fol, 93.) 

OTy Northern Notes and Queries. 171 

the lands of Pitkerie. He was also portioner of Inverchasley. 
(See first family so styled^ He disponed Pitkerie to the 
sons of Ross of Little Tarrell; it finally passed into the 
hands of one son, who thus became "of Pitkerie." He 
married Margaret, daughter of William Ross of Priesthill. 
(See Priesthill), 
' \, Hugh, designed of Breakauche, " apparent of Tollie," 24th April 
1592, complaint against him for seizing a certain John Ross, and carrying 
him prisoner to Balnagown (Reg, Priv, Coun,), He died in his apparency, 
circa 16 10, having married Margaret, daughter of John Gordon of Embo 
by whom he had — 

132. Hugh, 
(i.) Eleanor.' 

P. 61, line 49. After ' 132. Hugh, third of Tolly,' delete from 'apparent' 
to p. 62, line I, ending * 8th February 1640.' Insert * Heir of Hugh Ross 
of Achnacloich, his father,' ist October 1622 {Inq. gen,). Heir- male of 
Hugh Ross of Tollie, his grandfather, in the lands of Tollie. (Same date, 
Retours Inq, spec, Ross et Cromarty!) David Ross, eleventh of Balnagown, 
granted to him, designed of Achnacloich, and to Hugh, his eldest son, the 
office of Forestry of the Forest of Friwater, and to him, designed of Tollie, 
and to Hugh, his eldest son, the office of Bailiary of the lands and barony 
of Strathockell (Charters dated 27th February 1637, Sasines 22nd October 
1640). Also on the same day, a letter of Forestry for 19 years, granting 
them free water, wood, timber, hart, hynd, doe .... in the barony of 
Balnagown i^Gen, Reg, Deeds Ed, vol. 532, 8th February 1640).' 

P. 62, line 3. After * married,' insert * Agnes.' 

P. 62, line 4. For * Inverleal,' read * Inverlael.' 

P. 62, line 5. Delete * (See below)^ insert * died young.' 

P. 62, line 6. After * John,' insert ' (See below,^ ^I'^a.) 

P. 62, line 9. After * 532).' insert * George, younger brother of John, 
was living 1663.' 

P. 62, line 12. Delete from * 133. Hugh,' to end of line 14, * He left.' 

P. 62, line 15. For * fifth,' r^^ * fourth.' 

P. 62, line 16. After * 1671),' insert *; the disposition made to him, 
loth September 1641, of the chaplainry of Alnes and its revenues was 
made " with the consent of Hugh Ross of Tollie (his father), for himself, 
and the heirs of the late Hugh of Tollie, his father, and of the deceased 
Hugh of Tollie, his guidsir." He ' 

P. 62, line 19. For * sixth,* read ' fifth.' 

P. 62, line 20. After '1700,' insert *M.P. for Tain. Born 

1660, marriage-contract dated 1687, he died 17 16.' 

P. 62, line 22. After 'they had,' insert *with two daughters, Janet 
and Jean, the latter married to Arthur Ross of Priesthill.' 

P. 62, line 47. For * 17/ read * 7.' 


P. 63, line 25. Z>^/f/^ * before December 1652,' //^j^r/ * 31st January 
1650 {Reg. Acts and Decreets^ Edin,^ vol. 567, fol. 341).' 


P. 64, line 39. After * wife,' insert * Christian Urquhart.' 
P. 65, line 23. For * Fyvish,' read * Fyrish.' 

172 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

P. 67, line 9. After * unmarried,' insert *The lands of Kerse were 
finally ceded to William Ross by disposition dated at Melsetter, 30th 
September 1737, from Christina CrawSfiird of Kerse, relict of Captain 
James Moodie of Melsetter. She had also made a disposition to him, 
dated at Malsetter, 8th September 1733, of the lands of Nether Skeldon 
for 18,000 merks. Witnesses, Hugh Ross, governor to Benjamin 
Moodie of Melsetter, and David Ross, writer of the deed (both registered 
3rd November 1737, M^Kenzie Office^ vol. 161). 

P. 67, line 37. After 'married,' insert * Helen Gordon, sister to 
Colonel Gordon (she married secondly Captain Charles Metcalfe, Royal 

P. 67, line 41. After * Munro,- insert bom 29th October 1832.' 

P. 67, line 45. After * Hill,' insert ' she died his widow, 28th Septem- 
ber 1890. John Cameron, brother of the above William, was born 25 th 
May 1835.' 

P. 6%y footnote^ line i. For * great-aunt,' read 'mother's first cousin.' 

LoGiE Easter. 

P. 72, line 31. After 'married,' insert 'contract dated 8th August 
1705, registered at Tain.' 


P. 73, line 2. After ' 1606),' insert ' He died loth July 1603 {Kal. of 
Feme)^ his relict being Margaret Innes, mother of James and John, who 
in 161 2 is styled in Gany.' 

P. 73, line 4. Below '202,' insert ' 202a. Thomas, son of late Donald 
Ross of Ballamuckie (Sasine 31st August 1618).' 

P. 73, line 10. After '1625),' insert 'He married, as second wife, 
Jean Douglas, living 1603 {Acts and Decreets^ vol. 214, p. 142).' 

P. 73, line 17. 'After '1625),' insert ' Walter Ross, now of Miltoun, 
was son and heir of the deceased George Ross, son of the late Walter of 
Ballamuckie, 24th January 16^^ {Register of Acts and Decreets ^ Edinburgh, 
vol. 567, fol. 62).' 

P. 73, line 19. After 'Seal),' 'insert 'In 16 18, his spouse was 
Katherine Macleod, Netlson. She received from her husband, in liferent, 
part of the lands of Ballamuckie. On 15th December 161 8, there is a 
reversion, by Andrew Munro of Culnald, to Hugh Ross of the lands of 
Ballamuckie, redeemable for 3000 merks; David Ross, his brother, in 
Mekle Meddat, witness. At Leith, 12th June 1621, Hugh assigned to 
his brother, George Ross, a reversion by the same Andrew Munro over 
Midganie for 3000 merks, which, by deed dated at Tain 27th June 1621, 
George Ross in Miltoun intimated to Andrew Munro. From bonds 
registered, Hay Office^ Edinburgh^ in 1622, it would appear that his affairs- 
were in a. bad way. 

' Hugh Ross (194) was employed for many years by Charles i. as his 
agent at Dunkirk, for obtaining the freedom of British subjects imprisoned 
in Flanders by the King of Spain. In this service he had expended large 
sums of his own money, for which he had received no return, besides 
becoming indebted to others. On 19th March 1640-T, he prayed the 
King to grant him relief, who ordered the petition to be referred to the 
Lords in Parliament to report thereon. It appears that nothing was done 
{Hist, MSS. Reporty iv. 58, House of Lords, MSS.). In 1642 there was a 

or^ Northern Notes and Queries. 173 

further petition from him, asking for protection from arrest until his 
business was settled i^Ibid, v, 66). One of his debtors was Sir Arthur 
Gorges, Knight, brother to Edward Lord Gorges, who, at the suit of Hugh 
Ross, was imprisoned for debt in the King's Bench; ist July 1641, Ross 
petitioned that Gorges "should not be allowed to walk abroad at his 
pleasure, so that he will never be likely to pay his debt." In the same 
month judgment was given {/did, iv. 81, 86), and he was condemned to 
pay ;£i6o debt, and ^£^40 costs. Ross was so well satisfied with the 
decision that he gave Gorges no further trouble {Petition of Gorges^ 
8th June 1660; Ibid, v. 94). Some years after the death of Hugh Ross, 
Katherine Ross, as administratrix, set up a claim for the same debt and 
costs ; petitioner then prayed for relief for himself and his tenants. 

* Hugh Ross made a will dated 19th June 1649. ^^ was then living in 
Farmer's Lane, Westminster. He desires to be . buried in St. Margaret's 
Church. He declares his estate to consist of a reversion of lands in 
Scotland, which are in the possession of his brother's son by right of 
wadset, and of great sums of money awing him by the States of the 
Kingdom of Scotland and England, for his services towards the relief of 
the subjects of those Kingdoms, as will more clearly appear by his papers, 
petitions, and actions. He bequeaths his real and personal estate to his 
son George, executor. He wills that David Ross, General Major Robert 
Munro, and Dr. Alexander Ross, nearest relatives on his father's and 
mother's side, shall aid his son in acquiring his just right and possession. 
Will dated 19th June 1649, and proved 3rd July. 

* Letters of administration dated 4th May 1653, were granted to Robert 
Ross, nephew to the late Hugh, of goods unadministered by George Ross, 
executor, deceased. Again 27th October 1654, administration was granted 
to Katherine Ross, curatrix assigned to Margaret Ross, a minor, next-of-kin 
to Hugh Ross, to administer to the use of the said Margaret during her 
minority. On the same day other letters were granted to Katherine, as 
aunt and curatrix of Margaret, to administer the goods of the late George 
Ross, and lastly to administer the goods of Robert Ross, deceased, father 
of the said Margaret. 

* Robert Ross, styled of the Charter House, London, by his will, dated 
i6th September 1654, and proved 27th October (executor. Master Austen; 
overseer, Master William Ross), after payment of debts, leaves the residue 
" towards the bringing up " of his daughter. By a codicil he desires his 
father's papers to be given to Sir David Cunigom,^ and " that he take care 
of the widow and children according to my father's will, and take up ^<^o 
of Sir Henry Newton of Charleton, to give to my daughter Margrett at 
her marriage, or when she is sixteen, according to her grandfather's desire 
in his last will." Robert Ross became one of the " brothers " of the Charter 
House, 19th December 1652, and died there 8th October 1654 {Archives^ 
Charter House). 

* Hugh Ross, as previously stated, appointed three of his near relatives 
to assist his son in forwarding his claims upon the Government. David 
Ross, the first named, was his brother. General Major Robert Munro, a 
relation on his mother's side, was the author of " The Expedition with 
the Scots Regt. (called MacKeyes Regt.), which served under the King 
of Denmark during his wars against the Empei-or, afterwards under 
the King of Sweden, and then under the Chancellor Oxensterne." Pub- 

^ Sir David Coningham, knighted by Charles i. at Royston, 1st April 1604. 


1 74 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

lished in London, 1637. This regiment was raised in August 1626, and 
reduced to one Company in September 1634, at Wormes in the Paltz. 

* At Part I. p. 17, he says, " The sixth duety discharged of our expedition 
by water from Wismer to Hehgenhoven, and of our service at Oldenburg. 
At our going to the passe, the enemies Cannon played continually on 
the Colours ; which were tome with the Cannon. Also to my griefe, my 
Camerade Lieutenant Hugh Rosse, was the first that felt the smart of the 
Cannon Bullet, being shot in the leg, who falling, not Minting at his losse, 
did call couragiously, * Go on bravely, Camerades, and I wish I had a 
Treene, or a woodden leg for your sakes ' ; in this instant of time, and as I 
believe, with one Bullet, the leg was also shot from David Rosse, sonne to 
Rosse of Gannis." 

* At Part II. p. 1 7. The army under the King of Sweden was com- 
manded to beleaguer Pameine, and it marched thither from Letts on 
February 14 (presumably 1630, for the work is wanting in dates) and he 
says, " At our first drawing up in battell a worthy gent, called Robt. Ross, 
one of our Regt, was killed with the Cannon, being blowing of Tobacco 
before the Regt., died instantly, and was transported to Letts, where 
he was honourably buried in the church, whose last words were ' Lord, 
receive my soule.' '* 

* The third named was Dr. Alexander Ross. There was living at that 
time Alexander Ross, D.D., who may have been a relative through the 
Munro family. Born at Aberdeen, ist January 1590, through the in- 
fluence of Archbishop Laud he became chaplain to Charles i., vicar of 
Carisbrook, master of the Free School at Southampton, where he also held 
the living of All Saints'. He was a voluminous writer, one of his works on 
all Religions in the world, etc., went through many editions, and was 
translated into German, French, and Dutch. His name is commemo- 
rated in Hudibras, The best account of his life is given in Lives of 
Eminent Men of Aberdeen^ by James Bruce, 1841. It, however, states 
that nothing is known of his parentage. Towards the end of his life 
he lived at Bramshill with his friend, Mr., afterwards Sir Andrew, 

Henley, to whom he left his pictures and books. Dying there, 

February 1654, he was buried in the Lady Chapel of Eversley Church 
(Charles Kingsley's church), where, in his lifetime, he had prepared his 
sepulchre, placing over it the following punning epitaph on his name. 
At each corner of the stone there is a shield bearing, not the lions of the 
Earls, but the chevron cheeky, azure and argent, between three water 
bougets, sable. 

"Alexandri Rosaei de Seipso epigraphe. 

" Hospes siste gradum cineresq. hos aspice disces 

Quid sum Quid fueram, quidq. futurus ero 
Ros fueram nunc sum Pulvis mox umbra futurus 

Ros abiit Pulvis spargitur Umbra fugit 
Quid Tute es disce hinc quid cuncta humana quid audi 

Sunt quod ego Pulvis Ros cinis Umbra nihil." 

* In the Register at Eversley there was formerly the following translation 
of the above Epitaph : — 

" Stop stranger, view this dust, and taught, you '11 see 
What I am now, what have been, what shall be. 

or^ Northei^ Notes and Queries, 


I have been dew, and dust, shall be a shade, 

The dew is gone, dust scattered, fled the shade. 
What thyself art hence learn, what all things are, 

What are all things in human nature hear. 
That they are all what I now am, be taught 

They're dust, are dew, are ashes, shadow, nought." 
* His will was proved at Westminister, 19th April 1654 ; by it he leaves 
considerable sums in legacies to Aberdeen, Southampton, etc., and many 
mourning rings. Among these, one of the value of ;£'5, to Mr. Rosse, 
attorney in the Inner Temple, another of ;^2, to Mr. Robert Ross, of the 
Charter House ; then follow legacies to Marion Ross, his uncle's daughter, 
in Aberdeen, to his two brothers, his nephew and nieces.' F. N. R. 

424. List of Inhabitants of Stirling, 1544-1550. — In the Extracts 
from the Records of the Burgh of Stirling^ edited by Mr. Renwick, vol. i. 
p. 59, occurs under date 1 544-1 550, *The deviding of the Toun betuix 
four baillies,* with a footnote — 'This list, occupying 4 J pages, is written at 
the end of volume 1544-50, the book being for that purpose turned upside 
down. Beginning on the second last leaf, it extends to the middle of the 
fifth page, and at the meeting-point, the regular record stops, thus showing 
that the list was made up within the period embraced in the volume. 
The deletions are probably meant to indicate death or removals, while 
new names would be added from time to time. If this be the case, the 
numbers in the four divisions at the last revisal would be : — Mary Wynd, 
etc., 86; Backraw, etc., 98; South Quarter, 98; North Quarter, 103, 
Total, 385.' 

Mr. Renwick has not printed the names, which are given below. In 
many cases the writing is very indistinct, the contractions irregular, and 
the paper being thin, blots are frequent. W. B. Cook, Esq., Stirling, who 
has worked much at the Burgh mss., kindly gave his assistance to 
decipher the writing. 

*The deviding of ye touin betwix four baillies. The Mary Wynd, 
Castall Wynd, north part of the Hie-gait. 

\d» before a name shows that it has been deleted. ] 


William Forester. 

Katheren Neishe. 

d. William Leishman. 

Kate Johnstoun. 


Alexr. Robertson? 

d. David M*Kay. William 


William Cuninghame. 


Alex. Broun ? 

Adams (inserted). 


John Beverage. 

John Richieson. 

Alex, wright, youngr. 

Johne ramsay. 

David Kimaud ? 

Johne Tosh ? 


Johne nicoll, zoungr. 

Johne Hutson. 

William Anderson. 

Thomas thomson. 

Alex. Wright. 

Morreiss Din. 


Alexr. Baucry. 


James Willison. 

John robeneson. 

Duncan Wear? 

Patrik Bissat. 

Marion Kerrock. 

Robert Cousland. 

Johne forester. 

Andro. Cowane, mer- 

Heleinn Tucker ? 

B. {sic, ) Robertson [chris- 


William Alexander. 

tian name deleted, B. 

Johne Cowane, smith. 

James Henderson. 


d. Duncan Willison. 

Thomas Clark. 

Bessie Kirkwood. 

d. Elisat Willison. 

Thomas nicoll, elder. 


Patrick HoUinshaw. 

Johne Thomson. 
Jonet Kirkwood. 

Andrew Ker, wiff ? 

Alex, anderson. 


James ? 

Johne Perkin. 

Robert Forsiths. 


William moreis. 

Marian Williamson. 

Andro Wilson, skinner. 


James Balfour. 


Archie Maxwell. 

Jonet robertson. 

Cristane Rawshale? 

John . [Blotted.] 

Kate moreson. 


The Scottish Antiquary ; 



Margaret Menteith. 
Elspet Sorely. 
Helen Craigengelt. 

Margaret Feron [?]. 

Marion bruce. 
Elspit tailzour. 
Johne Artun, wiflf. 
Kate Muirheid. 
Duncan zong. 
d. Johne NiccoL 
James Cowie ? 
James Sherar. 
Marion Cowper. 
Agnes Henderson. 
Johne moreis. 
Agnis wilson ? 
Margaret Mitchell. 

' The hale Bakraw, southt side of the Hie-gait beginning at Belgebrig, 
and ane part benetht on the northt side. 

Thomas Mitchell. 
Jonet hare. 
d, Thomas Lymson ? 

{sic) henderson. 

Johne Robeson. 
William Kinross. 
Thomas Lokart. 
William Cristall. 
William Sowrle. 
John Weddall. 
John Downie. 
Cristian Bek. 
Thomas Logane. 
Mungo Hill. 
Johne M'Keson. 
Johne Anderson, wiff. 

Robert Lamb. 
Robert AUane. 
Patrick Lundie. 
Johne moresen. 
Robart Rocket. 
Jonet Akenhead. 
Beatrix Maxwell. 
Mary Murray. 
James Wallace. 
Thomas forester. 
Mr. Henry Myln. 
Robert Anderson. 
James Ross. 
Gilbert furgasson. 
Hary Mitchell. 
Michell Donaldson. 

Alex, galloway. 
Johne oflferis. 
William Crawfurde. 
Alex. Broig. 
Thomas Wilson. 
William Duthell. 
Walter Couslane. 
William Gourlay. 

Johne (?) 

Robert Schort. 
Marian Williamson. 
Johne Eden. 
Johne Murleis. (?) 
William Ree. 
William Cristison. 
Robart Amot. 
Johne Henderson. 
Johne Henderson, yougr. 
Thomas Clerk. 
Johne AUane. 
,Alexr. Euston. 
Andrew Davidson. 
William bell. 
Thomas ker. 
Elizabeth Mukart. 
William garvie. 
William Zong. 
Johne Pruvost. 
Andrew Duncanson. 
John Alexr. , youngr. 
Duncan M*awlay. 
Alexr. Duncan. 
Thomas Ridersyde. (?) 

James Fernie, talzor. 

Alexr. Paterson. 

Duncan Paterson. 

Hary Grieg. 

Andro ray. 

Margaret Sulloch. (?) 

Alexr. Sibbald. 

Jonet Murray. 

Robert forester. 

William Edinton. 

Jonet Bowie. 

Margaret Portan. 

John Colt. 

James Bo we. 

lady forester, her son Jok. 

Alexr. thomson. 

Johne Tindale. 

Andro fergusson. 

Annapel Capper. 

Robert Craig. 

Jol\ne Greham, merchd. 

Thomas Smith. 

Robert Jorwin. (?) 

Tonet Bethe and her 


Marion Mortoun. 

George gardner. 

Pate Croun* (?) 

lady orrok. 

Alexr. (?) 

Richert nairne. 

Duncan Davison. 

* The {sic) sowth quarter fra Belgebrig douin. 

d. Andro Gilfillane. 

Andro . (?) 

William . (?) 

Thomas Davidson. 
Robert Spittell. 
Thomas lawson. 
Johne lawson. 
Robert Arthour. 

Murdow Droch. 
George Spence. 
Alexr. {blotted). 
Andro Criden. 
Andro (?) 

Margt. Allane. 

Johne balfour. 

Tho. Mureis. 
Richd. Zong. 
Johne Murries. 
Johne findlason. 
Andro wileson. 
Robart Brand. 
Johne robinson. 
Johne Duthell. 
Helene Duncan. 
'Agnes Duncan. 
Johne Murray. 
Robart Lowdean. 
Robart Grehame. 
William Niddisdale. 
I3ess Duncanson. 
Thomas Myll. 
Gilbert M'lellaine. 
lady Cragortht. 
Johne Mowat. 
Alexr. Watson. 
Johne Houston. 
James Watson. 
William Schong. (?) 
Margaret Calender. 
Johne Hendrie. 
Johne Aitkin. 
Henry Grehame. 
Gourlay*s wiff. 
Dutch {sic). 
Johne Wod. 
David Stevenson. 
David Thomson. 
David quhit. 

Janet Edward. 
Andro Willison. 
Widow Garrioch. 
Symon Broun. 
Walter Watson. 
Matyce Alexander. 
Alexr. Broun. 
Johne Alexr. 

or. Northern Notes and Queries. 




Andro robertson. 
Johne Crawfurde. 
Alex, {blotted), cordiner. 
Walter {blotted), cordiner, 

& {blotted), 
David Symson. 
Walter Thomson. 
Robart Arwain. 
Walter Watson, Cordiner. 
David Peirson. 
Henry froster. 
Pate Liddell. 
David Steven. 
Robert Templeton. 
Davie Dowgall. 
Donald Balfour (?) 

Duncan, rut (?) 

Marie Robeson. 
Walter Paterson. 
Johne Coldwell. 
Johne Duncanson. 
Sandie Gibson. 
Thomas Smith, 
bessie bawk. 
widow ray. 

Johne liddell. 
James Wilson. 
Isobell craig. 
Alexr. Allanson. 
Johne Duncanson. 
William Davidson. 
Johne Laying. 
Margart NicoU. 
Adam Cristison. 
Jonet Moreson. . 
James Watson (?) 

Thomas (?) 

Walter Aikman. 
Gavin Browing. 

Crest (?) 

Jenet Luke. 
Johne Zong. 
Jean Porteous. 
David Buchanan. 
James Betune. 

Thomas (?) 

Ephom Cowpar. 

{ames French, 
ames Allane. 
Marg. Talzain. 

* The North quartair fra benetht Beige-brig. 

William Mout. 
Isobell Duncan. 
Robart Fergusson. 
Thomas Cairns. 
William Stirling. 
Alex. Adamson Elder. 
James Zair. 
William Grehame. 
Johne harbour. 
Gilbert Paterson. 
William Andro. 
Duncan tailzor. 
David Baverage. 
William Finlayson. 
Johne Hattound, Baxter. 
Thomas rae. 
Margaret Smith. 
Thomas Watson. 
Henry Thomson. 
Moreis Aquent. (?) wiflf. 
William fergusson. 
Johne CraTOirde. 
Helene Hill. 
Duncan Naime. 
Johne Richardson, baxt. 
Duncan Smart. 
Andro Qhit. 
William Lowrie. 
Alex. Buvney, Zougr. 
Alex. Utone. 
David Greham. 
Duncan Ker. 
bell Dishair. 
James Heuch, Flesher. 
Matie Cristie. 

Johne Skjmair. 
Johne Foreman 
Alex. Smith. 
Geogre Zester. 
Johne Brand. 
Johne forestir. 
Alexr. Gowrlay. 
Alexr. L)msay. 
William Thomson. 
Johne Conyggame. 
NiccoU Smith, Webster. 
David Wryght, Baxter. 
Thomas Aisit. 
William Conyggame. 
Alexr. Burd. 
Johne Sclater. 
David Foir. 
Jonet Edmiston. 
William Henderson. 
Richie Duncanson. 
Matheno Hud. 
William Baron.. 
Duncan M'Lachlan. 
Airchbald SpittaL 
Andro. Broun. 
William Smart. 
Johne Gib. 
Thomas Paterson. 
Johne Thomson* 
James Lawson. 
Gelis Craig. 
Marion Paterson* 
Harie Smith. 
Jonet Walker. 

Findlay Millar. 

Johne (?) 

William (?) 

Johne Schort. 
William War. 
Margaret Tolloch. 
Margaret Cowane. 
William Gilespy. 
Jonet Norie. 

Johne (?) 

Isobell Ho— er (?) 
Davie Dreuchie. 
Robert Adamson. 
bessie Whyteing. 
Richard Morison. 
Robart Rae. 
William Robinson. 
Johne Howat. 
Johne Hillocks. 
Andro Burt. 
Helane Worde. 
Johne Downie. 
Thomas Sherer. 
Robert Morison. 
Robert forester. 

Pate Henderson. 
Duncan Tailzour. 
Johne Harvey. 
Johne Gray. 
Johne Davidson. 
Johne of ze Mills. 
James Davidson. 
Johne Allane, Maltman. 
Alexr. Murry. 
Androwe Broune. 
Johne Robertson. 
Andro Allane. 
Andro Tailzear. 
Johne Clerk. 
Hutchon Thomson. 
Robart Stowpart. 
Andray Duncanson. 
Johne Watson. 
Johne Downie. 
Johne Wright. 
Patrick Anderson. 
William Gellaspy. 
James Aitken. 
Robie Shearer. 
Thomas Scot. 
Johne Reid. 
William M'lellan. 
William Malice. 
Thomas Schoir. 
Johne Leith. 
William Nicoll. 
William Gordoun. 
Richie Gib. 
Johne laverok. 




The Scottish Antiquary 

* The landwart burges. 

Richart Cristison. 
d, Adam Scot. 

Johne Eston, zongr. 

Johne Crawforde. 

NicoU Crawfiirde. 

John (sic) Paterson. 

Robart Johnson. 

William Johnson. 
d, William Donaldson. 

Johne Richie. 

Steven Stole. 
d. Johne Grehme. 
d, Johne Grehame in Drip. 

David Grahame. 

Johne Main. 

Henry Levingstoun of Gr. zeirds.' 

Robart Richison. 

Andra Naime. 

d, Johne Leishman. 

d. Johne Grahame in Karse. 

Robert Johnson in Touchgorme. 

William Johnson. 

Richart Cristison. 

James Paterson. 

Johne Aisson. 

Adam Scot. 

NicoU Crawford. 

David Balfour in powis. 

Johne Callcnder of (?) 

d. Johne Greham in Drip. 

d, Henry Livingston of Green Yards. 

d. Johne Mains. 

Andro Buchanan. 

The larde of Tullochan (?) 

James Erskein of Little Sauchquhy.' * 

1 Henry Livingstone was Provost of Stirling 155!;. 

S James Erskine, First of Balgownie and Little Sauchie. 

425. Various Forms of Scottish Surnames. — Surnames sit easy 
on Scotsmen. They are changed or undergo variation in a way that is 
confusing to the genealogist and interesting to the antiquary. The Duke 
of Argyll refers to the frequent change of name amongst Highlanders in his 
Scotland as it Was and as it Is (p. 480). In the Lowlands variations of 
names are common, and it may be interesting to give some instances 
we have met with, hoping that our readers will supply other cases. 
One change is common to some parts of England, namely, the trans- 
position of the consonant and vowel ; thus, TurnbuU becomes Trumbull ; 
Cairncorse, Cairncross ; Ford, Frude; Forester, Froster; Darge, Drage; 
in name places, the same change is found, Stirling, Striveling; Dumbarton, 
Dumbretton ; Corstorphine, Crostophin ; while the suffix * burgh,' which in 
England is still sounded in a manner indicative of its meaning, as Peter- 
burgh, Middlesburgh, becomes in Scotland, at least in sound, Roxbrough, 
Jedbrough, Newbrough, Winchbrough. Another change met with in sur- 
names shows the natural desire to abbreviate ; thus, Bontaveron becomes 
Bonthron; Monorgan, Morgan; Bauchop, Bauk; Hutchison, Hutson; 
Oram, Orme ; Winchester, Winster ; Demperston, Dempster ; Fothering- 
ham, Fothrik ; Auchinlek, Affleck ; Cunninghame, Cunnyne. In some 
cases the name undergoes a change, the nature of which is not very 
apparent. Eraser appears as Frissel, Beveridge or Baverage as Belfrage, 
Shoolbred as Shovelbrod. Many Highlanders laid aside the prefix * Mac* and 
used the suffix * son,' which with the Saxon form of the Gaelic name made a 
complete change in its appearance. The prevalence of names ending in 
* son ' in Scotland may be accounted for not only in this way, but from the 
fact that Flemings used the same suffix — ^James the son of Johp became 
Johnson, Thomas the son of Adam became Adamson or Addison. An 
interesting account of the complete transformation of a Gaelic name is 
given in Memoirs of the families of APCombie and Thoms, *Adam 
M*Intosh, son of William, the seventh chief of the Clan M'Intosh, was the 
founder of that branch of the clan which afterwards came to be known by 
the surname of M Thomas = Son of Thomas, which in time became 
corrupted into M*TbOmie, M*Homie, M*Omie, M*Comie, and latterly 

or, Northern Notes and Queries, 1 79 

M'Combie and Thorns ' (p. 5). For the last-named change back to Thorns 
an explanation is given (p. 170 et seq,): Robert M'Thomas, cousin to 
Robert M*Combie, became plain Robert Thomas ; George Thomas, his 
grandson, was father of Patrick Hunter Thoms, which is the form now used 
by that branch of the family. 

One and the same person is called respectively Adam and Adie, Stein 
and Stephen, Bald and Bad, Gall and Gaw, Ballantyne and Bellenden. One 
of the most unaccountable changes of name is Vaus into Vans, which form 
has now wholly superseded the older and more correct one. 

The Registrar at Dunfermline in the last century having to deal with a 
lady belonging to the old local family of Gentleman, saw fit to enter her 
as Margaret Gentlewoman. Though this is scarcely an illustration of the 
different forms names assumed in Scotland, it points to the loose way in 
which names were treated. A. W. C. H. 

426. *A CannV Scotsman.' — The cautious character of the Scots, 
shown by this common saying, seems to have been long ascribed to them, 
for Fordun (L. xiv. c. 9) speaking of theni, writes : — * Qui crebrb per 
denarium Amittunt solidum,' * Who often for a penny lose a shilling/ or, as 
the phrase now runs, * Are penny wise and pound foolish.' — Ed. 

427. Legacie and Latter Will of Allan Lockhart of Cleghorne, 


Lockharts of Cleghorn, in the parish and county of Lanark, have held 
their lands at least since 1476, in which year Sir Stephen Lockhart, Knight, 
a gentleman of the Guard of King James in., and a devoted adherent of 
that monarch, received a Crown Charter of Cleghorn from his sovereign, 
whom he followed to the fatal field of Sauchieburn (fought nth June 1488). 
Sir Stephen was prosecuted for treason by the successful faction, but like 
most of his companions in arms, was afterwards received with high favour 
by King James iv. Allan Lockhart, whose will is here given, was the fifth 
in descent from Sir Stephen. He was one of the assize on the trial of 
Arthour Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh for the murder of the Regent Murray, 
of which crime Bothwellhaugh was acquitted. He married, (i) in 1582, 
Elizabeth, daughter of James, Lord Ross of Hawkhead ; (2) before 1597, 
Christian Livingstoun, daughter of John Livingstoun of Belstane; and 
(3) before 1612, Grizel Bannatyne, daughter of the Laird of Corehouse. 
He had a family by each of his wives. One of his granddaughters was the 
ancestress of the present Earl of Aberdeen, while another was Sir 
William Lockhart, Solicitor-General to King William in., who makes so 
distinguished a figure in Scottish domestic history in the early part of 
the eighteenth century. Readers of Lockhart's Life of Sir Walter Scott 
will remember the touching passage in which the author, describing the 
closing scenes of Sir Walter's life, gives an account of the meeting between 
Sir Walter and his old friend Lockhart of Cleghorn, and for the benefit 
of those who are not familiar with the passage, it is reproduced here : — 

* We reached my brother's house on the Clyde some time before the 
dinner hour, and Sir Walter appeared among the friends who received him 
there with much of his old graceful composure of courtesy. He walked 
about a little, was pleased with the progress made in some building opera- 
tions, and especially commended my brother for haying given Jiis bridge 

i8o The Scottish Antiqtiary ; 

" ribs like BothwelL"^ Greenshields was at hand, and he talked to him 
cheerfully, while the sculptor devoured his features, as under a solemn 
sense that they were before his eyes for the last time. My brother had 
taken care to have no company at dinner except two or three near 
neighbours with whom Sir Walter had been familiar through life, and 
whose entreaties it had been impossible to resist. One of these was the 
late Mr. Eliott Lockhart of Cleghom and Borthwickbrae — long Member 
of Parliament for Selkirkshire — the same whose anti-reform address had 
been preferred to the sheriff's by the freeholders of that county in the 
preceding March. But alas ! very soon after that address was accepted, 
Borthwickbrae had a shock of paralysis as severe as any his old friend had 
as yet sustained. He, too, had rallied beyond expectation, and his family 
were more hopeful perhaps than the other's dared to be. Sir Walter and 
he had not met for a few years, not since they rode side by side, as I well 
remember, on a merry day's sport at Bowhill ; and I need not tell any one 
who knew Borthwickbrae, that a finer or more gallant specimen of the 
border gentleman than he was in his prime never cheered a hunting-field. 
When they now met {heu quantum mutati/\ each saw his own case glassed 
in the other, and neither of their manly hearts could well contain itself as 
they embraced. Each exerted himself to the utmost — indeed, far too much, 
and they were both tempted to transgress the laws of their physicians. 

* At night Scott promised to visit Cleghom on his way home, but next 
morning at breakfast came a messenger to inform us that the laird, on re- 
turning to his own house, fell down in another fit, and was now despaired 
of. Immediately, although he had intended to remain two days. Sir 
Walter drew my brother aside, and besought him to lend him horses as 
far as Lanark, for that he must set off with the least possible delay. He 
would listen to no persuasions. — " No, William," he said 3 " this is a sad 
warning, I must home to work while it is called day, for the night cometh 
when no man can work. I put that text many a year ago on my dial-stone; 
but it often preached in vain." ' 

The Will is a curious example of the Scottish Testament of the period. 

Marchmont Herald. 

Att the place of Cleghome, upon the 13 day of August, the year of 
God 1623 yeiris, I, AUane Lockhart of Cleghorne, seik in bodie and haill 
in sauU and of rype memorie, maks my legacie and latter will in nianer 
following: To wit, I leif my sauU to the eternall God, my creator, to 
inherit eternall gloir with him throw death and mereitts of my Lord and 
Savior Jesus Chryst, and I leifF my corpis to be buried in that pairt quhair 
I haif appoyntit ane He for my buriall and my baimes burialls (quhan 
pleiss God) on the south syde of the syid wall of the heich paroche kirk 
of Lanerk, in the eister greit window of the sayd syid wall, and ordaine 
my bairnis and freindis to bury me there and in na vther place, as they 
will injoy my blissing and eschew my maledictioun ; Item, I mak and 
constitute Grissell Bannatyne, my spous, my onelie executrix and intro- 
missatrix with my haill guidis, gear, and debtis ; Item, also I constitute 
the said Grissell Bannatyne, my spouse, tutrix testamentar to George and 
Robert Lockharts, my sones, their lands, rowmes, guidis, and geir, swa 
lang as scho beis uncoverit with housband or lamaine j And frae scho be 

1 Those who have visited Bothwell Brig will understand the allusion.— M. H. 


or, Northern Notes and Queries. 1 8 1 

cbverit or scho deceis I leifF and constitut Mr. James Hamilton of West- 
port, Commissar of Glasgow, and Mr. Alexander Lockhart of Braidschaw, 
conjunctlie tutors testamentary to the saidis George and Robert Lockharts 
my sonnes ; Item, I leifF and ordaine George Weir of Blaikwood, William 
Weir of Stainebyres, William Bannatyne of Corhous, William Levingstoun 
of Jerreswood, James Lockhart, fear of Lie, and the said Mr. Alexander 
Lockhart, to counsall, oversie, and assist my wyiff and bairnes, that nane 
of thame do wrang to vtheris nor move ony unnecessary pleyis contrair 
vtheris ; And I ordaine my wyiff and bairnes to vnderly the censure and 
judgment of my saidis freindis in all thair debaittis as thai wald deserve 
my blissing ; And my saidis freindis to counsall and injoyne my foresaid 
wyiff, eldeist sone, and remanent of my bairnes, ilk ane of thame, to leiv 
on thair awin as I haif provydit tham be thair richtis and be this my latter 
will ; Item, I leiff and ordaines the said Grissell Bannatyne, my spouse, 
and failzieing of her the said Mr. Alexander Lockhart, with all possible 
diligence to cause big ane voult with staine and lyme for ane buriall place 
quhair I haif appoyntit my corpis in the mercy of God to be laid, viz., on 
the south syde of the said hie kirk, without the syid ^all, at the eister greit 
window, of fourtein futtis of lenth, fourtein futtis of breid within the wallis, 
sufiicientlie theekit and maid water ticht with raff stane thak with ane 
braid hewen dore on the south gavill thereof for ane eister entreis to the 
corpis and beirars of the samen, with ane vther hewen less dore throw the 
syide wall in the north end of the said voult, baith the duris with double 
aik dores and sure lokkis ; Item, I leiff to thame that causis perfyit the 
said wark of my part of the said geir tua hundreth merkis, and I ordaine 
and leives what remaines of the said tua hundreth merkis fra the building 
of the said tomb, I ordaine and leives the samen, togidder with ane 
hundreth merks furder of my pairt of the said guidis, to be devydit be the 
minister and elderis of the said parochin of Lanerk amangis the pure of 
the said parochin of Lanerk, vel ad alios pios vsus as my eldest son, my 
present spous, and the said minister and elderis sail appoynt, without 
diminution be quote confirmation or ony other legacie for the said 300 
merkis ; Item, I leif the haill timmer wark of beds, buirds, furmes, and 
meill arkis within the ime yett of Cleghorne, togeddir with the schirryne 
in the paintit chalmer and the counter in the chalmer of deace, to stand 
still in the hall, chalmer, sellars, and pairts quhair thai stand, to the proper 
use of my heiris and successoris to me in the lairdship of Cleghorne ; 
Item, I leiff to the said Grissell in lyverent, and to George Lockhart our 
sone, and to his heirs and successors of that marriage, the haill timmer- 
wark and irnewark, alseweill fixt as lous, quhilk is in my houssis and plaices 
of Tarbrax and Lanerk ; Item, I leife to Jeane Lockhart, my sister, tuentie 
pundis ; Item, I leif to Walter Lockhart, my father brother, tuenty merkis 
and ane stand of my claithes; Item, I lief to Mr. James Hamilton of 
Westport, foresaid, 300 merkis to put Allane Lockhart, son to Mungo 
Lockhart, to the scholis with; Item, I lief to Allane Lockhart, sone to 
Alexander Lockhart, appeirand of Cleghorne, 100 merkis ; Item, to Allane 
Lockhart, sone to Mr. James Lockhart, 200 merkis ; Item, I leif to Mr. 
William Lockhart of Lumphoy the thrie bolls of Mousemylne ferme quhilk 
fallis to my executors ; Item, I lief to George Lockhart, sone naturall to 
vmquhill Robert, my sone, 100 merkis; Item, he leives and ordaines that 
gif Raulff Watsoun in Cleghorne and James Wyild there beis troublit for 
warrandice of Archibald Cauldheid's tack of the thirty shilling land of 


1 82 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Stobwood, justlie be law, then I ordaine that sik sowmes of money as beis 
justlie recoveret againis the said Rauff Watsoun and James Wyild for ther 
said warrandice shall be taken off the first of my guidis and geir foirsaid 
as ane debt to releave thame with ; Item, I leif the rest of my frie geir to 
be equally dyvidit amangis my sex younger sones ; Item, gif ony of my 
sevin sones mak ony neidles ploy or actioun contrair my wyiff or ony of 
thame againis ane other, and refuse to submit the decision of the samen 
debaittis to the foresaidis oversearis quhome I haif appointed with 
powers abone written, than I now as than declair that the samen sone 
that refussis to submit his questions foresaid quhilk he hes contrair my 
wyiflf or contrair his brethrein, or ony of thame, sail nawayis be partaker 
of my blissing ; And also that sone that refussis to submit and vnderlay 
as said is, and thair sones, sail haif na benifeit of my legacie foresaid, but 
be the contrair, I leif the samen to the rest of my sones ; And swa seillis 
vp my latter will day, year, and place foresaid, I haif causit and com- 
mandit James Gray, wreittar heirof, subscryve thir presentis for me in 
respect of my greit infirmitie ot seiknes for the tyme, before thir witnesses, 
Maister William Levingstoun, minister in Lanerk, William Cunynghame, 
tutor of Bonitoun, Mr. Alexander Alexander (sic) Lockhart of Braidschaw, 
and the said James Gray, Notar foresaid. Sic Sub, 

428. Erskine of Dun (vol. vi. p. 49). — In the pedigree of the 
Erskines of Dun you make Sir Thomas Erskine of Brechin and Nairne 
marry Anne Ogilvie, iirhich is, I believe, an error. He is generally credited 
with a wife, Elizabeth Scrymgeour (of Dudhope). See Antiquities of 
Aberdeen and Banff ^ Spalding Club, vol. i. p. 532, as also given in the 
family pedigree of Erskines of Pittodrie. I can give you no better 
authority, but I am sure I have seen somewhere a statement in some deed 
of this marriage. He had at least two sons, (i) Sir Thomas Erskine, who 
married Anne Ogilvie, daughter of James, 4th Lord Ogilvie of Airly, but 
who died s.p, in his father's lifetime, and (2) John Erskine, who succeeded 
his father, the first Sir Thomas, in the estates of Balhargartie, etc., Co. 

Can you help me to identify this Elizabeth Scrymgeour? In all 
references I can find to her she is called * daughter of Sir James Scrymgeour 
of Dudhope, Constable of Dundee.' In all the accounts of the family 
I have seen there are three of the Constables so named who succeed each 
other, viz. : — 

1. James Scrymgeour (son of John), who died about 1475-6, m. 
Isabel, daughter of Sir William Oliphant, who had two sons and 
two daughters (neither of whom are given as Elizabeth). His 
eldest son, 

2. Sir James Scrymgeour, m, Isabella, daughter of Andrew, 3rd Lord 
Gray, d, about 1503, and had a son and two daughters (neither 
called Elizabeth). 

3. (Sir) James Scrymgeour, m, Mariot Stewart or Wardlaw, and left 
two daughters co-heiresses, (i) Elizabeth, m, James Scrymgeour of 
Kirktown, her cousin, and (2) Agnes, m. Sir William Bruce of 
Earlshall. His office, etc., passed to the heirs of a second son 
of the I St James mentioned above (see Warden's Angus^ etc., vol. 
ii. p. 15, etc., and Douglas's Peerage^ under title ' Dundee*). 

Now it is possible this Elizabeth may have married twice, or there may 


or, Northern Notes and Queries. 183 

have been an Elizabeth, daughter of the Sir James Scrymgeour (No. 2 
above) not mentioned in any pedigree of the family I have seen. 

If any reader can throw any light on this subject I shall be greatly 

Since writing the above anent the marriage of Sir Thomas Erskine, 
Knight of Brechin and Nairn, I have found four references to him and 
his wife, Elizabeth Scrimgeour, in the Register of the Great Seat, vol. 1513- 

(i) Grant by the King of the lands of Burgall to Thomas Erskine 
* de Haltoun ' and Elizabeth Scrimgeour, his wife, date Mar. 8, 
1525. (No. 308.) 

(2) Grant by the King to the same of the lands of Ethibeton (sic) 

Forfar, resigned by John Striveling de Kier, date Feb. 11, 
1531-2. (No. 1 132.) 

(3) Confirmation of the lands of Kirkbuddo and Holemylne (sic) 

Forfar, to the same, dated Mar. 8, 1531-2. (No. 1149.) 

(4) Grant by the King of the lands of * PetpoUox le Hauch de Brechin' 

Reidscheill, Tuliarblait, Reidhauch, and Cragindowy, in the lord- 
ship of Brechin to the same on their own resignation, dated 
June 10, 1532. (No. 1180.) 
These settle the question of the marriage and the name of the lady, 
but give no clue to her parentage. There is a good deal of information 
about Sir Thomas J)rskine in the Spalding Club Miscellany, vol. ii. pp.. 
Ixxiii. etc.. Editor's preface ; in a note, p. Ixxv., she is called * a daughter of 
Scrimgeour of Duddop.' 

Any actual proof of this is what I want, and what hitherto I have 
failed to find. 

2. The marriage of his eldest son Thomas Erskine (who died, it is said, 
before his father, leaving no heirs) is also proved by the same authority. 

He is mentioned in a grant as Thomas, son of Thomas Erskine, 
Knight, *his son and heir-apparent (styled 'Junior de Brechin'), and 
Agnes Ogilvie, his wife,' dated Aug. 30, 1541. (No. 2432.) 

It seems certain he did die heirless in his father's lifetime, as his 
younger brother John succeeded on his father's death. 

Herbert H. Flower. 

I read with pleasure your additions to the Erskine of Dun pedigree, 
and beg to add one or two more. Besides the three sons you name of 
Agnes Ogilvie, I find Thomas, Robert, Alexander, and a daughter Margaret, 
who was wife of Robert Keith, son of Robert Keith, of Canterland. 
Agnes Ogilvie's son, Thomas, died before 1596, and is designed Mate in 
Tayock,' a little spot on the west side of Montrose Basin. His relict was 
Agnes Moncur, and at above dates David Straittoun, fear of Craig, is 
described as her ' relict,' her children by Thomas Erskine being Thomas, 
John, William, Agnes, Elspet, Katherine, and Margaret. By 1597 Mr. 
Arthur Erskine is *in Tayock.' In 1596 the above Robert Erskine is 
*in Logic,' and by 1605 *in Dunsmylne.' 

John Erskine x. of Dun had an *only sister' Margaret, whose father 
'had only given and desponed to her 3000 merks for her help to ane 
honorable marriage, by the which sume she is not able to attaine to ane 
honorable marriage as becums the only sister of the Laird of Dun to 
attaine to.' John, Earl of Mar, who is donator to the ward and marriage 
of John Erskine of Dun and *Sir J. Lyndsay of Balinscho, Knight, 

1 84 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

father-in-law to the said John Erskine,' obh'ge themselves on the loth 
October 1600, to pay 'six months after the said Margaret's marriage with 
an honorable person by their advice or by the advice of one of them at 
least, and of Sir David Lindsay of Edyell, Knight, the sum of 6000 merks.' 
This kindness is more apparent than real on the Earl's part, for * David 
Erskine, second laird, brother to the late John Erskine of Dun, and as 
heir-apparent of John, now of Dun, his brother's son, in case, which God 
forbic^ the said John Erskine depart this life before his marriage, so 
that my lord may not get the sums for the said John's marriage, and may 
obtain no benefit thereby,' binds himself in that event to repay 3000 merks, 
the Earl's share of the 6000 merks to him, or should it be unpaid, to 
deliver it to said Margaret. 

The wife of Sir John Erskine, feudatory of Dun, was Anna Lichtoun 
(not Beaton) (she is sometimes documented as Jean, but she signs * Anna '), 
daughter of Patrick Lichtoun of Duninald, and one of his four co-heiresses. 
Sir John and she left a daughter Margaret, who in 1662, cont, mat 
August I, married Sir David Ogilvie of Innercarity, her burden takers 
being Thomas Allardyes, tutor of Allardyes, her mother's second husband, 
and David Erskine of Cardross. 

David Erskine xiv. had married by 1666 Jean Lumsden, Lady Banff, 
and up to 1688 their eldest son was John, who must have predeceased his 
brother David xv. They also had a son Alexander, viv, 1697. David xiv. 
had a sister Margaret married on 22nd December as Lady Dowager of 
Boysack, by which date she had also lost a second husband, Mr. David 
Lindsay, with whom her cont mat. is dated 1691. 

The Arthur Erskine above (nearly always called *Mr. Arthur') left at 
least one son, John. I think some of us would be grateful to Mr. E. Erskine 
Scott if he would inform us where Douglas's Baronetage can be seen ! 
also why he 'would prefer' the spelling Shiefield. The derivation is 
doubtless from Shieling field, the place where com was winnowed when 
that operation was performed by hand. Why should he sink the distinctive 
letter? M. Gilchrist. 

429. Stewarts of Rosyth (vol. v. p. 6). — James Stewart of Rosyth 
married, 17th August 1649, Agnes Buchanan, not Margaret as given by 
Duncan Stewart. The marriage is recorded in the Buchanan Parish 
Register, but the Christian names are unfortunately illegible. Buchanan 
of Auchmer, in his Essay on the Family and Surname of Buchanan^ gives 
the name as Agnes^ which is confirmed by her testament, recorded in the 
Edinburgh Commissariot, 4th August 1698. A. W. G. B. 

430. LiSLEBOURG (vol. i. p. 47). — Anglus asks for instances of the early 
use of this name for Edinburgh. Estienne Perlin, whose travels have been 
edited by Mr. Hume Brown in his Early Travellers in Scotland^ wrote in 
1 55 1. He states, p. 75 : * Their capital city is called Ennebroc, in French 
Lislebourg.' Ed. 

431. Monumental Brass of Alexander Cockburn. — This brass is 
in the old Church of Ormiston, East-Lothian. The metrical portion of 
the inscription is from the pen of George Buchanan, amongst whose works 
it appears. Alexander Cockburn was a pupil of John Knox in 1547. The 
barony of Ormiston continued to be the property of the Cockbums from 
the middle of the 14th century till 1747, when it was purchased by the 
Hopes of Hopetoun. 


or. Northern Notes and Queries. 185 

1 86 The Scottish Antiquary ; 


CLXXXIII. Rev. John Bogle, A.M., Minister of Dundonald, * outed by 
the rabble in 1689 ' (Scott's Fastiy He was son of John Bogle, 
merchant burgess of Glasgow, who died before October 1658. 
He married Jean, sister of Mr. Robert Kincaid, Minister of Bam- 
well, by whom he had John, surgeon in Glasgow, and Agnes, 
born 15th November 1681, married 20th December 1704, 
Thomas Buchanan, younger, of Ardoch, and died 9th June 1720, 
leaving issue. The Rev. John Bogle died between 2nd March 
1708 and 15th December 17 15. His burial-place was situated 
at the end of the Barony Kirk of Glasgow, but I have been un- 
able to find any trace of his burial in the City of Glasgow Records 
of Mortality^ nor of his wife's, unless the following refers to her : — 
* 15th December 1729. — Kathrin Kincaid, relict of Mr. John 
Bogle.' John Bogle, surgeon in Glasgow, married (contract 
dated 2nd March 1708) Christian, daughter of the deceased 
Robert Boyd, merchant in Glasgow, by whom he had issue. He 
died January 17 16. 

In M*Ure's View of ike City of Glasgow^ 1736 (M*Vean's 
edition, p. 128), the heirs of John Bogle, surgeon, are mentioned. 
This is the latest notice I have been able to find of the family. 

I will be glad of any information as to the Rev. John Bogle 
himself, his ancestry, and descendants, also as regards the 
parentage of Sarah Bogle of the parish of Kilwinning, who 
married, in 1702, the Rev. William Reid, Minister of Stevenston. 
It has been suggested to me that she might have been a daughter 
of the Rev. John Bogle. A. W. G. B. 

CLXXXIV. Rev. Robert Kincaid, A.M., Minister of Barnwell, brother- 
in-law of the above. I will be glad of any information as to his 
parentage or any other particulars beyond those given by Scott 
in the Fasti. Was he descended of the family of Kincaid of 
Auchinreoch in Stirlingshire ? A. W. G. B. 

CLXXXV. Village Crosses. — I am desirous of making a list of the 
places in Scotland in which there still exist the remains of the 
ancient * mercat croces ' round which town and village life used 
to centre in the olden time. There is one I believe at Crieff, 
and I am acquaint with the following in Roxburghshire — Melrose, 
Bowden, Maxton, Crailing, Cavers, Denholm. It goes without 
saying that I am cognisant of thi Town Cross of Edinburgh also. 

Andrew Irongray. 

CLXXXVI. Tombstone, 1645.— The Wall Map of Edinburgh and Leith, 
by Messrs. W. & A. K. Johnston, dated 1885, on the ground behind 
where the east side of that portion of Spottiswoode Street which 
lies between Spottiswoode Road and Thirlestone Road is now 
built, shows a 'Tombstone dated 1645.' Can any of your 
readers give the inscription which is on the stone, or any parti- 
culars relating to it ? J. M*G. 

or, Northern Notes and Queries. 187 

CLXXXVII. Wedderburn, Aberdeen (?).— In the published (181 i-i 6) 
Retoursof the services of heirs, 1 600-1 700, with reference to the 
County of Aberdeen, there is repeated mention of the return of 
Gordons (of Lesmoir), and later of Bissets of Lessindrum, and 
Andersons of Carnalegie to the third part of the lands, or * vill 
and lands ' of Wedderburne. 

Can any one tell me if there is now any territory of that name 
in the County of Aberdeen, and if so, where and in whose 
possession ? 

Other lands mentioned in the same retours are those of 
Kynmundie, Garie, Cheppiltown, Bruraehill, Thomastown, etc. 


CLXXXVIII. CocKBURN. — Parentage wanted of John Cockburn, D.D., 
born at Edinburgh 20th April 1652 — also if there is evidence of 
the marriage of the said John Cockburn's father, to a daughter 
of Sir J. Scougal, and consequently sister to Scougal, Bishop of 
Aberdeen, who died i6th February 1682. C. F. C. 

CLXXXIX. Campbell and Dunbar. — Christian Dunbar, the well-known 
* Lady of the Covenant,' married Alexander Campbell of Torrich, 
who is mentioned in the Campbell pedigree in the Book of the 
Thanes of Cawdor, Is anything known of her descendants ? In 
her diary there are vague references to children, and one son John 
is mentioned. It would seem, too, that a daughter or grand- 
daughter married — — Calder, and was ancestor of the Rev. 
Calder Mackintosh of Tain. Any information would be wel- 
come. Calder. 

CXC. Family of Wishart. — Canon Murdoch, Edinburgh, and 
Mr. Simpson, Fettes College there, who are engaged on a new 
edition of Wishart's Memorials of Montrose, would be grateful 
for any light, outside the ordinary sources of information, as to 
the family of Wishart, and more especially as to any descendants 
of George Wishart, Bishop of Edinburgh, the author. 

CXCI. St. Clair Family. — There are three branches of the St. 
Clair family here, known to be related, but who were unknown 
to each other until this search began — one branch claiming 
descent from John Sinclair, who with his wife Mary appeared in 
Exeter, New Hampshire, about 1656; a second from John St. 
Clair, who came from near Edinburgh, late in i6th or early in 
17th centuries, and, according to tradition, landed in Canada, 
and from thence went to Vermont, Connecticut, and New Hamp- 
shire, and were cousins of General Arthur St. Clair; a third 
claims from Sir John Sinclair, who came over with General 
Braddock in 1755, was a Quartmaster-General and a Hussar 
commanding 500 cavalry. I belong to that branch claiming a 
John St. Clair, from near Edinburgh (which I take to mean 
Rosslyn), and cousins of General Arthur, and I stand on that, 
because my great-grandfather, James St. Clair, left his son's home 

t88 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

(my grandfather in New York) and paid a long visit to General 
Arthur while the General was Governor of Ohio, and the state- 
ment I now make to you he then made to his family, three of 
whom are still living, aged 80, 79, 79. 

Now we are particularly anxious to learn back of General 
Arthur. We have his father, William of Thurso — don't know his 
wife's or brothers' names ; then his father, James, second laird of 
Asory, don't know his wife or brothers ; then his father, John, 
first laird of Assory — same as to wife and brothers; then his 
father. Sir James, Baronet of Murkle, of Caithness family — 
nothing of his wife and brothers. You will see that among 
the sons of brothers of one of these we look for the connecting- 
link we are seeking. 

As to John, Master of St. Clair, one branch say he fled to 
America, the other, to the Continent, and that he returned to 
Scotland after ten years' absence, was married twice, and died 
without issue — and that his brother James succeeded him ; and 
the other branch, as I have stated, claim Sir John, the Hussar, 
who came with General Braddock 1755; his wife's name was 

Mary . It has been insinuated to us that James, second 

of Assory, great-grandfather of General Arthur, was a natural son. 
Is this true ? 

I believe what I have written will explain the situation and 
our wants. C. H. St. Clair. 

Morgan City, La., U.S.A. 


XX. Murder of Rev. Hugh Mitchell (vol. i. p. 49). — Ac- 
cording to Scott's Fasti Ecclesice Scoticance, Part II. p. 772, the 
Rev. Hugh Mitchell, A.M., became minister of Stonykirk 
[Wigtownshire] in 1733. * He was shot one evening, standing at 
his own door, between i6th August and 3rd October 1738. No 
further particulars of his murder are given by Dr. Scott. 

A. W, G. B. 

XXVII. Old Ballad (vol. i. p. 51).— The Ballad referred to is 
* The Bonnie Banks of Loch Lomon*.' The author seems to be 
unknown. The words and music can be procured for a few 
pence from any musicseller. A. W. G. B. 

LIX. William Ged, Jeweller (vol. i. p. 150). — Short notices of 
William Ged are to be found in Anderson's Scottish Nation, ii. 
285, and in the Encyclopcedia Britannica (sixth edition). A 
fuller account is given in the Dictionary of National Biography, 
vol. xxi. p. 97, appended to which is a list of authorities. 

. A. W. G. B. 



or^ Northern Notes and Queries, 1 89 

LXX. Frater. — Lord Hailes, in his Annals^ p. 268, mentions certain 
Scottish emissaries at the Court of Rome in 1300, and, in a foot- 
note, gives their names. They were * WilUam Frier [dictus Frater^ 
Fcedera, T. ii. p. 971], Professor of canon law in the University of 
Paris, Baldred Bisset, and William Eglesham : Fordun, L. xi. c. 


LXXV. John Macfarlane of Arrochar (vol. i. p. 186). — According 
to Douglas's Baronage^ p. 77, John Macfarlane of that Ilk married, 
first, Agnes, daughter of Sir Hugh Wallace of Woolmet, by whom 
he had a son, Andrew, who died young. He married, secondly, 
Helen, daughter of Robert, second Viscount Arbuthnot, by 
whom he had four sons and one daughter : — Walter, his heir (the 
well-known antiquary) ; Robert, died young ; William, who suc- 
ceeded his brother and continued the family ; Alexander, died 
unmarried ; and Catherine, died young. A. W. G. B. 

XCI. Bennet Family. — The branch of the Bennet family settled 
in Sweden is descended from James Bennet, son of William, 
said, but incorrectly, to have been a son of William Bennet of 
Grubet {Scot Antiq. iii. 59). The pedigree supplied by Mr. 
Murray (vi. 141) gives two Williams, one a brother of Raguel 
Bennet, the other his uncle. *2' (iii. 159) shows that William 
Bennet of Grubet, laureated in 16 14, became minister of Ancrum, 
was returned next-of-kin to Raguel Bennet, 7th November 1637, 
purchased Grubet in the parish of Ancrum, and died 1647. 
Scott in his Fasti says he was about 50 when he died. It can 
be shown that he was not brother to Raguel, for that William 
was a lad at school in 1595 (vi. 141, n,\ In 1608-1612 he was 
not at College, but leading a wild life; at last, charged with 
murder, he disappears and must have died before 1637. William 
of Grubet must have been first cousin to Raguel. Very possibly 
William his father, brother to Mungo, was a minister in Edin- 
burgh about 1600. As the Swedish pedigree is positive, we think 
that * C. B.' may assume that his ancestor was of the house of 
Bennet of Chesters. We hope that in some future number we 
shall be able to carry the line back, and we invite information on 
the subject. Ed. 

CLX. Cashier of the Royal Bank. — John Campbell was the first 
Cashier of the Royal Bank of Scotland. He died in 1777. 

J. Christik 


Abstract of Proceedings of the Edinburgh Bibliographical Society, — ^This 
is the first report of a Society which promises to do much useful work. It 
contains four papers read at the meetings, and is illustrated by facsimiles 
which add to its value. The first paper is by Mr. John S. Gibb, F.S.A. 

190 The Scottish Antiquary ; 

Scot, on ' James Watson, Printer,' ' whose whole professional life was passed 
in Edinburgh,' and who ' was also a pioneer, an improVer, and, in Great 
Britain, the first historian of his art.' What is known of his life is gathered 
from the preface to his History of Printing, published in 1713. He was 
the son of an Aberdeen merchant, his mother being a Dutch lady. The 
failure of the Royal Press in Edinburgh to produce good work led to the 
settling thereof Josuah van Solingen and Jan Colmar, Dutchmen. Watson's 
father helped them liberally, and at last became proprietor of their printing- 
house. About 1685 the younger Watson was appointed sole printer of 
Almanacks in Scotland and printer to his Majesty's family and household, 
with a salary of ;£ioo sterling per annum. He refers in his preface to the 
low condition of printing in Scotland in 1711, and gives four reasons for 
it, in which he recognises the superiority of the Dutch work and plant. 
The struggles of Watson are told at some length together with the troubles 
of authors, who had to lament the number of printers' blunders — by the 
kindness of Mr. Johnston, Bookseller, Edinburgh, we are enabled to give 
a reduced facsimile of one of Watson's publications. 

Mr. William Cowan gives the Bibliography of the ' Book of Common 
Order,' a portion of the list of Books printed was given in the Scottish 
Antiquary, vol. v. p. 164. The prefatory remarks are very interesting, 
and should be studied by those who are taking up the subject. 

In the Bibliography of two Scottish Capuchins, Mr. T. G. Law 
provides what may be regarded as a valuable appendix to his article on 
the same subject which appeared in the Scottish Review, July 1891. 
The last paper is th? ' Arethmetica of Jordanus Nemorarius,' by Mr, 

or, Northern Notes and Queries. 1 9 1 

John Scott, C.R To this a most interesting facsimile is appended, and 
the whole paper throws much light on the early condition of printing. 

Tkt Belfast Arms: An Enquiry into their History and Authenticity, 
by John Vinycomb, F.R.S. A. Ireland, etc. Belfast : OUey & Co., Limited, 
1892. — Since 1640 Belfast has possessed a seal and coat of arms (see 
fig. i). Whether these were originally granted by Ulster King it is im- 
possible to say, but Sir William Bethune, Ulster, in a MS. book, records 

them. In 1888 the burgh was made a city by royal charter, and the 

corporation wisely determined to have their arms duly registered. Sir 
Bernard Burlce, in August 1890, authorised the use of arms differing from 
the old arms by the addition of a mural crown encircling the neck of the 
sinister supporter and of the crest (see fig. 2.) So far we may congratulate 
Belfast in possessing a duly authorised coat of arms, but Mr. Vinycomb 

naturally complains that no reference has been made to the existence and 
continued use of the old coat. The fact that it is not to be found in the 
official registers of the Ulster Office goes for little, for during the troubles 
of the reign of James 11. ' Athlone' Pursuivant carried off many of the 
books and records to St. Germains — and thus it is probable that many 
Irish Armigerous families are unable to prove their rights to coat armour. 
Under such circumstances we think that Belfast might have had the benefit 

192 The Scottish Antiqtiary. 

of the doubt, and that a paragraph might have been inserted in the grant 
alluding to the continuous use of the arms now- authorised^it may be for 
the second time. There is only one other point in Mr. Vinycomb's clever 
'Enquiry' to which we can allude. On the occasion of the coming 
of age of the Earl of Shaftesbury, a silver shrine casket was presented 
to him by the city ; on it was engraved the city arms, the shield being 
surmounted by a mural crown over which was the crest (see fig. 3). To 
this a correspondent in the Belfast News Letter objected as not forming 

a part of the arms as shown in the grants. Mr. Vinycomb, however, ably 
defends the design, showing that the mural crown is simply an accessory, 
and more suitable to the arms of a city than the conventional helmet 
improperly introduced in the old seal. And further, he pleads for the more 
general adoption of such significant accessories. We thoroughly agree with 
him. Some of the coats of arms lately granted to County Councils have 
nothing in their composition to distinguish them from family arms, A 
striking instance is to be found in the arms lately granted to the Aberdeen 
County Council {Scot. Antiq., vol. v. p. 140), which consists of a shield 
quarterly, (i) Buchan, {2) Mar, (3) Garioch, (4) Gordon. It is quite 
within the bounds of possibility that this arrangement of four coats which 
have become family arms might be the proper bearing and quarterings of 
a private individual The addition of some significant accessory would 
have made them not only historically valuable, but heraldically unique. 



Note. — The compiler of the Notes on the Ross Family is having a reprint of his work made (50 copies 

for private circulation). To this will be appended a very full index. As these notes 

extend over several volumes of the * Scottish Antiquary^ we have decided to give this 

index {revised as to pagination) ^ when the notes are completed, instead of including the 

names in this Index, — Ed. 

Arabic Numerals, 54, 132. 
Armorial Bearings, 61. 
Arms of Belfast, 191. 
• Berwick County Council, 


Dundee, 53. 
Erskine of Dun, 53. 
Erskine of Shielfield, 63. 
Mar, 63. 

Bailly, Sir Charles, 42. 
Ballad, Old, 188. 
Bank, Cashier of Royal, 189. 
Bethune, George, 45. 
Betrothal and Marriage, 122. 
Brass of Beton, John, 112. 

of Cockburn, Alexander, 


of Murray, Regent, 54. 

Bronze Vessel, Old, 93. 

Candlestick, A Primitive, 

42, 53- 
Carles, 53. 

Castles and Mansions of Scot- 

landy 49. 

Clans, Chiefe of, 139. 

Communion, Shortbread at, 155. 

Cowper, the Poet, 158. 

Cross, A Broken, 96. 

Cunningham, 93. 

Diary OF Rev. John Hunter, 

Doctor's Chamber, 66. 

Drumalbyn, 41. 

Dunbar, William, 141. 

Dundee Burgh Seal, 22, 53. 

Dundee, Earl of, 132. 

Early Scottish Weavers, 46. 
Exhibition, Heraldic, 7. 

Family of Bennet, 140, 189. 

Bethune, 45. 

Campbell of Cawdor, 93. 

Denholm, 1 58. 

Douglas, 93, 143- • 

Dunbar, 46. 

Erskine of Balgownie and 

Shielfield, 62. 


Family of Erskine of Dun, 49, 

Graham of Mote, 140. 

Hannan, 46. 

Houston, 94. 

Lennox, 139. 

Macfarlane, 189. 

Ross, 31, 81, 139, 169. 

Shoolbred, 40. 

Stewart, 41. 

Stewart of Rosyth, 184. 

Urquhart, 133. 

Murray of Philiphaugh, 46. 

Sir James, 140. 

Regent, Brass of, 55. 

Name, Change of, 168. 
Givers, 20. 

Folk- Lore, Medical, 145. 

Orkney, 115. 

Fountainbridge, 67. 
Frater, 189. 

Garter Medal, 135. 
Ged, William, 188. 
George and Garter, 60. 
Glass, Price o^ 130. 
Goods, List of, 60. 

Heraldic Exhibition, 7. 
Heraldry, i. 
Holland, Littl«, 157. 

Trade with, 158. 

Hume, David, Letter of, 135. 
Hunter, Diary of, 97. 

Inventory, Old, 155. 

Jacobites Attainted, 54. 

Note on, 27, 159. 

(See Rebels). 

KiNLOss, Monastery of, 131. 
Knight of the Kirk, 90. 

Latch, 47. 

Linlithgow, 46. 

Lislebourgh, 184. 

Lispund, 107. 

List of Rebels, 25. 

Lockhart, Allan, Will of, 179. 

Mar, Earl of. Goods of, 60. 

Proclamation by, 121. 

Mermaids, 115. 

Mitchell, John, Will of, 67. 

Hugh, Murder of, 188. 

* No Popery ' Petition, 138. 
Notices of Books, Belfast Arms, 


Blaeu's Atlas ^ 143. 

Early Travellers in Scot' 

land, 143. 

Heraldry, by Hulme, 144. 

Monumental Brasses, 48. 

Per Lineam Valli, 144. 

Proceedings of Edinburgh 

Bibliographical Society, 189. 
Some Old Families, 48. 

Numerals, Arabic, 54, 132. 

Orkney Folk-Lore,ii5. 

Pedigree of Erskine of Dun, 

Pews in Dunblane Cathedral, 

Proverbial Expression, 139. 
Pulpit at Bo'ness, 45. 
Purse, 60. 

Rebels, List of, 25. 
Registers. See Transcripts. 
Rose Mss. , 43. 
Royalist Officers, 113. 
Rutherford Family, 46. 

Sailor's Costume, 127. 
Scot of Scotstarvet, 46. 
Scots in Sweden, 43. 

in Ulster, 122. 

'Scotsman, A Canny,' 179. 
Sculptured Monuments, 56. 
Seal of Belfast, 191. 

of Bishop Stephen of Ross, 


of Bishop Stuart, 137. 

of Dundee, 22. 

Shortbread at Communion, 155. 
Stewart of Auldharae, 46. 



' ^ 



The Scottish Antiqnary. 

Stirling Inhabitants, List of, 

87, 175- 
Register, 159. 

Surnames, Scottish, 96, 178. 
Trade Mark, Old, 96. 

Transcript of Old St. Paul's 
Register, 8, 69, 13a 

Stirling Register, 159. 

Zetland Registers, 99. 

Trotter, 47. 

Weavers, Early Scottish, 

Wodrow, the Historian, 87.- 
Workmen, English, in Glasgow, 

List of, 91. 
' Wude Willie Grime,' 140. 

Abbrlour, 26. 

Balmuto, 23. 
Bandith, 67. 
Belfast, 191. 
Bellie, 26. 
Berwick, 30. 

Cairney, 25, 26. 
Caithness, 137. 
Chatsworth, 112. 
Cullen, 26. 
Culross, 138. 

Beirle, 50. 
Bennet, 140, 189. 
Berwick, 27. 
Beton, 112. 
Beveridge, 56. 
Blood, 27. 
Bradshaw, 27. 
Brand, 27. 
Browning, 2. 
Bruce, 42. 
Buchanan, 27. 

Campbell, 122. 
Cameron, 27. 
Carnegie, 51. 
Chadwick, 28. 
Chisholm, 27. 
Cockbum, 184. 
Coppoch, 28. 
Cowper, 158. 
Cramond, 27. 
Crichtone, 26. 

Dawson, 28. 
Deacon, 28. 
Douglas, 143. 
Drummond, 26, 122. 
Duff, 28. 
Dunbar, 141. 

Elphinstone, 28. 
Erskine, 51, 60, 182. 


Cumbrae, Little, 155. 

Desk ford, 25, 26. 
Dollar, 122. 
Dron, 23. 
Dun, 51. 
Dunblane, 149. 
Dundee, 23. 
Dundurcas, 27. 
Duntrune, 23. 
Dysart, 157. 

EssiL, 26. 


Fordyce, 25. 

Hollanders Knowe, 

Hulpe, 42. 

Inchmartine, 23. 

Kirkwall, 9. 

Lady WELL, 41. 
Lerwick, 97, 158. 
Lislebourg, 184. 


Ethie, 51. 

FlDLER, 28. 
Fletcher, 28. 
Foulis, 30. 
Fox, 145. 
Frater, 189. 
FuUarton, 30. 

Ged, 188. 
Geddes, 25. 
Gibliston, 106. 
Gill, 135. 
Gillespie, 69. 
Gordon, 25, 26, 28. 
Graham, 28, 122, 140. 
Grant, 26. 
Gray, 56. 

Halyburton, 51, 54, 


Hamilton, 28. 

Hay, 28. 
Home, 28. 
Houston, 94. 
Hume, 135. 
Hunter, 97. 
Johnston, 67. 

Kethum, De, 66. 
Kinloch, 28. 

Lennox, 139. 
Lindsay, 28, 51, 54. 
Lockhart, 28, 179. 
Logan, 121. 
Lumsden, 28. 
Lyon, 28. 

M*DoNALD, 29. 
Macfarlane, 189. 
M*Gilivrae, 29. 
M'Kinnon, 29. 
Mackintosh, 29. 
M'Lachlan, 29. 
Maclagan, 56. 
M*Leod, 29. 
M*Pherson, 29. 
Mann, 28. 
Maule, 51, 52. 
Ma wen, 40. 
Mercer, 29. 
Mitchell, 67, 188. 
Moderall, 68. 
Montgomery, 29. 
Morgan, 29. 
Morrison, 29. 
Murray, 29, 54, 140. 

Nairn, 29. 
Northesk, 51. 

Ogilvy, 23, 29, 51. 
Oliphant, 30. 

Ormiston, 184. 

PiCARDY, 51. 

Ruthven, 26. 

St. Cyrus, 52. 
Schulbraidis, 40. 
Strathbogie, 26. 

Tor wood, 140. 

Ulster, 122. 

Primrose, 30. 
Pyet, 168. 

Ramsay, 26. 
Ranald, 68. 
Richardson, 25. 
Robertson, 28, 54. 
Romane, 56. 
Ruthven, 51. 
Ryotaill, 56, 59. 

St. Elegius, 53. 
Schoolbraids, 41. 
Seres, 23. 
Spynie, 51. 

Steuart, 27, 29, 30, 41, 
64, 66, 137. 

Tough, 26. 
Townley, 30. 
Tulloch, 23. 

Urquhart, 133. 

Valkar, 56. 
Van Ghestel (not Gres- 
tel), 42. 

Wedderburn, 23, 30. 
Willie, 121. 
Wood, 23, 30, 56. 


/* * 


N,B, — The names of Persons in the following Lists of names are not inserted in this Index : — 

English Workmen in Glasgow, 91. 
Inhabitants of Stirling, 87, 175. 
Rebel Prisoners, 127. 
Registers of Old St. Paul's, 8, 69, 130. 

Registers of Stirling, 159. 
Registers of Zetland, 99. 
Royalist Officers, 114. 

^ ■: